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Middle Primitive Elvish Roots

A root. “intensive prefix”
AB(AR) root. “refuse, deny, say no; away, go away, depart”
AD root. “entrance, gate”
AK root. “narrow, confined”
AKLA(R) root. “*radiance”
ALA root. “*blessed”
(A)LAK root. “swift, rushing”
ALAT root. “large, great in size”
AM¹ root. “mother”
AM² root. “up”
ANA¹ root. see NĀ¹/ANA¹
ANA² root. see NĀ²/ANA²
ANAD root.
(A)NAK root. “bite”
ANAT root.
ANGA root. “iron”
ANGWA root. “snake”
AP root. “cook?”
AR¹ root. “day”
AR² root. “beside, outside”
AS(AT) root.
ATA root. “father”
AT(AT) root. “back, again, twice; two”
AWA root. “away, forth; out”
AYAK root. “sharp, pointed”
(A)YAN root. “*holy”
AY(AR) root. “sea”
BAL root. “*power”
BAN root.
BA(N) root. “go, proceed”
BAR root. “raise; uplift, save, rescue(?)”
BARAD root.
BARAN root.
BARAS root. “*heat”
BARAT root.
BARATH root.
BAT root. “tread”
BAY root.
BED root.
BEL root. “strong”
BEN root. “corner (from inside), angle from inside”
BER root. “valiant”
BEREK root.
BERETH root. “beech”
BES root. “wed”
BEW root. “follow, serve”
BIRIT root.
BOL root.
BON root.
BOR(ON) root. “endure”
BUZBU root.
DAB root. “give way, make room, permit, allow”
DAG root. “dig”
DAƷ root. “great”
DAK root. see (N)DAK
DAL root. “flat”
DA(N)T root. “fall down”
DAR root. “stay, wait, stop, remain”
DARAK root.
DARAM root. “beat, hew”
DAT root. see DA(N)T
DAY root. “shadow”
DEM root. “sad, gloomy”
DEN root. “hole, gap, passage”
DER root. see (N)DER
DIL root. “stop up, fill up hole”
DIÑG root. “ding (onomatopoeic)”
DOƷ root. “night”
DOM root. “faint, dim”
DORON root. “oak”
DRING root. “beat, strike”
DUB root. “lie, lie heavy, loom, hang over oppressively (of clouds)”
DUL root. see (N)DUL
DUN root. “dark (of colour)”
DUR root.
DUS root. “?burn”
DUY root.
DYEL root. “feel fear and disgust; abhor”
DYELEK root. “sword?”
E root. “intensive prefix”
Ē¹ root. “indeed”
Ē² root. “to be” see
EDE(L) root. “precede, come forward, hence”
ED(ER) root. “open”
EK root. “spear, (sharp) point, thorn”
EL(ED) root. “star, starry sky; star-folk, Elf”
EN root. “yonder, over there”
(E)NED root. “centre, middle”
ENEK root. “six”
EPH root. “emerge (especially from water, opp[osite] of dive)”
ER root. “be alone, deprived”
(E)REK root. “thorn, holly”
ES¹ root. “indicate, name”
ES² root.
ESEK root.
ES(ET) root. “precede (forward)”
ET root. “out, forth”
ETER root. “open, come out (of flowers/sun/etc.)”
EZGE root. “rustle, noise of leaves”
GAL¹ root. “shine”
GAL² root. “grow, thrive”
GALAD root. “tree”
GALAN root. “bright”
GALAS root. “joy, be glad”
GAP root.
GAR root.
GARAT root.
GAS root. “yawn, gape”
GAT root.
GAT(H) root.
GAW root. “think out, devise, contrive”
GAY root. “red, copper-coloured, ruddy”
GAYAS root. “fear”
GENG(WĀ) root. “sick”
GEY root. “everlasting”
GIL root. “shine (white or pale)”
GIR root. “quiver, shudder”
(G)LAM root.
(G)LAWAR root.
