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Early Quenya Words


*-a suf. “adjectival suffix”
a pron. “it”
â n. “mind, inner thought”
ahúrasilqi n. “sun and moon”
ai interj. “o!, ha!”
aika adj. “broad, vast”
aikasse n. “pine-tree” see aiqaire
aiko (aiku-) n. “cliff”
aikor n. “pine-tree”
aikuvoite adj. “cliffy, rocky”
aile n. “beach” see ailin²
ailin¹ (ailind-) n. “lake, pool”
ailin² n. “shore”
ailinon n. “water lily”
ailo n. “lake, pool”
aimaksin (aimaksi-) n. “martyr (f.)”
aimaktar n. “martyr (m.)” see aimaktu
aimaktu n. “martyr (m.)”
aimo n. “saint (m.)”
aina adj. “holy, revered, worshipful”
Aini n. “a (pagan) Goddess”
Ainu n. “a (pagan) God”
aipio n. “cherry”
aiqa adj. “steep, tall; high, lofty, sublime; chief”
aiqaire n. “fir, pine (tree)”
aiqale n. “a steep, steepness”
aiqasse n. “precipice”
aiqie n. “highness, height”
aira adj. “holy, worshipful” see aina
aire¹ n. “saint (f.)”
aire² adj. “old”
ais (aist-) n. “good name”
aista n. “honour, reverence”
aistale n. “worship”
aistalea adj. “worshipful”
aiwe n. “bird”
aka adv. “very, intensive”
aka- pref. “intensive”
(a)kainu- v. “to wed”
(a)kainusta n. “wedding, marriage”
akaire (akairi-) n. “‘living beside’, wedded life”
akairis (akairist-) n. “bride, wife”
akairisambe (akairisamb-) n. “bride chamber, thalamus”
aki adj. “extreme, vehement, excessive”
akka adv. “too”
aksa¹ n. “waterfall”
aksa² adj. “of bone” see aswa
akse n. “steel” see yakse
aksina adj. “steel”
akta n. “notion”
al- pref. “form of the negative particle”
#ala- v.
ala¹ interj prep. “behold, look; beyond, after; before”
#ala² n. “wing”
alakse adj. “like marble” see alaswa
alalme (alalmi-) n. “elm (tree)”
alanda adj. “wide”
alantya adj. “*shielded, protected”
alapumba n. “drum” see lapumba
alas (alast-) n. “marble”
alaska adj. “like marble” see alaswa
alasta adj. “of marble, marble”
alaswa adj. “like marble”
alatya- v. “to shield, ward off, protect”
alayambo interj. “hurrah!”
alda n. “tree, branch”
al(da)mo n. “shoulder(s), back”
aldare n. “wood”
aldea adj. “tree-shadowed”
aldeon (aldeond-) n. “avenue of trees”
alka n. “ray (of light), light of day; shining”
-alka suf. “able to”
alkana- v. “blaze”
alkanta- v. “to make shine”
alkar¹ n. “glory”
alkar² n. “shield”
alkar³ n. “shining, light of day” see alka
alkara adj. “brilliant, bright, shining”
alkar(in) n. “temple, shrine”
alle ?
allu- n. “wash”
allume n. “washing”
alluva adj. “clean”
alma n. “face”
alqa n. “swan”
alu n. “dressed leather”
alva adj. see *alwa
*alwa adj.
áma n. “mind, heart, thought”
ama n. “mother”
(a)malda adj. “tender, soft, kind, gentle”
(a)mapta- v. “to ravish, seize and carry off forcibly”
amba adv. “up”
Ambalar n. “the East”
ambapenda adj. “uphill; arduous, difficult, tiresome”
ambar¹ (ambart-) n. “fate, lot”
ambar² (ambas-) n. “breast, bosom”
ambarin (ambarind-) n. “lark”
ambarta adj. “fated”
ambasse n. “breast-plate, hauberk, byrne, cuirass”
ambi n. “mother”
ambo n. “hill”
ambos (ambost-) n. “breast; shoulder”
#Ambusta n. “the East” see Ambalar
Amillion n. “February”
amis (amist-) n. “mother”
am(u)- pref. “up(wards)”
amu adv. “up(wards)”
amu- v. “to raise”
amun (amund-) n. “hill”
amunta adj. “up, risen”
amunte n. “sun-rise, (lit.) lifting”
an (and-) n. “gift”
#an- pref. “re-”
an(a) prep. “to(wards), until”
ana- pref.
ána n. “crown of head, top”
anai n. “woman”
anaina adj. “womanly”
anar (anard-) n. “giver”
anarie n. “liberality”
(ana)tarwesta n. “crucifix(ion)”
anaukante ?
anda adj. “long” see ande(a)
anda-lepta adj. “long-fingered”
anda-ráma adj. “long-arm(ed); long-wing(ed)”
ande(a) (andi-) adj. “long (of space)”
andesilqe adj. “long-haired, long-tressed”
ando(n) (andond-) n. “door, gate”
andra adj. “long” see ande(a)
anga n. “iron”
angaina adj. “of iron”
angaisin(i)e n. “torment”
angaitya- v. “torment”
angayanda adj. “miserable”
angayasse n. “misery”
angwe ?
ank (anq-) n. “loop, handle, ring”
ankar (ankas-) n. “ear (of men)”
ankasse adj. “(lit) up-headed, high-headed”
ankassea adj. “lofty, tall”
anqin n. “bunch”
anta n. “cheek; jaw(s)”
anta- v. “to give”
anto (antu-) n. “jaw(s)”
#antulu- v. “return”
anu n. “a male, man”
anuon n. “monk” see anustar
anúre n. “manliness, masculinity”
anusta n. “monastery”
anustar n. “monk”
anūva adj. “doughty”
anūvie n. “manhood, doughtyness”
anuvoite adj. “male, masculine”
anwa adj. “high up, place high”
anwe ?
apaika adj. “conquering”
apaira adj. “conquering” see apaika
apaire n. “victory, conquest, reduction”
apaitya- v. “to conquer”
apanta- v. “open, reveal, show, display”
apantie n. “display”
apsa n. “hole, opening”
apta- v. “to open”
apte (*apti-) adj. “open”
#aqa- v. “to seize”
aqi adj. “a brace, a couple of, both”
ar¹ (arn-) n. “child”
ar² (as-) n. “to, against, next, on (wall)”
ar(a) conj. “but; and”
ára n. “dry sand, grit”
arak n. “shingle, piles of stones”
arakte n. “(stony) beach”
(a)rauka adj. “swift, rushing”
(a)rauke n. “demon”
arda n. “place, spot”
are¹ adv. “beside, along”
are² adv. “very, intensive”
arean (areand-) n. “wilderness, deserted place”
ari- pref. “intensive”
arin n. “hearth”
arinya adj. “fireside”
aris (arits-) n. “daughter, maid”
arm- v. “to gather, collect”
arma n. “flock of sheep”
arne n. “child” see ar¹
arqa adj. “arid, parched, dry”
arqilis n. “desert”
arta prep. “across, athwart”
artan (artam-) n. “hammer”
arwa n. “field”
aryúlima adj. “equal, equivalent”
as (ass-) n. “bone”
asampe(a) adj. “cavernous”
asesta- v. “to liken, compare, make like, model on, assimilate, imitate” see sesta-
asesta n. “similarity” see seste
asestaine n. “assimilation, imitation” see seste
assea adj. “bony”
astuvu- v. “to begin”
aswa adj. “of bone”
atar n. “father”
atempa n. “(strong) dislike”
att- pref. “bi-, twi-”
atta¹ n. “father (child’s word)”
atta² pron. “they (emphatic); 3rd sg. neut. pronoun”
atta³ prep. “above” see orta
attala- v.
attalaite adj. “biped”
attalin n. “biped”
attawhi n. “parents”
attu n. “father”
atwen num. card. “twenty”
au prep. “away from”
auk n. “a fool, clumsy fellow”
aukaine ?
aule (auli-) adj. “shaggy”
aulo n. “cloud”
auqa adj. “awkward, clumsy (of things), difficult”
aure (auri-) n. “sunlight, sunshine, gold light, warmth”
aurea adj. “sunny, sunlit”
aurin adj. “warm”
aurinde n. “summer, pleasant warmth”
aurinke adj. “sunny”
auro n. “sun”
aurqilea adj. “golden, sunlit”
ausi- pref. “well”
ausie n. “wealth”
austa n. “(high) summer”
austalende n. “mid-summer’s day”
aute¹ n. “goods, property, wealth, money”
aute² (ausi-) adj. “rich”
#ava- v. “to depart”
avalta- v. “strip, despoil, denude”
avande interj. “get hence!”
avanwa adj. “going, passing, nearly gone”
avarna adj. “very rich”
avealta- v. “to resemble closely”
avesta¹ n. “opening, beginning, overture”
avesta² n. “summer”
Avestalis (Avestaliss-) n. “January”
avíka adj. “very much alike”
áye interj. “hail”
die n. “yesterday”
dienda n. “day before yesterday, (lit.) yesterday’s yesterday”
diéra adj. “yesterday’s; (mostly in sense) bygone, over, passed”
e-¹ pref. “that by you”
e-² v. “to be”
ea interj. “a cry of pain or woe”
eant ?
ea(r) n. “(young) eagle”
earen (earend-) n. “eyrie, eagle”
ehta¹ n. “thorn”
ehta² n. “sword-point”
ehtar (ehtard-) n. “swordsman; sword”
ehtaráma n. “having a wing like a sword”
ehtil n. “spring, fount, source”
ekkala n. “tomorrow morning”
ekke (ekki-) n. “thorn”
ekkia adj. “thorny”
eksiqilta n. “swordbelt”
ektala n. “tomorrow morning” see ekkala
ektar¹ (ektard-) n. “swordsman”
ektar² n. “hawthorn, thorn”
ekte (eksi-) n. “sword”
ektele n. “fountain”
Elda n. “Elf; beach-fay”
Eldalie n. “Elf-folk, People of the Elves”
eldanyanda n. “*fairy tale”
eldaqet n. “language of the Eldar”
eldaqetse adj. “in the language of the Eldar”
Eldarin adj. “Elfin”
Eldarissa n. “Language of the Eldar”
eldarisse adj. “in the language of the Eldar”
eldasilqe n. “maidenhair fern, (lit.) elf tress”
#ele- v. “to drive; to come”
elk n. “spear”
ellume adv. “*one times”
Elmavoite adj. “One-handed”
elmenda n. “wonder, wonderment”
elta- v. “to drive” see #ele-
elta n. “a thrust”
elte- v. “to thrust in”
elwen n. “heart”
en n. “that by you; thereupon”
en- v. “be called”
ena pron. “that by you”
enda adj. “by name, named, called” see enna
ende num. card. “six”
endl n. “plain, vale”
ene interj. “look (at what you have)!”
enekkainen num. card. “sixty”
enekkaiya num. ord. “sixteenth”
en(ek)kea num. card. “sixteen”
enekse num. card. “six” see enqe
enetya num. ord. “sixth”
enga n. “mead”
enget n. “a hap”
engetor n. “fate, hap, luck”
enke pron. “that by you (emphatic)”
enken adv. “then”
enna adj. “by name, named, called”
enqe num. card. “six”
enqe¹ prep. “without”
enqe² (enqi-) n. “plane, level”
enqellume adv. “*six times”
enqendóra num. card. “*six million”
enqendóre num. card. “*sextillion”
enqesto fraction. “one sixth”
enqest(y)a adj. “one sixth”
enqi pron. “this (emphatic)”
enqin adv. “*now”
ent n. “notion, plan, idea”
enta pron. “that there (emphatic)”
entan adv. “then”
ento adv. “next”
Enu n. “God Almighty, Almighty Creator”
enwa adj. “tomorrow”
en(we) (emb-) n. “name”
enya n. “device, method, trick; machine, engine”
enyarin n. “device, escutcheon, blazon”
enye- v. “to think out, plan, devise”
er- v. “to remain”
er¹ adj. “one; a single”
er² conj. “only, but, still”
erda adj. “solitary, deserted”
ere-¹ pref. “out”
ere-² v. “to go”
erefainu n. “release”
ere(n) n. “iron, steel”
eresse (eressi-) adv. “alone, by oneself, singly, only; once”
eressea adj. “lonely”
erevainu n. “release” see erefainu
eru¹ adv. “outward”
eru² adv. “once”
erumaili adj. “one handed”
erúmea adj. “outer, outermost”
erus(ta) n. and adj. “outside”
erya adj. “only, single”
es- pref. “*out”
eska n. “spear, spike”
est adj. “outwards”
esta- v. “to send”
etl n. “ivy”
etta n. “cousin”
et(t)amíne n. “today”
ettani n. “female cousin”
ettanu n. “male cousin”
ettarendi n. “cousinship” see ettaresta
ettaréndo n. “female cousin” see ettanu
ettaréro n. “female cousin” see ettanu
ettaresse n. “female cousin” see ettani
ettaresta n. “cousinship”
ettele n. “family, kindred”
ettui n. “tomorrow night”
etya adj. “other (of two)”
etyo n. “other (of two)”
eule n. “lamb”
eulitse n. “*little lamb”
evandl n. “Christian missionary”
evandlilyon n. “gospel”
faika¹ adj. “free”
faika² adj. “bad, worthless, useless”
faikar n. “destroyer, slayer; bane”
faino n. “freeman”
fainu- v. “to release”
faire (fairi-) adj. “free”
fairie n. “freedom”
falas(se) (falass-) n. “shore, beach, surf”
falasta- v. “to surge, make a sound like surf”
fal(a)toisi n. “meadow, grassland”
faldi adj. “free, open, wide”
falin adj. “bare, nude, fallow, wild (of land)”
falka¹ adj. “naked, bare”
falka² adj. “bad” see faika²
falkasse(a) adj. “bald”
falma n. “foam, wave”
falmar n. “wave (as it breaks), foamcrest”
falmarin n. “sea-fay (male), spirit of the sea foam”
falmo n. “foam” see falma
falqa n. “(mountain) pass, ravine, cliff, cleft”
falqan n. “large sword”
famba n. “belly, fat body”
fambo n. “fat man”
fan (fand-) n. “dog”
fandelu n. “monster”
fandelúva adj. “monstrous”
fandelúvie n. “monstrosity, immoderation, violence, barbarity, grossness”
fandelwa adj. “monstrous” see fandelúva
fando n. “portent, omen”
fandor (fandos-) n. “monster”
fandos (fandoss-) n. “monster” see fandor
fanga n. “beard”
fanóre n. “day-dream”
fanórea adj. “absent-minded”
fanóriva adj. “absent-minded”
fansa n. “swoon”
fanta- v. “to fall asleep, go dazed, swoon”
fantl n. “vision, dream, hazy notion, imaginary idea”
fanwe n. “dream”
fanya n. “cloud”
fara n. “fur, fell”
fas (fats-) n. “tassel”
fáse n. “gulf, gap”
faskalan n. “bath”
fatsale n. “(tasseled) fringe”
fatsevoite adj. “tasseled”
fauka adj. “fat, large”
fausta- v. “to get smell of”
fausta n. “*smell”
faustima adj. “*smelly”
fauta- v. “to snow”
fáwe n. “snow”
n. “last hour, last breath, (act of) death”
fel adv. “worse, worst”
felda adj. “worse, worst”
felu n. “bad magic”
felusi n. “witch”
fen (feng-) n. “reed”
feng- v. “to cut”
feno (fenu-) n. “venom, poison”
fenqa adj. “keen, cutting”
fent n. “serpent, dragon”
fenume n. “dragon”
filima adj. “fine, thin” see filwa
filma n. “fine hair, line”
filqe n. “fern”
filume adj. “gossamer”
filwa adj. “fine, thin”
finde n. “cunning” see finie
findl n. “lock of hair, tress”
fine n. “larch”
fingil n. “narrows, straits, gulf”
fingwa adj. “narrow”
fingwe ?
finie n. “cunning”
fint n. “a trick, notion”
finwa adj. “acute, sagacious”
fion (fiond-) n. “son”
firin n. “ray of sun”
firinga n. “carcanet, necklace”
foa n. “hoard, treasure”
foalóke n.
foina adj. “hidden, secret”
fóle n. “stealth, a secret, secrecy”
fólima adj. “secretive”
fui n. “night” see hui
fuiyáru n. “deadly nightshade”
fum- v. “to sleep”
fúme n. “sleep”
fumella n. “(red) poppy, (lit.) flower of sleep”
fúmellot n. “poppy” see fumella
fundu(na)- v. “?to thunder”
furin adj. “hidden, concealed”
furu n. “lie”
fustúma adj.
