Adûnaic Semantic Categories



1. Physical World

1.1 World

*aban n. “?world”

1.21 Earth, Land

dâira n. “Earth”
kamāt n. “earth (draft)”
thâni n. “land”
zâyan n. “land”
*zen n. “land (draft)”

1.22 Hill, Mountain

#urud n. “mountain”

1.24 Dale, Valley

akhâs n. “chasm”

1.27 Shore, Beach

*sakal n. “shore”

1.32 Sea

azra n. “sea”
azra-zâin n. “sea-lands, maritime regions”
pharaz² n. “sea”

1.35 Wave, Surge

rôth n. “foam, white crest of waves”

1.37 Spring, Well

khibil n. “spring”

1.51 Sky, Heavens

menel n. “the heavens (draft)”
minal n. “the heavens, sky”

1.52 Sun

ûri n. “sun”

1.53 Moon

nîlu n. “moon”

1.54 Star

azar n. “star (draft)”
gimil coll. “(all) stars; ?silver”
gimli n. “star (in the sky)”
igmil n. “star-shaped figure”

1.62 Darkness

dâur n. “gloom”
dolgu n. “dark, (evil) night”

1.63 Shade, Shadow

#nâlu n. “shadow”
ugru n. “shadow”
ugrudâ- v. “to overshadow”

1.72 Wind

#bawab n. “wind”

1.81 Fire (n)

*zôr n. “?fire, ?foam”

1.86 to Light, Kindle

*nitir- v. “to kindle”

2. Mankind

2.1 Human Being

#Adûnâ n. “Númenórean, (lit.) Westerner”
anâ n. “human being”

2.21 Man

narû n. “man, male”

2.22 Woman

kali n. “woman”

2.23 Male

suf. “masculine suffix”

2.24 Female

-êth suf. “feminine suffix”
suf. “feminine suffix”
zinî n. “female”

2.26 Girl

nithil n. “girl”

2.27 Child

*-hin suf. “child, patronymic”

2.28 Infant

mîk n. “*baby boy”
mîth n. “baby girl, maid-child, little girl”
#miya n. “infant”

2.32 Wife

banâth n. “wife”

2.35 Father

attô n. “father”

2.36 Mother

ammê n. “mother”

2.37 Parent(s)

nuphâr n. “parent”

2.41 Son

*-thôr suf. “?-son”

2.42 Daughter

*-phel suf. “?-daughter”

3. Animals

3.41 Horse (generic)

karab n. “horse”

3.61 Dog

raba n. “dog”

3.64 Bird

khô n. “crow”
#narak n. “eagle”

3.73 Bear

urug n. “bear”

4. Body Parts and Functions

4.22 Ear

huzun n. “ear”

4.33 Hand

n. “hand”

4.51 to Breathe; Breath

pûh n. “breath”

4.75 to Die; Dead; Death

agan n. “death”

4.87 Physician

zôrî n. “nurse”

4.999 Body Parts and Functions (other)

zidar n. “poise”

5. Food and Drink

6. Clothing and Adornment

6.72 Gem, Jewel

*zimra n. “jewel”

7. Dwelling and Furniture

7.12 House

zadan n. “house”

8. Agriculture and Vegetation

8.21 to Plow; Plow

nadroth n. “hind-track”
obroth n. “fore-cutting”

8.54 Root

#kulbu n. “root”
kulub coll. “roots, edible vegetables that are roots not fruits”

8.57 Flower

inzil n. “flower, lily”

9. Physical Acts and Materials

9.112 Doer, Agent

*-ân² suf. “agental suffix”

9.26 to Break

rahat- v. “to break, rend”

9.413 Horn

sûla n. “trump”

9.42 Artisan, Craftsman

*magân n. “wright, *builder”

9.44 to Build

?mag- v. “to build”

9.60 Smith

tamar n. “smith”

9.64 Gold

pharaz n. “gold”

10. Motion and Transportation

10.23 to Fall

dubud- v. “to fall (under influence/cover of)”
kalab- v. “to fall (down)”

10.32 to Flow

phurus- v. “to gush, flow”

10.45 to Walk

*bat- v. “to walk”

10.47 to Go

#yad- v. “to go”

10.48 to Come

#nakh- v. “to come”

10.71 Road

batân n. “road, path, way”

10.81 Ship

#balak n. “ship”

10.87 Mast

sulum n. “mast”

11. Possession and Trade

11.15 to Hold

kan- v. “to hold”

11.21 to Give

* n. “gift”

12. Spatial Relations

12.14 to Lie, Recline

#khay- v. “to lie (down)”

12.394 Up, Above, Over

*-nud prep. “on”

12.395 Down, Below, Beneath

dalad prep. “under, beneath”

12.3955 In Front

*ob prep. “fore, *before”

12.396 Behind, At the Rear

*nad prep. “hind, *behind”

12.398 To, Towards

-ada prep. “to, toward, into, against, -ward”

