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Quenya Semantic Categories

1. Physical World

1.1 World

Ambar n. “The World, Earth, (lit.) Habitation”

1.12 Universe

n. “Creation, the (Material) Universe”

1.21 Earth, Land

cemen n. “earth”
cemna adj. “of earth, earthen”
cén n. “soil, earth”

1.213 Dust, Powder

asto n. “dust”

1.22 Hill, Mountain

aicalë n. “peak”
aicassë n. “mountain peak”
aiqua adj. “steep”
am(ba)penda adj. “uphill”
ambo n. “hill, rising ground, mount”
ambon n. “upward slope, hill-side”
ambona n. “hill”
ambuna adj. “hilly”
ampenda adj. “uphill”
ampendë n. “upward slope”
coron¹ n. “mound”
coron² n. “globe, ball”
cumbë n. “mound, heap”

1.24 Dale, Valley

(a)nacca n. “narrows, defile, pass, cut”
cilya n. “cleft, pass between hills, gorge”
cirya² n. “cleft, pass”
nacca n. “narrows, defile, pass, cut”

1.32 Sea

airë² n. “sea”
airon n. “ocean”
ëar n. “sea”
eären n. “ocean”
eäron n. “ocean”

1.33 Lake, Pond

ailin n. “(large) lake, pool”

1.36 Brook, Stream, River

celma n. “channel”
celumë n. “stream, flowing, flood (tide), flow”
etsir n. “mouth of a river”

1.37 Spring, Well

celussë n. “freshnet, water falling out swiftly from a rocky spring”
ehtelë n. “spring, issue of water”

1.52 Sun

Anar n. “Sun”
árë n. “sunlight, warmth (especially of the sun); day”
arma¹ n. “ray of sunlight”

1.54 Star

él n. “star”
elen n. “star”
elenya adj. “adjective referring to the stars, *of the stars, stellar”
elvëa adj. “starlike”

1.61 Light

alca n. “ray of light”
alca- v. “to glitter”
cala n. “light”
cálë n. “light”

1.99 Physical World (other)

caraxë n. “jagged hedge of spikes”

2. Mankind

2.1 Human Being

Atan n. “Man, (lit.) the Second (People)”

2.35 Father

atar¹ n. “father”
atartil n. “thumb (play name)”
(a)taryo n. “daddy”
atto n. “daddy, father (familiar/family)”
atya¹ n. “daddy, (my) father”

2.36 Mother

amil(lë) n. “mother”
(a)milye n. “*mummy”
ammë n. “mother”
amya n. “mummy, (orig.) my mother”
emil n. “mother”
emmë² n. “mummy, mother (familiar/family)”
emya n. “mummy, (orig.) my mother”

2.41 Son

yondo n. “son”

2.42 Daughter

anel n. “daughter”

3. Animals

3.11 Animal

#celva n. “animal, living thing that moves”

3.18 Herdsman

emerwen n. “shepherdess”

3.64 Bird

aiwë n. “(small) bird”
ambalë n. “yellow bird, ‘yellow hammer’”
ammalë n. “yellow bird, ‘yellow hammer’”
#cirincë n. “scarlet-plumed species of bird”
corco n. “crow”
cucua n. “dove”
oio² n. “bird”

3.77 Elephant

andamunda n. “elephant”

3.85 Snake

ango n. “snake”

3.86 Swan

alqua n. “swan”

3.99 Animals (other)

angulócë n. “dragon”

4. Body Parts and Functions

4.16 Bone

axo n. “bone”

4.19 Back

ecco n. “spine, point, thorn”

4.20 Head

cára n. “head”
cas¹ n. “head”

4.204 Face

anta n. “face, jaw”
#canwa² n. “face”
cendelë n. “face”

4.207 Jaw

anca n. “jaws; jaw, row of teeth”

4.22 Ear

hlas n. “ear”
lár² n. “ear”

4.24 Mouth

anto¹ n. “mouth”
carpa n. “(entire) mouth; phonetic system”

4.27 Tooth

carca n. “tooth, fang; [sharp] rock”
carcanë n. “row of teeth”

4.28 Neck

acas n. “neck”
axë n. “neck, rock ridge”

4.332 Hand (other)

ataformaitë adj. “ambidextrous”
atamaitë adj. “two-handed”
cambë n. “(hollow of) hand”

4.39 Nail, Claw

atsa n. “claw, catch, hook; tassel, fryse, fringe”

4.63 to Wake

cuivëa adj. “wakening”
cuivië n. “awakening”