ha pron. “it; 3rd sg. neut. pronoun”
ha- pref. “*its; 3rd sg. neut. possessive”
haka- v. “to squat”
hakka n. “the hams, buttocks”
halda adj. “wide, broad”
halis (haliss-) n. “rush”
haliske n. “rush” see halis
halkin adj. “frozen”
*halme n. “drawing”
haloisi n. “the sea (in storm)”
haloite adj. “leaping”
halta- v. “to leap”
hamba adj. “on the ground”
hambanoite adj. “on the ground”
hampa- v. “to hop”
han (hamb-) n. “ground, earth”
hant adv. “down, to the ground”
hanta n.
hapta- v. “to eject, ejaculate”
har- v. “to remain”
hara(nda) n. “flesh-meat”
haranwa adj. “fleshly, carnal”
har(e) prep. “near”
hari n. “blood”
hari- v. “to hate”
haru n. “grandfather”
haruni n. “grandmother”
hata- v. “to hurl, fling”
hatse n. “headlong movement”
hatsea adj. “rushing, rapid”
haura adj. “old, aged, ancient”
(h)áva adj. “*its; 3rd sg. neut. possessive emphatic”
hea pron. “it (emphatic); 3rd sg. neut. pronoun”
helilokte n. “wisteria, (lit.) purple cluster”
helin n. “pansy, violet”
helinille n. “violet”
helinillea adj. “*violet”
helinqila adj. “mauve”
helinwa adj. “of pansies; (of colour) a blue-violet”
helka adj. “ice-cold”
helke n. “ice”
hempa n. “cord”
hen (hend-) n. “eye”
heno (henu-) n. “venom” see feno
henuva adj. “venomous, poisonous”
hepe- v. “to bind”
hére n. “lordship”
herendo n. “brother”
heréro n. “brother” see herendo
heresse n. “sister”
heri n. “lady”
heritse n. “lord (vocative)”
herivesti n. “wife”
heru- v. “to rule”
heru n. “lord”
heruni n. “lady”
heruvesto n. “husband, (lit.) lord husband”
hes (hest-) n. “brother, sister”
hesin n. “winter”
hessa adj. “dead, withered”
hesta n. “the nearest consanguinity”
hesta- v. “wither”
hestale n. “the nearest consanguinity” see hesta
hestaner n. “brother”
hestani n. “sister”
hestanoina adj. “bearing the nearest consanguinity”
hestanoini n. “sister” see hestani
hestanoinu n. “brother” see hestanu
hestanu n. “brother”
hestaqin n. “sister”
hetl n. “bond”
hi pron. “she; 3rd sg. fem. pronoun”
hie pron. “she (emphatic); 3rd sg. fem. pronoun”
hil(de) n. “child”
hilk- v. “to freeze”
hilmi n. “family, offspring”
hilmo n. “son” see hilu
hilu n. “son”
hingwe ?
hir (hird-) n. “inwards, interior, inside, heart”
híse n. “dusk, mist, haze”
hista- v. “to fade”
histe n. “dusk” see híse
histe- v. “to hiss”
hiswa adj. “dim, fading”
(h)íva adj. “*her; 3rd sg. fem. possessive emphatic”
n. “owl”
hohye n. “fluff”
hoiye n. “foam”
holále n. “babble, chatter, conversation”
holle n. “shout”
holto- v. “call out”
hon (hond-) n. “stone, rock” see ondo
hón(a) n. “bone”
honde n. “heart” see hon(do)
hon(do) (hond-) n. “heart”
hont n. “sneeze”
hontosse n. “a loud sneeze”
hóre (hóri-) n. “pine, stone pine”
horinel n. “pine-needle”
horma n. “horde, host”
hos(se) (host-) n. “folk, people, tribe”
hosse¹ n. “army, band, troop”
hosse² n. “wall and moat” see ossa
hos(t) (ost-) n. “dwelling, hamlet” see os
hosta- v. “*to gather”
hosta n. “walled tower” see osta
hostalka adj. “able to gather”
hostar¹ n. “tribe”
hostar² n. “walled tower” see ostar
hototyosse n. “a cough and a sneeze”
hotyo- v.
hu pron. “he; 3rd sg. masc. pronoun”
hualqe num. card. “eighteen”
hualtya num. ord. “*eighteenth”
huan (huand-) n. “dog”
hue num. card. “nine”
huekainen num. card. “ninety”
huesto fraction. “one ninth”
huest(y)a adj. “one ninth”
hui n. “dark, murk, fog, night, evening”
huiva adj. “murky”
hukaiya num. ord. “nineteenth”
húkea num. card. “nineteen”
hulin adj. “naked”
hulqa adj. “naked”
húme num. card. “thousand; †great number”
humetya num. ord. “*thousandth”
hunda adj. “low, lowly”
hunto n. “elephant”
hur- v. “to speed”
hurin adj. “hidden, concealed” see furin
húro n. “storm”
hus- v. “to burn (tr.)”
húta- v. “to whoop”
hútatyosta n. “whooping cough”
(h)úva adj. “*his; 3rd sg. masc. possessive emphatic”
húya num. ord. “ninth”
húyo pron. “he (emphatic); 3rd sg. masc. pronoun”
hwa- pref. “his; 3rd sg. masc. possessive”
hyá adv. “here by us”
hya- pref. “*her; 3rd sg. fem. possessive”
hyá- v. “to stand”
hya¹ pron. “this by us”
hya² prep. “by”
hyal- v. “to ring, resound”
hyalin n. “paper”
hyalme n. “loud ringing noise”
hyalta- v. “to strike, make ring”
hyan- v. “to injure”
hyanda- v. “mow, cleave”
hyanda¹ n. “blade, share”
hyanda² n. “harm, damage”
hyanta ?
hyapa n. “shoe”
hyar- v. “to plough”
hyar(ma) (hyarm-) n. “plough”
hyasse n. “rushing ?hence (?noise)”
hyasta- v. “to rush, rustle”
hyehta- v. “to jerk”
hyekka n. “jerk”
hyelle n. “pebble”
hyukso n. “hiccup”
hyúne adj. “deep blue”
-i suf. “plural suffix”
i article. “the”
ie adv. “ago, †long ago”
-ie suf. “abstract noun”
ielúme adv. “long ago”
-ika suf. “partitive”
ike (iki-) adj. “this”
iki interj. “look! (what I have)”
iksa adj. “reflexive 3rd sg. adj.”
ikso pron. “reflexive 3rd sg.”
-il suf. “*(feminine) patronymic”
il- pref. “un-; negative prefix”
ilaika adj. “blunt”
ile n. “honey”
íle n. “star”
ilimba adj. “milky”
ilin n. “milk”
ilk- v. “to seem”
ilka adj. “reflexive 3rd sg. pl. adj.”
ilkala n. “*nighttime, darkness”
ilkarna adj. “unfinished”
ilke n. “appearance”
ilko pron. “reflexive 3rd sg. pl.”
ille (illi-) n. “throng, crowd”
illia adj. “in multitudes”
il(l)oite adj. “withered, dead”
ilma¹ n. “oil”
-ilqa suf.
ilqa n. “oily”
ilsa n. “(the mystic name of) silver”
ilt n. “a dig or stab”
ilt- v. “to thrust home, come in”
iltanka adj. “unsteady”
ilu n. “ether”
iluin(do) (iluind-) n. “dwelling beyond the stars for the blessed”
ilumar n. “dwelling beyond the stars for the blessed”
iluqinga n. “rainbow”
ilwe n. “sky, heavens”
ilweran(ta) n. “bridge of heaven, rainbow”
-ima suf. “-able, possible”
imbe n. “hive”
imbile n. “swarm, flock”
imbilink n. “sparrow”
imi adv. “in, inside”
iminqa adj. “exactly alike, identical”
-ina suf. “adjectival suffix”
indo n. “house”
indoite adj. “indoors, at home, homely, domestic”
indolis n. “domicile”
indor n. “master of house”
indositsina adj. “domestic(ated)”
-íne suf. “diminutive”
-ine suf. “noun suffix”
íne adv. “to-day”
-inen suf. “of, out of; partitive suffix”
ingwe (ingwi-) n. “fish”
ingwil(in) (ingwiling-) n. “eel”
inqa adj. “same”
inqavíka adj. “exactly alike, identical”
inqile n. “sameness”
int adv. “inwards”
inta- v. “to go (indefinite), fare, proceed”
inwetelumbe n. “mushroom, (lit.) fairy-canopy” see telumbe
inwilitse n. “little fairy”
-inya suf. “worthy to be -”
inya adj. “tiny”
inye- v. “imitate, make like”
io n. “wine”
-ion suf. “-son”
iq- v.
iqis (iqist-) n. “requirement”
iqista n. “a request”
iqista- v. “to ask for, request” see iqisya-
iqisya- v. “to ask for, request”
ir (ird-) n. “interior, centre, inwards, inner parts”
irin n. “town”
irmin n. “the inhabited world”
irt (irty-) n. “a peck, pinprick”
irt- v. “to peck, prick”
irya n.
is (ist-) n. “light snow”
iska adj. “pale white”
iskane n. “pallor”
isqa adj. “wise”
isqale n. “cleverness”
isqalea adj. “clever”
-issa suf. “language”
isse n. “knowledge, lore”
ista- v. “to know”
istaléra adj. “*knowledgeable, wise”
iswa adj. “wise” see isqa
*-ite suf. “adjective ending”
itis (itiss-) n. “a fly bite”
itisin adj. “itching”
itisya- v. “to itch, irritate”
-itse (-itsi) suf. “diminutive”
itse n. “a small fly”
n. “jaw”
ka ?
ka- pref. “cause”
n. “deed, act, fact”
kai num. card. “ten; (lit.) all fingers”
kaikta- v. “strangle”
kailen n. “throat, gullet”
kaima n. “couch, bed”
kaima- v. “lie quiet”
kaimasambe n. “bed-chamber” see kaimasan
kaimasan (kaimasamb-) n. “bed-room, bed-chamber”
kaimassea adj. “confined to bed, a-bed, bedridden”
kaime n. “dwelling, home”
kaina¹ adj. “done, actual, real”
kaina² adj. “whole”
kainen num. card. “ten”
kainendan n. “fortnight”
kaino n. “whole”
kaita- v. “to place, lie down”
kaitoile n. “rest”
kaivo n. “corpse”
kaiya num. ord. “tenth”
kaka- v. “to laugh”
kakil n. “chuckle” see katl
kala- v. “to shine”
kala n. “light, daytime (sunlight), 12 hours”
kalaina adj. “serene”
kalaine n. “serenity, serene”
kalar n. “lettuce”
kalas (kalass-) n. “brass”
kalaska adj. “brazen” see kalassina
kalasse n. “brilliance, clarity”
kalassina adj. “brazen”
kále n. “morning”
kalenda adj. “of the day, opposite to night; daily”
kalende n. “festival, a special day”
kalimbarie adj. “barbarity”
kalimbo n. “a savage, uncivilized man, barbarian; monster, giant, troll, goblin”
kalka n. “sickle”
kalke (kalki-) adj. “brilliant”
kalla n. “helmet”
kalle n. “fair weather, clear sky, blue sky”
kalleva adj. “fair (weather or complexion)”
kallevoite adj. “fair (weather or complexion)” see kalleva
kallo adv prep. “off, from off, from on top of, from on”
kal(l)u- v. “to illuminate, to light up”
kalma n. “(day)light; candle”
kalmar (kalmarn-) n. “child of light”
kalon (kalong-) n. “(large) bell”
kalongalan(d) v. “ringing or jangling of (large) bells”
kalonya- v. “to ring, peal”
kalpa n. “bucket, vessel”
kalta- v. “to kindle, set light to”
kalume n. “an (artificial) light”
kalumet (kalumett-) n. “lamp”
kalwa adj. “fair, beautiful”
kama- v. “to lie down; (c. loc.) to endure, suffer”
káma n. “guilt, responsibility”
kamanta- v. “to make eat, give to eat”
kamáta- v. “to make eat, give to eat” see kamanta-
kamba n. “bed”
kambo n. “cellar, cave, vault”
kamillo n. “large poppy”
kamilot n. “red clover”
kamo n. “ram”
kampilosse n. “wild-rose”
kampin n. “hips, (wild-rose) berries”
kampo (*kampu-) n. “flea”
kamu- v. “to lay down, bend down, reduce”
kan adv. “four times”
kana adj. “young”
kanda- v. “blaze”
kandóra n. “bright dawn, red sky in morning”
#kanga- v. “to weave, spin”
kangale n. “web”
kangaris (kangarist-) n. “spider”
kangawinda n. “cobweb”
kankaiya num. ord. “fourteenth”
kankale n. “laughter”
kankale-malina n. “daffodil, (lit.) yellow laughter”
kankea num. card. “fourteen”
kanta num. card. “four”
kan(ta)kainen num. card. “fourty”
kantala- v. “?to harp”
kantallume adv. “*four times”
kantasto fraction. “quarter, one fourth”
kantast(y)a adj. “quarter, one fourth”
kante n. “edge”
kantele n. “harping; repetition”
kantl n. “(large) harp”
kantóra num. card. “*four million”
kantóre num. card. “quadrillion”
kanu n. “lead”
kanuina adj. “of lead”
kanuva adj. “leaden”
kanwa¹ adj. “lurid”
kanwa² adj. “dark red”
kanya num. ord. “fourth”
kap- v. “to jump, leap”
kapalima adj. “bounding, leaping”
kapalinda n. “spring of water”
kapanda n. “jump”
kapta-¹ v. “startle”
kapta-² v. “to leap”
kar (kas-) n. “head”
kara- v. “to make, to do”
karape n. “cloak, outer garment”
karda- v. “to admire, have affection or respect for”
karina adj. “finished”
karka n. “fang, tooth, tusk”
karka- v. “to snarl”
karkanel adj. “fang”
karkapolka n. “boar, *(lit.) tusk-pig”
karkara adj. “toothed”
karkaras (karkarass-) n. “row of spikes or teeth” see karkasse
karkasarma adj. “large saw”
karkasse n. “row of spikes or teeth”
karko (karku-) n. “alimentary canel”
karma n. “shape, fashion; act, deed”
karmalin n. “russet, orange-red”
karne (karni-) adj. “red”
karneambar n. “robin, (lit.) red-breast”
karneambara adj. “*red-breasted”
karo n. “deed, act, action”
karon n. “crow”
karp- v. “to pluck”
karpale n. “a plucking, tucking, wrenching; deceiving, tricking”
karpalima adj. “tricky, clever, willy”
karpan n. “hank (of wool etc.)”
kart n. “bunch, tuft”
karwalin n. “russet” see karmalin
kas (kar-) n. “head, top”
kasien (kasiend-) n. “helmet”
kasientule adj. “with helm on”
kasondo- v. “to make sit, set” see kasóro-
kasóro- v. “to make sit, set”
kasqar(in) adj. “with helm on”
kasse prep. “above”
kasta n. “cause, motive, ultimate reason”
kastea adj. “of the head; head-, capital, chief”
kate (kati-) n. “gleam, ray”
katinka n. “candle”
katl n. “chuckle”
kauka adj. “crooked, bent, bowed, humped”
kauko (kauku-) n. “humpback”
kaune n. “grave”
kaure n. “timidity, fear”
kaurea adj. “timid”
kaurenoina adj. “timid” see kaurea
kauta- v. “to bend”
kava- v. “dig”
kawa- v. “I bow”
kaya- v. “to lie”
ke pron. “you; 2nd sg. pronoun”
kea adj. “ten”
keallume adv. “*ten times”
keanya num. ord. “tenth”
kea tuksa num. card. “one hundred ten”
kekainen num. card. “hundred (when not multiplied)”
keket (kekekt-) n. “pheasant”
kekta n. “jet, spring”
kekteket (kektekett-) n. “clucking”
kektele n. “fountain”
kektelu- v. “to bubble up”
keleta n. “trickle”
kelta- v. “to draw water”
kelu- v. “to flow”
kelu(me) n. “stream; fountain, spring”
kelusindi n. “river near its source”
kemen n. “soil, earth”
kemi n. “earth, soil, land”
ken- v.
kenqa adj. “sharp (of points)” see kenyeva
kent n. “a sharp point”
kenyeva adj. “sharp (of points)”
kere n. “earthenware; earthen jar”
kere- v. “to turn”
kereksa adj. “of earthenware”
keres (kerest-) n. “earthenware”
keresto n. “potter”
kesto fraction. “one tenth”
kestya adj. “one tenth”
kéto pron. “you (emphatic); 2nd sg. pronoun”
ketya adj. “*your; 2nd sg. possessive emphatic”
ki particle. “may; particle of uncertainty”
kie n. “path” see tie
kíla n. “edge, rim”
kilapi n. “robin”
kilapitya- v. “to chirp”
kili- v. “to see, head”
kilin n. “bell”
kilinke v. “small bell”
kilinkele n. “jingling of (small) bells”
kilintl v. “small bell” see kilinke
kilintya- v. “ring, tinkle”
kilk- v. “to gather, reap”
kilme n. “lip”
kilt n. “tuck”
#kilti- v. “to jerk, tuck”
kim- v. “to heed”
kinda n. “splinter”
kinka- v. “to hang (intr)”
kinkata- v. “hang (tr)”
kiri- v. “to cleave; *to sail”
kiris (kirist-) n. “cleft, crack”
kirkis n. “cleft, crack” see kiris
kirme n. “cleft, gully”
kirya n. “ship”
kiryassea adj. “what is on board ship”
kisin adj. “cleft”
kitya- v. “to tickle”
kityale n. “tickling”
kityalea adj. “ticklish, susceptible, sensitive”
kityasta n. “tickling” see kityale
?kiw- v.
