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Early Quenya Words


-a suf. “adjectival suffix”
a pron. “it”
â n. “mind, inner thought”
ai interj. “o!, ha!”
aika adj. “broad, vast”
aiko n. “cliff”
aikor n. “pine-tree”
aikuvoite adj. “cliffy, rocky”
ailin n. “lake, pool, ?shore”
ailinon n. “water lily”
ailo n. “lake, pool”
aimaksin n. “martyr (f.)”
aimaktu n. “martyr (m.)”
aimo n. “saint (m.)”
aina adj. “holy, revered, worshipful”
Aini n. “a (pagan) Goddess”
Ainu n. “a (pagan) God”
aipio n. “cherry”
aiqa adj. “steep”
aiqaire n. “fir or pine”
aiqale n. “a steep, steepness”
aiqasse n. “precipice”
aire¹ n. “saint (f.)”
aire² adj. “old”
ais n. “good name”
aista n. “honour, reverence”
aistale n. “worship”
aistalea adj. “worshipful”
aiwe n. “bird”
(a)kainusta n. “wedding, marriage”
akaire n. “‘living beside’, wedded life”
akairis n. “bride, wife”
akairisambe n. “bride chamber, thalamus”
aki adj. “extreme, vehement, excessive”
akka adv. “too”
aksa n. “waterfall”
akta n. “notion”
al- pref. “form of the negative particle”
ala interj prep. “behold, look; beyond”
alalme n. “elm (tree)”
alanda adj. “wide”
alantya adj. “*shielded, protected”
alas n. “marble”
alasta adj. “of marble, marble”
alaswa/alakse/alaska adj. “like marble”
alatya- v. “to shield, ward off, protect”
alayambo interj. “hurrah!”
alda n. “tree”
aldamo n. “back, shoulders”
aldare n. “wood”
aldea adj. “tree-shadowed”
aldeon n. “avenue of trees”
alka n. “ray”
-alka suf. “able to”
alkana- v. “blaze”
alkar¹ n. “glory”
alkar² n. “shield”
alkara adj. “brilliant”
alkar(in) n. “temple, shrine”
allu- n. “wash”
allume n. “washing”
alluva adj. “clean”
alma n. “face”
alqa n. “swan”
alu n. “dressed leather”
alva adj. see *alwa
*alwa adj.
áma n. “mind, heart, thought”
ama n. “mother”
(a)malda adj. “tender”
amalda adj. “soft, kind, gentle, tender”
(a)mapta- v. “ravish”
amba adv. “up”
ambapenda adj.
ambar¹ (ambart-) n. “fate, lot”
ambar² (ambas-) n. “breast, bosom”
ambarin n. “lark”
ambarta adj.
ambasse n. “breast-plate, hauberk, byrne, cuirass”
ambo n. “hill”
ambos n.
Amillion n. “February”
amis n. “mother”
am(u)- pref. “up(wards)”
amu adv. “up(wards)”
amu- v. “raise”
amun (amund-) n. “hill”
amunta adj. “up, risen”
amunte n. “sun-rise”
an n. “gift”
#an- pref. “re-”
an(a) prep. “to(wards), until”
ana- pref.
ána n. “crown of head, top”
anai/anî n. “woman”
anaina adj. “womanly”
anar n. “giver”
anarie n. “liberality”
(ana)tarwesta n. “crucifix(ion)”
anatarwesta n. “crucifixion”
anaukante ?
anda·ráma adj. “long-arm(ed)”
ande adj. “long”
andesilqe adj. “long-haired, long-tressed”
ando(n) (andond-) n. “door, gate”
and(r)a adj. see ande
anga n. “iron”
angaina adj. “of iron”
angaisin(i)e n. “torment”
angaitya- v. “torment”
angayanda adj. “miserable”
angayasse n. “misery”
ank n. “loop, handle, ring”
ankar n. “ear (of men)”
ankasse adj. “(lit) up-headed, high-headed”
ankassea adj. “lofty, tall”
anqin n. “bunch”
anta n. “cheek; jaw(s)”
anta- v. “to give”
anto n. “jaw(s)”
#antulu- v. “return”
anu n. “a male, man”
anúre n. “manliness, masculinity”
anusta n. “monastery”
anustar/anuon n. “monk”
anūva adj. “doughty”
anūvie n. “manhood, doughtyness”
anuvoite adj. “male, masculine”
anwa adj. “high up, place high”
apaira adj. “conquering”
apaire n. “victory, conquest, reduction”
apaitya- v. “conquer”
apanta- v. “open, reveal, show, display”
apantie n. “display”
apsa n. “hole, opening”
apta- v. “to open”
apte adj. “open”
#aqa- v. “to seize”
aqi adj. “a brace, a couple of, both”
ar¹ n. “child”
ar² n. “bone”
ar³ n. “to, against, next, on (wall)”
ar(a) conj. “but”
ára n. “dry sand, grit”
arak n. “shingle, piles of stones”
arakte n. “(stony) beach”
(a)rauka adj. “swift, rushing”
(a)rauke n. “demon”
arda n. “place, spot”
are adv. “beside, along”
arean n. “wilderness, deserted place”
ari- pref. “intensive”
arin n. “hearth”
arinya adj. “fireside”
aris n. “daughter, maid”
arm- v. “gather, collect”
arma n. “flock of sheep”
arqa adj. “arid, parched, dry”
arqilis n. “desert”
arta prep. “across, athwart”
artan (artam-) n. “hammer”
arwa n. “field”
aryúlima adj.
asampea adj. “cavernous”
assea adj. “bony”
astuvu- v. “begin”
aswa adj. “of bone”
atar n. “father”
atempa n. “(strong) dislike”
att- pref. “bi-, twi-”
atta pron. “they (emphatic); 3rd sg. neut. pronoun”
atta¹ n. “father (child’s word)”
attala- v.
attalaite adj. “biped”
attalin n. “biped”
attu n. “father”
atwen num. card. “20”
au prep. “away from”
auk n. “a fool, clumsy fellow”
aukaine ?
aule adj. “shaggy”
auqa adj. “awkward, clumsy (of things), difficult”
aure n. “sunlight, sunshine, gold light, warmth”
aurea adj. “sunny, sunlit”
aurin adj. “warm”
aurinde n. “summer, pleasant warmth”
aurinke adj. “sunny”
auro n. “sun”
aurqilea adj. “golden, sunlit”
ausi- pref. “well”
ausie n. “wealth”
austa n. “(high) summer”
austalende n. “mid-summer’s day”
aute¹ n. “goods, property, wealth, money”
aute² adj. “rich”
#ava- v. “to depart”
avalta- v. “strip, despoil, denude”
avande interj. “get hence!”
avanwa adj. “going, passing, nearly gone”
avarna adj.very rich
avealta v. “resemble closely”
avesta¹ n. “opening, beginning, overture”
avesta² n. “summer”
Avestalis n. “January”
avīka adj. “very much alike”
áye interj. “hail”
die n. “yesterday”
dienda n. “day before yesterday, (lit.) yesterday’s yesterday”
diéra n. “yesterday’s; (mostly in sense) bygone, over, passed”
e-¹ pref. “that by you”
e-² v. “to be”
ea interj. “a cry of pain or woe”
eant ?
ea(r) n. “(young) eagle”
earen (earend-) n. “eyrie, eagle”
ehtar n. “sword”
ehtil n. “spring, fount, source”
ekke n. “thorn”
ekkia adj. “thorny”
eksiqilta n. “swordbelt”
ektala n. “tomorrow morning”
ektar¹ n. “swordsman”
ektar² n. “hawthorn, thorn”
ekte n. “sword (point)”
ektele n. “fountain”
Elda n. “Elf; beach-fay”
Eldalie n. “People of the Elves”
eldanyanda n. “*fairy tale”
Eldaqet n.
eldaqet n. “language of the Eldar”
eldaqetse adj. “in the language of the Eldar”
Eldarissa n. “Language of the Eldar”
eldarisse adj. “in the language of the Eldar”
eldasilqe n. “maidenhair fern, (lit.) elf tress”
#ele- v. “to drive”
elk n. “spear”
ellume adv. “*one times”
elmenda n.
elta n. “a thrust”
elte- v. “to thrust in”
elwen n. “heart”
en n. “that by you”
en- v. “be called”
ena pron. “that by you”
ende num. card. “six”
endl n. “plain, vale”
ene interj. “look (at what you have)!”