(G)LIB root. “*ointment”
GLINDI root. “pale blue”
GOLOB root.
GOLOS root.
GONOD root. “stone”
GOR root. “violence, impetus, haste”
GOROM root.
GOS/GOTH root. “dread”
GRAW root. “dark, swart”
GŪ/MŪ root. “no, not”
GWEN root. “*fresh, green”
GYĒ root.
GYEL root.
GYER root.
ƷAN root. “male”
ƷAR root. “have, hold”
ƷEL root. “sky”
ƷO root. “from, away, from among, out of”
ƷOR root.
Ī root. “to be” see
root. “that (deictic particle)”
root. “intensive prefix”
ID root.
IL root. “all”
IMBE root. “dell, deep vale”
IMI root. “in” see MĪ/IMI
ING root. “first, foremost”
INIK root.
IR root. “desirable, beautiful”
IS root.
IW root.
KAB¹ root. “hollow”
KAB² root. “to be able, capable”
KAL root. “shine”
KALAR root. “be radiant”
KALPA root. “water-vessel”
KAM root. “bind, join”
KAN root. “dare”
KANAT root. “four”
KAP root. “leap”
KAR root. “make, build, construct”
KARAK root. “sharp fang, spike, tooth”
KARAN root. “red”
KARPA root.
KAS root. “head”
KAT root. “shape, make”
KAY root. “lie (down)”
KAYAN/KAYAR root. “ten”
KEL root. “flow, flow away (downhill), run (of water or rivers), run away especially downwards or at end”
KEM root. “soil, earth”
KEN root. “spearhead, gore”
KEPER root. “ridge”
KHAD root.
KHAG root. “pile up”
KHAL root. “uplift, erect, lift from ground, (make) stand up”
KHAM¹ root. “sit (down)”
KHAM² root. “call, summon, name by name”
KHAN root. “understand, comprehend”
KHAN(AK) root. “giant”
KHAP root. “enfold”
KHAR root. “helmet”
KHARAS root.
KHAT root. “hurl, cast, send through air, loose from hand”
KHAW root. “rest, lie at ease”
KHAY root. “far, distant, remote”
KHEL root.
KHELEK root. “ice”
K(H)EN root. “see, perceive, look at, observe, direct gaze”
KHENED root. “eye”
KHER root. “rule, govern, possess”
KHES root. “command”
KHIL root. “follow”
KHIM root. “adhere, stick, cleave [to]”
KHITH/KHIS root. “mist, fog”
KHLIP root.
KHO(N) root. “heart (physical)”
KHOP root. “*harbour, bay”
KHOR root. “set going, put in motion, urge on”
KHOTH root. “gather”
KHUG root. “bark, bay”
KHUSU root. “up from below ground, to ground level”
KHYAR root. “left hand”
KHYEL(ES) root. “glass”
KIL root. “divide”
KIM root. “light on, find, come by”
KIR root. “cleave”
KIRIK root.
KIRIS root. “cut”
KIWIK root. see TIW
KOL root.
KOR root. “round”
KORKA root. “crow”
KOT(H) root. “quarrel, strive, be wroth”
KOY root. “live, have life”
KRAB root. “press”
KUB root. “bow”
KU(Ʒ) root. “bow”
KUL root. “golden-red”
KUM root. “void”
KUNDU root. “prince”
KUR root. “craft”
KURUM root.
KUY root. “come to life, awake”
KWA root. “something”
KWAL root. “die (in pain)”
KWAM root.
KWAR root. “clutching hand, fist”
KWAT root.
KWǢ root. “onomatopoetic”
KWEL root. “fade (away), die away, grow faint; wither”
KWEN(ED) root. “Elf”
KWES root.
KWET root. “say”
KWIG root.
KYAB root. “taste”
KYAR root. “cause, do”
KYEL root. “come to an end, cease, run out”
KYELEK root. “swift, agile”
KYELEP root. “silver”
LA root. “no, not; to be not”
LAB root. “lick”
LAD root. “lie flat, be flat”
LAG root. “*cut”
LAƷ root.