-ko suf. “reflexive suffix”
koi n. “life” see koire
koile n. “life” see koire
koina adj. “living, alive”
koire n. “life”
koirea adj. “alive, lively”
koiresta- v. “to spend one’s life”
koisimatl adj. “animal food”
koisimatwa adj. “carnivorous”
koisiva adj. “animal, bodily”
koite (koisi-) n. “living thing, being, animal”
koito n. “*life” see koire
koiva adj. “awake; lively, living”
koivie n. “awakening; liveliness”
kóle n. “passivity, endurance, patience; a passive individual”
kólema n. “patience, endurance; hardship”
kólemaina adj. “patient”
kólemaine n. “patience”
kóleta- v. “to endure, last”
kóleva adj. “passive”
koli- v. “to prick”
kolimen n. “prick”
kolka n. “box”
kolman n. “peak, summit”
kolme n. “point, tip”
kolmekta adj. “pointed”
kolosilde n. “long thin point”
kolosta n. “cucumber”
koluke n. “a strainer”
kolwa adj. “narrow, thin”
kóma n. “a ball”
kómea adj. “globe-shaped, round”
kondasse n. “dragon’s lair”
kondo n. “dragon”
kondor n. “warrior”
kondorie n. “martial ardour”
konta- v. “roll up, roll, pack”
kópa n. “harbour, haven, bay”
kor (kos-) n. “war”
korda n. “temple”
kordon n. “idol”
korima adj. “round”
korin n. “circular enclosure, great circular hedge”
korma n. “cake, lump”
kormasta n. “loaf” see mastakorne
korne n. “loaf”
kos (kost-) n. “quarrel, dispute, the matter disputed, legal action”
kosar (kosard-) n. “soldier”
kosima adj. “debatable”
kosta- v. “debate, dispute”
kote (kotsi-) n. “nut”
kotsia adj. “nutty”
kotsivoite adj. “nut-bearing, nutty”
kottule n. “hazel”
kotulwe n. “hazel” see kottule
-kto suf. “reflexive”
n. “crescent moon”
ku pron. “dual 1(b)”
kulmarin (kulmarind-) n. “orange”
kulmarinda adj. “orange-coloured”
kulp- v. “to contain”
kulu n. “gold”
kuluin (kuluind-) n. “goldfish”
kuluina adj. “golden”
kuluksa adj. “golden” see kuluvoite
kululta adj. “of gold”
kulurin n. “piece of gold; orange”
kulurinda adj. “orange-coloured”
kulusta n. “gold coin”
kuluva adj. “of gold”
kuluvoite (kuluvoisi-) adj. “golden”
#kum- v. “to pile up”
kumba adj. “burdened, laden”
kumbe n. “pile, heap; load, burden” see kúme
kúme n. “pile, heap; load, burden”
kumpo n. “pile”
kúne n. “crescent, bow, arch”
kunta adj. “full”
kuo n. “a pain”
kupta- v. “to hump up, look lumpy”
kuptulo n. “camel”
kurdu n. “sin, wickedness, evil”
kuru n. “magic, wizardry”
kuruni n. “witch”
kuruvar (kuruvard-) n. “wizard”
kut (kupt-) n. “lump, ball”
-l¹ suf. “dative suffix”
-l² suf. “plural [verb]”
la prep. “before; than”
lá¹ n. “moor, heath, open space”
lá² n. “day”
lahta- v. “‽”
laika adj. “keen, sharp”
lailekse n. “willow”
laiqa adj. “green”
laiqasse n. “greenness”
laira- v. “to wear out, break up”
laire n. “meadow”
laisi n. “youth, vigor, new life”
laisifalle n. “[unglossed]”
laito n. “youth, vigor, new life” see laisi
laivar n. “ocean”
laiwa adj.
lak (laq-) n. “snare”
lala- v. “to chatter, babble”
lalar (lalard-) n. “babble”
lalle (lalli-) n. “pebble”
lalta- v. “smooth out; stroke”
lalta n. “dance” see liltie
lama n. “animal, beast; head of cattle or sheep”
lamandar n. “herdsman, shepherd”
lamanwa adj. “animal-like, beastly, stupid” see laminya
lámare n. “flock” see lámarin
lámarin n. “flock”
lambe n. “tongue”
laminya adj. “animal-like, beastly, stupid”
lampa- v. “to beat, hit”
landa adj. and n. “wide, broad”
lango n. “neck, throat”
lanq- v. “get by lot or luck, find”
lanqa n. “piece of fortune, lot, luck, happen, hap”
lant- v. “to fall, drop”
lanta n. and adj. “fall, falling; fallen, falling”
lantanwa adj. “[unglossed]”
lapa- v. “to wrap, swathe, wind”
lapatl n. “leveret”
lapatte (lapatsi-) n. “rabbit”
lapil n. “swathe, flowing cloth”
lappa n. “loose-end, end of rope, hem of robe”
lapta- v. “?to relax, loosen”
lapumba n. “drum”
laqa- v. “catch, seize, snare”
lar n. “region, place”
larma n. “area, space, room”
larmavoite adj. “roomy, spacious”
larmea adj. “roomy, spacious” see larmavoite
laru n. “fat, grease”
laruke adj. “fat, rich”
larúva adj. “greasy”
las (laks-) n.
lasse n. “leaf; petal”
lassea adj. “with leaves, leafy”
lasselanta n. “the Fall, Autumn”
lasta n. “sight”
lastalaike adj. “sharpsighted”
lat (latt-) n. “flap, small hinged door, lid”
lata- v. “to be able to (used of opportunity, permission)”
láta- v. “to spread, extend, lie (of country)”
latsina adj. “level, smooth”
latta n. “year”
lattin n. “window”
lattulis n. “window” see lattin
latúken n. “tin”
latukenda adj. “of tin”
latwa adj. “smooth, glossy”
lauke (lauki-) n. “vegetable, plant (species)”
laukien (laukiend-) n. “vegetable or kitchen garden”
laule n. “life, mode of life”
laulema adj. “inhabiting”
laulemo n. “inhabitant”
laulemuine n. “people of the neighborhood, population”
laulesta n. “livelihood”
laume¹ n. “storm, overcast sky”
laume² n. “life” see laule
laumea adj. “dark, stormy”
laupe n. “tunic, shirt”
laure (lauri-) n. “(mystic name of) gold”
laurea adj. “golden”
laurina adj. “golden”
lausimatl n. “vegetable food”
lausimatwa adj. “vegetarian”
lausiva n. “living (of plants)”
lausta-¹ v. “to lead a life, gain a living”
lausta-² v. “to roar, rush [making a rushing sound]”
lauste n. “life, mode of life” see laule
lausto adv. “*noisily”
laute (lausi-) n. “living thing, (esp.) vegetable”
lava- v. “to lick”
lávear (láveard-) n. “glutton”
-lda suf. “augmentative”
-le suf. “abstract noun”
n. “a sward, glade”
le¹ pron. “you; 2nd pl. pronoun”
le² prep. “with (accompaniment)”
lea- pref. “*your; 2nd pl. possessive”
lea adj. “smooth, slippery”
lehe-¹ v. “to come, be sent, approach”
lehe-² v. “to ride” see lehta-
lehesta n. “ride, riding, raid”
lehta- v. “to ride, move (tr.)”
lehtasta n. “ride” see lehesta
lekte- v. “to join together, dovetail, fit in, splice”
lelko pron. “you (emphatic); 2nd pl. pronoun”
lelya adj. “*our; 2nd pl. possessive emphatic”
lemillume adv. “*five times”
lemin num. card. “five; (lit.) half the fingers”
lemindea adj. “quintuple”
lemindóra num. card. “*five million”
lemindóre num. card. “*quintillion”
leminkainen num. card. “fifty; twenty three”
leminkaiya num. ord. “fifteenth”
leminkea num. card. “fifteen” see lenkea
leminto fraction. “one fifth”
lemintya adj. “one fifth”
leminya num. ord. “fifth”
lempe¹ num. card. “ten”
lempe² n. “crook, hook”
lempe³ fraction. “one half”
lempea¹ adj. “decimal”
lempea² adj. “half”
lempesea adj. “tenfold”
lemya adj. “half” see lenya
-léni suf. “long”
lenk (lenq-) n. “limb”
lenka adj. “slow, dull, stiff; left hand”
lenkea num. card. “fifteen”
lenqelénu n. “(daddy) long-legs”
-lénu suf. “long” see -léni
lenu- v. “to stretch”
lenuva adj. “tight, narrow”
lenwa adj. “long and thin, straight, narrow”
lenya adj. “half”
lep- v. “to take”
lepsa n. “liver”
lepsile n. “tendril”
lepta¹ adj. “hooked (as a tendril)”
lepta² n. “finger” see let
leqet (leqett-) n. “joint”
lerendi n. “brotherhood, association, college”
lese- v. “to come together, gather (intr.)”
lesta n. “gathering, assembly”
lesta- v. “collect (tr.)”
let (lept-) n. “finger”
letinwesse n. “constellation”
leuke (leuki-) adj. “sick, ill; pallid, wan”
leume n. “sickness”
lev- v. “to move (intr.)”
-li suf. “many, multiplicative suffix”
lia n. “twine”
lia- v. “entwine”
liantasse n. “vine”
liante n. “tendril, vine”
lia(r) adj. “many”
lie n. “people, folk”
lielesta n. “folk moot”
liende n. “the folk, people”
likin (likinn-) n. “horn, curled horn”
likinda n. “trumpet”
likinda- v. “to blow a trumpet”
likinne n. “blowing of horns”
lilda adj. see olda¹
lildo(s) adj. see oldo(s)
lilt n. “dance”
lilt- v. “to dance”
liltie n. “dancing, dance”
lilyen ?
lim- v. “to bind”
limba adj. “many”
limbe n. “a number”
limbelu adv. “*long”
límen n. “thong, band”
limil n. “a chain”
limna n. “sheaf”
limpalasse n. “much roaring”
limpalassea adj. “much roaring”
limpe n. “drink of the fairies”
li(n)- pref. “many”
lin¹ (lind-) n. “melody, air, tune, musical voice”
lin² (ling-) n. “snake”
linda¹ adj. “gentle, kind; soft”
*linda² adj. “singing”
lindea adj. “singing, *musical”
lindele n. “music, song”
lindelea adj. “melodious”
lindelin n. “melody, tune”
lindelokte n. “labernum, (lit.) singing cluster”
*lindo n. “singer”
lindórea adj. “singing at dawn (esp. of birds)”
líne n. “thread, cotton”
líneneldora adj. “having many beeches”
linga- v. “to hum like the string of a harp”
lingo n. “snake” see lingwe
lingwe n. “snake, worm”
lingwilla n. “coil, spire”
lingwin n. “serpent, dragon”
linqarassea adj.
linqe n. and adj. “water, stream; flowing, wet”
linqea adj. “watery”
lint (linty-) n. “fluff, down, soft stuff”
linta- v. “to soothe”
lintasarindea adj. “having many willows”
lintitinwe adj. “having many stars, many-starred”
lintuilinda adj. “many swallows of autumn”
lintuilindórea adj. “of autumn; when many swallows congregate and sing at dawn”
lintyulussea adj. “having many poplars”
linya- v. “to run or flow smoothly”
lipil n. “a tiny (fay-)glass”
lipsa n. “*liver” see lepsa
lipte n. “tiny drop” see litl
lipte- v. “to drip”
liqilitl n. “icicle, *(lit.) clear drop”
liqilla n. “(clear) pool”
liqilta adj. “pellucid”
liqin(a) adj. “wet”
liqis (liqist-) n. “clarity, transparence, limpidity”
liqistea adj. “transparent”
liri- v. “to sing”
lirilla n. “lay, song”
lirit(ta) n. “poem, lay, written poem”
*-lis n. “noun suffix”
lis¹ (list-) n. “grace, blessing”
lis² (lisi-) n. “butter”
lise (lihy-) n. “grease”
líse adj. “sweet”
lísele n. “sweetness”
lisiva adj. “greasy”
liske n. “sedge, reeds”
listea adj. “full of grace, blessed”
listevoite adj. “full of grace, blessed”
listya- v. “to bless”
litl n. “tiny drop”
*-lla suf. “diminutive”
-llo suf. “from, out of; ablative suffix”
-llume suf. “-times”
loa n. “life”
loima adj. “parched, dry”
loime n. “thirst”
loimea n. “thirsty”
loire (loiri-) n. “thirsty”
loista- v. “to refresh”
loita- v. “to refresh” see loista-
loite (loisi-) adj. “fresh”
lóke (lóki-) n. “snake, drake”
lokse (loksi-) n. “bunch, cluster” see lokte
lokta- v. “to sprout, bud, put forth leaves or flowers”
lokte (loksi-) n. “blossom, (flower) cluster, bunch”
lom- v. “to hide, lurk”
lomba adj. “secret”
lóme (lómi-) n. “dusk, gloom, darkness; shadow, cloud”
#lómea adj. “*gloomy”
lómin n. “shade, shadow”
lómina adj. “shadowy”
londa n. “heart” see hon(do)
londa- v. “to boom, bang”
lon(de) (lond-) n. “loud noise”
lópa n. “horse, mare”
lopeta- v. “to amble, lop”
lopo- v. “to gallop, run (of animals)”
lopo n. see lópa
lopsi n. “mare”
loqo- v. “run (of human beings)”
lor- v. “to slumber”
lorda adj. “slumbrous, drowsy”
losille n. “rose” see losse
#lossa adj. “white”
losse n. “rose; (white) flower”
lossiattea ?
lotarwa n. “garden”
lóte n. “flower, bloom, blossom”
lótea adj. “full of blossom”
lotella n. “floret”
lóteqilna adj. “broidered with flowers”
lóto- v. “to bloom”
lotóre n. “blooming, flowering, best time, flower”
lotōrea adj. “flourishing”
loyo- v. “be thirsty (impers.)”
n. “24 hours, day”
lu pron. “dual 2”
luhtu n. “magic, spell”
luin adv. “ago”
luina adj. “ago”
luk- v. “to pull”
lúke n. “slime”
lúkima adj. “slimy”
-lukse suf. “-times”
luksima adj. “fleeting, fading, temporary”
lukso n. “mud”
luksor n. “swamp, bog”
lukta n. “period”
lukta- v. “to have time pass” see lúta-
lúle n. “blue stone, sapphire”
lúlea adj. “sapphirine”
lumbo n. “dark lowering cloud”
lúme (lúmi-) n. “time”
lúmen n. “year, period”
lúmia adj. “pertaining to time, temporal”
lunde n. “(lunar) month; (lit.) period”
lúne (lúni-) adj. “blue, deep blue”
lúnelinqe adj. “flowing; *blue-water”
lunga adj. “heavy” see lungo
lunga(na)- v. “to sag, bend (down), hang heavy, lean”
lungo adj. “heavy”
lungwe ?
lunte (lunti-) n. “ship, boat”
lur- v. “?to be dark”
lúre n. “dark weather, bad weather”
lúrea adj. “dark, overcast”
lúsina adj. “warm, glowing (of things); affectionate, hearty (of people)”
lusta n. “warm bath”
lusta- v. “to bathe in warm water”
lúta- v. “to have time pass”
lutl n. “gum, paste, sticky matter”
lúto n. “flood”
lutta- v. “to flow, float” see lutu-
lutto- v. “to swill, wash”
lutu- v. “to flow, float, sail”
lúvina adj. “dark, overcast”
luvu- v. “to lower, hang, brood”
-ma suf. “a; some, certain”
n. “hand”
ma- pref. “together, in one”
ma¹ prep. “*by”
ma² adv.
mahtar n. “soldier”
mahte n. “hold, grip, power, possession” see makte²
mai¹ adv. “too much”
mai² adv. “if; do?”