4.74 to Live; Living; Life

coirëa adj. “living”
coiv(i)ë n. “life”
cuile n. “life, being alive”
cuina adj. “alive”

4.81 Strong, Mighty, Powerful

astalda adj. “strong, *valiant”

4.83 Well; Health

al- v. “to thrive”

4.84 Sick; Sickness

caila adj. and n. “lying in bed, bedridden; sickness”
caimassë n. “lying in bed, sickness”
caimassëa adj. “bedridden, sick”
engwa adj. “sickly”

4.86 to Cure, Heal

#envinyata- v. “to renew, heal”

4.88 Medicine, Drug

asëa n. “healing herb, athelas”
asëa aranion n. “kingsfoil, asëa of the Kings”

4.999 Body Parts and Functions (other)

erca n. “prickle, spine”

5. Food and Drink

5.35 Cup

cilinyul n. “drinking-vessel (made of glass)”

5.51 Bread

coimas n. “life-bread, lembas”
lerembas n. “bread taken on leaving home (for a long journey)”

5.61 Meat

apsa n. “meat, cooked food; juice”

5.71 Fruit

culuma n. “orange (fruit)”

6. Clothing and Adornment

6.41 Cloak

collo n. “cloak”

6.71 Adornment (personal)

carrëa n. “tressure”

6.73 Finger Ring

*corma n. “ring”

6.96 Mirror

cilintilla n. “looking-glass”
cilintír n. “looking-glass”

7. Dwelling and Furniture

7.12 House

car n. “building, house”
coa n. “house; outhouse, shed, hut, booth; building used for a dwelling or other purposes; †body”

7.21 Room

caimasan n. “bedchamber”

7.22 Door, Gate

ando n. “gate, (great) door; †entrances, approaches”

7.28 Roof

coromindo n. “cupola, dome”

7.29 House (other)

ampano n. “building (especially of wood), wooden hall, construction, edifice”
ataquë n. “construction, building”

7.42 Bed

caima n. “bed”

7.45 Lamp

calma n. “lamp, (device for shining) light”

8. Agriculture and Vegetation

8.31 to Sow; Seed

ala-¹ v. “to plant, grow”
erdë n. “seed, germ; singularity”

8.33 Scythe, Sickle

circa n. “sickle”

8.57 Flower

alalbë n. “inflorescence”
alalmë¹ n. “inflorescence”
alba n. “flower”
alma¹ n. “flower”

8.60 Tree (generic)

alalmë² n. “elm-tree”
alalvëa adj. “having many elms”
albë n. “elm”
alda n. “tree”
aldarembina adj. “tree-meshed”
aldarwa adj. “having trees, tree-grown”
aldinga n. “tree-top”
alvë n. “elm”
culumalda n. “*orange-tree”
lalmë n. “elm-tree”

8.68 Tobacco

alanessë n. “nicotiana, pipeweed”
alenesse n. “nicotiana, pipeweed”

8.99 Vegetation (other)

ëaruilë n. “seaweed”
ercassë n. “holly”

9. Physical Acts and Materials

9.11 to Do, Make

car- v. “to do, make, build”
carda n. “deed”
*carë n. “action, doing, making”
carina adj. “done”
carma³ n. “deed”
*carya adj. “doing”

9.14 to Bend

cúna adj. “bent, curved”
cúna- v. “to bend”

9.22 to Cut

#aucir- v. “to cut off (and get rid of or lose a portion)”
cirissë n. “slash, gash”

9.35 to Pour

calpa- v. “to draw water, scoop out, bale out”

9.41 Craft, Trade

curu n. “skill”
curwë n. “craft, skill of the hand, technical skill and invention”

9.412 Art

carmë n. “art; making, production; structure”

9.422 Tool

carma² n. “tool, implement, means, weapon”
curo n. “skillful (?device)”
tamma n. “tool”

9.44 to Build

carasta- v. “to build”
cat- v. “to shape, fashion”

9.46 to Bore

erca- v. “to prick”

9.54 Brick

ambal n. “shaped stone, flag”

9.66 Copper, Bronze

calarus n. “polished copper”

9.67 Iron

anga n. “iron”
angaina adj. “of iron”

9.71 Potter

cemnaro n. “potter”
^centamo n. “potter”
centano n. “potter”

9.74 Glass

cilin n. “glass”

9.87 Painting, Picture

emma n. “*picture”