L(A)IK root. “keen, sharp, acute”
LAK¹ root. “swallow”
LAK² root. see (A)LAK
LAKH root. “kick”
(L)ALAM root. “elm-tree”
LAM root. see (G)LAM
LAN root. “weave”
LAP root.
LAR root. “rich, fat”
LAS¹ root.
LAS² root. “listen”
LAT root. “lie open; be extended, stretch, be situated (of an area)”
LATH root. “string, thong”
LAW¹ root. “warm”
LAW² root. “abound”
LAWAR root. see (G)LAWAR
LAY root. “*fresh, green”
LAYAK root. “*fresh, green”
LEB/LEM root. “stay, stick, adhere, remain, tarry”
LED root. “go, fare, travel”
LEK root. “loose, let loose, release”
LEN root. “(?road), way”
LEP root.
LEPEN root. “five”
LEPET root. “finger”
LI root. “many; large people”
LIB¹ root. “drip”
LIB² root. see (G)LIB
LILTA root. “dance”
LIÑ root.
LIN¹ root. “pool”
LIN² root. “sing”
LINGA root. “hang”
LINKWI root.
LIP root.
LIR¹ root. “sing, trill”
LIR² root.
LIS root. “honey”
LISKI root.
LIT root.
LIW root. “*fish”
root. “ablative element”
LOD root. “*pass, path”
LOK root. “great serpent, dragon”
LOKH root.
LON root.
LOP root. “horse”
LOS root. see (O)LOS
LOT(H) root. “flower”
LOY root. “lack, be without; miss, fail to go”
LU root. “*time”
LUB root. “weary”
LUG¹ root. “be heavy”
LUG² root.
LUK root. “magic, enchantment”
LUM root.
LUR root. “be quiet, still, calm”
LUS root. “*empty”
LUT root. “float, swim”
MAD root.
MAG root. “use, handle”
MAƷ root. “hand”
MAIGA root.
MAK root. “sword; fight (with a sword), cleave”
MAN root. “holy spirit”
MANAD root. “doom, final end, fate, fortune”
MAP root. “lay hold of with hand, seize”
MAS root. see M(B)AS
MASAG root. “knead, make soft by rubbing, kneading”
MAT root. “eat”
(M)BAD root. “duress, prison, doom, hell; *judgement”
MBAKH root. “exchange”
MBAL root.
MBAR root. “dwell, inhabit”
MBARAT root. “fate”
M(B)AS root. “*bake”
MBAT(H) root. “screen, shield”
MBAW root. “compel, force, subject, oppress”
M(B)ER root. “wish (for), want, desire”
M(B)IRIL root.
MBOTH root.
(M)BUD root. “project, jut out”
MEL root. “love (as friend)”
MEN root. “go, proceed”
MENEL root. “heaven, sky”
MEREK root.
MET root. “end”
MĪ/IMI root. “in”
MIL root.
MIL(IK) root. “*greed, lust”
MIN root. “stand alone, stick out”
MINIK(W) root.
MIR root. “*precious”
MIS¹ root. “go free, stray, wander”
MIS² root. “*wet”
MISIK root. “*wet”
MIT root. “small”
MITH root. “*mist, grey”
MIW root. “whine”
MIW² root.
MIZDI root. “*fine rain, dew”
MOR root.
MOROK root.
MOY root.
[ᴱ√]?MUL root. “grind fine”
MUN root. “‽groan, moan”
MUY root.
N- root.
NĀ¹/ANA¹ root. “to, towards”
NĀ²/ANA² root. “be, exist”
NAD root.
NAK root. see (A)NAK
NAKAT root. “eighteen”
NAN root.
NAR¹ root. “flame, fire”
NARAK root. “tear, rend (tr. and intr.)”
NARTA root. “kindle”
NAS root. “point, sharp end”
NAT root. “lace, weave, tie”
NAWAK root.
