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Middle Quenya Phonetics

Phonemes

  p-series t-series ty-series k-series q-series
voiceless-stops [p] [t] [tʲ] ‹ty› [k] [kʷ] ‹q›
voiced-stops [b] [d] [dʲ] ‹dy› [g] [gʷ] ‹gw›
voiceless-spirants [f] [s] [θ] ‹þ› [j̊] ‹hy› [h] [w̥] ‹hw›
voiced-spirants [v]
sonants [w] [l] [r] [j] ‹y› [w]
nasals [m] [n] [nʲ] ‹ny› [ŋ] ‹ñ› [ŋʷ] ‹nw›

vowels [i] [e] [a] [o] [u]
long-vowels [ī] [ē] [ā] [ō] [ū]
diphthongs [ai] [oi] [ui] [au] [eu] [iu]
others [-il]

Phonetic Groups

Phonetic Rules

[ɣ] otherwise vanished [ɣ] > [ø]
initial [ɣ] became [h] [ɣ-] > [h-]
initial [ŋ] became [n] [ŋ-] > [n-]
initial [sr], [sl] became voiceless [l], [r] [sr-|sl-] > [r̥-|l̥-]
[kt] became [xt] [kt] > [xt]
[l], [r] often became syllabic after initial stop or aspirate [{ptkbdg}{rl}-] > [{ptkbdg}V{rl}-]
[rl] became [ll] [rl] > [ll]
second short vowel of same quality lost [] > []
[sf] became [f] [sf] > [f]
stressed non-final [ei] became [ai] [ˈei] > [ai]
voiceless stops before [n], [m] became voiced stops [{ptk}{nm}] > [{bdg}{nm}]
[z] became [r] [z] > [r]

Other

consonants
dissimilation
phonetics