Neo-Quenya Semantic Categories



1. Physical World

1.1 World

Q. Ambar n. “The World, Earth, (lit.) Habitation”
ᴹQ. Ambar n. “Earth, World”

1.12 Universe

Q. n. “Creation, the (Material) Universe”

1.21 Earth, Land

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. cemen n. “the Earth; earth, [ᴹQ.] soil”
ᴹQ. cemna adj. “of earth, earthen”
ᴱQ. cerexa adj. “of earthenware”

1.213 Dust, Powder

ᴹQ. asto n. “dust”

1.22 Hill, Mountain

ᴹQ. aicalë n. “peak”
ᴹQ. aicassë n. “mountain peak”
ᴹQ., ᴱQ. aiqua adj. “steep, ⚠️[ᴱQ.] tall; high, lofty, sublime; chief”
ᴹQ. am(ba)penda adj. “uphill”
ᴱQ. ambapenda adj. “uphill; arduous, difficult, tiresome”
Q. ambo n. “hill, rising ground, mount”
ᴹQ. ambo n. “hill”
ᴱQ. ambo n. “hill”
ᴹQ. ambon n. “upward slope, hill-side”
Q. ambuna adj. “hilly”
ᴹQ. ampendë n. “upward slope”
ᴱQ. †amun (amund-) n. “hill”
Q. coron n. “mound”
ᴹQ. cumbë n. “mound, heap”

1.24 Dale, Valley

Q. (a)nacca n. “narrows, defile, pass, cut”
ᴹQ. axa n. “ravine, narrow path; edge”
⛔️ᴹQ. cilya n. “cleft, pass between hills, gorge”; see instead:
Q. cirya² “cleft, pass”
Q. cirya² n. “cleft, pass”

1.32 Sea

Q., ᴹQ. †airë² n. “sea”
Q., ᴹQ. ëar n. “sea, great sea, ️[ᴹQ.] open sea; ⚠️water”
Q. eäron n. “ocean, great sea”

1.33 Lake, Pond

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. ailin n. “(large) lake, pool”
ᴱQ. ailo n. “lake, pool”

1.36 Brook, Stream, River

ᴱQ. axa¹ n. “waterfall”
ᴹQ. celma n. “channel”
Q. celumë n. “stream, flowing, flood (tide), flow”
ᴹQ. celumë n. “stream, flow”
ᴱQ. celu(më) n. “stream; fountain, spring”
ᴹQ. etsir n. “mouth of a river”

1.37 Spring, Well

ᴱQ. cectelë n. “fountain”
Q. celussë n. “freshnet, water falling out swiftly from a rocky spring”
ᴱQ. ectelë n. “fountain”
Q., ᴹQ. ehtelë n. “spring, issue of water”
ᴱQ. ehtil n. “spring, fount, source”

1.52 Sun

⛔️ᴹQ. ala n. “day”
Q. Anar n. “Sun”
ᴹQ. Anar n. “Sun”
Q. árë (ári-) n. “sunlight, warmth (especially of the sun); day”
ᴹQ. arë n. “day”
Q. arma n. “ray of sunlight”

1.54 Star

Q. †él n. “star”
ᴹQ. †él n. “star”
Q. elen n. “star”
ᴹQ. elen n. “star”
Q. elenya adj. “adjective referring to the stars, *of the stars, stellar”
Q. elvëa adj. “starlike”

1.61 Light

Q. alca- v. “to glitter”
ᴹQ. alca n. “ray of light”
ᴱQ. alca n. “ray (of light), light of day; shining”
Q. cala n. “light”
ᴹQ. cala n. “light”
ᴱQ. cala n. “light, daytime (sunlight), 12 hours”
Q. cálë n. “light”

1.99 Physical World (other)

Q. #caraxë n. “jagged hedge of spikes”
ᴹQ. caraxë n. “jagged hedge of spikes”
ᴱQ. carcassë n. “row of spikes or teeth”

2. Mankind

2.1 Human Being

Q. Atan n. “Man, (lit.) the Second (People)”
ᴹQ. Atan n. “Man”

2.35 Father

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. atar¹ n. “father”
ᴱQ. atta¹ n. “father (child’s word)”
Q. atto n. “daddy, father (familiar/family)”
ᴹQ. atto n. “father (hypocoristic)”
ᴱQ. attu n. “father”
Q. atya¹ n. “daddy, (my) father”

2.36 Mother

ᴱQ. ama n. “mother”
ᴱQ. ambi n. “mother”
ᴹQ. amil n. “mother”
Q. amil(lë) n. “mother”
ᴱQ. amis (amist-) n. “mother”
ᴹQ. ammë n. “mother”
Q. amya n. “mummy, (orig.) my mother”
⛔️Q. emmë² n. “mummy, mother (familiar/family)”; see instead:
ᴹQ. ammë “mother”
ᴱQ. (m)ambë n. “mother”

2.41 Son

ᴱQ. vondo n. “son”
ᴱQ. † n. “son”
Q. yondo n. “son, ⚠️boy”
ᴹQ. yondo n. “son”
ᴱQ. yondo n. “son, male descendant, (great) grandson”

2.42 Daughter

Q. anel n. “daughter”

3. Animals

3.11 Animal

Q. #celva n. “animal, living thing that moves”

3.18 Herdsman

Q. emerwen n. “shepherdess”

3.64 Bird

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. aiwë n. “(small) bird”
ᴹQ. ambalë n. “yellow bird, ‘yellow hammer’”
ᴱQ. caron n. “crow”
Q. #cirincë n. “scarlet-plumed species of bird”
ᴹQ. corco n. “crow”
ᴹQ. cucua n. “dove”
⛔️ᴱQ. ëa(r) n. “(young) eagle”; see instead:
Q. ëar “sea, great sea, ️[ᴹQ.] open sea; ⚠️water”
Q. soron “eagle”
⛔️ᴱQ. ëaren (ëarend-) n. “eyrie, eagle”; see instead:
ᴱQ. sornion “eyrie”
Q. soron “eagle”