enekkainen num. card. “sixty”
en(ek)kea num. card. “sixteen”
enekto fraction. “one sixth”
enektya adj. “one sixth”
enetya num. ord. “*sixth”
enga n. “mead”
enget n. “a hap”
engetor n. “fate, hap, luck”
enna/enda adj. “by name, named, called”
enqe¹ prep. “without”
enqe² n. “plane, level”
enqellume adv. “*six times”
enqendóra num. card. “*six million”
enqetto fraction. “one sixth”
enqetya adj. “one sixth”
ent n. “notion, plan, idea”
ento adv. “next”
Enu n. “God Almighty, Almighty Creator”
enwa n. “tomorrow”
enwe n. “name”
enya n. “device, method, trick; machine, engine”
enyarin n. “device, escutcheon, blazon”
enye- v. “to think out, plan, devise”
er- v. “to remain”
er¹ adj. “one; a single”
er² conj. “only, but, still”
erda adj. “solitary, deserted”
ere- pref. “out”
erefainu n. “release”
ere(n) n. “iron, steel”
eresse (eressi-) adv. “alone, by oneself, singly, only; once”
eressea adj. “lonely”
eru¹ adv. “outward”
eru² adv. “once”
erumaili adj. “one handed”
erúmea adj. “outer, outermost”
erus(ta) adj. “outside”
es- pref. “*out”
eska n. “spear, spike”
est adj. “outwards”
etl n. “ivy”
etta n. “cousin”
ettamíne n. “today”
ettani n. “female cousin”
ettanu n. “male cousin”
ettarendi/ettaresta n. “cousinship”
ettele n. “a family, a kindred”
ettui n. “tomorrow night”
etya adj. “other”
eule n. “lamb”
eulitse n. “*little lamb”
evandl n. “Christian missionary”
evandlilyon n. “gospel”
faika¹ adj. “free”
faika² adj. “bad, poor, wretched”
faikar n. “destroyer, slayer; bane”
faino n. “freeman”
fainu- v. “release”
faire adj. “free”
fairie n. “freedom”
falasse n. “shore, beach, surf”
falasta- v. “to surge”
fal(a)toisi n.
faldi adj. “free, open, wide”
falin adj. “bare, nude, fallow, wild (of land)”
falka adj. “naked, bare”
falkasse(a) adj. “bald”
falma n. “foam”
falmar n. “wave as it breaks”
falmarin n. “sea-fay (masc.)”
falqa n. “(mountain) pass, ravine, cliff, cleft”
falqan n. “large sword”
famba n. “belly, fat body”
fambo n. “fat man”
fan n. “dog”
fandelúva adj. “monstrous”
fandelúvie n. “monstrosity, immoderation, violence, barbarity, grossness”
fandelwa adj. “monstrous”
fando n. “portent, omen”
fandor n. “monster”
fanga n. “beard”
fanóre n. “a day-dream”
fanōrea/fanōriva adj. “absent-minded”
fansa n. “a swoon”
fanta- v. “fall asleep, go dazed, swoon”
fantl n. “vision, dream, hazy notion, imaginary idea”
fanwe n. “dream”
fara n. “fur, fell”
fas (fats-) n. “tassel”
fáse n.
faskalan n. “bath”
fatsale n. “(tasseled) fringe”
fatsevoite adj. “tasseled”
fauka adj. “fat, large”
fausta- v. “to get smell of”
fausta n. “*smell”
faustima adj. “*smelly”
fauta- v. “to snow”
fáwe n. “snow”
n. “last hour, last breath, (act of) death”
felda adj. “worse”
felpa n. “seaweed”
felu n. “bad magic”
felusi n. “witch”
fen (feng-) n. “reed”
feng- v. “to cut”
fenqa adj. “keen, cutting”
fent n. “serpent, dragon”
fenume n. “dragon”
filma n. “fine hair, line”
filqe n. “fern”
filume adj. “gossamer”
filwa/filima adj. “fine, thin”
findl n. “lock of hair, tress”
fine n. “larch”
fingil n. “narrows, straits, gulf”
fingwa adj. “narrow”
finie/finde adj. “cunning”
fint n. “a trick, notion”
finwa adj. “acute, sagacious”
fion n. “son”
firin n. “ray of sun”
firinga n. “carcanet, necklace”
foa n. “hoard, treasure”
foalóke n.
foina adj. “hidden, secret”
fóle n. “stealth, a secret, secrecy”
fólima adj. “secretive”
fum- v. “sleep”
fúme n. “sleep”
fumella n. “poppy”
furin/hurin adj. “hidden, concealed”
furu n. “lie”
ha pron. “it; 3rd sg. neut. pronoun”
ha- pref. “*its; 3rd sg. neut. possessive”
haka- v. “to squat”
hakka n. “the hams, buttocks”
halda adj. “wide, broad”
halis n. “rush”
halkin adj. “frozen”
*halme n. “drawing”
haloisi n. “the sea (in storm)”
haloite adj. “leaping”
halta- v. “to leap”
hamba adj. “on the ground”
han n. “the ground, earth”
hant adv. “down, to the ground”
hanta n.
har- v. “to remain”
hara(nda) n. “flesh-meat”
haranwa adj. “fleshly, carnal”
har(e) prep. “near”
haru n. “grandfather”
haruni n. “grandmother”
hata- v. “to hurl, fling”
hatse n. “headlong movement”
hatsea adj. “rushing, rapid”
haura adj. “old, aged, ancient”
(h)áva adj. “*its; 3rd sg. neut. possessive emphatic”
hea pron. “it (emphatic); 3rd sg. neut. pronoun”
helilokte n. “wisteria, (lit) purple cluster”
helin n. “pansy”
helinille n. “violet”
helinillea ?
helinqila adj. “mauve”
helinwa adj. “of pansies”
helka adj. “ice-cold”
helke n. “ice”
hempa n. “cord”
hen (hend-) n. “eye”
heno n. “venom, poison”
henuva adj. “venomous, poisonous”
hepe- v. “bind”
hére n. “lordship”
herendo n. “brother”
heresse n. “sister”
heri n. “lady”
heritse n. “lord (vocative)”
herivesti n. “wife”
heru- v. “to rule”
heru n. “lord”
heruni n. “lady”
heruvesto n. “husband, (lit.) lord husband”
hes n. “brother, sister”
Hesin n. “winter”
hessa adj. “dead, withered”
hesta n. “the nearest consanguinity”
hesta- v. “wither”
hestaner n. “brother”
hestani n. “sister”
hestanoina adj. “bearing the nearest consanguinity”
hetl n. “bond”
hi pron. “she; 3rd sg. fem. pronoun”
hie pron. “she (emphatic); 3rd sg. fem. pronoun”
hil(de) n. “child”
hilk- v. “to freeze”
hilmi n. “family, offspring”
hilu n. “son”
hir n.
híse¹ n. “dusk”
híse² adj. “blinking”
hista- v. “to fade”
histe n. “dusk” see híse¹
histe- v. “to hiss”
hiswa adj. “dim, fading”
(h)íva adj. “*her; 3rd sg. fem. possessive emphatic”
n. “owl”
holále n. “babble, chatter, conversation”
holle n. “shout”
holto- v. “call out”
hón(a) n. “bone”
hon(do) n. “heart”
hont n. “sneeze”
hontosse n. “a loud sneeze”
hóre n. “pine, stone pine”
horinel n. “pine-needle”
horma n. “horde, host”
hos n. “folk, people, tribe”
hosse n. “army, band, troop”
hosta- v.
hostalka adj. “able to gather”
hostar n. “tribe”
hot- v.
hototyosse v. “a cough and a sneeze”
hu pron. “he; 3rd sg. masc. pronoun”
hualqe num. card. “eighteen”
hualtya num. ord. “*eighteenth”
huan n.dog
hue num. card. “nine”
huekainen num. card. “ninety”
huetto fraction. “one ninth”
huetya adj. “one ninth”
hui n. “dark, murk, fog, night, evening”
huiva adj. “murky”
húkea num. card. “nineteen”
hulin adj. “naked”
hulqa adj. “naked”
húme num. card. “thousand; †great number”
humetya num. ord. “*thousandth”
hunda adj. “low, lowly”
hunto n. “elephant”
húro n. “storm”
húta- v. “whoop”
hútatyosta n. “whooping cough”
(h)úva adj. “*his; 3rd sg. masc. possessive emphatic”
húya num. ord. “*ninth”
húyo pron. “he (emphatic); 3rd sg. masc. pronoun”
hwa- pref. “*his; 3rd sg. masc. possessive”
hyá adv. “here by us”
hya- pref. “*her; 3rd sg. fem. possessive”
hya¹ pron. “this by us”
hya² prep. “by”
hyanda- v. “mow, cleave”
hyanda n. “blade, share”
hyapa n. “shoe”
hyar n. “plough”
hyúne adj. “deep blue”
-i suf.
i article. “the”
-ika suf. “partitive”
ike adj. “this”
iki interj. “look! (what I have)”
-il suf.
il- pref. “negative prefix”
ilaika/illaika adj. “blunt”
ile n. “honey”
íle n. “star”
ilimba adj. “milky”
ilin n. “milk”
ilk- v. “to seem”
ilkála n.*nighttime, darkness
ilkarna adj. “unfinished”
ilke n. “appearance”
ille n. “throng, crowd”
illia adj. “in multitudes”
il(l)oite adj. “withered, dead”
ilma n. “oil”
-ilqa suf.