maika adj. “cruel”
*maili adj. “handed”
mailina adj. “beautiful”
maira adj. “excessive, strong”
mairu n. “(horse) mane, flowing hair; charger”
maisilanda n. “sycamore”
maisinto fraction. “one thousandth”
maisintya adj. “one thousandth”
maisinya num. ord. “thousandth”
maita adj. “maimed”
maite¹ (maisi-) num. card. “thousand”
maite² n. “maple”
maivoine n. “great longing”
maivoita- v. “to long exceedingly after”
maka- v. “to slay; to die”
máka adj. “each, every”
makil n. “sword, broadsword”
makillar (makillard-) n. “swordsman”
makka n. “slaughter”
maksa- v. “to cook”
maksar n. “cook”
makse n. “net”
maksella n. “mesh”
makseta- v. “to enmesh”
maksilis (maksilist-) n. “lordship”
maksilistea adj. “powerful, having possession of or authority over”
maksima adj. “powerful, having possession of or authority over”
makta- v. “to slay, slaughter”
makte¹ (maksi-) n. “hand”
makte² (maksi-) n. “hold, grip, power, possession”
maktya- v. “to kill”
mal adv. “better, best”
mal- v. “to crush”
mala- v. “to be able to (used of capacity, ability)”
malaqa adj. “soft, yielding, tender (of meat, substances, etc.)”
malasta adj. “tender”
mald- v. “to pound”
malda adj. “better, best”
maldor n. “agony”
mále n. “ability”
málea adj. “able”
malenka adj. “left handed”
malikon (malikond-) n. “amber”
malikondea adj. “of amber”
malin (malind-) adj. “yellow” see malina
malina adj. “yellow”
malka adj. “giving pain, hurtful”
malkane n. “torture”
malkasta n. “lordship, province”
malke (malki-) adj. “rich”
malko (malku-) n. “lord, sir”
malkor n. “castle”
malkuvoite adj. “lordly, noble”
malle n. “street, road”
malo¹ n. “moth”
malo² n. “rust”
málos n. “forest”
malt n. “sword, broadsword” see makil
malu- v. “to devour”
malwa adj. “pale, yellowish”
man pron. “who”
mána adj. “dead”
manda- v. “to dwell, remain”
mande adv. “well”
mandor n. “hell” see mandu
mandu n. “hell; abyss”
mane (mani-) adj. “good (moral)”
máne n. “spirit of the air”
mange¹ (mangi-) n. “grease”
mange² n. “lack, want, shortage”
manimo n. “holy soul”
manka adj. “few”
manta adj. “eaten”
mantele n. “gauntlet”
mantl n. “glove”
manwa adj. “ready”
manwa- v. “to prepare”
manya¹ n. “butter”
manya² adj. “good (not evil)”
mapa- v. “to seize, take; to ravish, seize and carry off forcibly”
mapalin n. “plane, sycamore”
mapta- v. see (a)mapta-
mapta n. “ravishment; seizure”
maptale n. “seizure; robbery by violence; rape, ravishment, forcible seizure and carrying off”
maptale-lehesta n. “(robbing) raid”
maptalesse n. “rapine”
maqa adj. “handy, skilled (with hands)”
maqale n. “legerdemain, sleight”
maqalea adj. “handy, skilled (with hands)”
maqar n. “jaw”
maqile n. “legerdemain, sleight” see maqale
mar- v. “to get ripe, come to ripeness, get ready, grow up, get mellow”
mar¹ (mas-) n. “house, home, dwelling (of men); -land, the Earth”
mar⁴ (mard-) n. “grit, course grain or powder”
mára adj. “mighty, power[ful], doughty; good, excellent, useful (of things)”
mard- v. “to grind, pulverize”
marda n. “world”
mardo n. “dweller”
marikta n. “wrist”
marilla n. “pearl”
marin n. “(ripe) fruit, apple”
marin(a) adj. “ripe, mature”
marinde n. “fruit tree” see marinne
marinne n. “fruit tree”
mark n. “ripe juice, sap, ooze, moisture”
marma n. “sand”
marmale n. “beach”
marqa adj. “oozy, juicy, moist”
mart n. “a piece of luck”
mart- v. “it happens”
marta- v. “chance”
marto n. “fortune, fate, lot, luck”
maru n. “pulp”
-mas suf. “-ton, -by”
mas- v. “to bake, cook”
maska adj. “dusky, misty”
maske n. “dusk”
masta n. “bread”
masta- v. “to tarry, linger”
mastakorne n. “loaf”
masto n. “village”
maswa adj. “soft, cooked, ripe”
mat (matt-) n. “meal, meal time”
mata- v. “to eat”
matl n. “food”
matsa adj. “good to eat, nice”
*matsile n. “bear”
matsima adj. “edible”
matso n. “food”
matu n. “the mouth (inside)”
*matwa adj. “*eating”
maule n. “crying, weeping”
mauya- v. “to cry”
mavar(do) n. “shepherd”
mavoisi n. “chestnut”
mavoite (mavoisi-) adj. “having hands”
máwe (máwi-) n. “gull, seamew”
máye adv. “too much” see mai¹
#mbastā n.
*-me suf. “abstract noun”
me¹ pron. “we; 1st pl. exclusive pronoun”
me² prep. “?with, in(to), on”
mea- pref. “*our; 1st pl. exclusive possessive”
mear (mearn-) n. “gore, blood”
mekilwa adj. “central”
mekta adj. “centre”
mektar n. see ektar¹
mekte n. “heart; center”
mekte- v. “to aim at”
mel- v. “to love”
meles(se) (meless-) n. “love”
melin (melind-) adj. “dear, beloved”
melitsa adj. “beloved, favourite”
melitse n. “darling, sweetheart”
mella n. “girl”
melmo pron. “we (emphatic); 1st pl. exclusive pronoun”
melna adj. “dear” see melin
melpo n. “gooseberry”
melwa adj. “lovely, fair”
mem n. “nose, beak”
mente n. “peak, tip”
menya adj. “*our; 1st pl. exclusive possessive emphatic”
meoi n. “cat”
meqa adj. “middle”
meril n. “flowers”
mesta n. “bye”
met (mekt-) n. “mark, aim, object”
metl (mekil-) n. “centre”
mie¹ n. “mist, drizzle”
mie² n. “bit, small piece”
mike- pref. “diminutive”
mike adv. “little, a (little) bit; diminutive”
mild- v. “to pound” see mald-
mildi coll. “pease”
mile (mili-) n. “seed”
milin n. “grain of seed”
milk- v. “to have, keep, possess”
milkin n. “wealth”
millo n. “oil”
milnar(wa) n. “sown field”
milt n. “semen”
mimbe n. “flesh”
mimbematwa adj. “carnivorous”
min- v. “[unglossed]”
min¹ (mind-) n. “bit, piece”
min² num. card. “one (in a series); the first”
minda- v. “to diminish, fade, lessen, vanish”
mindl n. “piece of flesh”
mindon n. “turret, tower”
mindóra num. card. “million”
mindóre num. card. “million”
mindórinto fraction. “one millionth”
mindórintya adj. “one millionth”
mindorinya num. ord. “millionth”
minga adj. “waning”
mingwe n. “butter”
minqe num. card. “eleven”
minqekainen num. card. “one hundred ten”
minqelume adv. “*eleven times”
minqenya num. ord. “eleventh”
minqesto fraction. “one eleventh”
minqest(y)a fraction. “one eleventh”
minti n. “memory, remembrance, mindfulness”
minty- v. “to remind”
mintya adj. “reminding, ‘memoryful’”
minu- v. “to make less, decrease, spoil, alter for worse”
minwa adj. “small”
minya¹ adj. “fine, slender”
minya² num. ord. “first”
minyallume adv. “firstly”
minya yukainen num. card. “twenty one”
minya yukainen(ya) num. ord. “twenty first”
miq- v. “to kiss”
miqe n. “kiss”
miqele n. “kissing”
miqilitse n. “little or tender kiss”
mir num. card. “one”
mirde n. “mist”
mire n. “smile”
mírea adj. “smiling”
miri- v. “to smile”
*mírien n. “mirth”
mirilla n. “faint smile”
mirin n. “smile” see mire
mirk n. “grin” see mirt
mirmila adj. “rippling”
mirmile n. “ripple of laughter”
mirt (mirty-) n. “grin”
mirtya- v. “grin”
miru n. “wine”
mirukarne (mirukarni-) adj. “wine-red”
mirúva adj. “like wine, winy”
miruvóre (miruvóri-) n. “nectar, drink of the Valar, sweet drink”
mis (mist-) n. “urine”
mitta- v. “to enter”
mitta¹ prep. and adv. “in, into, inwards”
mitta² n. “piece, bit (of indeterminate size)”
mitya adj. “little (in quantity)”
*-mo suf. “agental suffix”
moa n. “sheep”
moalin n. “sheepfold”
moar(do) (moard-) n. “shepherd”
moika adj. “soft, gentle”
moile n. “tarn”
moina adj. “safe, secure”
mok- v. “to hate”
móle n. “root”
mordo n. “warrior, hero”
móre (móri-) n. and adj. “night, darkness; black, dark”
móri n. “night” see móre
mórilanta n. “nightfall”
morinda adj. “of the night, nightly”
móriva adj. “nocturnal”
morna adj. “black”
móro n. “ink”
morqa adj. “black” see morna
morqilea adj. “of the hue of night”
moru- v. “to hide, conceal, lurk”
morwa adj. “unclear, secret”
mu pron. “dual 1(a)”
mui n. “cow”
múko n. “dung, manure, muck”
mukta- v. “cacare”
mul (muld-) n. “fine powder”
mul- v. “grind”
mulda adj. “powdery”
mulina adj. “powdery” see mulda
mulma n. “fine flower”
mulmar n. “millar”
mulmin n. “mill”
múna prep. “?without”
munta n. “nothing”
muqa adj. “filthy”
mure (mury-) n. “heat, close weather”
murme n. “slumber, sleep”
murmea adj. “slumbrous”
muru- v. “to slumber, sleep”
murya adj. “close, muggy”
mut (mukt-) n. “dirt, filth”
-n¹ suf. “genitive suffix”
-n² (-nd-) suf. “active participle”
na prep. “for”
interj. “so, yes (it is)”
ná- v. “to be, exist”
nahta- v. “to slay cruelly”
nai particle. “remoter possibility, might”
naika¹ n. “dagger”
naika² adj. “stricken ill, sick”
naike¹ (naiki-) n. “pain”
naike² adv. “would [that]”
naikele n. “anguish”
naikelea adj. “agonizing”
naiko adv. “*sickly”
naiqa adj. “painful”
naiqe ?
naira adj. “dire, grievous”
naista- v. “to oppress, cause great grief to”
naitya- v. “to damage, hurt; to put to shame, abuse”
nak (naq-) n. “anything stolen, a theft, a trick”
naka- v. “to bite”
naksa adj. “sour”
nal (nald-) n. “dale, dell”
nala- v. “to sing or ring”
nalda adj. “lowly, valley (aj.), dale (aj.)”
nalie n. “playing of tunes, ringing of bells”
nalle n. “dell”
nan (nand-) n. “woodland, *land”
nandin n. “dryad”
nang- v. “I have a cold”
nanqete n. “speaking down the nose”
*nanwa adj. “being”
naqa- v. “to steal”
naqar n. “thief”
nar (nard-) n. “an odour, fragrance”
nara n. “strife”
nara- v. “snap, quarrel”
narda- v. “to smell sweetly”
nardile n. “fragrance”
nardilea adj. “perfumed”
nark n. “spiteful remark, snap of a dog”
narka¹ adj. “snappy, ill-tempered”
#narka² adj.
narqa adj. “faded, shrivelled”
narqa- v. “wither”
narqele n. “fading, withering”
Narqelion (Narqeliond-) n. “Autumn”
narte (narti-) adj. “bitter”
narwa adj. “fragrant”
narwe¹ n. “(sweet) lily”
narwe² n. “pain”
nasa- v. “it mislikes (me), it tastes nasty”
náse n. “loathing”
násea adj. “loathsome”
nasta n. “existence, being, creature”
naswa adj. “nasty”
nat (natt-) n. “thing”
natto (nattu-) n. “thing, affair”
nauka n. “dwarf”
nauma n. “hint, clue”
naus (naust-) n. “suspicion”
naustavilte v. “free from suspicion”
nauta- v. “guess”
nauto n. “[unglossed]”
nauva n. “giant”
náve n. “shrewdness, sagacity, perspicacity”
navillo v. “whisper, hint, suspicion, rumour, malicious comment, innuendo”
nawa- v. “[unglossed]”
naya- v. “it grieves”
*-ndo suf. “masculine suffix”
-ndon suf. “-ly, -ily; manner suffix”
-(n)dóra suf. “million”
-(n)dóre suf. “-illion, *large number suffix”
ne conj. “that”
nea¹ adv. “soon”
nea² adv. “it is, yes”
nehta n. “hawthorn”
neite n. “wax”
nekka n. “pen”
nekte n. “honey”
nektele n. “honeycomb”
nel adv. “thrice”
nelde num. card. “three; four”
nel(de)kainen num. card. “thirty”
neldenelqa n. “square, quadrilateral”
neldesto fraction. “one third”
neldest(y)a adj. “one third”
nelde tuksa num. card. “three hundred”
neldor n. “beech”
neldóra num. card. “three million”
neldóre num. card. “trillion”
neldorin n. “beech-tree”
neldorion n. “beech wood”
nele (neli-) n. “tooth”
nelkaiya num. ord. “thirteenth”
nelkea num. card. “thirteen”
nelke(a)llume adv. “*thirteen times”
nelkesto fraction. “one thirteenth”
nelkestya adj. “one thirteenth”
nellume adv. “*three times”
nelma n. “needle”
nelqa adj. “cornered”
nelt n. “corner (from outside)”
nelya num. ord. “third”
nemba n. “thread”
neme- v. “I sew”
nemya n. “*needle” see nelma
nen¹ (nend-) n. “river, water”
nen² (neng-) n. “nostril”
nenda adj. “wet”
nendo n. “water mead”
nénu n. “yellow water lily”
nénuvar n. “pool of lilies”
ner n. “man, husband; warrior”
nerea adj. “manly, stout, brave”
nereaine n. “stoutness of heart”
nerevoite adj. “manly”
nérinwa adj.
nermi n. “field spirit, fay of the meads”
nertu n. “strength”
nes¹ n. “mead, valley, land”
nes² (nest-) n. “food, feed, fodder”
nese- v. “graze, pasture, give to feed, feed”
nesse n. “(green) fodder, herb, grass”
nessele n. “pasture, mead; pasturage”
nesta n. “(act of) feeding”
nesta- v. “feed”
nete- v. “I get”
*-ni suf. “feminine suffix”
ni pron. “I; 1st sg. pronoun”
n. “woman”
nie n. “tear”
nienaite adj. “tearful”
nieninqe n. “snowdrop, (lit.) white tear”
nieninqea adj. “like a snowdrop”
nier (nies-) n. “honey bee”
nierwes (nierwest-) n. “hive”
nies (niess-) n. “honey bee” see nier
nikte- v. “to whiten, cleanse”
nímo pron. “I (emphatic); 1st sg. pronoun”
nin (nind-) n. “blue (colour), blueness, blue green”
ninda¹ n. “water, river”
ninda² adj. “blue” see ninwa
nindon (nindond-) n. “lapis lazuli”
ningwe ?