3.77 Elephant

ᴹQ. andamunda n. “elephant”
ᴱQ. hunto n. “elephant”

3.85 Snake

ᴹQ. ango (angu-) n. “snake, dragon”
ᴱQ. oqui n. “snake”

3.86 Swan

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. alqua n. “swan”

3.99 Animals (other)

ᴹQ. angulócë n. “dragon”

4. Body Parts and Functions

4.16 Bone

ᴹQ. #as (astu-) n. “bone”
ᴱQ. as (ass-) n. “bone”
Q. axo¹ n. “bone”

4.19 Back

ᴱQ. eccë (ecci-) n. “thorn”
ᴹQ. ecco n. “spine, point, thorn”
ᴱQ. ehta¹ n. “thorn”

4.20 Head

ᴹQ. cár (cas-) n. “head”
ᴱQ. car (cas-) n. “head”
Q. cas (car-) n. “head”
ᴱQ. cas (cast-) n. “head, top”
ᴹQ. cas¹ n. “head”

4.204 Face

Q. anta n. “face, jaw”
ᴹQ. anta n. “face”
ᴱQ. anta n. “cheek; jaw(s)”
Q. #canwa² n. “face”
Q. cendelë n. “face”

4.207 Jaw

Q. anca n. “jaws; jaw, row of teeth”
ᴹQ. anca n. “jaw, row of teeth”
ᴱQ. n. “jaw”
ᴱQ. maquar n. “jaw”

4.22 Ear

ᴱQ. ancar (ancas-) n. “ear (of men)”
Q. hlas (hlar-) n. “ear”
ᴹQ. lár n. “ear”
ᴱQ. unc(o) (unqu-) n. “ear (of animals); corner, sticking out edge”

4.24 Mouth

Q. anto n. “mouth”
ᴱQ. anto (antu-) n. “jaw(s)”
Q. carpa n. “(entire) mouth; phonetic system”

4.27 Tooth

Q. carca n. “tooth, fang; [sharp] rock”
ᴹQ. carca n. “tooth”
ᴱQ. carca n. “fang, tooth, tusk”
ᴹQ. carcanë n. “row of teeth”

4.28 Neck

Q. axë n. “neck, rock ridge”

4.332 Hand (other)

Q. ataformaitë adj. “ambidextrous”
Q. atamaitë adj. “two-handed”
Q. cambë n. “(hollow of) hand”
ᴹQ. cambë n. “hollow (of hand)”
ᴱQ. paltya n. “palm of hand”

4.39 Nail, Claw

ᴹQ. atsa¹ n. “claw, catch, hook”

4.63 to Wake

ᴱQ. coivië n. “awakening; liveliness”
ᴹQ. cuivëa adj. “wakening”
Q., ᴹQ. cuivië¹ n. “awakening”
ᴱQ. quívië n. “awakening”

4.74 to Live; Living; Life

Q. coirëa adj. “living”
ᴱQ. coirëa adj. “alive, lively”
Q. coiv(i)ë n. “life”
ᴹQ. cuilë n. “life, being alive”
ᴹQ. cuina adj. “alive”

4.81 Strong, Mighty, Powerful

Q. astalda adj. “strong, *valiant”

4.83 Well; Health

ᴹQ. al- v. “to thrive”

4.84 Sick; Sickness

ᴹQ. caila adj. and n. “lying in bed, bedridden; sickness”
ᴹQ. caimassë n. “lying in bed, sickness”
ᴹQ. caimassëa adj. “bedridden, sick”
ᴱQ. caimassëa adj. “confined to bed, a-bed, bedridden”
Q. engwa adj. “sickly”
ᴹQ. engwa¹ adj. “sickly”

4.86 to Cure, Heal

Q. #envinyata- v. “to renew, heal”

4.88 Medicine, Drug

Q. asëa [þ] n. “healing herb, athelas”
ᴹQ. asëa [þ] n. “*healing herb”
ᴹQ. asëa aranaitë [þ] n.
Q. asëa aranion [þ] n. “kingsfoil, asëa of the Kings”

4.999 Body Parts and Functions (other)

ᴹQ. erca n. “prickle, spine”

5. Food and Drink

5.26 Pot

ᴹQ. calpa n. “water-vessel, bucket”
ᴱQ. calpa n. “bucket, vessel”

5.35 Cup

Q. cilinyul n. “drinking-vessel (made of glass)”

5.51 Bread

Q. coimas n. “life-bread, lembas”
Q. lerembas n. “bread taken on leaving home (for a long journey)”

5.61 Meat

ᴹQ. apsa¹ n. “meat, cooked food”

5.71 Fruit

⛔️ᴱQ. culmarin (culmarind-) n. “orange”; see instead:
ᴹQ. culuma “orange [fruit]”
ᴹQ. culuma n. “orange [fruit]”
⛔️ᴱQ. culurin n. “piece of gold; orange”; see instead:
ᴹQ. culuma “orange [fruit]”

6. Clothing and Adornment

6.41 Cloak

Q. collo n. “cloak”

6.71 Adornment (personal)

Q. carrëa n. “tressure”

6.73 Finger Ring

⛔️ᴹQ. colma n. “ring (?on finger)”
Q. #corma n. “ring”

6.96 Mirror

Q. cilintilla n. “looking-glass”

7. Dwelling and Furniture

7.12 House

ᴹQ. car¹ (card-) n. “building, house”
Q. coa n. “house; outhouse, shed, hut, booth; building used for a dwelling or other purposes; †body”

7.21 Room

ᴹQ., ᴱQ. caimasan (caimasamb-) n. “bedchamber”