ilqa n. “oily”
ilsa n. “(the mystic name of) silver”
ilt n. “a dig or stab”
ilt- v.
iltanka adj. “unsteady”
ilu n. “ether”
iluin(do) n. “dwelling beyond the stars for the blessed”
ilumar n.
iluqinga n. “rainbow”
ilwe n. “sky, heavens”
ilweran(ta) n. “bridge of heaven, rainbow”
-ima suf. “-able, possible”
imbe n. “hive”
imbile n. “swarm, flock”
imbilink n. “sparrow”
imi adv. “in, inside”
iminqa/inqavíka adj. “exactly alike, identical”
indo n. “house”
indoite adj. “indoors, at home, homely, domestic”
indolis n. “domicile”
indor n. “master of house”
indositsina adj. “domestic(ated)”
-íne suf. “diminutive”
íne adv. “to-day”
-inen suf. “of, out of”
ingwe n. “fish”
ingwilin n. “eel”
inqa adj. “same”
inqile n. “sameness”
int adv. “inwards”
inta- v.
inwilitse n. “little fairy”
-inya suf. “worthy to be -”
inya adj. “tiny”
inẏe- v. “imitate, make like”
-ion suf. “-son”
iq- v.
iqis n. “requirement”
iqista n. “a request”
iqisya-/iqista- v. “to ask for, request”
ir n.
irin n. “town”
irmin n. “the inhabited world”
irt n. “a peck, pinprick”
irt- v. “to peck, prick”
irya n.
is (ist-) n. “light snow”
iska adj. “pale white”
iskane n. “pallor”
isqale n. “cleverness”
isqalea adj. “clever”
isse n. “knowledge, lore”
ista- v. “know”
iswa/isqa adj. “wise”
itis n. “a fly bite”
itisin adj. “itching”
itisya- v. “to itch, irritate”
itse n. “a small fly”
n. “jaw”
ka- pref. “cause”
n. “deed, act, fact”
kai num. card. “ten”
kaikta- v. “strangle”
kailen n. “throat, gullet”
kaima n. “couch”
kaima- v. “lie quiet”
kaimasambe n. “bed-room, bed chamber”
kaimassea adj. “a-bed”
kaime n. “dwelling, home”
kaina adj. “ERROR:MULTIGLOSS”
kainen num. card. “ten”
kainendan n. “fortnight”
kaino n. “whole”
kainu- v. “to wed”
kaita- v. “to place”
kaitoile n. “rest”
kaivo n. “corpse”
kaiya num. ord. “*tenth”
kaka- v. “to laugh”
kala- v. “shine”
kala n. “light, daytime (sunlight), 12 hours”
kalaina adj. “serene”
kalaine n. “serenity, serene”
kalas n. “brass”
kalaska/kalassina adj. “brazen”
kalasse n. “brilliance, clarity”
kále n. “morning”
kalenda adj. “of the day, opposite to night; daily”
kalende n. “festival, a special day”
kalimbarie adj. “barbarity”
kalimbo n. “a savage, uncivilized man, barbarian; monster, giant, troll, goblin”
kalka n. “sickle”
kalke adj. “brilliant”
kalle n. “fair weather, clear sky, blue sky”
kalleva/kallevoite adj. “fair (weather or complexion)”
kal(l)u- v. “to illuminate, to light up”
kalma n. “(day)light; candle”
kalmar n. “child of light”
kalon n. “(large) bell”
kalongalan(d) v. “ringing or jangling of (large) bells”
kalpa n. “bucket, vessel”
kalta- v. “to kindle, set light to”
kalume n. “an (artificial) light”
kalumet n. “lamp”
kalwa adj. “fair, beautiful”
kama- v. “to lie down”
káma n. “guilt, responsibility”
kamáta- v. “to make eat, give to eat”
kamba n. “bed”
kambo n. “cellar, cave, vault”
kamillo n. “large poppy”
kamilot n. “red clover”
kampilosse n. “wild-rose”
kampin n. “hips, (wild-rose) berries”
kamu- v. “to lay down, bend down, reduce”
kan adv. “four times”
kana adj. “young”
kanda- v. “blaze”
kandóra n. “a bright dawn, red sky in morning”
#kanga- v. “to weave, spin”
kangale n. “web”
kangaris n. “spider”
kangawinda n. “cobweb”
kankale n. “laughter”
kankale-malina n. “daffodil, (lit.) yellow laughter”
kankea num. card. “fourteen”
kanta num. card. “four”
kan(ta)kainen num. card. “fourty”
kantale n. “harping; repetition”
kantallume adv. “*four times”
kantasto fraction. “quarter, one fourth”
kantast(y)a adj. “quarter, one fourth”
kante n. “edge”
kantl n. “(large) harp”
kantóra num. card. “*four million”
kanu n. “lead”
kanuina adj. “of lead”
kanuva adj. “leaden”
kanwa adj. “lurid”
kanwa- adj. “dark red”
kanya num. ord. “fourth”
kap- v. “to jump”
kapalima adj. “bounding, leaping”
kapalinda n. “spring of water”
kapanda n. “a jump”
kapta- v. “startle”
kar- v. “to make, to do”
kar (kas-) n. “head”
karape n. “cloak, outer garment”
karda ?
karina adj. “finished”
karka n. “fang, tooth, tusk”
karka- v. “to snarl”
karkanel adj. “fang”
karkapolka adj. “boar”
karkara adj. “toothed”
karkasarma adj. “a large saw”
karkasse n. “row of spikes or teeth”
karko n. “alimentary canel”
karma n. “shape, fashion; act, deed”
karmalin n. “russet, orange-red”
karne adj. “red”
karneambar n. “robin, (lit.) red-breast”
karneambara adj. “*red-breasted”
karo n. “deed”
karon n. “crow”
karp- v. “*to gather, pluck”
karpale n. “a plucking, tucking, wrenching; deceiving, tricking”
karpalima adj. “tricky, clever, willy”
karpan n. “hank (of wool etc.)”
kart n. “bunch, tuft”
kasien n. “helmet”
kasientule adj. “with helm on”
kasóro- v. “make sit, set”
kasqar(in) adj. “with helm on”
kasta n. “cause, motive, ultimate reason”
kastea adj. “of the head; head-, capital, chief”
kate n. “a gleam, ray”
katinka n. “candle”
katl n. “chuckle”
kauka adj. “crooked, bent, bowed, humped”
kauko n. “humpback”
kaune n. “grave”
kaure n. “timidity, fear”
kaurea adj. “timid”
kava- v. “dig”
kawa- v. “I bow”
ke pron. “you; 2nd sg. pronoun”
kea num. card. “ten”
keakai(li) num. card. “hundred”
keallume adv. “*ten times”
keatto fraction. “one tenth”
kea tuksa num. card. “one hundred ten”
keatya num. ord. “*tenth”
keket n. “pheasant”
kekta n. “jet, spring”
kekteket n. “clucking”
kektele n. “fountain”
kektelu- v. “bubble up”
keleta n. “a trickle”
kelta- v. “draw water”
kelu- v. “to flow”
kelu(me) n. “stream; fountain, spring”
kelusindi n. “river near its source”
kemen n. “soil, earth”
kemi n. “earth, soil, land”
ken- v.
kent n. “a sharp point”
kenyeva adj. “sharp (of points)”
kere n. “earthenware; earthen jar”
kereksa adj. “of earthenware”
keres n. “earthenware”
keresto n. “potter”
kéto pron. “you (emphatic); 2nd sg. pronoun”
ketya adj. “*your; 2nd sg. possessive emphatic”
kil- v.
kíla n. “edge, rim”
kilapi n. “robin”
kilapitya- v. “to chirp”
kilin n. “bell”
kilinke v. “a small bell”
kilinkele n. “jingling of (small) bells”
kilintya- v. “ring, tinkle”
kilk- v.
kilme n. “lip”
kilontya- v. “ring, peal”
kilt n. “tuck”
#kilti- v. “to jerk, tuck”
kim- v. “to heed”
kinda n. “splinter”
kinka- v. “to hang (intr)”
kinkata- v. “hang (tr)”
kiris n. “cleft, crack”
kirme n. “cleft, gully”
kirya n. “ship”
kiryassea adj. “what is on board ship”
kisin adj. “cleft”
kitya- v. “to tickle”
kityale n. “tickling”
kityalea adj. “ticklish, susceptible, sensitive”
?kiw- v.