9.96 Easy

as(a)- pref. “easily”
asalastë adj. “easily heard”
asanótë adj. “*easily counted”
ascenë adj. “visible, easily seen”
ascénima adj. “visible, easily seen”
asra adj. “?easy”

10. Motion and Transportation

10.22 to Lift, Raise

#amorta- v. “to heave”

10.23 to Fall

atalantë n. “collapse, downfall”
atalantëa adj. “ruinous, downfallen”
atalta- v. “to collapse, fall in, fall down, slip down in ruin”

10.48 to Come

attul- v. “to come back, return”
#entul- v. “to come again, return”
#ettul- v. “*to come forth”

10.49 to Depart, Go Away

apsa- v. “to away, go away”
auta-¹ v. “to go (away), depart, leave; to disappear, be lost, pass away”
#cir- v. “to cut, *cleave; *to sail”
vanya- v. “to go, depart, disappear, pass”

10.61 to Bear, Carry

*col- v. “to bear, carry, wear”
*colindo n. “bearer”
colla adj. and n. “borne, worn; vestment, cloak”

10.81 Ship

cirya¹ n. and adj. “ship, boat; swift gliding”

10.82 Sailor

ciryamo n. “mariner”
ciryando n. “sailor”
ciryaquen n. “shipman, sailor”

11. Possession and Trade

11.12 to Own, Possess

arwa adj. “possessing, having, in control of”

11.21 to Give

anna n. “gift, (orig.) thing handed, brought or sent to a person”
anta- v. “to give, present; †to add to”
antë n. “giver (f.)”
anto² n. “giver (m.)”

11.24 to Save, Preserve, Keep Safe

etelehta- v. “*to deliver”
eterúna- v. “*to deliver”

11.31 to Seek

ces- v. “to search, examine (in order to find something)”
cesta-¹ v. “to seek, search for”

11.41 Property

arma² n. “piece of good”

11.48 Heir

aryon n. “heir, prince”
atamir n. “heirloom”

11.57 Thief

arpo n. “seizer, thief”

12. Spatial Relations

12.14 to Lie, Recline

caita- v. “to lie (down)”

12.21 to Gather, Collect

comya- v. “to collect”
conta- v. “[unglossed]”

12.25 to Shut, Close

avalatya- v. “to close, shut”

12.37 Middle

*endëa adj. “middle”
entya adj. “central, middle”
enya adj. “middle”

12.38 Center

enda n. “heart; center”
endë n. “centre, middle; core”
entë² n. “centre”

12.392 Out, Outside

ava adv. and adj. “outside, beyond; outer, exterior”
et prep. “out (of)”
et(e)- pref. “forth, out”
etsë n. “outside, exterior”
ettë n. “outside”

12.394 Up, Above, Over

am- pref. “up”
ama adv. “up”
amba¹ adv. “up, upwards”

12.397 Beyond

ambela adv. “further still beyond, far away beyond”

12.398 To, Towards

an(a) prep. “to, towards, to a point near, alongside”
ana- pref. “to, towards”
na prep. “to, towards”

12.399 From, Away

au-¹ pref. “away (from)”
au¹ adv. “away, off, not here (of position)”

12.43 Near (adj)

am(be)na adv. “nearer to”
amna adv. “nearer to”

12.44 Far (adj)

avahaira adj. “*far beyond, very remote”
eccaira adj. “?out-far”
en adv. “then soon, in that (future) case; there, yonder, far away; look yon(der)”

12.46 West

andúna adj. “western”

12.51 Form, Shape (n)

canta- v. “to shape”
canta² n. and adj. “shape, frame(work); shaped”

12.55 Big, Large, Great

alat- pref. “large, great in size”
alta¹ adj. “large, great in size”

12.56 Small, Little

cinta adj. “small”

12.57 Long

anda adj. “long, far”
andavë adv. “long, at great length”

12.62 Narrow

arca adj. “narrow”

12.75 Hook, Crook

ampa n. “hook, crook”

12.81 Round (adj)

corna adj. “round, globed”

12.82 Circle

corin n. “circular enclosure”

12.85 Hole

assa n. “hole, perforation, opening, mouth”
?ecca n. “hole”

12.93 to Change

#ahya- v. “to change”

12.99 Spatial Relations (other)

cúma² n. “*arch, crescent”

13. Quantity and Number

13.13 Whole

aqua adv. “fully, completely, altogether, wholly”

13.16 More

amba² adj. and n. “more”
ambë adv. “more”
arta¹ adv. “etcetera”
enta¹ adj. “another, one more”