ninqa- v. “to shine white”
ninqe (ninqi-) adj. “white”
ninqeru n. “male personified form of white”
ninwa adj. “blue”
ninya¹ adj. “*my; 1st sg. possessive emphatic”
ninya² adj. “blue” see ninwa
nion n. “bee” see nier
niqetil (niqetild-) n. “snow cap”
niqileninqe adj. “snow-white”
niqilis n. “fine snow”
niqis (niqiss-) n. “snow”
niqissea adj. “snowy”
niqista- v. “to snow”
niqisya- v. “to snow” see niqista-
#níva adj. “pale”
nó- v. “to be born, become”
prep. “after, behind; than”
no¹ adv. “then, next (of time); upon”
no² prep. “under” see nu
nohto- v. “stick out”
*-noina suf. “adjective suffix”
*-noite suf. “adjective suffix”
nóla n. “head, top, summit; (round) hill”
noldare n. “mole”
Noldorin² adj. see Noldorinwa
Noldorinwa adj. “goblin; *Gnomish”
Noldorissa n. “Language of the Noldoli”
noldova adj. “belonging to gnomes”
noldovike adj. “like a gnome, after the gnomes’ way”
nóleme n. “deep lore, wisdom”
nolme n. “audacity”
nolmenoite adj. “audacious”
nolmo n. “pit”
nolo- v. “to dare”
noloite adj. “daring”
nolpa n. “mole”
nolwa adj. “bold, brave”
nond(in)a adj. “tomorrow”
non(n)o n. “tomorrow” see nuo
nor (norn-) n. “oak”
nóre (nóri-) n. “(native) land, nation, family, country”
norka n. “slavery, bondage, thraldom”
norne n. “oak-tree”
nornea adj. “of oak”
nornelassea adj. “having oak-leaves”
nornoro- v. “run smoothly, run on”
norolinde adj. “tripping lightly”
norolle n. “cart”
nos n. “wetness, damp”
nosse n. “folk, kin, people”
nosta n. “birth, birthday”
nosta- v. “to give birth to; to cause”
nostale n. “species, kind; nature”
noswa adj. “damp (of weather)”
noswe n. “a wet wind (SW)”
note (notsi-) n. “drizzle”
nóte n. “dew”
notsiva adj. “drizzling”
notso n. “damp”
nounonda n. “day after tomorrow”
nóva adj. “ahead, foremost, leading”
nóvo adv. “*before”
-nta suf. “to, at, towards; allative suffix”
*-nto suf. “fraction suffix”
*-nu suf. “masculine suffix”
nu prep. “under”
nua(n) n. “tomorrow” see nuo
núme n. “west”
númea adj. “in the west, western”
numenda adj. “western”
numenda- v. “to get low (of the Sun)” see númeta-
númeta- v. “to get low (of the Sun), go down in the west”
nún adv. “beneath”
nungo n. “cold (in the nose or head)”
nungwe n. “cold in the nose” see nungo
nuo n. “tomorrow”
núora adj. “tomorrow’s, to be; future”
nupte n. “a sniff”
nur (nurr-) n. “growl, complaint”
nurru n. “growl”
núru- v. “to growl (of dogs), grumble, carp”
nus (nust-) n. “smell”
#núsimar adj.
nuste n. “sense of smell”
núta- v. “to stoop, sink”
nuvu- v. “smell, sniff at”
nya- pref. “*my; 1st sg. possessive”
nyanda n. “nursery story or rhyme”
nyanya adj. “another, other (of many)”
nyan(yo) n. “another, other (of many)”
nyar (nyard-) n. “tale, saying”
nyara- v. “to relate, tell”
nyara n. “tale”
nyarie n. “fable, story, legend”
nyas (nyast-) n. “scratch, score, line, mark”
nyasa- v. “to scratch”
nyat n. “tooth”
nyata- v. “to talk idly”
nyatl n. “idle talk, gossip”
nyé n. “a bleat, cry of goat or sheep”
nyél n. “woman”
nyelekka n. “onyx”
nyelet (nyeleks-) n. “nail (of the finger)”
nyéna- v. “to lament”
nyéni n. “she-goat”
nyenya adj. “querulous, tearful, plaintive”
nyenye n. “weeping”
nyenyele n. “lament, lamentation, weeping”
nyenyesse n. “lament, lamentation, weeping” see nyenyele
nyére n. “grief”
nyoro- v. “to run”
nyúken ?
ó- v. “to be”
-o suf. “genitive ending”
ô prep. “from”
o prep. “over, across, along”
oa n. “wool”
oalle n. “blanket”
oalúme n. “shearing time”
oar (oarn-) n. “child of the sea, merchild”
oara adj. “of wool”
oaris (oarits-) n. “mermaid, merchild”
oarwen n. “mermaid, merchild”
ohta n. “war”
ohta- v. “to shout”
ohta·karo n. “warlike deed, hostile unfriendly act(ion)”
ohtar (ohtard-) n. “warrior”
ohte (oksi-) n. “egg”
oi n. “bird, hen”
oika adj. “poor”
oilima adj. “last”
oilimaite adj. “final, ultimate, last”
oinalis (oinaliss-) n. “ointment”
oine n. “unguent”
oiqa adj. “glossy” see oiwa
oise n. “poverty”
oista- v. “bereave”
oiswa adj. “poor”
oite n. “poverty” see oise
oito- v. “to lack”
oive n. “bird”
oiwa adj. “glossy”
oi(we) n. “bird” see oive
oiwie n. “gloss, glossiness”
okka n. “knee”
okkaiya num. ord. “seventeenth”
okkea num. card. “seventeen”
oksa n. “joint”
ola- pref. “many” see oli-
olda¹ adj. “more”
olda² adj. “much” see olya
olde adv. “very, much”
oldo(s) adv. “more”
ole- pref. “intensive” see oli-
ole¹ num. card. “three”
ole² adv. “much” see olde
óleme n. “elbow”
olet (olek-) n. “forearm”
oli- pref. “intensive”
olli- pref. “many” see oli-
olli adj. “many”
ollo n. “cliff, seaward precipice”
olme² (olmi-) n. “emanation; apparition, spirit”
olme(t) num. card. “nine”
olor n. “dream” see olóre
olorda adj. “dreamy, drowsy; in dreams”
olóre n. “dream”
olórea adj. “dreamy, dreamlike”
olorwa adj. “in dreams” see olorda
olpe n. “bottle”
olt adj. “much”
olta-¹ v. “to magnify, extol, praise”
olto- v. “to increase, multiply”
olwa adj. “much” see olya
olwea adj.
olwe(n) n. “branch, wand, stick”
olwen n. “thirty six”
olya adj. “much”
oma n. “everywhere”
óma n. “voice”
omanaste n. “omnipresence”
omarimbi adv. “everywhere about” see omarimni
omarimni adv. “everywhere about”
omba adj. “hard”
omo- pref. “omni-”
omohére n. “omnipotence; almighty”
omotengwe n. “omniscience”
omotunto n. “omniscience” see omotengwe
omotúre n. “omnipotence; almighty” see omohére
ompa adj. “each; all, every”
ompanai n. “everyone” see ompinasta
ompanu n. “everyone” see ompinasta
ompinasta n. “everyone”
ómu adv.
on(d) n. “stone”
ondo n. “stone, rock”
ondole n. “stone monument; stone-cairn”
ongo- v. “it pains me (imp.)”
ongwe n. “pain”
onin n. “anvil”
on(t) (om-) n. “everything”
ontúre n. “omnipotence; almighty” see omohére
onwa adj. “stony”
opole n. “fawn, young deer”
opolinte n. “fawn, young deer” see opole
oqi n. “snake”
or prep. “on; above, upon”
orda adj. “lofty”
ordie n. “height, loftiness”
ore (ori-) n. “seed, grain”
óre n. “dawn, Sunrise, East”
órea adj. “of the dawn, Eastern”
orikon n. “heather”
orivaine n. “pod, seed pod, pea”
ork n. “ogre, monster, demon, giant”
orme n. “summit, crest, hilltop”
ormin n. “top”
orne n. “tree”
oro n. “hill”
oro- v. “to rise”
#oroman n. “wood-spirit”
orome n. “oak”
#oron¹ (orond-) n. “bush”
oron² (orond-) n. “hill” see oro
oronta adj. “steep”
oronte n. “sun-rise”
oronto n. “rising (of the sun), East”
orosta¹ n. “ascension”
orosta² n. “impetus, speed, haste, rash courage”
orot n. “cave”
orqin(di) n. “ogress”
orta prep. “above”
(or)tande adv. “above (of motion upwards)”
orto- v. “to raise”
orva n. “apple”
orwa adj. “lofty” see orda
orya- v. “to sow”
oryapin n. “badger” see oryat
oryat (oryap-) n. “badger”
os (ost-) n. “cottage, house”
ossa n. “wall and moat”
osta n. “homestead”
ostar n. “township”
osto n. “gates of the Sun”
oswe¹ n. “hip”
oswe² n.
otoke n. “wailing, beating of breasts”
otokotta n. “wailing, beating of breasts” see otoke
otsan n. “week” see otsola
otso num. card. “seven”
otsokainen num. card. “seventy”
otsola n. “week”
otsollume adv. “*seven times”
otsondóra num. card. “*seven million”
otsondóre num. card. “*septillion”
otsonto fraction. “one seventh”
otsontya adj. “one seventh”
otto- v. “to knock”
otwe n. “84”
otya num. ord. “seventh”
ó(vo) n. “mouth”
ówen n. “merchild, mermaid”
paime n. “vengeance taken, punishment, penalty, infliction”
paimene n. “vindictiveness, vengefulness, cruelty”
paimenta- v. “to exact or inflict a penalty, punish” see paimeta-
paimesta n. “chastisement”
paimeta- v. “to exact or inflict a penalty, punish”
paitya- v. “repay, requite”
paiyan n. “oration”
pak- v. “to apply, attach”
pal- v. “to shake”
palanka adj. “even, flat, level” see paluva
palanta adj. “even, flat, level” see paluva
palante n. “plain” see palume
palapapte n. “*sycamore”
palasar (palasard-) n. “great table”
palasse n. “foam, splashing”
palassea adj. “foaming (of the sea)”
palastor n. “surf”
palaswin (palaswing-) n. “wave-crest”
palasya- v. “to splash, foam”
palava- v. “to stray, wander”
paláva adj. “wandering”
palis(te) n. “sward, green, lawn”
palla n. “paunch”
palme n. “a shaking”
palo (palu-) n. “plane surface, plain, the flat”
palta n. “shelf”
paltya n. “palm of hand”
paltyalda n. “palm tree”
palukta n. “table”
palume n. “plain”
paluva adj. “even, flat, level”
palwa adj. “even, flat, level” see paluva
palwa- v. “to make wander”
pampile n. “trembling”
pampil(e)a adj. “tremulous”
pampine n. “tremor, earthquake”
panin adj. “definite, planned, concerted, deliberate, prepense, meant”
panna n. “arrangement, grouping; book”
pano n. “series, course, plan, arrangement”
panta¹ adj. “open, wide, spreading”
panta-¹ v. “to open, unfold, spread”
panta-² v. “to beat”
panta² n. “board”
pantie n. “an unfolding, opening, revealing”
panya- v. “plan, arrange, intend, mean”
#panyara adj. “?setting”
papa- v. “to tremble”
paptaqelasta n. “fall, *leaf dying”
par- v. “to peel”
parma n. “skin, bark; parchment; book, writings”
pat (papt-) n. “small leaf”
pata- v. “to rap, tap (of feet)”
patakan n. “rattling, clatter”
patakanda adj. “rattling, clattering”
patakatapaka n. “rat-a-tat”
patake n. “clatter”
patakta- v. “to clatter”
patinka n. “shoe, slipper”
patl n. “leaf (esp. of book)”
patsima adj. “wide open”
n. “the two lips, the (closed) mouth”
pea n. “scorn”
peanta- v. “to give into one’s hands, give instructions to, enjoin”
pekte (peksi-) n. “plume, cox-comb”
pele- v. “to surround, fence in, pen in”
pelekko (pelekku-) n. “axe”
pelekta- v. “hew”
peler n.
pelin adj. “fenced in, pent”
pelko n. “leg”
pelle n. “town”
pelma n. “pen”
peltas (peltaks-) n. “pivot”
pelte- v. “to run”
pelto n. “hedge, hedged field”
pen prep. “through”
penanwa adj. “present, standing by, supporting, backing”
penasta n. “being near at hand, support, backing”
penda¹ n. “bridge”
*penda² adj.
penta n. “nose, beak”
penwa adj. “over, passed, past”
peqe- v. “comb, card wool, tease”
peqen n. “comb”
peqil n. “comb” see peqen
pere- v. “to go through, pass, pierce; to endure, undergo, experience; to penetrate, get to understand; to last”
peren (perend-) adj. “enduring, patient, lasting”
perendie n. “patience; endurance; an agelong period”
perenwa adj. “continual, enduring, unceasing”
pereqa adj. “crooked”
perma n. “passage; pass, aperture”
perpere- v. “to endure to end, suffer great anguish”
perqa adj. “wrong”
pete- v. “knock, strike”
petl n. “hammer”
n. “speck, spot, dot, mote”
pie n. “berry” see pio
piek (piekk-) n. “pin”
pieksin n. “brooch”
piekta- v. “to prick, pin-prick”
pietya- v. “to prick, pin-prick” see piekta-
pihye n. “sap, juice”
#pik- v. “to blink”
pili- v. “steal”
pilin (pilind-) n. “feather; arrow”
pilinqasilla n. “nodding plume”
pilintele n. “plumage”
pilmo (pilmu-) n. “thief, robber” see pilu
pilna n. “arrow”
pilt (pilty-) n. “blow, cuff, box on ear”
pilty- v. “strike (esp. with flat hand)”
pilu n. “thief, robber”
pilukka adj. “secret, stealthy”
pilwe n. “robbery, theft”
pimpevinne n. “larch”
pimpilin (pimpilind-) n. “hanging tail, tassel”
pimpina adj. “trailing”
pin n. “little thing, mite”
pínea adj. “small”
pingwa adj. “fat, rich (of soil)”
pingwe ?
pinilya adj. “small”
pink n. “little thing, mite” see pin
-pin(ke) suf. “diminutive”
pinqe (pinqi-) adj. “slender, thin”
pinqisil(da) (pinqisild-) adj. “(slender and) tapering”
pint (pimp-) n. “tail”
pio n. “plum, berry, cherry”
pi(o)pin n. “haws, fruit of hawthorns”
piosenna n. “holly”
pi(pi)nektar n. “whitethorn, hawthorn”
pipiri- v. “to twirl, twizzle”
pipte- v. “fall (of folds or clusters), hang, trail”
píqa adj. “bitter”
píqele n. “bitterness”
piqesta n. “bitterness” see píqele
piqis(se) n. “grief”
piri- v. “to spin, turn”
pirimbe n.
pirin (pirind-) n. “thin rod, pin”
pirindea adj. “cylindrical”
pirinumbe n. “cylinder (hollow)”
piruke n. “swirl, twisting, pirouetting”
pirúk(end)ea adj. “pirouetting, whirling lightly”
pirute n. “swirl, twisting, pirouetting” see piruke
pist- v. “to spit”
-pi(t) suf. “diminutive” see -pin(ke)
piu n. “calf of leg”
piukka n. “blackberry”
piule adj. “greasy, overfat; overfed, spoilt”
piute- v. “to flourish, batten, grow fat”
píwe n. “fatness, richness, goodness”
poa n. “beard”
poar n. “north” see póme
poika adj. “clean, tidy”
poime (poimi-) n. “soap”
poimine n. “lather, foam; mermaid”
poita- v. “to cleanse”
poitya- v. “to make clean, tidy, straighten”
poko n. “bag”
polda adj. “mighty, powerful”
poldor n. “physical strength; might”
poldórea adj. “muscular, powerful”
pole (poli-) n. “oats, grain (unground kernels of oats, wheat, etc.); flour”
polenta n. “oatmeal”
polesse n. “porridge”
polina adj. “oaten”
polisimpe n. “shepherd’s pipe, Pan-pipes”
poliva adj. “oaten” see polina
polka n. “pig”
polonde n. “alder”
polu n. “kernel”
polúne n. “kernel” see ‽polu
póme n. “north”
pómea adj. “northern”
pómear n. “northern man, norseman”
pondo n. “gate”
ponte (ponti-) n. “back, rear”
poroke n. “barn foul, hen”
porokelle n. “chicken”
porokoi ?
posta n. “door”
pote (potsi-) adv. “after, behind (of place)”
potsi adv. “afterwards”
potsina adj. “rearward, back, rear, hinder; next, following; second”
potsinallume adv. “a second time”
póya adj. “[unglossed]”
puita- v. “to beget”
pukta n. “coitus, *sex”
pukta- v. “to copulate”
pulko n. “body, trunk, bole of tree”
pulme n. “lump, knob”
pulpa adj. “fat, bulky” see pulwa
pulqe n. “juice”
pulu- v. “to swell (intr.)”
pulwa adj. “fat, bulky”
pumpo n. “bubble; bladder; blister”
pumpole n. “bubble; merboy”
pundo n.