-ko/-to suf. “reflexive suffix”
koina adj. “living, alive”
koire n. “life”
koirea adj. “alive, lively”
koiresta- v. “spend one’s life”
koisimatl adj. “animal food”
koisimatwa adj. “carnivorous”
koisiva adj. “animal, bodily”
koite n. “living thing, being, animal”
koiva adj. “awake; lively, living”
koivie n. “awakening; liveliness”
kóle n. “passivity, endurance, patience; a passive individual”
kólema n. “patience, endurance; hardship”
kólemaina adj. “patient”
kólemaine n. “patience”
kóleta- v. “endure, last”
kóleva adj. “passive”
koli- v. “to prick”
kolimen n. “a prick”
kolka n. “a box”
kolman n. “peak, summit”
kolme n. “point, tip”
kolmekta adj. “pointed”
kolosilde n. “long thin point”
kolosta n. “cucumber”
koluke n. “a strainer”
kolwa adj. “narrow, thin”
kóma n. “a ball”
kómea adj. “globe-shaped, round”
kondasse n.
kondo n.
kondor n. “warrior”
kondorie n. “martial ardour”
konta- v. “roll up, roll, pack”
kópa n. “harbour, haven, bay”
kor n. “war”
korda n. “temple”
kordon n. “idol”
korima adj. “round”
korin n. “circular enclosure, great circular hedge”
korma n. “lump, cake”
korne n. “loaf”
kos n. “quarrel, dispute, the matter disputed, legal action”
kosar n. “soldier”
kosima adj. “debatable”
kosta- v. “debate, dispute”
kote n. “nut”
kotsia adj. “nutty”
kotsivoite adj. “nut-bearing, nutty”
kottule n. “hazel”
n. “crescent moon”
kulmarin n. “orange”
kulmarinda adj. “orange-coloured”
kulp- v. “to contain”
kulu n. “gold”
kuluin n. “goldfish”
kuluina adj. “golden”
kululta adj. “of gold”
kulurin n. “a piece of gold; orange”
kulurinda adj. “orange-coloured”
kulusta n. “a gold coin”
kuluva adj. “of gold”
kuluvoite adj. “golden”
#kum- v. “to pile up”
kumba adj. “burdened, laden”
kúme/kumbe n. “a pile, heap, load, burden”
kumpo n. “pile”
kúne n. “crescent, bow, arch”
kunta adj. “full”
kuo n. “a pain”
kupta- v. “to hump up, look lumpy”
kuptulo n.camel
kurdu n. “sin, wickedness, evil”
kuru n. “magic, wizardry”
kuruni n. “witch”
kuruvar n. “wizard”
kut n. “lump, ball”
-l suf.
n. “moor, heath, open space”
la prep. “before”
lahta- v. “‽”
laika adj. “keen, sharp”
laiqa adj. “green”
laiqasse n. “greenness”
laire n. “meadow”
laisi n. “youth, vigor, new life”
laisifalle n.
laiwa adj.
lak n. “snare”
lala- v. “to chatter, babble”
lalar n. “babble”
lalle n. “pebble”
lalta- v. “smooth out; stroke”
lama n. “animal, beast; head of cattle or sheep”
lamandar n. “herdsman, shepherd”
lámarin n. “flock”
lambe n. “tongue”
laminya/lamanwa adj. “animal-like, beastly, stupid”
lampa- v. “beat, hit”
landa adj. and n. “wide, broad”
lanq- v. “get by lot or luck, find”
lanqa n. “piece of fortune, lot, luck, happen, hap”
lant- v. “drop, fall”
lanta n. and adj. “fall, falling; fallen, falling”
lantanwa adj.
lapa- v. “wrap, swathe, wind”
lapatl n. “leveret”
lapatte n. “rabbit”
lapil n. “a swathe, a flowing cloth”
lappa n. “loose-end, end of rope, hem of robe”
lapumba n. “drum”
laqa- v. “catch, seize, snare”
lar n. “region, place”
larma n. “area, space, room”
larmae/larmavoite adj. “roomy, spacious”
laru n. “fat, grease”
laruke adj. “fat, rich”
larúva adj. “greasy”
las n.
lasse n. “leaf; petal”
lassea adj. “with leaves, leafy”
lasselanta n. “the Fall, Autumn”
lat n. “flap, small hinged door, lid”
láta- v. “spread, extend, lie (of country)”
latsina adj. “level, smooth”
latta n. “year”
lattin/lattulis n. “window”
latúken n. “tin”
latukenda adj. “of tin”
latwa adj. “smooth, glossy”
lauke n. “vegetable, plant (species)”
laukien n. “vegetable or kitchen garden”
laule n. “life, mode of life”
laulema adj. “inhabiting”
laulemo n. “inhabitant”
laulemuine n. “people of the neighborhood, population”
laulesta n. “livelihood”
laume n. “a storm, overcast sky”
laumea adj. “dark, stormy”
laupe n. “tunic, shirt”
laure n. “(mystic name of) gold”
laurina adj. “golden”
lausimatl n. “vegetable food”
lausimatwa adj. “vegetarian”
lausiva n. “living (of plants)”
lausta-¹ v. “lead a life, gain a living”
lausta-² v. “to roar”
laute n. “living thing”
lava- v. “lick”
lávear n. “glutton”
-lda suf. “augmentative”
le- pref.
n. “a sward, glade”
le¹ pron. “you; 2nd pl. pronoun”
le² prep. “with”
lea- pref. “*your; 2nd pl. possessive”
lea adj.
lehe- v. “come, be sent, approach”
lehesta n. “riding, raid”
lekte- v. “join together, dovetail, fit in, splice”
lelko pron. “you (emphatic); 2nd pl. pronoun”
lelya adj. “*our; 2nd pl. possessive emphatic”
lemillume adv. “*five times”
lemin num. card. “five”
lemindea adj. “quintuple”
lemindóra num. card. “*five million”
leminkainen num. card. “fifty; twenty three”
leminto fraction. “one fifth”
lemintya adj. “one fifth”
leminya num. ord. “fifth”
lempe¹ num. card. “ten”
lempe² n. “crook, hook”
lempe³ n. and adv. “half”
lempea¹ adj. “decimal”
lempea² adj. “half”
lempesea adj. “tenfold”
-léni/-lénu suf. “long”
lenk n. “limb”
lenka adj. “slow, dull, stiff; left hand”
lenkea num. card. “fifteen”
lenqelénu n. “(daddy) long-legs”
lenu- v. “stretch”
lenuva adj. “tight, narrow”
lenwa adj. “long and thin, straight, narrow”
lenya adj. “half”
lep- v. “take”
lepsa n. “liver”
lepsile n. “tendril”
lepta adj. “hooked”
leqet n. “joint”
lerendi n. “brotherhood, association, college”
lese- v. “come together, gather”
lesta n. “gathering, assembly”
lesta- v. “collect”
let (lept-) n. “finger”
letinwesse n. “constellation”
leuke adj. “sick, ill; pallid, wan”
leume n. “sickness”
-li suf. “many, multiplicative suffix”
lia n. “twine”
lia- v. “entwine”
liantasse n. “vine”
liante n. “tendril”
lia(r) adj. “many”
lie n. “people, folk”
lielesta n. “folk moot”
liende n. “the folk, people”
likin n. “horn, curled horn”
likinda n. “trumpet”
likinda- v. “to blow a trumpet”
likinne n. “blowing of horns”
lilt n. “dance”
lilt- v. “to dance”
liltie n. “dancing, dance”
lim- v. “to bind”
limba adj. “many”
limbe n. “a number”
límen n. “thong, band”
limil n. “a chain”
limna n. “sheaf”
limpalasse n. “much roaring”
limpalassea adj. “much roaring”
limpe n. “drink of the fairies”
lin- pref. “many”
lin¹ (lind-) n. “air, melody, musical voice, tune”
lin² n. “snake”
linda¹ adj. “gentle, kind; soft”
#linda² adj. “singing”
lindea adj. “singing”
lindele n. “music, song”
lindelea adj. “melodious”
lindelin n. “melody, tune”
lindelokte n. “‘singing cluster’, labernum”
lindórea adj. “singing at dawn”
líne n. “thread, cotton”
líneneldora adj. “having many beeches”
lingwe n. “snake”
lingwilla n. “coil, spire”
lingwin n. “serpent, dragon”
linqe n. “water”
linqea adj. “watery”
lint n. “fluff, down, soft stuff”
linta- v. “soothe”
lintasarindea adj. “having many willows”
lintitinwe adj. “having many stars, many-starred”
lintuilinda n. “many swallows of autumn”
lintuilindórea adj. “of autumn; when many swallows congregate and sing at dawn”
lintyulussea adj. “having many poplars”
linya- v. “run or flow smoothly”
lipil n. “a tiny (fay-)glass”
lipsa n.
lipte n. “tiny drop”
lipte- v. “to drip”
liqilitl n. “icicle”
liqilla n. “(clear) pool”
liqilta adj. “pellucid”
liqin adj. “wet”
liqis n. “clarity, transparence, limpidity”
liqistea adj. “transparent”
liri- v. “to sing”
lirilla n. “lay, song”
lirit(ta) n. “poem, lay, written poem”
lis n. “grace, blessing”
líse adj. “sweet”
lísele n. “sweetness”
liske n. “sedge, reeds”
listea adj. “full of grace, blessed”
listevoite adj. “full of grace, blessed”
listya- v. “bless”
ḷkălā́ n.