NAY root. “lament”
NAYAK root. “pain”
NDAG root. see (N)DAK
(N)DAK root. “slay”
(N)DAM root. “hammer, beat”
(N)DAN root. “back, backwards”
NDAR root.
(N)DER root. “adult male, man; bridegroom”
(N)DEW root. “follow, come behind”
(N)DI root. “in”
N(D)IL root. “friend; love, devotion”
N(D)IS root.
NDOL root.
NDOR root. “dwell, stay, rest, abide”
NDŪ root. “go down, sink, set (of Sun)”
(N)DUB root. “lay base, foundation, root; found”
(N)DUL root. “hide, conceal”
N(D)UR root. “bow down, bend (low), obey, serve; grow/be dark”
NE root.
NED root. see (E)NED
NEG root.
ÑEL root. “friendship”
NEL root. “three”
NEL(ED) root. “three”
NELEK root. “tooth”
NEN root.
NEÑ(WI) root. “nose”
NETER root. “nine”
NETH root. “young”
NEY root. “tear”
ÑGAN(AD) root. “play (on stringed instrument)”
ÑGARAM root.
ÑGAW root. “howl”
ÑGOL root. “wise, wisdom, be wise”
ÑGOLOD root. “one of the wise folk, Gnome”
ÑGOROTH root. “horror”
ÑGOW root.
ÑGUR root.
(Ñ)GWAL root. “(suffer) torment, agony”
ÑGYAL(AM) root. “talk loud or incoherently”
ÑGYO(N) root. “grandchild, descendant”
NĪ/INI root. “female”
NĪ² root. “I”
NIB root. “face, front”
NID¹ root. “lean against”
NID² root. “hurt, injure”
NIK(W) root.
NINDI root. “fragile, thin”
NIS root. “woman”
ÑIW root. “wink, hint”
NŌ/ONO root. “beget”
ÑOL root. “smell (intr.)”
ÑO(N) root.
NOR root. “run as of wheels, roll along”
NOROTH root.
NOT root. “count, reckon”
NOWO root. “think, form idea, imagine”
NU/UNU root.
NUR root. “deep”
NUS root. “sense, wisdom”
NUT root. “tie, bind”
NYAD root. “gnaw”
N(Y)AR root. “tell, relate”
NYEL root. “ring, sing, give out a sweet sound”
OL root. “grow”
(O)LOS root. “sleep; dream”
OM root.
ONO root. see NŌ/ONO
ORO root. see RŌ/ORO
OROK root.
(O)ROM root. “loud noise, horn blast”
ORON root.
OROT root. “height, mountain”
OS root. “round, about”
OT/OTOS/OTOK root. “seven”
OY root. “ever, eternal”
OY² root. “live, pass one’s days”
PAD root.
PAL root. “wide (open)”
PAL² root. “beat”
PALAP root.
PAN root. “place, set, fix in place (especially of wood)”
PAR root. “compose, put together, arrange”
PARAK root.
PAS root.
[ᴱ√]PAT¹ root.
PAT² root.
PATH root.
PEG root. “(?outer) mouth”
PEL(ES) root. “revolve on fixed point”
PEN(ED) root.
PER root. “divide in middle, halve”
PERES root. “affect, disturb, alter”
PHAL(AS) root. “foam”
PHAN root.
PHAR root. “reach, go all the way, suffice”
PHARAN root.
PHAS root.
PHAW root. “gape”
PHAY root. “radiate, send out rays of light”
PHEG root. “inner part, pith, core; of person ?inner spirit”
PHELEG root. “cave”
PHELEK root. “(animal’s) horn; steep mountain peak”
PHEN root.
PHER(EN) root. “beech”
PHEW root. “feel disgust at, abhor”
PHI root.
PHILIK root. “small bird”
PHIN root. “nimbleness, skill”
PHIR root. “die of natural causes”
PHOR root. “right-hand”
PHUY root.