puntl v. “mem. vir., *penis”
pur (purn-) n. “a fire, an artificial fire”
purin (purind-) n. “hearth”
purma n. “blaze, flame”
puru- v. “to burn”
purya- v. “to set fire to”
pus (pust-) n. “boil”
pus- v. “to puff, snort”
puse n. “puff”
pusilla n. “puff, whiff, breeze”
pusta- v. “to blow”
pusulpe n. “gas-bag, balloon”
pusulta- v. “to puff out with one’s breath”
putse n. “baby, child”
puyando n. “parent”
pyúva adj. “fat”
n. “duck”
#qaina adj. “wailing”
qal- v. “to die”
qalin adj. “dead, dying”
qalma adj. “deadly”
qalme n. “death, agony”
qalmea adj. “deathly”
qalna adj. “dead”
qalta adj. “girdled, girt”
qalume¹ n. “death”
qalume² adj. “heaving”
qalūmea adj. “deathly”
qama- v. “to be ill, vomit”
qamba adj. “unwell, sick”
qáme n. “sickness, nausea”
qámea adj. “sick”
qampa n. “peddlar-goods”
qampa- v. “to hawk goods”
qampale n. “chaffering”
qampo n. “pedlar, huckster”
qan (qand-) n. “ear”
qanda adj. “whole, all” see qanta
qanta adj. “full, whole, all”
qanta- v. “fill, complete”
qap- v. “to throb, flutter”
qapa- v. “to chaffer, bargain, swap, barter”
qapta n. “deal, bargain”
qapta-¹ v. “to exchange”
qapta-² v. “to flap”
qaptale n. “exchange”
qaqa- v. “quack, squawk, cackle”
qára n. “watch, ward”
qarda adj. “bad”
qárele n. “watchfulness, anxiety”
qarka adj. “perverse, naughty”
qasa- v. “to shake, flap, nod, rustle (intr.)”
qasil n. “arrow, arrow-feather”
qasilla n. “tuft, nodding spray, tassel, plume”
qe¹ pron. “we (inclusive)”
qe² pron. “any”
qea- pref. “*our; 1st pl. inclusive possessive”
qele- v. “to perish; to fade”
qeleksie n. “rot, corruption”
qeleksima adj. “corrupt, rotten”
qelekte n. “carcasse”
qelet (qelekt-) n. “corpse”
qeletya- v. “perish, etc.”
qelme n. “ruin, utter end, perdition, end, death”
qelmo pron. “we (emphatic); 1st pl. inclusive pronoun”
qelu n. “well, spring, source”
qelu- v. “to well up”
qelume n. “source, origin”
qeluva adj. “original”
Qen (Qend-) n. “Elf”
qent n. “word”
qentea adj. “verbal”
qentele n. “sentence; wording, expression, phrase”
qentima n. “*tale”
qenya adj. “*our; 1st pl. exclusive possessive emphatic”
Qenya n. “Elvish”
qerka n. “throat”
qet- v. “to speak, talk”
qetl n. “speech, talk”
-qet(se) suf. “language”
qets(im)a adj. “having speech, able to talk, good at expression, glib”
qetta n. “word”
qi adj. “this”
adv. “*now”
qie adj. “calm at sea”
qilda adj. “quiet, hushed, still”
qildare n. “bat”
qilde n. “quiet, rest, hush”
qildi- v. “rest, stay quiet, be quiet”
qile n. “hue, colour”
-qil(e)a suf. “-hued”
qilea adj. “coloured, -hued”
qilin adj. “adorned, bright-coloured, embroidered”
qilinoite adj. “broidered”
qille¹ (qilli-) n. “blue-bell”
qille² n. “quiet, rest, hush” see qilde
qillinin (qillinind-) n. “blue-bell”
-qilna suf. “-pied”
qilta n. “belt, girdle”
qiltasse n. “(em)broidery”
qilti- v. “to gird, encircle”
qilya- v. “to adorn, embellish, colour”
#qímar n. “phantom”
qimelle n. “little woman”
qim(en)ea adj. “womanly, feminine”
qimenoite (qimenoitsi-) adj. “feminine, female”
qin¹ (qim-) n. “woman, female”
qin² adv. “*now” see
qinda adj. “this”
qinde n. “womanliness, femininity; (concr.) women as a whole”
qindelis n. “nun”
qindesta n. “convent”
qindestin n. “nun”
qindl n. “a spindle, top”
qíne n. “squeaking”
qínea adj. “squeaking”
qinga n. “bow”
qingi- v. “to twang, thrum (of strings, harps, etc.)”
qíni- v. “to speak high, squeak”
qinne n. “womanliness, femininity; (concr.) women as a whole” see qinde
qinqa adj. “drooping, languid”
qinqe n. “this”
qinqele n. “languor”
qinqelea adj. “languorous”
qinqenna n. “Solomon’s-seal”
qint (qinty-) n. “loop, stitch for knitting”
qintl n. “lyre”
qinya adj. “womanly”
qiqi- v. “hang, droop”
qiqilla n. “Lily of the Valley”
qiri-¹ v. “to stir (make spin)”
qiri-² v. “to murmur”
qirin n. “wheel”
qirme n. “cream”
qirna- v. “to stir (make spin)” see qiri-¹
qirqirinda adj. “murmering”
qirqirinde n. “murmering”
qirqisi- v. “to rustle, murmur” see qisqiri-
qisi- v. “to whisper”
qisqiri- v. “to rustle, murmur”
qitima adj. “for knitting”
qitin adj. “knitted, joined tight”
qity- v. “knit”
qíva adj. “awake”
qívie n. “awakening”
qolda adj. “ill”
qolima adj. “sickly, ailing”
qolimo n. “invalid”
qolina adj. “ill” see qolda
qolo- v. “to ail”
qolu n. “disease”
qolúva adj. “pestilent, pestilential”
qolúvie n. “pestilence”
qonda n. “choking smog, smoke”
qorin adj. “drowned, choked, speechless”
qoro- v. “to choke, suffocate, (esp.) drown”
qosse n. “mist”
qosta- v. “choke, drown”
qoto- v. “to count up, reckon; to account, call up; to think, consider”
qotta n. “sum, number, account, total”
-r¹ suf. “plural suffix”
-r² suf.
-r³ suf. “impersonal [verb]”
*-ra suf. “adjectival suffix”
n. “arm”
rakta n. “arm” see
rakta-¹ v. “to stretch out, reach”
rakta-² v. “to pile, hoard, amass, collect”
rakte n. “pile, heap”
ralle ?
rama- v. “to shout, sound loud, bray, blare”
ráma n. “wing; arm”
rámaite adj. “winged” see rámavoite
rámandea adj. “long-wing(ed)” see anda-ráma
rámavoite adj. “having wings, winged”
ramba- v. “to walk”
rambe¹ n. “shout, blare”
rambe² n. “prey, booty”
ran (ram-) n. “noise”
Rána n. “Moon”
randa n. “bark; peel, rind, outer ring, circumference”
ranka adj. “broken”
ranko n. “arm”
ranta n. “arch, bridge”
ránuringwi n. “sun and moon”
ranwe n. “shout, blare” see rambe¹
ráqa adj. “rough”
rara- v. “to scrape, peel, strip”
rasta n. “file, scraper”
rato v. “hope”
rau (rav-) n. “lion”
rauka adj. “swift” see (a)rauka
rauke n. “demon” see (a)rauke
rauko adj. “ravening, rushing”
raume n. “running, course”
rauna n. “prey, booty”
rausima adj. “*hunted”
rausime n. “vermin”
rauste n. “hunting, preying, the hunt”
raustea adj. “of prey”
rauta- v. “to chase, hunt, pursue; to extirpate, exterminate; to steal”
ravenne n. “she-lion”
ravin adj. “fierce, savage (of beasts)”
rawa- v. “to run, chase”
*-re suf. “noun suffix”
rekka n. “spittle”
renda adj. “related, of the same kin of clan”
rendi n. “kinship, kin, kindred, clan”
rendo n. “kinsman, cousin”
rendole n. “cousinship”
rent (renty-) n. “spittle, saliva”
réro (réru-) n. “kinsman, cousin” see rendo
resse n. “kinswoman, cousin”
resta n. “support”
resta- n. “to aid, come to aid of, rescue, save”
retima adj. “despicable, contemptible”
retye- v. “to spit”
rim- v. “to border on, lie at edge, neighbour”
ríma n. “line of seeds planted, row, series, furrow”
rimbe n. “edge, lip, brim”
rimbi adv. “around, all around” see rimni
rímen n. “border, shore”
rímenoite adj. “neighboring, bordering”
rimni adv. “around, all around”
rimpe (rimpi-) n. “stripe, strip”
rimp(in)a adj. “striped”
rimu n. “outskirts”
-rin suf.
rin¹ (rind-) n. “year, circle”
rin² (ring-) n. “dew”
rína adj. “scattered, sown”
ringa adj. “cold, damp, chilly”
ringwe n. “rime, frost; cold”
rinkalenda n. “anniversary”
*rinki adj. “orbed”
rinko n. “disc, orb, circle”
rinku n. “orb of Moon”
rinqa adj. “round, circular; revolving returning, recurrent”
rípe n. “line, margin, bank of stream, edging of grass, border”
ripta- v. “to cut in strips, tear up; to stripe, mark in parallel lines; to flay, flog”
riqi- v. “to wrench, twist”
rísima adj. “scattered, ubiquitous, universal”
rísimande adv. “passim”
rista n. “shoot (sowing), plant, seedling”
rista- v. “to plant”
ristale n. “sowing time”
ristar n. “sower”
ro prep. see or
-r(o) suf. “masculine/agental suffix”
roa n. “a wild beast”
róma n. “upward path, mountain side, (mountain) slope, alp”
róna- v. “to arise, rise, ascend”
ronda n. “cavern”
ronta adj. “hollow”
rosta n. “ascension” see orosta¹
rosta- v. “*to rise”
róta n. “tube, hollow cylinder”
rótele n. “cave”
rotl n. “cave, hollow, grot”
rotse n. “pipe, tube”
rotwa adj. “hollow” see ronta
rú¹ n. “dwelling, village, hamlet”
rú² n. “steadfastness, faith, trustiness”
rua adj. “steady, still, tranquil”
rue n. “rest, stillness, remaining, steadfastness”
ruella n. “village”
ruin n. “peace”
rukta- v. “to belch smoke, spout smoke; to cause to smoke; to smoke at a pipe”
ruku n. “smoke, reek”
ruku- v. “to steam, smoke, reek”
rungwa adj. “stiff, solid”
*rúse (rúsi-) adj. “weary”
rusta adj. “broken”
rúva adj. “steady, still, tranquil” see rua
rúvina adj. “burst”
rúya adj. “unmoved, steadfast”
sa pron. “that (there)”
sa- pref. “intensive”
n. “fire”
sahta-¹ v. “it is hot”
sahta-² v. “to split”
saike (saiki-) n. “hunger”
saikele n. “famine”
saikelea adj. “famished”
saikelta- v. “to starve”
saile n.
saina adj. “smooth”
saipo n. “boot”
saiqa adj. “hungry”
sairina adj. “magic”
sairu adj. “magical”
saiste n. “hunger” see saike
saita- v. “to be hungry”
saitya- v. “to starve”
saiwa adj. “hot”
saiwa- v. “?to be hot”
saiwali n. “summer”
saka- v. “pursue, look for, search”
sal- v. “?to remain or remove”
sala- v. “to sail” see salta-
salamba adj. “twanging, throbbing, resounding, echoing”
salambe n. “twanging echo”
salaqíne n. “violin” see salaqintl
salaqintl n. “violin, (lit.) thrumsqueak-er”
salistina adj. “blessed”
salistya- v. “to bless”
salka n. “scythe”
salke (salki-) n. “grass”
salki n. “grass” see salke
salma n. “lyre, small harp”
salme n. “harp-playing, music of lyres”
salpa- v. “to take a sup of, sample, sip”
salpa n. “bowl”
salqe n. “grass, long mowing grass”
salqin n. “viola”
salta- v. “to sail”
salumbe n. “harping, music”
sambe (samb-) n. “chamber, room”
samin (samind-) n. “silk”
saminda adj. “silken”
sampa n. “spade”
sampe n. “cave, hollow”
sampo n. “cave, hollow” see sampe
san¹ adv. “then, at that time”
san² (samb-) n. “hall, dwelling house”
sana n. “day (24 hours)”
sanda adj. “that”
sanga n. and adj. “throng, tight mass, crowd”
sanga-¹ v. “to scorch”
sanga-² v. “to pack tight, compress, press; to gather”
sangwa adj. “tight, thick, dense, tough, hard”
sangya- v. “to scorch” see sanga-¹
sanka¹ n. “rend, jab”
sanka² n. “hate, fierce hatred”
sanke adj. “hateful”
santa adj. “dear, beloved”
santo n. “that”
sapa- v. “to dig”
sapsa n. “pit, grave”
sapta n. “pit, grave” see sapsa
saqa- v. “[unglossed]”
saqila adj. “fire-red, scarlet”
sar n. “earth, soil”
sar- v. “to write”
sara- v. “saw”
saramór n. “*writing-ink”
sarapenda n. “wood-bridge”
sarat (sarakt-) n. “plank”
saratwa n. “made of planks”
sár(e)a adj. “fiery”
sarko¹ (sarku-) n. “flesh, living flesh, body”
sarko² n. “elder”
sarkuva adj. “corporeal, bodily”
sarma n. “saw”
sarno n. “table”
sarqa adj. “fleshy”
sastya adj. “sore, galled”
sat (sapt-) n. “hole”
satl n. “search, enquiry”
satta adj. “both”
satto adj. “both; the two”
satwa adj. “hollow, dug-out, excavated”
sauke ?
saule n. “litter (of pubs, cubs, etc.)”
sauna adj. “clean”
saune n. “bath, small pool”
sausa n. “bath water, hot water”
sauve n. “sheep”
savar n. “wild dog, jackal”
savarda n. “pack (of dogs, wolves)” see savarna
savarna n. “pack (of dogs, wolves)”
saya- v. “to be hungry” see saita-
n. “eye, eyeball, pupil”
-se suf. “adjective suffix”
se prep. “as, like, in manner of”
sehta- v. “to see”
sehte n. “pupil; bead; †eye”
selka adj. “bright”
senda adj. “like, something like, similar”
senge adj. “keen of sight, observant, sagacious”
senna adj. “red, brown, red-brown”
serin (serind-) n. “wreath, crown”
serma n. “string, cord”
serta- v. “tie”
sesta- v. “to liken, compare, make like, model on, assimilate, imitate”
sestaine n. “assimilation, imitation, etc.”
seste n. “similarity”
sestima adj. “comparable”
*-si suf. “feminine suffix”
adv. “*now”
si pron. “they; 3rd pl. fem. pronoun”
sia- pref. “*their; 3rd pl. fem. possessive”
sie n. “sight, sense of sight, eyesight; pupil of eye”
sihta adj. “moist, wet”
Sil (Sill-) n. “Moon; Rose”
silaina adj. “shimmering” see silína
silda adj. “gleaming”
sildapinqe adj. “tapering” see pinqisil(da)
silde n. “daughter”
sild(r)a adj. “slender”
sile n. “glint (of white)”
sili- v. “to gleam, glint”
silik (siliq-) n. “flint”
silína adj. “shimmering”
siliq(in)a adj. “flinty”
silkesse n. “harvest”
silki- v. “to mow, scythe, mow down”
silkima adj. “ready for cutting”
silk(in)a adj. “rich, fat, glossy”
silma n. “ray of moonlight”
silme n. “moon”
silmea adj. “*of the moon”
silmerána n. “gleaming moon, silver moon”
siloine (siloini-) n. “swan”
silqe n. “tress of hair; glossy hair”
silqeléna adj. “having tresses”
silqeléni n. “silver birch, (lit.) long tresses”
silqelossea adj. “with hair like white flowers”
silt- v. “to sift, sort out, winnow”
silta v. “sieve”
silte- v. “to filter (of light), flicker”
siltina adj. “winnowed”
silwa adj. “glossy”
silwin (silwind-) n. “birch”
simpetar n. “piper”
simp(in)a n. “pipe, flute, flagelot”
simpise adj. “piping, whistling”
sinda¹ n. “eye”
sinda² adj. see qinda
sindi n. “river”
sine n. and adj. “pale (bluish) green”
singwa adj. “salt”
sing(w)e n. “salt”
sink (sinq-) n. “mineral, gem, metal”
sinqe n. “jewel, gem”
sinqe?? adj. “sparkle as with gems”
sinqele n. “mine”
sinqevoite adj. “gemmed”
sinqina adj. “metallic”
sint (sinty-) n. “a gleam, spark, glister, drop of dew, etc.”
sinte (sinti-) n. “esteem; estimate, computation”
sintilis (sintiliss-) n. “sparkling as of crystal”
sintl n. “crystal”
sinty- v. “sparkle”
sipi- v. “to pipe”
siqi- v. “to sigh”
siqile n. “sighing, lament”
siqilesse n. “weeping willow; lamentation”
síre n. “stream”
siri- v. “flow”
sírima adj. “liquid, flowing”
siripta n. “slender stem”
sirpe n. “stem, stalk, slender tube, etc.”