-llo suf. “from, out of”
-llume suf. “-times”
loa n. “life”
loima adj. “parched, dry”
loime n. “thirst”
loimea n. “thirsty”
loista- v. “refresh”
loite adj. “fresh”
lóke n. “drake, snake”
lokse n. “bunch, cluster”
lokta- v. “sprout, bud, put forth leaves or flowers”
lokte n. “blossom, flower-cluster”
lom- v. “to hide”
lomba adj. “secret”
lóme n. “dusk, gloom, darkness”
lómin n. “shade, shadow”
lómina adj. “shadowy”
londa- v. “to boom, bang”
lon(de) n. “loud noise”
lópa n. “horse or mare”
lopeta- v. “amble, lop”
lopo- v. “gallop, run (of animals)”
lopsi n. “mare”
loqo- v. “run (of human beings)”
lor- v. “to slumber”
lorda adj. “slumbrous, drowsy”
losille n. “rose” see losse
#lossa adj. “white”
losse n. “rose”
lotarwa n. “garden”
lóte n. “flower, bloom”
lótea adj. “full of blossom”
lotella n. “a floret”
lóteqilna adj. “broidered with flowers”
lóto- v. “bloom”
lotóre v. “blooming, flowering, best time, flower”
lotōrea adj. “flourishing”
loyo- v. “be thirsty (impers.)”
n. “24 hours, day”
luhtu n.
luin adv. “ago”
luina adj. “ago”
lúke n. “slime”
lúkima adj. “slimy”
-lukse suf. “-times”
luksima adj. “fleeting, fading, temporary”
lukso n. “mud”
luksor n. “swamp, bog”
lukta n. “period”
lúle n. “blue stone, sapphire”
lúlea adj. “sapphirine”
lumbo n. “dark lowering cloud”
lúme (lúmi-) n. “time”
lúmen n. “year, period”
lúmia adj. “pertaining to time, temporal”
lunde n. “month (lunar)”
lúne adj. “blue, deep blue”
lúnelinqe adj. “flowing”
lunga- v. “to bend”
lungo adj.
lunte n. “ship”
lúre n. “dark weather, bad weather”
lúrea adj. “dark, overcast”
lúsina adj. “warm/glowing (of things); affectionate/hearty (of people)”
lusta n. “warm bath”
lusta- v. “bathe in warm water”
lúta- v. “time passes”
lutl n. “gum, paste, sticky matter”
lúto n. “flood”
lutto- v.swill, wash
lutu- v. “flow, float”
lúvina adj. “dark, overcast”
luvu- v. “lower, hang, brood”
ma- pref.
n. “hand”
mai¹ adv. “too much”
mai² adv. “do?”
maika adj. “cruel”
maira adj. “excessive, strong”
mairu n. “(horse) mane, flowing hair; charger”
maisitto fraction. “one thousandth”
maisitya adj. “one thousandth”
maivoine n. “great longing”
maivoita- v. “long exceedingly after”
mak- v. “slay”
máka adj. “each, every”
makil n. “sword, broadsword”
makillar n. “swordsman”
makka n. “slaughter”
maksa- v. “cook”
maksar n. “a cook”
makse n. “net”
maksella n. “mesh”
makseta- v. “enmesh”
maksilis adj. “lordship”
maksilistea adj. “powerful, having possession of or authority over”
maksima adj. “powerful, having possession of or authority over”
makta- v. “slay, slaughter”
makte¹ n. “hand”
makte² n. “hold, grip, power, possession”
mal- v. “to crush”
malaqa adj. “soft, yielding, tender”
malasta adj. “soft, yielding, tender”
mald- v. “to pound”
malda adj. “better”
maldor n. “agony”
malenka adj. “left handed”
malikon n. “amber”
malikondea adj. “of amber”
malina adj. “yellow”
malka adj.giving pain, hurtful
malkane n. “torture”
malkasta n. “lordship, province”
malke adj. “rich”
malko n. “lord, sir”
malkor n. “castle”
malkuvoite adj. “lordly, noble”
malle n. “street, road”
malo¹ n. “moth”
malo² n. “rust”
málos n. “forest”
malu- v. “devour”
malwa adj. “pale, yellowish”
man pron. “who”
manda- v. “dwell, remain”
mande adv. “well”
mandu n. “hell; abyss”
mane (mani-) adj. “good (moral)”
máne n. “spirit of the air”
mange¹ n. “grease”
mange² n. “lack, want, shortage”
manimo n. “holy soul”
manka adj. “few”
mantele n. “gauntlet”
mantl n. “glove”
manwa adj. “ready”
manwa- v. “prepare”
manya n. “butter”
map- v. “seize, take”
mapalin n. “plane, sycamore”
mapta- v. see (a)mapta-
mapta n.
maptale n. “seizure; robbery by violence”
maptale·lehesta n. “a raid”
maqa adj. “handy, skilled (with hands)”
maqale/maqile n. “legerdemain, sleight”
maqalea adj. “handy, skilled (with hands)”
maqar n. “jaw”
mar- v. “get ripe, come to ripeness, get ready, grow up, get mellow”
mar¹ (mas-) n. “dwelling of men, -land, the Earth”
mar⁴ (mard-) n. “grit, course grain or powder”
mára adj. “mighty, power, doughty; good/useful (of things)”
mard- v. “grind, pulverize”
marda n. “world”
mardo n. “dweller”
marikta n. “wrist”
marilla n. “pearl”
marin n. “(ripe) fruit, apple”
marin(a) adj. “ripe, mature”
marinne/marinde n. “fruit tree”
mark n. “ripe juice, sap, ooze, moisture”
marma n. “sand”
marmale n. “beach”
marqa adj. “oozy, juicy, moist”
mart n. “a piece of luck”
mart- v. “it happens”
marta- v. “chance”
marto n. “fortune, fate, lot, luck”
maru n. “pulp”
-mas suf. “-ton, -by”
mas- v. “bake, cook”
maska adj. “dusky, misty”
maske n. “dusk”
masta n. “bread”
masta- v.
mastakorne n. “loaf”
masto n. “village”
maswa adj. “soft, cooked, ripe”
mata- v. “to eat”
matl n. “food”
matsa adj. “good to eat, nice”
matsima adj. “edible”
matt n. “meal, meal time”
matu n. “the mouth (inside)”
maule n. “crying, weeping”
mauya- v. “to cry”
mavar(do) n. “shepherd”
mavoisi n. “chestnut”
mavoite adj. “having hands”
máwe n. “gull”
máye adv. “too much” see mai¹
me pron. “we; 1st pl. exclusive pronoun”
mea- pref. “*our; 1st pl. exclusive possessive”
mear n. “gore, blood”
mekilwa adj. “central”
mekta adj. “centre”
mektar n. “swordsman”
mekte n. “heart; center”
mekte- v. “aim at”
mel- v. “to love”
meles n. “love”
melin adj. “dear”
melitsa adj. “beloved, favourite”
melitse n. “darling”
mella n. “girl”
melmo pron. “we (emphatic); 1st pl. exclusive pronoun”
melpo n. “gooseberry”
melwa adj. “lovely, fair”
mem n. “nose, beak”
mente n. “peak, tip”
menya adj. “*our; 1st pl. exclusive possessive emphatic”
meoi n. “cat”
meqa adj. “middle”
meril n. “flowers”
mesta n. “bye”
met n. “mark, aim, object”
metl n. “centre”
mie¹ n. “mist, drizzle”
mie² n. “crumb”
mildi coll. “pease”
mile n. “seed”
milin n. “grain of seed”
milk- v. “to have, keep, possess”
milkin n. “wealth”
millo n. “oil”
milnar n. “sown field”
milt n. “semen”
mimbe n. “flesh”
mimbematwa adj.
min- v.