7.22 Door, Gate

Q. ando n. “gate, (great) door; †entrances, approaches”
ᴹQ. ando n. “gate, door”
ᴱQ. ando(n) (andond-) n. “door, gate”
ᴱQ. pondo n. “gate”

7.28 Roof

ᴹQ. coromindo n. “cupola, dome”

7.29 House (other)

ᴹQ. ampano n. “building (especially of wood), wooden hall, construction, edifice”
ᴹQ. ataquë n. “construction, building”

7.42 Bed

ᴹQ. caima n. “bed”
ᴱQ. caima n. “couch, bed”
ᴱQ. camba n. “bed”

7.45 Lamp

Q. calma n. “lamp, (device for shining) light”
ᴹQ. calma n. “light, lamp”
ᴱQ. calma n. “(day)light; candle”
⛔️ᴹQ. calumet (calumett-) n. “lamp”
ᴱQ. calumet (calumett-) n. “lamp”

8. Agriculture and Vegetation

8.31 to Sow; Seed

Q. ala-¹ v. “to plant, grow”
⛔️ᴹQ. alta- v. “to (make) grow”
Q. erdë n. “seed, germ; singularity”
ᴹQ. erdë¹ n. “seed, germ”
ᴹQ. ola- v. “to grow”

8.33 Scythe, Sickle

ᴱQ. calca n. “sickle”
Q. circa n. “sickle”
ᴹQ. circa n. “sickle”

8.57 Flower

⛔️Q. alalbë n. “inflorescence”
Q. alalmë n. “inflorescence”
⛔️Q. alba n. “flower”
Q. alma n. “flower”

8.60 Tree (generic)

ᴹQ. alalmë n. “elm-tree”
ᴱQ. alalmë (alalmi-) n. “elm (tree)”
Q. alalvëa adj. “having many elms”
Q. alda n. “tree”
ᴹQ. alda n. “tree”
ᴱQ. alda n. “tree, branch”
Q. aldarembina adj. “tree-meshed”
ᴹQ. aldarwa adj. “having trees, tree-grown”
ᴱQ. aldeon (aldeond-) n. “avenue of trees”
Q. aldinga n. “tree-top”
Q. alvë n. “elm”
Q. culumalda n. “laburnum, *(lit.) orange-tree”

8.62 Beech

ᴱQ. neldor n. “beech”

8.68 Tobacco

Q. alanessë n. “nicotiana, pipeweed”

8.99 Vegetation (other)

ᴹQ. ëaruilë n. “seaweed”
ᴹQ. ercassë n. “holly”

9. Physical Acts and Materials

9.11 to Do, Make

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. car- v. “to do, make, build”
⛔️ᴹQ. car² (card-) n. “deed”
Q. carda n. “deed”
Q. #carë n. “action, doing, making”
Q. carina adj. “done, finished”
ᴱQ. carina adj. “finished”
ᴱQ. carma n. “shape, fashion; act, deed”
Q. #carya adj. “doing”

9.14 to Bend

Q. cúna adj. “bent, curved”
Q. cúna- v. “to bend”

9.22 to Cut

Q. #aucir- v. “to cut off (and get rid of or lose a portion)”
ᴱQ. ciris (cirist-) n. “cleft, crack”
ᴹQ. cirissë n. “slash, gash”

9.35 to Pour

ᴹQ. calpa- v. “to draw water, scoop out, bale out”

9.41 Craft, Trade

Q. curu n. “skill”
Q. curwë n. “craft, skill of the hand, technical skill and invention”
ᴹQ. curwë n. “craft”

9.412 Art

Q. carmë n. “art; making, production; structure”

9.422 Tool

Q. carma² n. “tool, implement, means, weapon”
Q. curo (curu-) n. “skillful (?device)”
Q. tamma n. “tool”

9.44 to Build

Q. carasta- v. “to build”
Q. cat- v. “to shape, fashion”

9.46 to Bore

ᴹQ. erca- v. “to prick”

9.54 Brick

ᴹQ. ambal n. “shaped stone, flag”

9.66 Copper, Bronze

Q. calarus (calarust-) n. “polished copper”

9.67 Iron

Q. anga n. “iron”
ᴹQ. anga n. “iron”
ᴱQ. anga n. “iron”
ᴹQ. angaina adj. “of iron”
ᴱQ. angaina adj. “of iron”
ᴱQ. ere(n) n. “iron, steel”

9.71 Potter

ᴹQ. cemnaro n. “potter”
ᴺQ. [ᴹQ.] ^centamo n. “potter”
ᴹQ. centano n. “potter”
ᴱQ. ceresto n. “potter”

9.74 Glass

Q. cilin n. “glass”

9.87 Painting, Picture

Q. emma n. “*picture”

9.96 Easy

Q. as(a)- [þ] pref. “easily”
Q. asalastë [þ] adj. “easily heard”
⚠️Q. asanótë [þ] adj. “*easily counted”
Q. ascénima [þ] adj. “visible, easily seen”
Q. asra [þ] adj. “?easy”

10. Motion and Transportation

10.22 to Lift, Raise

Q. #amorta- v. “to heave”
ᴱQ. qualumë² adj. “heaving”

10.23 to Fall

Q. atalantë n. “collapse, downfall”
Q. atalantëa adj. “ruinous, downfallen”
ᴹQ. atalta- v. “to collapse, fall in, fall down, slip down in ruin”

10.48 to Come

Q. #entul- v. “to come again, *return”
Q. *ettul- v. “to come out, issue”
ᴹQ. #ettul- v. “*to come out”

10.49 to Depart, Go Away

Q. auta-¹ v. “to go (away), depart, leave; to disappear, be lost, pass away”
ᴹQ. auta-¹ v. “to away, go away”
ᴱQ. #ava- v. “to depart”
Q. #cir- v. “to cut, *cleave; *to sail”
ᴱQ. ciri- v. “to cleave; *to sail”
ᴱQ. lutu- v. “to flow, float, sail”
ᴱQ. vana- v. “to pass, depart, vanish, go away”
Q. vanya- v. “to go, depart, disappear, pass”
ᴹQ. vanya- v. “to go, depart, disappear”