13.21 Full

ataquanta- v. “*to refill, fill a second time, double fill”
enquanta- v. “to refill”

13.22 Empty

cúma¹ n. “void”
cumna adj. “empty”
-enca suf. “without, -less”

13.25 Fraction, Division

caista fraction. “one tenth”
cast fraction. “one tenth”
!quaista fraction. “one tenth”

13.31 Numerals

atatya adj. “double”
atta num. card. “two”
attëa num. ord. “second”
canta¹ num. card. “four”
cantëa¹ num. ord. “fourth”
enquë num. card. “six”
enquëa num. ord. “sixth”
tanta adj. “double”

13.33 Alone, Only

er adj. “one, alone”
eressë n. “solitude”
eressëa adj. “lonely”
erinqua adj. “single, alone”
erya adj. “single, sole”

13.34 First

eteminya adj. “prominent”

14. Time

14.13 New

ceura adj. “renewed”

14.21 Fast, Swift, Quick

alaco n. “rush, rushing flight, wild wind”

14.35 Again

at(a)- pref. “double, second time; back, again, re-”
ata adv. “again”
en- pref. “re-, again”

14.37 After

apa¹ pref. “after (of time)”
epë prep. “before; after (of time), following”
opo prep. “before, in front (of place); after (of time)”
prep. “before, in front (of place); after (of time)”
pono prep. “in front (of place)”
poto prep. “in front (of place)”

14.41 Day

arië n. “daytime”
aurë n. “day (as opposed to night), daylight, sunlight”

14.43 Dawn

amaurëa n. “dawn, early day”
ambarónë n. “dawn; uprising, sunrise, Orient”
anarórë n. “sunrise”
artuilë n. “dayspring, early morn”

14.44 Morning

arin n. “morning”
arinya adj. “morning, early”

14.462 Dusk

andúnë n. “sunset, evening, (orig.) going down; west”

14.49 Yesterday

enyárë adv. “in that day”

14.61 Week

enquië n. “Elvish week of six days”
lemnar n. “(Valarin five-day) week”

14.62 Sunday

Anarya n. “Sunday, (lit.) Sun-day”

14.64 Tuesday

Aldëa n. “*Tuesday, Tree-day (Númenórean)”
Aldúya n. “*Tuesday, Day of the Two Trees”

14.68 Saturday

Elenya n. “Saturday, Star-day*”

14.71 Month

asta n. “month; division, part (esp. one of other equal parts)”

14.72 Names of the Months

Cermië n. “July”

14.73 Year

coranar n. “(solar) year, (lit.) sun-round”

14.75 Spring

coirë n. “stirring, early spring”

14.99 Time (other)

andanéya adv. “long ago, once upon a time”
asar n. “fixed time, festival”
ceuranar n. “new sun after solstice”
en(a) adv. “still”

15. Sense Perception

15.442 Phonetic

calmatéma n. “k-series”

15.51 to See

cen- v. “to see, behold, look”
cénima adj. “visible”

15.52 to Look

*cenda n. “inspection, reading”
cenda- v. “to watch (intensively), observe (for some time); to read”
ecces- v. “to find out, bring out by examining or eyeing[?]”

15.56 to Shine, Glisten

#cal- v. “to shine (?golden)”
calta- v. “to (cause to) shine, light up, kindle (lamp etc.)”
élë n. “star-ray, beam, flashing of [?starry] light”

15.57 Bright

calima adj. “bright, luminous”
calina adj. “light, bright, sunny, (lit.) illumined”
calya- v. “to illuminate”

15.66 Red

aira² adj. “red, copper-coloured, ruddy”
carnë adj. “red, scarlet”
culda adj. “flame-coloured, golden-red”
culina adj. “flame-coloured, golden-red”
cullo n. “red gold”
culuina adj. “orange (coloured); of gold, golden”

15.78 Sharp

aica adj. “fell, terrible, dire; sharp”

15.84 Dry, Arid

erumë n. “desert”

15.85 Hot, Warm

asta- v. “to heat, bake (by exposure to sun)”

16. Emotion

16.11 Soul, Spirit

coacalina n. “light of the house, indwelling spirit”

16.18 Good Fortune

alima adj. “fair, good”
alma² n. “good fortune, weal, wealth”
almarë n. “blessedness, blessings, good fortune, bliss”
almárëa adj. “blessed”
almë n. “good thing, blessing, piece of good fortune”
almie n. “blessedness, blessings, good fortune, bliss”
alya adj. “fair, good; prosperous, rich, abundant, blessed”