PIK root.
PILIN root.
PIS root.
PITH root. “spit”
PIW root. “spit”
POL(OD) root. “physically strong”
POR root.
POTŌ root. “animal’s foot”
POY root.
PUT root. “stop, halt, pause”
RAB root.
RAD root. “back, return”
RAG root.
RAK root. “stretch out, reach”
RAM root. “*wing, fly”
RAMBA root.
RAN root. “wander, stray”
RAP¹ root. “bind”
RAP² root. “climb (as a tree by clinging[?])”
RAPH root. “snatch”
RAS root. “stick up (intr.)”
RASAT root. “twelve”
RAT root. “walk, go in a line (as a road)”
RAUTĀ root. “metal”
RAW root. “*roar”
RAYAK root. “crooked, bent, wrong”
RED root. “scatter, sow”
REG root. “edge, border, margin”
REK root. see (E)REK
REP root. “bend, hook”
RIG root.
RIK(H) root. “jerk, sudden move, flirt”
RIL root. “glitter”
RIM root. “abound; large number”
RIN root.
RINGI root. “cold”
RIP root. “rush, fly, fling, hurl”
RIS root. “slash, rip”
RIY root.
RŌ/ORO root. “rise, up, high”
ROD root. “roof, cave”
ROK root. “run on foot”
ROM root. see (O)ROM
ROS¹ root. “distil, drip”
ROS² root.
ROT root. “bore, tunnel”
ROY¹ root. “chase”
ROY² root. “ruddy, red”
RUD root.
RUK¹ root. “demon”
RUK² root. “pluck”
RUN root. “flat of hand or sole of foot”
RUS root. “flash, glitter of metal”
RŪSKA root.
S root. “demonstrative stem”
SAB root. “juice”
SAG root.
SAK root.
SALAK(WĒ) root.
SALAP root. “lick up”
SAM root. “unite, join”
SAR root.
SAY root. “know, understand”
SED root. “rest, repose”
SEL(D) root. “child”
SER root. “love, be fond of (of liking, friendship)”
SI root. “this, here, now”
SIK root.
SIL root. “shine silver”
SILIP root.
SIR root. “flow”
SIW root. “excite, egg on, urge”
SKAL¹ root. “screen, hide (from light), overshadow”
SKAL² root. “(small) fish”
SKAR¹ root. “tear, rend”
SKAR² root. “?stop, end; limit, marge”
SKAT root. “break asunder”
SKEL root.
SKIL root.
SKOR root. “look out for, expect, wait for”
SKWAR root. “crooked”
SKYAP root.
SLIG root.
SLIK root. “creep”
SLIN root.
(S)LIT root. “swiftly[?] speed[?]”
SLIW root. “sickly”
SLUK root. “swallow”
SLUS/SRUS root. “whisper”
SMAG root. “soil, stain”
SMAL root. “yellow”
SNAR root. “tie”
SNEW root. “entangle”
SNUR root. “twist”
SOL root.
SON root. “love, befriend, cherish”
SPAL(AS) root.
SPAN root. “white”
SPANAG root.
SPAR¹ root. “hunt, pursue”
SPAR² root.
SPAY root. “despise, contemn”
SPIN root.
SRAD root. “to flatten, lay low/flat, make flat what was standing”
(S)RI root.
SRIP root. “scratch”
STĀ root.
STAB root.
STAG root. “press, compress”
STAK root. “split, insert”
STAL root. “steep”
STALAG root.
STAN root. “fix, indicate, decide”
STAR root. “stiff”
STARAN root.
STELEG root.
STIN root.
STINTĀ root. “short”
STUD root. “base, ground”
SUB root. “sink (esp. in water)”
SUK/SUG root. “drink”
SULUK root. “*root (especially as edible)”
SUS root. “hiss”
SWAD root.
SWES root. “noise of blowing or breathing”
SWIN root. “whirl, eddy”
SYAD¹ root. “shear through, cleave (through)”
SYAD² root. “compress”
SYAL root.