10.61 to Bear, Carry

Q. #col- v. “to bear, carry, wear”
Q. #colindo n. “bearer”
Q. colla adj. and n. “borne, worn; vestment, cloak”

10.81 Ship

ᴹQ. cirya n. “ship, boat”
ᴱQ. cirya n. “ship, boat”
Q. cirya¹ n. and adj. “ship, boat; swift gliding”

10.82 Sailor

Q. ciryamo n. “mariner”
Q. ciryando n. “sailor”
Q. ciryaquen n. “shipman, sailor”

11. Possession and Trade

11.12 to Own, Possess

ᴹQ. arwa adj. and suf. “possessing, having, in control of”

11.21 to Give

ᴱQ. an (and-) n. “gift”
ᴱQ. anar (anard-) n. “giver”
Q. anna n. “gift, (orig.) thing handed, brought or sent to a person”
ᴹQ. anna n. “gift”
Q. anta- v. “to give, present; †to add to”
ᴹQ. anta- v. “to give”
ᴱQ. anta- v. “to give”
ᴹQ. antë n. “giver (f.)”
ᴹQ. anto n. “giver (m.)”

11.24 to Save, Preserve, Keep Safe

Q. etelehta- v. “*to deliver”
Q. eterúna- v. “*to deliver”

11.31 to Seek

Q. ces- [þ] v. “to search, examine (in order to find something)”
Q. cesta- [þ] v. “to seek, search for; to ask”
ᴹQ. cesta- v. “to ask”
⛔️ᴱQ. saca- v. “to pursue, look for, search”; see instead:
Q. ces- “to search, examine (in order to find something)”

11.41 Property

ᴹQ. arma n. “piece of good”

11.48 Heir

ᴹQ. aryon n. “heir”
Q. atamir n. “heirloom”

11.57 Thief

Q. arpo n. “seizer, thief”

12. Spatial Relations

12.14 to Lie, Recline

Q. caita- v. “to lie (down)”
ᴹQ. caita- v. “to lie”
ᴱQ. caita- v. “to place, lie down”
ᴱQ. cama- v. “to lie down; (c. loc.) to endure, suffer”
ᴱQ. camu- v. “to lay down, bend down, reduce”
ᴱQ. caya- v. “to lie”

12.17 to Remain, be Left Over

ᴱQ. er- v. “to remain”

12.21 to Gather, Collect

Q. comya- v. “to collect”
⛔️Q. conta- v. “[unglossed]”

12.25 to Shut, Close

Q. avalatya- v. “to close, shut”

12.37 Middle

Q. #endëa adj. “middle”
Q. entya adj. “central, middle”
ᴹQ. enya adj. “middle”

12.38 Center

Q. enda n. “heart; center”
Q. endë n. “centre, middle; core”
ᴹQ. endë n. “centre, middle, core”

12.392 Out, Outside

Q., ᴹQ. #ava¹ adv. and adj. “[ᴹQ.] outside, beyond; outer, exterior”
⛔️ᴱQ. ere-¹ pref. “out”; see instead:
Q. #et(e)- “[ᴹQ.] forth, out”
ᴱQ. erúmëa adj. “outer, outermost”
ᴱQ. erus(ta) n. and adj. “outside”
⛔️ᴱQ. es- pref. “*out”; see instead:
Q. #et(e)- “[ᴹQ.] forth, out”
Q., ᴹQ. et prep. “out (of)”
Q., ᴹQ. #et(e)- pref. “[ᴹQ.] forth, out”
ᴹQ. etsë n. “outside, exterior”
ᴹQ. ettë¹ n. “outside”

12.394 Up, Above, Over

Q. #am- pref. “up”
ᴹQ. am- pref. “up”
ᴹQ. amba adv. “up(wards)”
ᴱQ. amba adv. “up”
Q. amba¹ adv. “up, upwards”
ᴱQ. am(u)- pref. “up(wards)”
ᴱQ. amu adv. “up(wards)”

12.397 Beyond

Q. ambela adv. “further still beyond, far away beyond”
ᴹQ. enta pron. “that yonder, then (fut.)”

12.398 To, Towards

Q. †an(a) prep. “to, towards, to a point near, alongside”
ᴹQ. an(a) prep. “to, towards”
ᴱQ. an(a) prep. “to(wards), until”
Q. ana- pref. “to, towards”
ᴹQ. ana- pref. “to, towards”
ᴱQ. ana- pref.

12.399 From, Away

Q. au- pref. “away (from)”
⚠️ᴱQ. ‽au prep. “away from”
Q. au¹ adv. “away, off, not here (of position)”

12.43 Near (adj)

Q. am(be)na adv. “nearer to”

12.44 Far (adj)

ᴹQ. avahaira adj. “*far beyond, very remote”
ᴹQ. eccaira adj. “?out-far”
Q. †en adv. “then soon, in that (future) case; there, yonder, far away; look yon(der)”
ᴹQ. en adv. “there, yonder, far away; look yon(der); that; in that (future) case”
ᴱQ. en n. “that by you; thereupon”

12.46 West

Q. andúna adj. “western”

12.51 Form, Shape (n)

Q. canta- v. “to shape”
ᴹQ. canta- v. “to shape”
Q. canta² n. and adj. “shape, frame(work); shaped”
ᴹQ. canta² n. and adj. “shape, frame; shaped”

12.55 Big, Large, Great

ᴹQ. alta (alat-) adj. “large, great in size”

12.56 Small, Little

Q. cinta adj. “small”

12.57 Long

Q. anda adj. “long, far”
ᴹQ. anda adj. “long”
Q. andavë adv. “long, at great length”
ᴹQ. andavë adv.
ᴱQ. ande(a) (andi-) adj. “long (of space)”