16.22 Joy

alassë n. “joy, merriment, happiness”

16.24 Happy; Happiness

al(a)-² pref. “well, happily”

16.43 Rage, Fury

aha n. “rage”

16.47 Fame, Glory

alcar n. “glory, splendour, radiance, brilliance”
alcarin(qua) adj. “glorious, brilliant, radiant”

16.52 Brave, Courageous

canya adj. “bold; wise”

16.53 Fear, Fright

aista- v. “to dread”
áya n. “awe”

16.622 Desire

cilmë n. “choice, choosing”

16.63 Hope (n)

estel n. “hope, trust, *faith”

16.65 Faithful

astar n. “faith, loyalty”

16.69 to Forgive

#apsen- v. “to remit, release, forgive”
#avatyar- v. “*to forgive, (lit.) do away with”

16.71 Good

alacarna adj. “well-done, well-made”
alahasta adj. “unmarred”
alamen n. “good omen on departure”
alatúlië n. “welcome”
alatulya- v. “to welcome”
amatúlië n. “blessed arrival”
amatulya- v. “to welcome (of something blessed)”
arya- v. “to excel”
arya¹ adj. “excelling, *better”

16.99 Emotion (other)

^avalda adj. “move[d], stirred, excited”
awalda adj. “move[d], stirred, excited”
faica adj. “contemptible, mean”
faila adj. “fair-minded, just, generous”

17. Mind and Thought

17.20 Imagination

aulë n. “invention”
auta-² v. “to invent, originate, devise”

17.22 Stupid, Foolish

alasaila adj. “unwise”

17.31 to Remember

#enyal- v. “to recall”
#enyalië n. “memory, (lit.) recalling”

17.99 Mind and Thought (other)

cesya- v. “to cause interest, interest (oneself), (lit.) to cause one to enquire”

18. Language and Music

18.14 Various Cries

ai¹ interj. “alas!”
aia interj. “hail”
aiya interj. “hail; behold, lo”
alla interj. “welcome, hail”
é interj. “indeed”
ela interj. “behold!”

18.21 to Speak, Talk

carpa- v. “to talk, speak, use tongue”

18.22 to Say

ataquetië n. “saying again, repetition”
enquet- v. “to repeat, say again”
equë v. “say, says, said”
eques n. “saying, (current or proverbial) dictum, quotation from someone’s uttered words”

18.24 Language

carpassë n. “mouth-system; full organized language, including system, vocabulary, metre, etc.”
Eldarin adj. and n. “of the Eldar; Elvish (language)”

18.28 Name

#amilessë n. “mother-name”
anessë n. “given (or added) name, nickname, surname”
epessë n. “after-name”
essë¹ n. “name”

18.37 to Refuse

apta- v. “to refuse, deny, say nay”
avá particle. “don’t, negative imperative”
ava-¹ v. “to refuse, forbid”
ava-² pref. “negation (refusing or forbidden)”
lala-² v. “to deny”

18.38 to Forbid

avanwa adj. “refused, forbidden, banned”
avanyárima adj. “unspeakable, what one must not tell, not to be told or related”
avaquétima adj. “not to be said, that must not be said”

18.42 to Call, Name

esta- v. “to name”

18.51 to Write

amatixë n. “dot or point placed above the line of writing”

18.52 to Read

ethenta- v. “to read aloud”

18.53 Letter of the Alphabet

andatehta n. “long-mark”
certa n. “rune”

18.54 Letter, Epistle

centa n. “enquiry, *essay”

19. Social Relations

19.11 Country ('European')

#aranië n. “kingdom”

19.14 Region, Territory

arda n. “region, realm, particular land or region”
harda n. “realm”

19.31 to Rule, Govern

cunta- v. “to rule”
cunya- v. “to rule”

19.32 King

aran n. “king”
aranus(së) n. “kingship”
haran n. “king, chieftain, lord or king of a specified region”

19.35 Prince

aranel n. “princess”
condo n. “lord”
cundo n. “prince, lord, guardian”
cundu n. “prince”

19.36 Noble, Nobleman

ar(a)- pref. “noble, high”
arandil n. “king’s friend, royalist”
arandur n. “minister, steward, (lit.) king’s servant”
arata adj. “high, noble, exalted, lofty”
aráto n. “champion, eminent man, noble, lord, king”
arquen n. “noble, knight”
arta² adj. “high, noble, exalted, lofty”
callo n. “noble man, hero”