12.399 From, Away

*-ak prep. “away”
prep. “from”

12.44 Far (adj)

êphal adj. “far”
êphalak adj. “far away”

12.45 East

#azûl n. “east”

12.46 West

adûn n. “west, westward”
adûni n. “the West”
anadûni adj. “western”

12.73 Straight

izindi adj. “straight, right, true”

12.74 Crooked

#lôkho adj. “bent, crooked”

13. Quantity and Number

13.14 All, Every

katha adj. “all”

13.54 Cardinal Number

hazad n. “seven”
satta n. “two”

14. Time

14.18 Now

îdô adv. “now”

14.36 Before (temporal)

tâidô adv. “once, then”

14.42 Night

lômi n. “(pleasant) night”

15. Sense Perception

15.65 Black

dulgu adj. “black, dark”

15.71 to Touch

#tabad- v. “to touch”

15.81 Heavy, Weighty

burôda adj. “(very) heavy”

16. Emotion

16.22 Joy

*aphana n. “?bliss”

16.27 to Love; Love

izrê n. “sweetheart, beloved”
zîr- v. “*to love, desire”
zîrân adj. “beloved”

16.272 Friendship

#bêl- v. “*to befriend, love”

16.34 to Regret, Repent

*zabath- v. “to (be) humble”
zabathân adj. “humbled”

16.47 Fame, Glory

?aglar n. “glory”

16.622 Desire

zâir n. “longing, yearning”

16.65 Faithful

abâr n. “strength, endurance, fidelity”

17. Mind and Thought

17.16 to Understand

#saphad- v. “to understand”

17.22 Stupid, Foolish

nûph n. “fool”

18. Language and Music

18.13 to Shout, Cry Out

rûkh n. “shout”

18.22 to Say

#bith- v. “to say”

18.24 Language

?Adûnâiyê n. “Adûnaic”
*-iyê suf. “language suffix”
Nimriyê n. “Nimrian Tongue, *Elvish”

18.26 Word

bêth n. “expression, saying, word”

19. Social Relations

19.15 Town, City

kadar n. “city”

19.21 People, Populace

kadar-lâi n. “city folk”
lâi coll. “folk”

19.31 to Rule, Govern

*phazag- v. “?to rule, conquer”

19.32 King

Ar- pref. “king or queen”
ârû n. “king”

19.35 Prince

phazân n. “prince, king’s son”

19.36 Noble, Nobleman

bâr n. “lord”
*khôr n. “lord”

19.43 Servant

*bên n. “servant, ?person”

19.46 to Obey

sâibêth n. “assent”

19.51 Friend

#nimruzîr n. “Elf-friend”

20. Warfare and Hunting

20.13 War

*azga n. “war”
azgarâ- v. “to wage war”

20.17 Soldier

nardû n. “soldier”

20.27 Sword

*zagar n. “?sword”

20.36 Tower

târik n. “pillar, that which supports”
tûbal n. “*pillar (draft)”

20.41 Victory

kathuphazgân n. “conqueror”

21. Law and Judgment

22. Religion and Beliefs

22.12 God

Avalê n. “goddess”
Avalô n. “Power, God”
#Balâ n. “*Vala (draft)”

22.431 Sorcerer, Wizard

sapthân n. “wise man, wizard”
zigûr n. “wizard”

22.44 Elf, Nymph, Fairy

Nimir n. “Elf, (lit.) Shining One”

22.45 Ghost, Specter, Phantom

manô n. “spirit”

22.99 Religion and Belief (other)

izindu-bêth n. “true-sayer, prophet”
uruk n. “orc, goblin”

23. Grammar

23.2 Negation

particle. “don’t”

23.3 Preposition

-mâ prep. “with”
-zê prep. “at”

23.4 Pronoun

a pron. “*it”
# pron. “me”
#hi pron. “she”
ki pron. “*you”
* pron. “us”
#u pron. “he”
#ya n. “*they (neuter)”
?yi pron. “they (feminine)”
yu pron. “they (masculine)”

23.5 Noun Inflection

-a- suf. “subjective inflection”
-an suf. “common subjective suffix”
an- pref. “of; genitive/adjectival prefix”
-at suf. “dual suffix”
-î- suf. “plural inflection”
-im suf. “gendered plural subjective suffix”
-in suf. “feminine subjective suffix”
-ma suf. “instrumental (draft)”
-n suf. “predicate suffix”
suf. “genitive (draft)”
-s suf. “dative (draft)”
-u- suf. “objective inflection”
-un suf. “masculine subjective suffix”

23.6 Verb Inflection

*-ân¹ suf. “participle suffix”
du pref. “should, so-as”
*-m suf. “verb-plural”
nai adv. “might (draft)”

23.8 Conjunction

kadô conj. “and so”

23.9 Affix

*-dâ- suf. “verbal suffix”
-ôn suf. “adjective or agental suffix”
*-râ- suf. “causative suffix”