12.62 Narrow

ᴹQ. arca adj. “narrow”

12.75 Hook, Crook

Q. ampa n. “hook, crook”
ᴹQ. ampa n. “hook, crook”

12.81 Round (adj)

ᴱQ. corima adj. “round”
ᴹQ. corna adj. “round, globed”

12.82 Circle

ᴹQ. corin n. “circular enclosure”
ᴱQ. corin n. “circular enclosure, great circular hedge”

12.83 Sphere

ᴹQ. coron (corn-) n. “globe, ball”

12.85 Hole

ᴱQ. apsa n. “hole, opening”
ᴹQ. assa n. “hole, perforation, opening, mouth”
Q. ?ecca n. “hole”

12.93 to Change

Q. #ahya- v. “to change”

12.99 Spatial Relations (other)

Q. cúma n. “*arch, crescent”

13. Quantity and Number

13.13 Whole

Q. aqua adv. “fully, completely, altogether, wholly”

13.16 More

Q. amba² adj. and n. “more”
Q. ambë adv. “more”
Q. arta¹ adv. “etcetera”
Q. enta adj. “another, one more”

13.21 Full

Q. ataquanta- v. “*to refill, fill a second time, double fill”
Q. enquanta- v. “to refill”

13.22 Empty

ᴹQ. cúma n. “void”
ᴹQ. cumna adj. “empty”
Q. -enca suf. “without, -less”

13.25 Fraction, Division

Q. caista fraction. “one tenth”
ᴱQ. cesto fraction. “one tenth”
ᴺQ. [Q.] ^quaista fraction. “one tenth”

13.31 Numerals

Q. atatya adj. “double”
Q. atta num. card. “two”
ᴹQ. atta num. card. “two”
Q. attëa num. ord. “second”
ᴱQ. canta num. card. “four”
Q. canta¹ num. card. “four”
ᴹQ. canta¹ num. card. “four”
Q. cantëa num. ord. “fourth”
ᴱQ. canya num. ord. “fourth”
⛔️ᴱQ. endë num. card. “six”; see instead:
Q. enquë “six”
⛔️ᴱQ. enetya num. ord. “sixth”; see instead:
Q. enquëa “sixth”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. enquë num. card. “six”
Q. enquëa num. ord. “sixth”
ᴱQ. satta adj. “both”
ᴱQ. satto adj. “both; the two”
ᴹQ. tanta adj. “double”

13.33 Alone, Only

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. er adj. “one, alone, [ᴱQ.] only, a single”
⛔️ᴱQ. er² adv. and conj. “only, but, still”; see instead:
Q. er “one, alone, [ᴱQ.] only, a single”
Q. mal “but”
ᴱQ. erda adj. “solitary, deserted”
Q., ᴹQ. #eressë n. “solitude”
ᴱQ. eressë (eressi-) adv. “alone, by oneself, singly, only; once”
Q. eressëa adj. “lonely”
ᴹQ. eressëa adj. “lonely”
ᴱQ. eressëa adj. “lonely”
Q. erinqua adj. “single, alone”
ᴹQ., ᴱQ. erya adj. “single, sole, only”

13.34 First

⛔️ᴹQ. enna² adj. “first”
⛔️ᴹQ. essëa¹ adj. “?primary”
Q. eteminya adj. “prominent”

14. Time

14.13 New

Q. ceura adj. “renewed”

14.21 Fast, Swift, Quick

ᴹQ. alaco n. “rush, rushing flight, wild wind”

14.35 Again

ᴱQ. #an- pref. “re-”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. at(a)- pref. “double, [repeat a] second time; [ᴹQ.] back, again, re-; [ᴱQ.] bi-, twi-”
ᴹQ. ata adv. “again”
Q. en- pref. “re-, again”
ᴱQ. ento adv. “next”

14.37 After

Q. apa¹ pref. “after (of time)”
Q. epë prep. “after (of time), following; before (in all relations but time)”
Q. opo prep. “before, in front (of place); after (of time)”
ᴱQ. potë (potsi-) adv. “after, behind (of place)”

14.41 Day

⛔️ᴹQ. alan n. “daytime”
ᴹQ. arië n. “daytime”
Q. aurë n. “day (as opposed to night), daylight, sunlight”
ᴱQ. aurë (auri-) n. “sunlight, sunshine, gold light, warmth”

14.43 Dawn

Q. †amaurëa n. “dawn, early day”
Q. ambarónë n. “dawn; uprising, sunrise, Orient”
ᴹQ. ambarónë n. “uprising, sunrise, Orient”
ᴱQ. amuntë n. “sun-rise, (lit.) lifting”
ᴹQ. anarórë n. “sunrise”
ᴹQ. artuilë n. “dayspring, early morn”
ᴱQ. orontë n. “sun-rise”

14.44 Morning

ᴹQ. arin n. “morning”
ᴹQ. arinya adj. “morning, early”
ᴱQ. arinya adj. “fireside”
ᴱQ. cálë n. “morning”

14.462 Dusk

Q. andúnë n. “sunset, evening, (orig.) going down; west”
ᴹQ. andúnë n. “sunset”

14.49 Yesterday

ᴹQ. enyárë adv. “in that day”

14.61 Week

Q. enquië n. “Elvish week of six days”
ᴹQ. lemnar n. “(Valarin five-day) week”

14.62 Sunday

Q. Anarya n. “Sunday, (lit.) Sun-day”
ᴹQ. Anarya n. “Sunday, (lit.) Sun-day”

14.64 Tuesday

ᴹQ. Aldarya n.
Q. Aldëa n. “*Tuesday, Tree-day (Númenórean)”
ᴱQ. aldëa adj. “tree-shadowed”
Q. Aldúya n. “*Tuesday, Day of the Two Trees”