min¹ (mind-) n. “piece, a bit”
minda- v. “to diminish, fade, lessen, vanish”
mindl n. “piece of flesh”
mindon n. “turret, tower”
mindóra num. card. “million”
mindóratya num. ord. “*millionth”
mindoritto fraction. “one millionth”
minga adj. “waning”
minqe num. card. “eleven”
minqekainen num. card. “one hundred ten”
minqetto fraction. “one eleventh”
minqetya num. ord. “*eleventh”
minta adj. “reminding, ‘memoryful’”
minti n. “memory, remembrance, mindfulness”
minty- v. “to remind”
minu- v. “make less, decrease, spoil, alter for worse”
minwa adj. “small”
minya¹ adj. “fine, slender”
minya² num. ord. “first”
min yukainen num. card. “twenty one”
min-yukainenya num. ord. “*twentieth”
miq- v. “to kiss”
miqe n. “kiss”
miqele n. “kissing”
miqilitse n. “little or tender kiss”
mir num. card. “one; the first”
mirde n. “mist”
mírea adj. “smiling”
miri- v. “to smile”
mirilla n. “faint smile”
mirin n. “a smile”
mirk/mirt n. “a grin”
mirmila adj. “rippling”
mirmile n. “ripple of laughter”
mirtya- v. “grin”
miru n. “wine”
mirukarne adj. “wine-red”
mirúva adj. “like wine, winy”
miruvóre n. “nectar, drink of the Valar, sweet drink”
mis n. “urine”
mit adv. “little”
mitta- v. “to enter”
mitta¹ prep. and adv. “in, into, inwards”
mitta² n. “piece” see min¹
mitya adj. “little”
moa n. “sheep”
moalin n. “sheepfold”
moar(do) n. “shepherd”
moika adj. “soft, gentle”
moile n. “tarn”
moina adj. “safe, secure”
mok- v. “to hate”
mordo n. “warrior, hero”
móre (móri-) n. “night; darkness”
mórilanta n. “nightfall”
morinda adj. “of the night, nightly”
móriva adj. “nocturnal”
morna adj. “black”
morqilie adj. “of the hue of night”
moru- v. “to hide, conceal, lurk”
morwa adj. “unclear, secret”
múko n. “dung, stercus”
mukta- v. “cacare”
mul n. “fine powder”
mul- v. “grind”
mulda/mulina adj. “powdery”
mulma n. “fine flower”
mulmar n. “millar”
mulmin n. “mill”
munta n. “nothing”
muqa adj. “filthy”
mure n. “heat, close weather”
murme n. “slumber, sleep”
murmea adj. “slumbrous”
muru- v. “to slumber, sleep”
murya adj. “close, muggy”
mut n. “dirt, filth”
-n suf.
interj. “so, yes”
ná- v. “be, exist”
naχū́a n.
naika n. “dagger”
naike n. “pain”
naikele n. “anguish”
naikelea adj. “agonizing”
naiqa adj. “painful”
naira adj. “dire, grievous”
naista- v. “to oppress, cause great grief to”
naitya- v. “damage, hurt; put to shame, abuse”
nak n. “anything stolen, a theft, a trick”
naka- v. “to bite”
naksa adj. “sour”
nal n. “dale, dell”
nala- v. “to sing or ring”
nalda adj. “lowly, valley (aj.), dale (aj.)”
nalie n. “playing of tunes, ringing of bells”
nalle n. “dell”
nan n. “woodland, *land”
nandin n. “dryad”
nang- v. “I have a cold”
nanqete n. “speaking down the nose”
naqa- v. “steal”
naqar n. “thief”
nar (nard-) n. “an odour, fragrance”
nara n. “strife”
nara- v. “snap, quarrel”
narda- v. “to smell sweetly”
nardile n. “fragrance”
nardilea adj. “perfumed”
nark n. “spiteful remark, snap of a dog”
narka adj. “snappy, ill-tempered”
narqa adj. “faded, shrivelled”
narqa- v. “wither”
narqele n. “a fading, withering”
Narqelion n. “Autumn”
narte adj. “bitter”
narwa adj. “fragrant”
narwe¹ n. “(sweet) lily”
narwe² n. “pain”
nasa- v. “it mislikes (me), it tastes nasty”
náse n. “loathing”
násea adj. “loathsome”
nasta n. “existence, being, creature”
naswa adj. “nasty”
nat n. “thing”
natto n. “thing, affair”
nauka n. “dwarf”
nauma n. “hint, clue”
naus n. “suspicion”
naustavilte v. “free from suspicion”
nauta- v. “guess”
nauto n.
nauva n. “giant”
náve n. “shrewdness, sagacity, perspicacity”
navillo v. “whisper, hint, suspicion, rumour, malicious comment, innuendo”
nawa- v.
naya- v. “it grieves”
-ndon suf. “-ly, -ily”
ne conj. “that”
nea adv. “soon”
neite n. “wax”
nekte n. “honey”
nektele n. “honeycomb”
nel adv. “thrice”
nelde num. card. “three; four”
nel(de)kainen num. card. “thirty”
neldenelqa n. “square, quadrilateral”
neldesto fraction. “one third”
neldest(y)a adj. “one third”
neldor n. “beech”
neldóra num. card. “three million”
neldorin n. “beech-tree”
neldorion n. “a beech wood”
nele n. “tooth”
nelkea num. card. “thirteen”
nelkeatto fraction. “one thirteenth”
nelkeatya num. ord. “*thirteenth”
nellume adv. “*three times”
nelma n. “needle”
nelqa adj. “cornered”
nelt n. “corner (from outside)”
nelya num. ord. “third”
nemba n. “thread”
neme- v. “I sew”
nen¹ n. “river, water”
nen² n.
nendo n. “water mead”
nénu n. “yellow water lily”
nénuvar n. “pool of lilies”
ner n. “man, husband; warrior”
nerea adj. “manly, stout, brave”
nereaine n. “stoutness of heart”
nerevoite adj. “manly”
nermi n. “field spirit, fay of the meads”
nertu n. “strength”
nes¹ n. “mead, valley, land”
nes² n. “food, feed, fodder”
nese- v. “graze, pasture, give to feed, feed”
nesse n. “(green) fodder, herb, grass”
nessele n. “pasture, mead; pasturage”
nesta n. “(act of) feeding”
nesta- v. “feed”
nete- v. “I get”
ni pron. “I; 1st sg. pronoun”
n. “woman”
nie n. “tear”
nienate adj. “bleared”
nieninqe n. “snowdrop, (lit.) white tear”
nier n. “honey bee”
nierwes n. “hive”
nikte- v. “to whiten, cleanse”
nímo pron. “I (emphatic); 1st sg. pronoun”
nin n. “blue colour, blueness, blue green”
ninda n.
nindon n. “lapis lazuli”
ninqe adj. “white”
ninwa adj. “blue”
ninya adj. “*my; 1st sg. possessive emphatic”
niqetil n. “snow cap”
niqileninqe adj. “snow-white”
niqilis n. “fine snow”
niqis n. “snow”
niqissea adj. “snowy”
niqista- v. “to snow”
níva adj.
no adv. “then, next (of time); upon”
nó- v. “be born, become”
prep. “after”
nohto- v. “stick out”
nóla n. “(round) hill, head”
noldare n. “mole”
Noldorinwa adj. “Gnomish”
Noldorissa n. “Language of the Noldoli”
noldova adj. “belonging to gnomes”
nóleme n. “deep lore, wisdom”
nolme n. “audacity”
nolmenoite adj. “audacious”
nolmo n. “pit”
nolo- v. “dare”
noloite adj. “daring”
nolpa n. “mole”
nolwa adj. “bold, brave”
nond(in)a adj. “tomorrow”
nor n. “oak”
nóre n. “(native) land, nation, family, country”
norka n. “slavery, bondage, thraldom”
norne n. “oak-tree”
nornea adj. “of oak”
nornelassea adj. “having oak-leaves”
nornoro- v. “run smoothly, run on”
norolle n. “cart”
nos n. “wetness, damp”
nosse n. “folk, kin, people”
nosta n. “birth, birthday”
nosta- v. “to give birth to; to cause”
nostale n. “species, kind”
noswa adj. “damp (of weather)”
noswe n. “a wet wind (SW)”
note n. “drizzle”
nóte n. “dew”
notsiva adj. “drizzling”
notso n. “damp”
nounonda n. “day after tomorrow”
nóva adj. “ahead, foremost, leading”
-nta suf. “to, at, towards”
nu prep. “under”
nuan n.
núme n. “west”
númea adj. “western”
numenda adj. “western”
númeta- v. “to get low (of the Sun)”
nungo n. “a cold in the head”
nuo n. “tomorrow”
núora adj. “tomorrow’s, to be; future”
nupte n. “a sniff”
nur n. “growl, complaint”
nurru n. “a growl”
núru- v. “growl (of dogs), grumble, carp”
nus n. “a smell”
nuste n. “sense of smell”
núta- v. “to stoop, sink”
nuvu- v. “smell, sniff at”
nya- pref. “*my; 1st sg. possessive”
nyanda n. “nursery story or rhyme”
nyar n. “tale, saying”
nyara- v. “relate, tell”
nyara n. “tale”
nyarie n. “a fable, story, legend”
nyas n. “scratch, score, line, mark”
nyasa- v. “to scratch”
nyata- v. “talk idly”
nyatl n. “idle talk, gossip”
nyé n. “a bleat, cry of goat or sheep”
nyéna- v. “to lament”
nyéni n. “she-goat”
nyenya adj. “querulous, tearful, plaintive”
nyenye n. “weeping”
nyenyele n. “lament, lamentation, weeping”
nyére n. “grief”
ō- v. “am”
-o suf. “genitive ending”
o prep. “over, across, along”
ô prep.