síse pron. “they (emphatic); 3rd sg. fem. pronoun”
sisi- v. “to scorch, singe, fry”
sisin adj. “parched, scorched”
sist(e) (sisty-) n. “ulcer, sore, boil”
sistina adj. “ulcerated, sore”
sito (situ-) n. “custom, habit”
sitsina adj. “habitual, customary, accustomed, usual, ordinary, common”
sitta- v. “I am used to, I do habitually”
situ- v. “to be accustomed”
síva adj. “*their; 3rd pl. fem. possessive emphatic”
sivilda ? “[unglossed]”
so- pref. “grouped, together”
soile adj. “cleansing”
soina adj. “clean”
soko- v. “to drink”
sokto- v. “to give to drink, drench”
sóla n. “tide”
soleste n. “collection”
solme n. “wave”
solor (solos-) n. “surf, surge, wavebreak, coast”
solosse n. “surf, surge” see solor
solto- v. “to wave, heave, surge (up and down)”
sóma n. “state, condition”
sonda n. “seat, chair”
soq- v. “to drink”
sóra¹ n. “seat”
sóra² adj. “long, trailing”
sóra³ n. “million; (vaguely) a very great number”
soraksa n. “shingle”
sorakta- v. “to pile, hoard, amass, collect” see rakta-²
sorakte n. “beach”
soresta n. “family”
sorin (sorind-) n. “throne”
sor(ne) (sorn-) n. “eagle”
sornion n. “eyrie”
soro- v. “to sit”
soron¹ n. “pinnacle, high peak, crag”
soron² n. “eagle”
sorta- v. “to sit down”
sorto- v. “to set, settle”
sovalle n. “washing, bathing”
sovallu- v. “to cleanse, purify”
sovalna- v. “to cleanse, purify”
sovalwa adj. “cleansing”
Sovalwaris (Solvalwarist-) n. “February”
sovasta n. “washing, bathing” see sovalle
sovea adj. “alike”
soveasse n. “resemblance; likelihood”
sovo- v. “wash”
-sse¹ suf. “at, in, by; inessive suffix”
*-sse² suf. “abstract noun”
*-sse³ suf. “feminine suffix”
*-sta suf. “verbal noun, infinitive, gerund”
*-sto suf. “fraction suffix”
n. “(noise of) wind”
sui n. “daughter”
suiva adj. “soughing, moaning”
súke n. “resinous tree, pine or fir”
suksa adj. “sweet”
suksina adj. “resinous”
sukte (suksi-) n. “resin, gum”
súle n. “column, pillar”
súlime n. “wind”
sulka adj. “sticky, viscous”
sulmin n. “base of a pillar, base of column”
sulp- v. “to lick, sup, lick up, sup up”
sulpa n. “soup”
sult (sulp-) n. “sip, taste”
sulta- v. “to support”
súma n. “nostril”
súne n. “(human) nose”
suni n. “bitch”
sunqa adj. “going-down, descending; abysmal, deep, profound”
sunqe n. “going-down, descent, down-fall; abyss, depth”
sunqelaina adj. “falling, fading, settig”
sunqelaine n. “sunset”
sunqele n. “sinking, falling, setting of heavenly bodies”
sunqelea adj. “westering, setting”
suq- v. “fall, fail, go down, die down”
sur- v. “to blow”
sura n.
súru n. “air-spirit; wind, gale”
surus (suruss-) n. see súru
susúlima adj. “full of wind, windy, airy”
sutl n. “sticky matter, slime, gum”
sutya adj. “sweet”
sutya- v. “sweeten, soothe”
súye n. “air, breezes, winds”
súyon n. “nephew, daughter’s son”
-t suf. “dual”
ta- pref. “*their; 3rd pl. neut. possessive”
tá¹ adj. and adv. “high; high above, high up”
ta¹ pron. “they; 3rd pl. neut. pronoun”
ta² prep. “on, above; by, beside; than”
tá² interj. “hush, be silent”
tahóra adj. “lofty”
taila n. “blade”
taime n. “sky”
taimie n. “sky” see taime
taina adj. see tína
taitelúme n. “firmament”
taka- v. “to fix, fasten”
tal- n. “to end”
tál n. “foot” see tala¹
tala- v. “to carry, bring; to weigh (intr.)”
tala¹ n. “foot, bottom”
tala² n. “sail”
talakúme n. “huge burden, pile”
talan (taland-) n. “burden”
talanda adj. “burdened, weighed down, sad”
tala(no)ite adj. “footed”
talante n. “scales”
talanya adj. “burdened, weighed down, sad” see talanda
talar (talard-) n. “beast of burden”
talarin adj. “[unglossed]”
talas (talast-) n. “sole”
talat n. “dry land”
talda adj. “covered”
talka¹ n. “smith”
talka² adj. “heavy”
talku- v. “to glaze”
talma¹ n. “weight, measure”
talma² n. “end”
talme n. “weight (abst.)”
talpa n. “support, prop, base, basis, pediment (column)”
talqe (talqi-) n. “glass”
talqea adj. “glassy”
talqina adj. “made of glass”
talta- v. “to lade, burden, load charge; to enjoin; to oppress, weigh down”
talta adj. “shaky, wobbling, tottering; sloping, slanting”
táma adj. “this”
tamarin n. “yew” see tamuril
tambe (tambi-) n. “copper, bronze”
tambin (tambind-) n. “cauldron”
tambina adj. “of copper”
tamilla n. “forge”
tamin n. “forge”
tamíne n. “today”
tampo n. “well”
tamuril n. “yew”
tanda¹ n. “hedge, fence, enclosure; border, rim”
tanda² adj. see sanda
tande adv. “thither”
táne adj.
tanga- v. “to beat”
tange¹ adv. “close to, by”
tange² (tangi-) adj. “close, near”
tanka¹ adj. “firm, fixed, steady, (stead)fast”
tanka² n. “fastening, rivet”
tanko adv. “firmly”
tanta n. “number”
tanta-¹ v. “to bounce, bound, rebound”
tanta-² v. “to dance (tr.), dandle, wave”
tanta(ra) adj. “bouncing, resilient”
tantare n. “dance”
tantila- v. “to hop”
tantilta- v. “[unglossed]”
tantl n. “shuttle”
tantya- v. “to set bouncing”
tan(y)a n. “fire”
tanya adj. “that”
tapa- v. “to taper, stretch out (intr.), extend thin”
tapatenda adj. “taper fingered, light fingered, long fingered”
tapatenda mavoisi n. “Spanish [chestnut]”
taqa- v. “to build, fashion, construct, make”
táqa n. “form, shape”
tar n. “hedge, fence”
tara- v. “to cross, go athwart, cross rivers”
tára adj. “lofty, high, tall”
tarambo n. “bang, buffet” see taran
taran (taramb-) n. “bang, buffet”
tarasse n. “hawthorn”
tári n. “queen, mistress, lady”
tárie n. “height”
tarka n. “root”
tarkele n. “great system of roots”
tarna n. “passage, ford, crossing”
*tarnon n. “door”
tarqa- v. “dry, preserve; pickle, etc.”
tarqin(a) adj. and n. “salted, dried; salt meat”
tartan (tartam-) n. “hammer” see artan
taru n. “horn”
tarukka adj. “horned”
tarukko n. “bull, ox”
tarunko n. “bull” see tarukko
tarwa¹ n. “garden, enclosure”
tarwa² adj.
tarwe n. “cross, crucifix”
tarwesta- v. “to crucify”
tas (taks-) n. “nail”
tasarin n. “willow”
tasinwa adj. “numbered”
tasta- v. “reckon”
taste n. “fringe”
táta n. “hat”
tatya- v. “to feel for, like tentacles (tr.)”
taule¹ n. “great tree”
taule² n. “pillar”
tauma n. “basis, foundation, ground floor”
tauno n. “(great) forest”
taure n. “forest”
táva adj. “*their; 3rd pl. neut. possessive emphatic”
tavar (tavarn-) n. “dale-sprite, fay of the woods; forest”
tavas (tavast-) n. “woodland”
tavasta n. “woodland” see tavas
tea¹ adj. “straight”
tea² n. “sky” see taime
teke- v. “to mark; to write on, write”
teket (tekett-) n. “letter”
teketta n. “letter” see teket
tekka n. “book”
tekse n. “attraction”
tekta- n. “to write”
tektamaqa n. “having a good ‘hand’”
tektar n. “writer”
tekte (teksi-) n. “book”
tektele n. “art of writing, script; writings, documents, papers, scriptures”
tel (teld-) n. “roof”
telar n. “brick, tile”
telda adj. “having a roof”
telella adj. “elfin”
telempe n. “silver” see telpe¹
telepta adj. “of silver”
telerea adj. “elfin”
teleste (telesti-) n. “(f.) little elf”
telesto (telestu-) n. “(m.) little elf”
telimbo n. “canopy; sky”
telin (telimb-) n. “roof, covering”
telintule (telintuli-) adj. “bearing a roof, roofed”
telko n.
telpe¹ (telpi-) n. “silver; money”
telpe² n. “butter”
telpea adj. “silvern”
telpia adj. “silvern” see telpea
telpilin n. “silver piece”
telpina adj. “of silver”
telpingwe n. “silverfish”
telqe n. “silver” see telpe¹
teltasse n. “awning”
telu- v. “to finish, end, close, complete; to cover, roof”
telu n. “end (fate), close”
telumbe n. “mushroom, (lit.) fairy-canopy”
telume n. “the heavens, (vault of) heaven, firmament”
telúme n. “finish, conclusion, (the great) end”
telúmea adj. “final, conclusive, end; last; extreme”
telusta adj. “outer, extreme, ultimate”
teluste (telusti-) n. “extremity”
telwa adj. “last, late”
telya adj. “attractive; importune”
telyanta- v. “to allure”
telyantalya n. “alluring”
telyantasse n. “allurement”
tempe n. “hate”
ten- v. “to hear”
-tenda suf. “having fingers”
tende (tendi-) n. “sense of touch, sense, sensation, feeling”
tendile n. “feeling, sentiment”
tendilea adj. “feeling; sentimental”
tendl n. “string”
tenge- v. “to know, understand, grasp, think”
tenge n. “finger” see tenna
tengenwa adj. “wise, knowing, understanding; sensible”
tengwe n. “knowledge, understanding; idea, notion, thought”
tengwele n. “sense”
tengwet(ta) n. “idea, notion”
tenka n. “pen”
tenna n. “finger”
tentima adj. “sensitive”
tentl n. “a feeler”
tenya- v. “feel, touch”
ter prep. “through”
ter- v. “*to pierce”
teren adj. “lisson, lithe”
terendl n. “lathe”
terenwa adj. “shapely, well tuned”
teret (terekt-) n. “augur, borer, gimlet”
tereva adj. “sharp, acute, piercing, shrill”
tessa n. “maid, maiden”
tessara adj. “maiden, maidenly”
tessare (tessari-) n. “little maid”
teste n. “small worm”
tet (tekt-) n. “spot, mark”
teta- v. “attract”
tetl n. “small flower”
tetse n. “bud”
tettele n. “burgeoning, efflorescence”
teve- v. “to hate, dislike”
tévie n. “hatred, dislike”
tevin adj. “hated”
tie- v. “to go”
tie n. “line, direction, route, road, path”
til (tiln-) n. “(single) hair”
tila n. “(single) hair” see til
tilde n. “point, tip, peak”
#tildi- v. “to cover”
tilinya adj. “downy, hairy”
tille n. “eyelash”
tilt- v. “to make slope, incline (tr.), decline, shake at foundations, make totter”
tilta adj. “slanting”
tiltin adj. “slanting”
tilu- v. “to shine (blue)”
tilwe n. “glimmer”
tilwin n. “shining light, bright light”
tilwindea adj. “shining” see †tilwínea
tilwínea adj. “shining”
timpa n. “spray, nozzle of hose”
timpe n. “fine rain”
timpina adj. “fine, powdered, sprayed”
timpine n. “spray”
timpínea adj. “made of spray, full of fine showers, showery (of weather)”
timpinen (timpinend-) n. “fluter”
tína adj. “straight”
tinda n. “spike”
tinde (tindi-) adj. “spiked, pointed, barbed”
tingwe n. see tengwe
tini- v. “to shine (as a star), gleam”
tint v. “(silver) spark”
tintele n. “sparkling, twinkling (as of frosty stars)”
tintya- v. “sparkle, etc.”
tinwe n. “star”
tiqi- v. “to melt, thaw”
tiqile n. “melting, thawing, thaw”
tiqilin (tiqilind-) n. “thaw, melting snow, slush”
tiqilindea n. “thawing, slushy”
tiri- v. “watch; keep, guard, preserve; look at, gaze at, observe”
tirin (tirind-) n. “(tall) tower, turret, minaret”
tirinwa adj. “vigilant”
tirion (tiriond-) n. “great tower”
tirios (tiriost-) n. “town with walls and towers, burg”
tirípti ?
tiris (tiriss-) n. “watch, vigil, ward”
tirisse n. “watch, vigil, ward” see tiris
tirne n. “steadfast regard, stare”
tirt (tirty-) n. “part, portion, share, section”
tirtina adj. “divided, shared, distributed”
tirty- v. “partion, divide, part, distribute”
titinwe n. “small star, a sparkle of dew”
titta adj. “tiny”
titte n. “breast, teat”
tiuka adj. “dense, solid”
tiure (tiuri-) adj. “compact”
tiusima n. “comforting, consoling, easing”
tiuta- v. “to strengthen; to corroborate, confirm; to comfort, console”
tiutale n. “strengthening, reinforcement; confirmation; comfort, consolation, easement”
-to suf. “reflexive suffix” see ‽-ko
toa n. “wool”
tókele n. “handling”
toko- v. “to feel with the hand, handle; to appraise, tax, assess, assay; to try, test, essay, endeavour”
tokot n. “cock”
tol (toll-) n. “island, isle”
tolda n. “hill (with a flat top), hill top; town on a hill”
tóle¹ n. “centre”
tóle² (tōli-) adj. “central, middle” see tólea
tólea adj. “central, middle”
toli n. “doll, puppet”
tolipin (tolipind-) n. “mannikin”
tolipinke n. “little doll”
tolkaiya num. ord. “eighteenth”
tolkea num. card. “eighteen”
tolla n. “hill top” see tolda
tolma n. “helm”
tolmen n. “boss (of shield), isolated round hill”
toloime n. “sling”
toloise adj. “rounded, cylindrical”
tolome n. “island”
tolos (toloss-) n. “knob, lumb”
tolot (tolokt-) n. “pebble, cobble-stone”
tolpo n. “bowl”
tolto num. card. “eight”
tol(to)kainen num. card. “eighty”
toltosto fraction. “one eighth”
toltost(y)a adj. “one eighth”
tolu- v. “to roll up, furl”
tolupe (tolupi-) adj. “roll, ball of wool”
tolya num. ord. “eighth”
tombo n. “gong”
tompa n. “small drum”
tompo- v. “to bang”
tompo-tompo n. “noise of drums (or guns)”
tong??a adj. “of iron”
tonga n. “great hammer”
tongar n. “smith”
tongo n. “iron”
tongwa adj. “like iron”
tontilla n. “cymbal”
tontl n. “cymbal, tambourine”
toqo- v. “yield, give, bear, bring forth”
tori- v. “to bake”
torina adj. “baked, done”
torma n. “oven”
torme n. “mountain (peak)”
toron ? “[unglossed]”
torqa adj. “blazing hot”
torqele n. “tropic heat”
torwa adj. “baked, dark brown”
-tsa suf. “diminutive”
-tta suf. see -nta
tu¹ pron. “they; 3rd pl. masc. pronoun”
tu² pron. “he”
tua- pref. “*their; 3rd pl. masc. possessive”
tuakka n. “battle axe”
tuile n. “spring, (lit.) a budding; buds, new shoots, fresh green”
tuilenda adj. “spring-like; fresh, sprouting, green”
Tuilére n. “Spring”
tuilindo n. “swallow, (lit.) spring-singer”
tuista n. “spray, twig, sprout, shoot”
tuita- v. “to bud, burgeon, grow”
tuksa num. card. “gross, 144; hundred”
tuksainen num. card. “thousand” see tuksa kainen
tuksainenya num. ord. “thousandth”
tuksa kainen num. card. “thousand”
tuksa lempea n. “hundred” see tuksa pínea
tuksallume adv. “*hundred times”
tuksanto fraction. “one hundredth”
tuksantya adj. “one hundredth”
tuksanya num. ord. “hundredth”
tuksa pínea n. “hundred”
tuktalla n. “*search”
tuku- v. “to go in search of, look for, fetch”
tulalka adj. “able to bring”
-tule (tuli-) suf. “bearing, etc.”