14.68 Saturday

Q. Elenya n. “Saturday, Star-day*”
ᴹQ. Elenya n. “Saturday, Star-day*”

14.71 Month

Q. asta n. “month; division, part (esp. one of other equal parts)”
ᴱQ. #-nto suf. “fraction suffix”

14.72 Names of the Months

Q. Cermië n. “July”
ᴹQ. Kermië n. “July”
ᴹQ. Nólairë n. “July, *After-summer”

14.73 Year

Q. coranar (coranár-) n. “(solar) year, (lit.) sun-round”

14.75 Spring

Q. coirë n. “stirring, early spring”
ᴹQ. coirë n. “Stirring”
ᴱQ. coirë n. “life”

14.99 Time (other)

Q. andanéya adv. “long ago, once upon a time”
Q. asar [þ] n. “fixed time, festival”
Q. ceuranar n. “new sun after solstice”
Q. en(a) adv. “still”

15. Sense Perception

15.44 Sound (n)

⛔️ᴹQ. escë n. “rustle, noise of leaves”

15.442 Phonetic

Q. calmatéma n. “k-series”
ᴹQ. calmatéma n. “k-series”

15.51 to See

Q. cen- v. “to see, behold, look”
ᴹQ. #cen- v. “to see”
Q. cénima adj. “visible”
ᴹQ. cénima adj. “able to be seen, visible”
ᴱQ. cili- v. “to see, head”
ᴱQ. sehta- v. “to see”

15.52 to Look

Q. #cenda n. “inspection, reading”
Q. cenda- v. “to watch (intensively), observe (for some time); to read”
Q. ecces- [þ] v. “to find out, bring out by examining or eyeing[?]”

15.56 to Shine, Glisten

Q. #cal- v. “to shine (?golden)”
ᴱQ. cala- v. “to shine”
Q. calta- v. “to (cause to) shine, light up, kindle (lamp etc.)”
ᴹQ. calta- v. “to (cause to) shine, light up, kindle (lamp etc.)”
ᴱQ. calta- v. “to kindle, set light to”
ᴹQ. élë n. “star-ray, beam, flashing of [?starry] light”

15.57 Bright

Q. calima adj. “bright, luminous”
ᴹQ. calima adj. “bright”
Q. calina adj. “light, bright, sunny, (lit.) illumined”
ᴹQ. calina adj. “light”
ᴱQ. cal(l)u- v. “to illuminate, to light up”
ᴹQ. calya- v. “to illuminate”

15.66 Red

ᴹQ. aira² adj. “red, copper-coloured, ruddy”
Q. carnë (carni-) adj. “red, scarlet”
ᴹQ. carnë (carni-) adj. “red”
ᴱQ. carnë (carni-) adj. “red”
ᴹQ. culda adj. “flame-coloured, golden-red”
ᴹQ. culina adj. “flame-coloured, golden-red”
ᴹQ. †cullo n. “red gold”
⛔️ᴱQ. culmarinda adj. “orange-coloured”; see instead:
ᴹQ. culuina “orange (coloured); of gold, golden”
⛔️ᴹQ. culo n. “flame”
ᴹQ., ᴱQ. culuina adj. “orange (coloured); of gold, golden”
ᴱQ. culurinda adj. “orange-coloured”
ᴱQ. culuvoitë (culuvoisi-) adj. “golden”

15.78 Sharp

Q., ᴹQ. aica adj. “fell, terrible, dire; [ᴹQ.] sharp”

15.84 Dry, Arid

ᴹQ. erumë n. “desert”

15.85 Hot, Warm

Q. asta- v. “to heat, bake (by exposure to sun)”

16. Emotion

16.11 Soul, Spirit

Q. coacalina n. “light of the house, indwelling spirit”

16.18 Good Fortune

ᴹQ. alma n. “good fortune, weal, wealth”
ᴹQ. almarë n. “blessedness, blessings, good fortune, bliss”
ᴹQ. almárëa adj. “blessed”
Q. almë n. “good (or blessed) thing, blessing, (piece of) good fortune; weal, wealth”
Q. alya adj. “fair, good; prosperous, rich, abundant, blessed”
ᴹQ. alya adj. “rich, prosperous, abundant, blessed”

16.22 Joy

Q., ᴹQ. alassë n. “happiness, [ᴹQ.] joy, merriment”

16.24 Happy; Happiness

Q. al(a)-² pref. “well, happily”

16.31 Pain, Suffering

ᴱQ. angayassë n. “misery”

16.43 Rage, Fury

Q., ᴹQ. aha n. “rage”

16.47 Fame, Glory

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. alcar n. “glory, splendour, radiance, brilliance”
ᴱQ. alcara adj. “brilliant, bright, shining”
Q., ᴹQ. alcarin(qua) adj. “glorious, brilliant, [ᴹQ.] radiant”

16.52 Brave, Courageous

ᴹQ. canya adj. “bold; wise”

16.53 Fear, Fright

ᴹQ. aista- v. “to dread”
Q. áya n. “awe”

16.622 Desire

Q. cilmë n. “choice, choosing”

16.63 Hope (n)

Q. estel n. “hope, trust, *faith”

16.65 Faithful

Q. astar n. “faith, loyalty”

16.69 to Forgive

Q. #apsen- v. “to remit, release, forgive”
Q. #avatyar- v. “*to forgive, (lit.) do away with”

16.71 Good

⚠️Q. alacarna adj. “well-done, well-made”
Q. alahasta adj. “unmarred”
Q. alamen n. “good omen on departure”
⚠️Q. alatúlië n. “welcome”
⚠️Q. alatulya- v. “to welcome”
⛔️Q. amatúlië n. “blessed arrival”
⛔️Q. amatulya- v. “to welcome (of something blessed)”
Q. arya adj. “excelling, *better”
Q. arya- v. “to excel”