19.44 Free (adj)

(a)ranya adj. “free”
mirima adj. “free”
ranya² adj. “free”

19.45 to Order, Command

canwa¹ n. “announcement, order”
canya- v. “?to command”

19.52 Foe, Enemy

*cotto n. “*enemy”
cotumo n. “enemy”
cotya adj. “hostile”
?notto n. “*enemy”

19.55 Stranger

ettelë n. “outer lands, foreign parts”
ettelëa adj. “foreign”

19.58 to Help, Aid

alya- v. “to cause to prosper, bless (a work), help one”
asië n. “ease, comfort”
asya- v. “to ease, assist, comfort”

19.62 Strife, Quarrel

costa- v. “to quarrel”

20. Warfare and Hunting

20.20 Captain

cáno n. “commander, chieftain, ruler, governor; †crier, herald”

20.26 Spear

ehtë n. “spear”
ehtyar n. “spearman”

20.27 Sword

#andamacil n. “long sword”
ecet n. “short stabbing sword”

20.33 Helmet

ambalotsë n. “uprising-flower”
carma¹ n. “helm”
cassa n. “helmet”
castol(o) n. “helmet”

20.34 Shield

cauma n. “protection, shelter, shield”

20.35 Fortress

arta³ n. “fort, fortress”
carasse n. “built fort or dwelling surrounded by bulwarks”

20.41 Victory

*-ndacil suf. “-victor, -slayer”

21. Law and Judgment

21.11 Special Law

axan n. “law, rule, commandment”

21.23 Witness (n)

artarindo n. “bystander”
astarindo n. “bystander”
astarmo n. “bystander; witness”

21.37 Penalty, Punishment

accar- v. “to do back, react, requite, avenge”
ahtar- v. “to do back, react, requite, avenge”

21.39 Jail, Prison

avalerya- v. “to restrain, to deprive of liberty”

22. Religion and Beliefs

22.12 God

Eru n. “The One, God”
Eruva adj. “divine”

22.13 Temple

ainas n. “hallow, fane”
yána² n. “holy place, fane, sanctuary”

22.19 Holy, Sacred

aina adj. “holy, revered, numinous”
ainima adj. “blessed, holy (of things)”
aira¹ adj. “holy, sanctified”
airë¹ adj. and n. “holy; sanctity, holiness”
airëa adj. “holy (applied to persons)”
#airita- v. “to hallow”

22.23 to Bless

aina- v. “to hallow, bless, treat as holy”
amanya adj. “*blessed”
calambar adj. “*light-fated”
manaitë adj. “*blessed, having grace”

22.33 Angel

Aini n. “holy one, angelic spirit (f.)”
Ainu n. “Holy One, angelic spirit”

22.37 Idol

aian n. “holy thing or object or place”

22.44 Elf, Nymph, Fairy

Casar n. “dwarf”
Elda n. “Elf, (lit.) one of the Star-folk”
Eldalië n. “People of the Eldar, Elven-folk, Elf-folk”

22.45 Ghost, Specter, Phantom

ausa n. “dim shape, spectral or vague apparition”

23. Grammar

23.3 Preposition

an conj. and adv. “for, but, then, or; moreover, furthermore”
ar(a) prep. “beside, next, out(side)”
#as prep. “with”
au-² pref. “without”
#ca prep. “behind, at back of place”
#ó prep. “with”

23.4 Pronoun

-cca suf. “your (dual)”
-ccë suf. “you (dual)”
?elmë pron. “we (emphatic inclusive), *we (emphatic exclusive)”
elvë pron. “we (emphatic inclusive)”
elyë pron. “thou (emphatic polite)”
emmë¹ pron. “we (emphatic exclusive), *we (dual emphatic exclusive)”
essë² pron. “he, *she, it (emphatic)”
esto pron. “they (dual emphatic)”
issë pron. “he, *she, it (emphatic)”
-xa suf. “your (dual)”
-xë² suf. “you (dual)”

23.7 Comparative, Intensive

am(a)- pref. “intensive prefix”
an- pref. “intensive prefix”
an(da)- pref. “superlative prefix”
ar(i)- pref. “superlative prefix”

23.8 Conjunction

ananta conj. “and yet, but yet”
ar conj. “and”

23.9 Affix

ar- pref. “by-, beside; outside; near”
-da suf. “product of an action”
-e suf. “plural of adjectives”
-ëa² suf. “ordinal suffix”