TA root. “that”
TĀ/TAƷ root. “high, lofty; noble”
TAK root. “fix, make fast”
TAL root. “foot”
TAL² root. “appraise, esteem, values”
TALAM root. “base, root, foundation; floor, ground”
TALAT root. “to slope, lean, tip, topple over, slip down, incline”
TAM root. “knock”
TAN¹ root. “make, fashion”
TAN² root.
TAP root. “stop”
TARAG root.
TARAK root. “horn (of animals)”
TARAS root.
TAS root.
TATA root. “two”
TATHAR root.
TAWAR root. “wood, forest”
TAY root. “extend, make long(er), stretch”
TEK root. “write or draw (signs or letters), make a mark”
TELEK root. “stalk, stem, leg”
TELEP root. “silver”
TELES root. “hindmost, tarrier”
TEL(U) root. “*roof”
TEÑ root. “line, direction”
TER(ES) root. “pierce”
THA root. “forward”
THAR root. “across, beyond”
THAR² root. “to stand”
THĒ root. “look (see or seem)”
THEL(ES) root. “sister”
THIL root.
THIN root.
THIR root.
THON root.
THOR(ON) root. “come swooping down”
THŪ root. “puff, blow”
THUR root. “surround, fence, ward, hedge in, secrete”
THUS root. “*smell, stench”
TIK root.
TIL root. “point, horn”
TIN root. “sparkle, emit slender (silver pale) beams”
TING/TANG root. “ting (onomatopoeic)”
TINKO root. “metal”
TIR root. “watch, guard”
TIT root.
TIW root. “fat, thick”
TOL¹-OTH/OT root. “eight”
TOL² root.
TON root. “tap, knock”
TOP root. “cover, roof”
TOR root. “brother”
TOW root.
TUB root. “to fall low[?], go down (below normal ground level), (esp.) to go down (sink, dive) into water”
TUG root.
TUK root. “draw, bring”
TUL root. “come, approach, move towards (point of speaker)”
TULUK root.
TUMPU root. “hump”
TUN root.
TUP root.
TUR root. “power, control, mastery, victory”
TURUM root. “shield”
TUS root.
TUY root. “sprout, spring”
TYAL root. “play”
TYUL root. “stand up (straight)”
UB¹ root. “abound”
UB² root. “ponder, have in mind”
UGU/UMU root. “negative stems”
ULU root. “pour, flow”
ÚLUG root.
UÑG root.
UNU root. see NU/UNU
UNUK root.
UR¹ root. “be hot”
UR² root. “wide, large, great”
URUK root.
US root.
USUK root. “*reek”
UY root.
root. “blow”
WAD root. “err, stray”
WAƷ root. “stain, soil”
WĀ(N) root. “goose”
WAN root. “depart, go away, disappear, vanish”
WAR root. “give away, yield, not endure, let down, betray”
WATH root. “shade”
WAW root. “blow”
WAY root. “enfold”
WED root. “bind”
WEG root. “(manly) vigour”
WEN(ED) root. “maiden”
WEY root. “wind, weave”
WIG root.
WIL root. “fly, float in air”
WIN root. “new, fresh, young”
WIN(I)D root. “pale blue”
WIR root. “new, fresh, young”
WIS root. “air”
WO root. “together”
YA root. “there, over there, back/ago (of time)”
YAB root. “fruit”
YAG root. “yawn, gape”
YAK root.
YAL/YAM root. “to cry”
YAN¹ root. see (A)YAN
YAN² root. “give”
YAR root. “blood”
YAT root. “join”
YAY root. “mock”
root. “to be”
YEL¹ root.
YEL² root. “friend”
YEN¹ root. “year”
YEN² root. “daughter”
YER root. “feel sexual desire”
YES root. “desire”
YO(N) root. “son”
root. “two, both”
YUK root. “employ, use”
YUL root. “smoulder”
YUR root. “run”