oa n. “wool”
oalle n. “blanket”
oalúme n. “shearing time”
oar n. “child of the sea, merchild”
oara adj. “of wool”
oaris n. “mermaid, merchild”
oarwen n. “mermaid, merchild”
ohta n. “war”
ohta- v. “to shout”
ohta·karo n. “warlike deed, hostile unfriendly act”
ohte n. “egg”
oi n. “bird, hen”
oika adj. “poor”
oilima adj. “last”
oinalis n. “ointment”
oine n. “unguent”
oise n. “poverty”
oista- v. “bereave”
oiswa adj. “poor”
oito- v. “lack”
oive n. “bird”
oiwa adj. “glossy”
oiwie n. “gloss, glossiness”
okka n. “knee”
okkea num. card. “seventeen”
oksa n. “joint”
ola- pref.
olda adj. “more”
olde adv. “very, much”
oldo(s) adv. “more”
ole num. card. “three”
óleme n. “elbow”
olet n. “forearm”
oli- pref. “intensive”
olli adj. “many”
olli- pref.
ollo n. “cliff, seaward precipice”
olme² n. “emanation; apparition, spirit”
olme(t) num. card. “nine”
olorda adj. “dreamy, drowsy; in dreams”
olóre n. “dream”
olórea adj. “dreamy, dreamlike”
olpe n. “bottle”
olt adj. “much”
olta- v. “magnify, extol, praise”
olto- v. “increase, multiply”
olwa adj. “much”
olwea adj.
olwe(n) n. “branch, wand, stick”
olwen n. “36”
oma n. “everywhere”
óma n. “voice”
omanaste n. “omnipresence”
omarimni adv. “everywhere about”
omba adj. “hard”
omo- pref.
omohére n. “omnipotence; almighty”
omotengwe n. “omniscience”
ompa adj. “each”
ompanai n. “everyone”
on n. “everything”
on(d) n. “a stone”
ondo n. “stone, a stone”
ondole n. “stone monument; stone-cairn”
ongo- v. “it pains me”
ongwe n. “pain”
onin n. “anvil”
onwa adj. “stony”
opole n. “fawn, young deer”
oqi n. “snake”
or prep. “on”
orda adj. “lofty”
ordie n. “height, loftiness”
ore n. “seed, grain”
óre n. “the dawn, Sunrise, East”
órea adj. “of the dawn, Eastern”
orikon n. “heather”
orivaine n. “pod, seed pod, pea”
ork n. “ogre, monster, demon, giant”
orme n. “summit, crest, hilltop”
orne n. “tree”
oro n. “hill”
oro- v. “to rise”
#oron n. “bush”
oronta adj. “steep”
oronte n. “sun-rise”
oronto n. “sunrise, East”
orosta n. “ascension”
orot n. “cave”
orqindi n. “ogress”
orta prep. “above”
orto- v. “to raise”
orva n. “apple”
orya- v. “sow”
oryat n. “badger”
os n. “cottage, house”
ossa n. “wall and moat”
osta n. “homestead”
ostar n. “township”
osto n. “gates of the Sun”
oswe¹ n. “hip”
oswe² n.
otoke n. “wailing, beating of breasts”
otso num. card. “seven”
otsokainen num. card. “seventy”
otsola n. “week”
otsollume adv. “*seven times”
otsondóra num. card. “*seven million”
otsotto fraction. “one seventh”
otsottya adj. “one seventh”
otto- v. “knock”
otwe n. “84”
otya num. ord. “*seventh”
ówen n. “merchild, mermaid”
paime n. “the vengeance taken, the punishment, the penalty, an infliction”
paimene n. “vindictiveness, vengefulness, cruelty”
paimesta n. “chastisement”
paimeta- v. “exact or inflict a penalty, punish”
paitya- v. “repay, requite”
paiyan n. “an oration”
palapapte n. “*sycamore”
palasar v. “great table”
palasse n. “foam, splashing”
palassea adj. “foaming (of the sea)”
palastor- n. “surf”
palaswin n. “a wave-crest”
palasya- v. “splash, foam”
palava- v. “to stray, wander”
paláva adj. “wandering”
palis n. “sward, green, lawn”
palla n. “paunch”
palo n. “plane surface, plain, the flat”
palta n. “shelf”
paltya n. “palm of hand”
paltyalda n. “palm tree”
palukta n. “table”
palume n. “a plain”
paluva adj. “even, flat, level”
palwa- v. “make wander”
pampila adj. “tremulous”
pampile n. “trembling”
pampine n. “tremor, earthquake”
panin adj. “definite, planned, concerted, deliberate, prepense, meant”
panna n. “arrangement, grouping; book”
pano n. “series, course, plan, arrangement”
panta adj. “open, wide, spreading”
panta- v. “open, unfold, spread”
pantie n. “an unfolding, opening, revealing”
panya- v. “plan, arrange, intend, mean”
papa- v. “tremble”
paptaqelasta n.
parma n. “skin, bark; parchment; book, writings”
pat n. “small leaf”
pata- v. “rap, tap (of feet)”
patakatapaka n. “rat-a-tat”
patake n. “clatter”
patakta- v. “to clatter”
pataktan n. “rattling, clatter”
pataktanda adj. “rattling, clattering”
patinka v. “shoe, slipper”
patisma adj. “wide open”
patl n. “leaf (esp. of book)”
n. “the two lips, the (closed) mouth”
pea n. “scorn”
peanta- v. “give into one’s hands, give instructions to, enjoin”
pekte n. “plume, cox-comb”
pele- v. “surround, fence in, pen in”
pelekko n. “axe”
pelekta- v. “hew”
peler n.
pelin adj. “fenced in, pent”
pelko n. “leg”
pelle n. “town”
pelma n. “pen”
peltas n. “pivot”
pelte- v. “run”
pelto n. “hedge, hedged field”
pen prep. “through”
penanwa adj. “present, standing by, supporting, backing”
penasta n. “being near at hand, support, backing”
penda n. “bridge”
penta n. “nose, beak”
penwa adj. “over, passed, past”
peqe- v. “comb, card wool, tease”
peqen n. “comb”
pere- v. “go through, pass, pierce; endure, undergo, experience; penetrate, get to understand; last”
peren adj. “enduring, patient, lasting”
perendie n. “patience; endurance; an agelong period”
perenwa adj. “continual, enduring, unceasing”
pereqa adj. “crooked”
perma n. “passage; pass, aperture”
perpere- v. “endure to end, suffer great anguish”
perqa adj. “wrong”
pete- v. “knock, strike”
petl n. “hammer”
n. “speck, spot, dot, mote”
piek n. “pin”
pieksin n. “brooch”
piekta- v. “prick, pin-prick”
pihye n.
píke prep. “on”
pili- v. “steal”
pilin n. “feather; arrow”
pilinqasilla n. “nodding plume”
pilintele n. “plumage”
pilna n. “arrow”
pilt n. “a blow, cuff, box on ear”
pilty- v. “strike (esp. with flat hand)”
pilu n. “thief, robber”
pilukka adj. “secret, stealthy”
pilwe n. “robbery, theft”
pimpevinne n. “larch”
pimpilin n. “hanging tail, tassel”
pimpina adj. “trailing”
pin n. “a little thing, mite”
pínea adj. “small”
pingwa adj. “fat, rich (of soil)”
pinqe adj. “slender, thin”
pinqisilda adj. “slender and tapering”
pint n. “tail”
pio n. “plum, cherry”
piopin n. “the fruit of hawthorns, haws”
piosenna n. “holly”
pipinektar n. “whitethorn, hawthorn”
pipiři- v. “twirl, twizzle”
pipte- v. “fall (of folds or clusters), hang, trail”
píqa adj. “bitter”
píqele n. “bitterness”
piqis n. “grief”
piri- v. “spin, turn”
pirimbe n.
pirin n. “thin rod, pin”
pirindea adj. “cylindrical”
pirinumbe n. “cylinder (hollow)”
piruke n. “a swirl, twisting, pirouetting”
pirúkea adj. “pirouetting”
piste- v. “to spit”
pisti- ?
piu n. “calf of leg”
piukka n. “blackberry”
piule adj. “greasy, overfat; overfed, spoilt”
piute- v. “to flourish, batten, grow fat”
píwe n. “fatness, richness, goodness”
poa n. “beard”
poika adj. “clean, tidy”
poime n. “soap”
poimine n. “lather, foam”
poita- v. “cleanse”
poitya- v. “make clean, tidy, straighten”
poko n. “bag”
poldor n. “physical strength; might”
poldórea adj. “muscular”
pole n. “oats”
polenta n. “oatmeal”
polesse n. “porridge”
polina n. “oaten”
polisimpe n. “shepherd’s pipe, Pan-pipes”
polka n. “pig”
polu n. “kernel”
póme n. “north”
pómea adj. “northern”
pómear n. “a northern man, norseman”
pondo n. “gate”
ponte n. “back, rear”
poroke n. “barn foul”
porokelle n. “chicken”
porokoi ?