16.99 Emotion (other)

Q. awalda adj. “move[d], stirred, excited”
ᴹQ. faica adj. “contemptible, mean”
ᴱQ. faica² adj. “bad, worthless, useless”
Q. faila adj. “fair-minded, just, generous”

17. Mind and Thought

17.20 Imagination

ᴹQ. aulë n. “invention”
ᴱQ. aulë (auli-) adj. “shaggy”
ᴹQ. auta-² v. “to invent, originate, devise”

17.22 Stupid, Foolish

Q. alasaila adj. “unwise”

17.31 to Remember

Q. #enyal- v. “to recall”
Q. #enyalië n. “memory, (lit.) recalling”

17.99 Mind and Thought (other)

Q. cesya- [þ] v. “to cause interest, interest (oneself), (lit.) to cause one to enquire”

18. Language and Music

18.14 Various Cries

Q. ai¹ interj. “ah, alas”
Q. aiya interj. “hail; behold, lo”
ᴱQ. ala¹ interj. and prep. “behold, look; beyond, after; before”
Q. alla interj. “welcome, hail”
ᴹQ. alla interj. “hail!”
ᴱQ. áyë interj. “hail”
ᴹQ. é interj. “indeed”
ᴱQ. ëa interj. “a cry of pain or woe”
Q. ela interj. “behold!”
ᴹQ. nai interj. “alas”

18.21 to Speak, Talk

Q. carpa- v. “to talk, speak, use tongue”

18.22 to Say

⛔️Q. ataquetië n. “saying again, repetition”
Q. enquet- v. “to repeat, say again”
Q. equë v. “say, says, said”
Q. eques (equess-) n. “saying, (current or proverbial) dictum, quotation from someone’s uttered words”

18.24 Language

Q. carpassë n. “mouth-system; full organized language, including system, vocabulary, metre, etc.”
Q. Eldarin adj. and n. “of the Eldar; Elvish (language)”
ᴹQ. Eldarin adj. and n. “of the Elves, Elvish”
ᴱQ. Eldarin adj. “Elfin”

18.28 Name

Q. #amilessë n. “mother-name”
Q. anessë n. “given (or added) name, nickname, surname”
ᴱQ. en(wë) (emb-) n. “name”
Q. epessë n. “after-name”
Q. essë¹ n. “name”
ᴹQ. essë¹ n. “name”

18.37 to Refuse

ᴹQ. apsa- v. “to away, go away”
Q. apta- v. “to refuse, deny, say nay”
Q. avá (áva-) particle. “don’t, negative imperative”
Q. ava-¹ v. “to refuse, forbid”
Q. ava-² pref. “negation (refusing or forbidden)”
ᴹQ. lala- v. “to deny”

18.38 to Forbid

Q. avanwa adj. “refused, forbidden, banned”
Q. avanyárima adj. “unspeakable, what one must not tell, not to be told or related”
Q. avaquétima adj. “not to be said, that must not be said”

18.42 to Call, Name

ᴹQ. esta-¹ v. “to name”

18.51 to Write

ᴹQ. amatixë n. “dot or point placed above the line of writing”

18.52 to Read

Q. ethenta- v. “to read aloud”

18.53 Letter of the Alphabet

Q., ᴹQ. andatehta n. “long-mark”
Q. certa n. “rune”

18.54 Letter, Epistle

Q. centa n. “enquiry, *essay”

19. Social Relations

19.11 Country ('European')

Q. #aranië n. “kingdom”
ᴹQ. araníë n. “kingship”

19.14 Region, Territory

Q. arda n. “region, realm, particular land or region”
ᴹQ. arda n. “realm, region”
ᴱQ. arda n. “place, spot”

19.31 to Rule, Govern

⚠️Q. cunya- v. “to rule”

19.32 King

Q. aran n. “king”
ᴹQ. aran¹ n. “*king”
Q. aranus(së) n. “kingship”
ᴹQ. haran n. “king, chieftain, lord or king of a specified region”

19.35 Prince

Q. aranel n. “princess”
Q. cundo n. “prince, lord, guardian”
ᴹQ. †cundu n. “prince”

19.36 Noble, Nobleman

Q. ar(a)- pref. “noble, high”
Q. arandil n. “king’s friend, royalist”
Q. arandur n. “minister, steward, (lit.) king’s servant”
Q. arata adj. “high, noble, exalted, lofty”
Q. aráto n. “champion, eminent man, noble, lord, king”
Q. arquen n. “noble, knight”
ᴹQ. callo n. “noble man, hero”

19.44 Free (adj)

ᴹQ. (a)ranya adj. “free”
ᴹQ. mirima adj. “free”

19.45 to Order, Command

Q. canwa¹ n. “announcement, order”
Q. canya- v. “?to command”

19.52 Foe, Enemy

Q. #cotto n. “*enemy”
ᴹQ. cotumo n. “enemy”
ᴹQ. cotya adj. “hostile”
ᴹQ. untamo n. “enemy”

19.55 Stranger

ᴹQ. ettelë n. “outer lands, foreign parts”
ᴹQ. ettelëa adj. “foreign”

19.58 to Help, Aid

Q. alya- v. “to cause to prosper, bless (a work), help one”
Q. asië [þ] n. “ease, comfort”
Q. asya- [þ] v. “to ease, assist, comfort”

19.62 Strife, Quarrel

ᴹQ. costa- v. “to quarrel”

20. Warfare and Hunting

20.20 Captain

Q. cáno n. “commander, chieftain, ruler, governor; †crier, herald”
⛔️ᴹQ. cáno n. “chief”

20.26 Spear

ᴱQ. ectar¹ (ectard-) n. “swordsman”
ᴱQ. ectë (exi-) n. “sword”
ᴱQ. ehta² n. “sword-point”
ᴱQ. ehtar (ehtard-) n. “swordsman; sword”
ᴹQ. ehtë (*ehti-) n. “spear”
ᴹQ. ehtyar n. “spearman”
ᴱQ. elc n. “spear”
ᴱQ. esca n. “spear, spike”