túlima adj. “(worth bringing) bringable, able to be brought”
tulinya adj. “(bringable) worth bringing”
tulka adj. “strong”
tulka- v. “to fix, stick in, set up, establish”
tulma n. “bier, tray”
tulpie n. “supporting, toleration”
tulpo n. “buttress, prop”
tulpu- v. “to uphold, support; to aid; to endure, tolerate; to bear (with); to prop”
tult (tulp-) n. “leg of chair, etc.”
tultárie adj. “?”
tulu- v. “to bring, carry, fetch; to move (intr.), come; to produce, bear fruit”
tulunka adj. “steady, firm”
tulwe n. “tall thin pillar, standard, pole; banner”
tulya- v. “to send, bring”
tum- v. “to dive”
túma adj. “moving”
tumbe n. “trumpet, (large) horn”
tumbo n. “dale, valley”
tumna adj. “deep, profound, dark or hidden”
tump-¹ v. “to build; to beat”
tump-² v. “to cover” see tupu-
tumpo n. “shed, barn”
tunda n. “hole”
tunda- v. “to kindle”
tundo n. “firewood, fuel”
tunga adj. “thick, dense”
tunke (tunki-) adj. “bright, witty, smart”
tunq- v. “to hear”
tunqa adj. “able to hear”
tunqele n. “hearing”
tunta- v. “see, notice, perceive”
tunto n. “notice, regard, perception; quickness of perception, wit”
túpele n. “roofing, tiles, roof”
tupin adj. “roofed, having a lid, having hat on”
túpo n. “roof, cover, lid”
tupse n. “lump, knob”
tupu- v. “to roof, cover, put a lid on, put hat on”
tur (tûr-) n. “king”
túrani n. “queen”
turanion n. “prince” see turillo
túranu n. “king”
turanwen n. “princess” see turwen
túre n. “might, strength, power”
túrea adj. “mighty”
turille n. “princess” see turwen
turillo n. “prince”
túrin n. “kingdom”
turinda adj. “royal, of the ruling dynasty; in power”
turindo n. “palace”
turinoite adj. “royal, of the ruling dynasty; in power” see turinda
turinqi n. “queen”
turinqia adj. “royal, Queenly”
turinwa adj. “kingly, royal”
turinya- v. “rule over, reign over”
túrion¹ (tūriond-) n. “palace” see turindo
túrion² n. “prince” see turillo
turka adj. “strong” see tulka
turqima adj. “haughty”
turqin (turqim-) n. “queen”
turu n. “wood (as material), (originally) firewood”
turu-¹ v. “can, to be able”
turu-² v. “to kindle” see tunda-
turuksa adj. “wooden” see turúva
turúva adj. “wooden”
turuvoite adj. “rich in timber”
turwa adj. “powerful”
turwen n. “princess”
turya- v. “to catch fire”
tustima adj. “inflammable”
tusture n. “tinder, chips, firewood”
tusturin (tusturind-) n. “match”
túto pron. “they (emphatic); 3rd sg. masc. pronoun”
túva adj. “*their; 3rd pl. masc. possessive emphatic”
túvima adj. “acceptable”
tuvu- v. “to receive, accept, take, require, cost”
tyá adv. “now”
tya- pref. “*your; 2nd sg. possessive”
-tya¹ suf. “comparative”
-tya² adj. “causative”
tyak- v. “to stick”
tyakta- v. “hew”
tyalie n. “play, game”
tyalien (tyaliend-) n. “sport, play; jest, mockery”
tyalu- v. “to play”
tyanta ?
tyasa- v. “to test, try, pick, choose”
tyasta- v. “to put to the test”
tyastava- v. “to taste (at)”
tyausta n. “savour, flavour”
tyava- v. “to taste; (impersonal) to taste of, reminds one of”
tyavasta n. “sense of taste”
tyé n. “tea”
tye¹ pron. “that by you”
tye² pron. “you”
tyen adv. “then”
tyenda adj. “that (of yours)”
tyent(y)e n. “that (of yours)”
tyetl n. “babe, a tiny baby”
tyetse n. “teat”
tyos (tyoss-) n. “cough”
tyosto- v. “to cough”
tyú n. “thigh”
tyúka¹ adj. “thick”
tyúka² n. “cud”
tyukta- v. “to chew” see tyuku-
tyuku- v. “to chew”
tyulin adj. “tall”
tyulma n. “mast”
tyulme n. “mast” see tyulma
tyulta- v. “to rear up, stick up”
tyulusse n. “poplar”
tyúma n. “lump, mass”
tyurda adj. “curdled”
tyúre (tyúri-) adj. “stout, dense, compact”
tyur(me) (tyurd-) n. “cheese”
tyuru- v. “to ‘turn’ milk, curdle (blood etc.)”
tyus (tyuks-) n. “cud”
tyusse n. “sand”
tyustyukta- v. “to chew the cud; to reflect, reminisce”
tyúta n. “thigh” see tyú
tyúte (tyúsi-) n. “thumb”
-u suf. “adverb suffix”
ú prep. “beneath”
ú- pref. “un-”
ua n.
ue n. “fleece”
ui adj. “both”
uilosse n. “foam”
uiven num. card. “twenty”
ukárele n.
ukku n. “rainbow”
ul- pref. “negative prefix; mis-”
ulban (ulband-) n. “monster, giant”
ulbanima adj. “monstrous”
úle n. “butter”
ulird(e)a adj.
ulka adj. “evil; bad, wicked, wrong”
ulkarma adj. “misdeed”
ulku n. “wolf”
ulma n. “flagon”
ulme n. “a kind of wine”
ulmula adj. “mumbling”
ulqa adj. “evil” see ulka
ulqi n. “she-wolf”
ulqu- v. “*to rend”
ulto- v. “pour (tr.)”
ulu- v. “pour, gush (intr.)”
ulumpe n. “camel” see ulun
ulumpingwe n. “caterpillar”
ulun (ulunt-) n. “camel”
uluntilla n. “camel’s hair”
uluswe n. “alder tree” see ulwe
ulwe n. “alder tree”
ulwea adj. “alder-grown”
ulwenoite adj. “alderlike”
ulwe nornelassea n. “oakleaved alder”
ulwesse n. “alder-thicket”
-(u)ma suf. “a; some, certain”
úmavaisor n. “*throne of hate”
umbe n. “dale, dell”
-úme suf. “augmentative”
úmea adj. “large”
umna num. card. “eight”
umpai ?
umu- v. “to be not, do not”
ungwe n. “spider”
unk(o) (unq-) n. “ear (of animals); corner, sticking out edge”
unqie n. “hearing”
unqilla(r) n. “handle of jar; pothook”
unqu-¹ v. “hook into, catch (fish), catch in, etc.”
unqu-² v. “to hear”
upaitya- v.
úqa adj. “wet”
úqil n. “rain”
uqis (uqist-) n. “rain” see úqil
#uqu- v. “to rain”
-uran(do) suf. “town”
urdu n. “death”
úrin adj. “(blazing) hot”
urna n. “oven”
úro n. “boar”
uru n. “fire”
urupurnie n. “conflagration”
urúva adj. “like fire”
uruvoite adj. “fiery, having fire”
urwa adj. “on fire, afire”
urya- v. “to burn (intr.)”
úsiéra adj.
usqe n. “fog”
usta- v. “to burn (tr.)”
usu- v. “to escape, get out”
usult ?
uswe n. “escape, issue, outlet”
úva adj. “the under”
úvanimo n. “monster”
úya- v. “is not”
va- pref. “together”
-va suf. “adjectival”
va prep. “from; with”
adj. “gone forth, away”
vaile n. “covering”
vaima n. “wrap, robe”
vaimata- v. “robe”
vaina adj. “clad”
vaine n. “sheath, pod”
vainole n. “quiver”
vaita- v. “to wrap”
vaite adj. “skied”
vaiya n. “sky, skies”
vakko n. “jacket, coat”
vakse n. “sale”
vaktele n. “trade”
vaktelear n. “merchant”
#val (vald-) n. “good fortune, blessedness, happiness”
Vala n. “God”
valda adj. “worth, worthy, dear”
valdea adj. “of moment, important”
valin adj. “happy”
Valis n. “female god”
valka adj. “cruel, bitter”
valkane¹ n. “torture”
valkane² adj. “vague”
valke (valki-) n. “edge, sharp blade”
valkea adj. “cutting, sharp”
valle ?
valma adj. “powerful”
valmandui n. “heaven and hell”
Valon n. “male god”
valto n. “the luck of the Valar”
#van (vand-) n. “way, path”
vana- v. “to pass, depart, vanish, go away”
vande¹ n. “away, hence, forth”
vande² adv. “well”
vandl n. “staff”
vane adj. “fair, lovely”
vanēni n. “beauty”
vanesse n. “beauty”
vanestea adj. “beautious”
vanima adj. “proper, right, as it should be, fair”
vanko n. “wares”
vanta adj. “?beautiful”
vanwa adj. “gone, on the road, past, over, lost”
vanya adj. “good (not evil), holy”
vaqa- v. “vanquish”
vaqasta n. “a victory”
vaqie n. “victory”
var conj. “or”
vára adj. “other”
vard- v. “rule, govern”
vardar n. “king”
vardo n. “prince”
varimo n. “foreigner”
varitsi n. “foreigner (fem.)”
varivoite adj. “foreign”
varka n. “fear, dread”
#varka- v. “to bode (impersonal); to dread, fear”
varkima adj. “dreadful”
varne¹ n. “strangeness, estrangement”
varne² adj.
varni n. “queen”
váro adv. “*rather”
varqa adj. “in fear, afraid”
varta n. “change”
vartyane n. “service”
vartyo n. “servant, slave” see virt
varúse adv. “*in other manner [than]”
varya adj. “different”
varyani n. “foreigner (fem.)”
varyanu n. “foreigner”
vasa n. “juice”
#vasa- v. “to rush (of both noise and speed)”
vaska adj. “making a plash or rush”
vaskelu n. “fountain”
vassale n. “rustling”
vasse (vassi-) n. “wing”
vassivaswe n. “beating or rushing of wings”
vasta n. “road”
vasta- v.
#vat n. “wares”
ve prep. “as, like”
vea¹ adj. “similar, like”
vea² n. “sea”
veakirya n. “sea-ship”
vealta- v. “to resemble”
veasta n. “resemblance, comparison”
véla v. “see”
velike adj. “great, large”
velikse adv. “greatly”
velitya- v. “magnify”
velka n. “flame”
velte n. “beard”
velu- v. “unfurl”
velunte n. “sail”
velupantie n. “revelation”
vene n. “small boat, vessel, dish”
venie n. “shape, cut”
veniel n. “mariner”
venta n. “chin”
venta- n. “cut, shape”
venya adj. “womanl[y]”
veri n. “wife”
verin adj. “married”
veringwi n. “husband and wife, married pair”
veru n. “husband”
veruner n. “husband”
veruni n. “wife”
vesta- v. “to wed, marry, join others in marriage; (refl.) to get married”
vesta n. “state of marriage”
vestale n. “wedding”
vestaner n. “?groom”
vestani n. “?bride”
vestanoina adj. “related by marriage”
vestin n. “wife”
via adj. “male”
vie n. “teors, *penis”
vihta n. “*folk”
vika adj. “valiant”
víkana- v. “compare”
-víke suf. “as”
víke adv. “like”
víkele n. “resemblance, comparison”
viksa adj. “sticky”
vikte n. “gum”
vil(de) n. “matter, business, affair, thing”
#vildi- v. “to matter; to be of significance, worth, moment”
vildima adj. “essential, imperative”
víle n. “gentle breeze”
vilina adj. “airy, breezy, light”
vilisse n. “spirit”
vilki- v.
vilkin adj. “bitter, evil”
-vilte (-vilti-) suf. “-less”
vílyava adj. “airy”
vingwe ?
vírin n.
virt (virty-) n. “servant, slave”
virti- v.
víse n. “blood”
vite n. “sap, juice”
vitevíse n. “*resin, gum, (lit.) sap-blood”
voine n. “desire, wish”
*-voite (-voisi-) suf. “adjective suffix”
vondo n. “son”
vóre n. “fur”
vorima adj. “everlasting”
vórina adj. “of fur”
vorinqile n. “monotony”
vóriva adj. “like fur”
vorne n. “an aeon”
vor(o) adv. “ever, always”
vorokantele n. “harping, vain or monotonous repetition”
voronda adj. “faithful”
voruva adv. “age long”
*-wa suf. “adjective suffix” see -va
n. “wind”
waliemba adj. “tropical”
wal(i)na adj. “brown”
wanwa n. “great gale”
wanwavoite adj. “windy”
#wara- v. “to rub”
warda adj. “dead”
warda- v. “to rule”
wasta- v. “to dwell”
wasto n. “village”
-we suf. “a, an”
welba adj. “boiling, bubbling”
welbe n. “bubble”
wele- v. “it boils, bubbles”
welel n. “boil, tumor”
welme n. “spring” see welwe
welwe n. “spring”
wembe n. “worm”
wembil n. “worm”
-wen suf.
wenda n. “brook”
wendele n. “maidenhood”
wen(di) n. “maid, girl, maiden”
wenga adj. “*male”
wente n. “brook, small river”
werelin n. “whirligig”
werelinda adj. “twirling, pirouetting”
werevenda n. “winding rill”
werina adj. “round”
wie n.
wilda adj. “winged”
wili- v. “to sail, fly, float”
wilin n. “bird”
wilindea adj. “as a bird”
wilwarin n. “butterfly”
wilwarinda adj. “butterflylike”
wimpele n. “a twinkling”
winda n. “woof”
windea adj. “fishlike”
windele n. “loom”
winge¹ (wingi-) n. “(blowing) foam, spindrift, froth, scud, spray”
winge² n. “wave”
wingil (wingild-) n. “(sea) nymph; (lit.) foam-maiden”
winka n. “corner, nook”
-(w)inte suf. “diminutive”
’wintele n.
wintil n. “a glint”
winwe n. “a sparkling, flash”
winwinoite adj. “glittering”
winya- v. “to flash, glint”
wiste n. “weft”
wóre adj. “sweet (to taste only)”
ya pron. “relative pronoun”
*-ya suf. “adjective suffix”
yaima n. “implement”
yaime v.
yaisa n. “steel” see yakse
yak(k)o n. “ox”
yakse n. “steel”
yaksi n. “cow”
yaksina adj. “of steel”
yalka n. “ice”
yalle n. “a hollow ring”
yalta n. “yoke”
yama- v. “to shout, call”
yáma n. “shout; call; name”
yambo n. “cheer, shout of triumph”
yáme adj. “yawning”
yan conj. “when”
ya(n) conj. “and”
yanda adj. “dark, gloomy”
-(y)ando adj. “augmentative”
yando adv. “also”
yanta- v. “to add to, enlarge, increase, augment”
yanta¹ adj. “large”
yanta² adj. “joined”
yantya- v. “to add to, augment” see yanta-
yanwa n. “goose”
yara n. “a gloom, blight, lowering darkness”
yarendila adj. “like a sailor”
yarendilyon n. “sailor”
yarta n. “yoke”
yat n. “neck; isthmus” see yatta
yatta n. “neck; isthmus”
yaule n. “cat”
yausta n. “crop”
yáva n. “fruits, produce”
yava-¹ v. “to bear fruit”
yava-² v. “to hold”
yávan n. “harvest, autumn”
yel n. “cold, the cold”
yelin n. “winter”
yelma n. “(a bout of) frost; a cold; chill”
yelwa adj. “cold”
yéma n. “face”
yenda adj. “yesterday’s”
yendiéra n. “day before yesterday, (lit.) yesterday’s yesterday”
yenye(n) n. “yesterday”
yeraina adj. “of iron”
yere n. “pig iron”
yerenwa adj. “like iron”
yesta v. “glance, gaze”
yéta- v. “look at”
n. “son”
yolme n. “stench”
yolo- v. “stink”
yondo n. “son, male descendant, (great) grandson”
yu ?
adv. “twice”
yú- pref. “ago”
yukainallume adv. “*twenty times”
yukainellume adv. “*twenty times”
yukainen num. card. “twenty”
yukainento fraction. “one twentieth”
yukainen tuksa num. card. “one hundred twenty”
yukainentya adj. “one twentieth”
yukainenya num. ord. “twentieth”
yullume adv. “twice; *two times”
yulu- v. “carry”
yundóra num. card. “two million”
yundóre num. card. “billion”
yunga n. “twin”
yunqe num. card. “twelve”
yunqekainen num. card. “one hundred twenty”
yunqenya num. ord. “twelfth”
yunqetto fraction. “one twelfth”
yuro n. “a run, race”
yuru- v. “to run”
yúye adv. “long ago”
yúyo num. card. “two”
yúyo húmi num. card. “two thousand”
yúyo tuksa num. card. “two hundred”
yúyo yukainen num. card. “twenty two”