20.27 Sword

Q. #andamacil n. “long sword”
Q. ecet n. “short stabbing sword”

20.33 Helmet

Q. ambalotsë n. “uprising-flower”
ᴱQ. calla n. “helmet”
Q. carma¹ n. “helm”
ᴱQ. casien (casiend-) n. “helmet”
ᴹQ. cassa n. “helmet”
Q. castol(o) [þ] n. “helmet”

20.34 Shield

Q. cauma n. “protection, shelter, shield”

20.35 Fortress

ᴹQ. arta n. “fort, fortress”
Q. carassë n. “built fort or dwelling surrounded by bulwarks”

20.41 Victory

Q. #-ndacil suf. “-victor, -slayer”

21. Law and Judgment

21.11 Special Law

Q. axan n. “law, rule, commandment”

21.23 Witness (n)

Q. artarindo n. “bystander”
Q. astarmo n. “bystander; witness”

21.37 Penalty, Punishment

⚠️Q. ahtar- v. “to do back, react, requite, avenge”

21.39 Jail, Prison

Q. avalerya- v. “to restrain, to deprive of liberty”

22. Religion and Beliefs

22.12 God

ᴱQ. Enu n. “God Almighty, Almighty Creator”
Q. Eru n. “The One, God”
ᴹQ. Eru n. “The One God”
Q. Eruva adj. “divine”

22.13 Temple

Q. ainas n. “hallow, fane”
ᴹQ. yána n. “holy place, fane, sanctuary”

22.19 Holy, Sacred

Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. aina adj. “holy, revered, numinous, [ᴱQ.] worshipful”
Q. ainima adj. “blessed, holy (of things)”
Q., ᴱQ. aira adj. “holy, sanctified, [ᴱQ.] worshipful”
Q. airë¹ (airi-) adj. and n. “holy; sanctity, holiness”
Q. airëa adj. “holy (applied to persons)”
Q. #airita- v. “to hallow”

22.23 to Bless

Q. aina- v. “to hallow, bless, treat as holy”
Q. amanya adj. “*blessed”
Q. calambar adj. “*light-fated”
Q. manaitë adj. “*blessed, having grace”

22.33 Angel

ᴹQ., ᴱQ. Aini n. “holy one, angelic spirit (f.); [ᴱQ.] (pagan) goddess”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. Ainu n. “holy one, angelic spirit (m.); [ᴱQ.] (pagan) god”

22.37 Idol

Q. aian n. “holy thing or object or place”

22.42 Magic, Witchcraft, Sorcery

ᴱQ. curu n. “magic, wizardry”

22.44 Elf, Nymph, Fairy

Q. Casar n. “dwarf”
Q. Elda n. “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk”
ᴹQ. Elda n. “Elf”
ᴱQ. Elda n. “Elf; beach-fay”
Q. Eldalië n. “People of the Eldar, Elven-folk, Elf-folk”
ᴹQ. Eldalië n. “People of the Elves, Elf-folk”
ᴱQ. Eldalië n. “People of the Elves, Elf-folk”

22.45 Ghost, Specter, Phantom

Q. ausa n. “dim shape, spectral or vague apparition”

23. Grammar

23.3 Preposition

Q. an conj. and adv. “for, but, then, or; moreover, furthermore”
ᴱQ. ar² (as-) n. “to, against, next, on (wall)”
Q. ar(a) prep. and adv. “beside, next; ⚠️out, [ᴹQ.] outside”
ᴹQ. ara prep. and adv. “outside, beside”
ᴱQ. arë¹ adv. “beside, along”
Q. #as prep. “with”
ᴹQ. ava- pref. “without”
Q. #ca prep. “behind, at back of place”
⛔️ᴱQ. na prep. “for”
Q. #ó prep. “with”

23.4 Pronoun

Q. †-cca suf. “your (dual)”
Q. †-ccë suf. “you (dual)”
⚠️Q. ?elmë pron. “we (emphatic inclusive), *we (emphatic exclusive)”
Q. elvë pron. “we (emphatic inclusive)”
Q. elyë pron. “thou (emphatic polite)”
Q. emmë¹ pron. “we (emphatic exclusive), *we (dual emphatic exclusive)”
Q. esto pron. “they (dual emphatic)”
ᴹQ. ettë² pron. “he (emphatic)”
ᴱQ. hëa pron. “it (emphatic); 3rd sg. neut. pronoun”
ᴱQ. hië pron. “she (emphatic); 3rd sg. fem. pronoun”
ᴱQ. húyo pron. “he (emphatic); 3rd sg. masc. pronoun”
Q. issë pron. “he, *she, it (emphatic)”
ᴱQ. melmo pron. “we (emphatic); 1st pl. exclusive pronoun”
ᴱQ. quelmo pron. “we (emphatic); 1st pl. inclusive pronoun”

23.7 Comparative, Intensive

ᴹQ. an- pref. “intensive prefix”
Q. an(a)- pref. “intensive prefix”
Q. ar(i)- pref. “superlative prefix”
ᴱQ. ari- pref. “intensive”
ᴹQ. un-/um- pref. “intensive prefix with evil sense”

23.8 Conjunction

ᴹQ. ananta conj. “but yet, and yet”
Q., ᴹQ., ᴱQ. ar conj. “and; ⚠️[ᴱQ., ᴹQ.] but”

23.9 Affix

Q. ar- pref. “by-, beside; outside; near”
ᴹQ. ar- pref. “outside, beside”
Q. -da suf. “product of an action”
Q. -e suf. “plural of adjectives”
Q. -ëa² suf. “ordinal suffix”
ᴱQ. har(ë) prep. “near”