posta n. “door”
pote adv. “after, behind”
potsi adv. “afterwards”
potsina adj. “rearward, back, rear, hinder; next, following; second”
póya n.
pukta n.
pukta- v. “to copulate”
pulko n. “body, trunk, bole of tree”
pulme n. “lump, knob”
pulqe n. “juice”
pulu- v. “swell”
pulwa n. “fat, bulky”
pumpo n. “bubble; bladder; blister”
pumpole n. “bubble”
puntl v.
pur n. “a fire, an artificial fire”
purin n. “hearth”
purma n. “blaze, flame”
puru- v. “burn”
purya- v. “set fire to”
pus n. “boil”
pus- v. “puff, snort”
puse n. “a puff”
pusilla n. “puff, whiff, breeze”
pusta- v. “to blow”
pusulpe n. “gas-bag, balloon”
pusulta- v. “puff out with one’s breath”
putse n. “baby, child”
n. “a duck”
qaina adj.
qalin adj. “dead”
qalma adj. “deadly”
qalme n. “death”
qalmea adj. “deathly”
qalna adj. “dead”
qalta adj. “girdled, girt”
qalume¹ n. “death”
qalume² adj. “heaving”
qalūmea adj. “deathly”
qama- v. “am ill, vomit”
qamba adj. “unwell, sick”
qáme n. “sickness, nausea”
qámea adj. “sick”
qampa n. “peddlar-goods”
qampa- v. “to hawk goods”
qampale n. “chaffering”
qampo n. “pedlar, huckster”
qan n. “an ear”
qanda adj. “whole, all” see qanta
qanta adj. “full, whole, all”
qanta- v. “fill, complete”
qapa- v. “chaffer, bargain, swap, barter”
qapta n. “a deal, a bargain”
qapta- v. “to exchange”
qaptale n. “exchange”
qaqa- v. “quack, squawk, cackle”
qára n. “watch, ward”
qarda adj. “bad”
qárele n. “watchfulness, anxiety”
qarka adj. “perverse, naughty”
qasa- v. “shake, flap, nod, rustle”
qasil n. “arrow-feather, arrow”
qasilla n. “tuft, nodding spray, tassel, plume”
qe¹ pron. “Pl. 1(b)”
qe² pron. “any”
qea- pref. “*our; 1st pl. inclusive possessive”
qele- v. “perish, etc.”
qeleksie adj. “rot, corruption”
qeleksima adj. “corrupt, rotten”
qelekte n. “carcasse”
qelet n. “corpse”
qeletya- v. “perish, etc.”
qelme n. “ruin, utter end, perdition, end, death”
qelmo pron. “we (emphatic); 1st pl. inclusive pronoun”
qelu n. “well, spring, source”
qelu- v. “well up”
qelume n. “source, origin”
qeluva adj. “original”
Qen (Qend-) n. “Elf”
qent n. “word”
qentea adj. “verbal”
qentele n. “a sentence; wording, expression, phrase”
qenya adj. “*our; 1st pl. exclusive possessive emphatic”
Qenya n. “Elvish”
qerka n. “throat”
qet suf. “language”
qet- v. “to speak, talk”
qetl n. “speech, talk”
qetsa adj. “having speech, able to talk, good at expression, glib”
qetta n. “word”
-qila suf. “-hued”
qilda adj. “quiet, hushed, still”
qildare n. “bat”
qilde n. “quiet, rest, hush”
qildi- v. “rest, stay quiet, be quiet”
qile n. “hue, colour”
qilea adj. “coloured, -hued”
qilin adj. “adorned, bright-coloured, embroidered”
qilinoite adj. “broidered”
qille n. “blue-bell”
qillinin n. “blue-bell”
-qilna suf. “-pied”
qilta n. “belt, girdle”
qiltasse n. “(em)broidery”
qilti- v. “gird, encircle”
qilya- v. “adorn, embellish, colour”
qímar n.
qimea adj. “womanly, feminine”
qimelle n. “little woman”
qimenoite adj. “feminine, female”
qin n. “woman, female”
qinde n. “womanliness, femininity”
qindelis n. “a nun”
qindesta n. “convent”
qindestin n. “nun”
qindl n. “a spindle, top”
qíne n. “squeaking”
qínea adj. “squeaking”
qinga n. “bow”
qingi- v. “ERROR:MULTIGLOSS”
qíni- v. “speak high, squeak”
qinqa adj. “drooping, languid”
qinqele n. “languor”
qinqelea adj. “languorous”
qinqenna n. “Solomon’s-seal”
qint n. “loop, a stitch for knitting”
qintl n.a lyre
qiqi- v. “hang, droop”
qiqilla n. “Lily of the Valley”
qiri-¹ v. “to stir (make spin)”
qiri-² v. “murmur”
qirin n. “a wheel”
qirme n. “cream”
qirqirinda adj. “murmering”
qirqirinde n. “murmering”
qisi- v. “whisper”
qisqiri- v. “rustle, murmur”
qitima adj. “for knitting”
qitin adj. “knitted, joined tight”
qity- v. “knit”
qíva adj. “awake”
qívie n. “awakening”
qolda adj. “ill”
qolima adj. “sickly, ailing”
qolimo n. “invalid”
qolo- v. “ail”
qolu n. “disease”
qolúva adj. “pestilent, pestilential”
qolúvie n. “pestilence”
qonda n. “choking smog, smoke”
qorin adj. “drowned, choked, speechless”
qoro- v. “choke, suffocate, (esp. =) drown”
qosse n. “mist”
qosta- v. “choke, drown”
qoto- v. “count up; reckon; account, call up; think, consider, etc.”
qotta n. “sum, number, account, total”
-r¹ suf.
-r² suf.
n. “arm”
rakta-¹ v. “stretch out, reach”
rakta-² v. “pile, hoard, amass, collect”
rakte n. “a pile, heap”
rama- v. “to shout, sound loud, bray, blare”
ráma n. “ERROR:MULTIGLOSS”
rámavoite adj. “having wings, winged”
rambe¹ n. “shout, blare”
rambe² n. “prey, booty”
ran n. “noise”
Rána n. “Moon”
randa n. “bark; peel, rind, outer ring, circumference”
ranta n. “arch, bridge”
ráqa adj.
rara- v. “scrape, peel, strip”
rasta n. “file, scraper”
rato v. “hope”
rau (rav-) n. “lion”
rauka adj. see (a)rauka
rauke n. “demon” see (a)rauke
raume n. “running, course”
rauna n. “prey, booty”
rausima adj.
rausime n. “vermin”
rauste n. “hunting, preying, the hunt”
raustea adj. “of prey”
rauta- v. “to chase, hunt, pursue; extirpate, exterminate”
ravenne n. “she-lion”
ravin adj. “fierce, savage (of beasts)”
rawa- v. “run, chase”
rekka n.
renda adj. “related, of the same kin of clan”
rendi n. “kinship, kin, kindred, clan”
rendole n. “cousinship”
rent n. “spittle, saliva”
réro n. “kinsman, cousin”
resse n. “kinswoman, cousin”
resta n. “support”
resta- n. “aid, come to aid of, rescue, save”
retima adj. “despicable, contemptible”
retye- v. “spit”
rim- v. “border on, lie at edge, neighbour”
ríma n. “line of seeds planted, row, series, furrow”
rimbe n. “edge, lip, brim”
rímen n. “border, shore”
rímenoite adj. “neighboring, bordering”
rimni adv. “around, all around”
rimpe n. “stripe, strip”
rimpina adj. “striped”
rimu n. “outskirts”
-rin suf.
rin¹ n. “year, circle”
rin² n. “dew”
rína adj. “scattered, sown”
ringa adj. “cold, damp, chilly”
ringwe n. “rime, frost”
rinkalenda n. “anniversary”
rinko n. “disc, orb, circle”
rinku n. “orb of Moon”
rinqa adj. “round, circular; revolving returning, recurrent”
rípe n. “line, margin, bank of stream, edging of grass, border”
ripta- v. “to cut in strips, tear up; stripe, mark in parallel lines; flay, flog”
riqi- v. “wrench, twist”
rísima adj. “scattered, ubiquitous, universal”
rísimande adv. “passim”
rista n. “shoot (sowing), plant, seedling”
rista- v. “plant”
ristale n. “sowing time”
ristar n. “sower”
roa n. “a wild beast”
róma n. “an upward path, mountain side, (mountain) slope, alp”
róna- v. “to arise, rise, ascend”
ronda n.
ronta n. “hollow”
rosta- v. “*to rise”
róta n. “tube, hollow cylinder”
rótele n. “cave”
rotl n. “cave, hollow, grot”
rotse n. “pipe, tube”
rú¹ n. “dwelling, village, hamlet”
rú² n. “steadfastness, faith, trustiness”
rua adj. “steady, still, tranquil”
rue n. “rest, stillness, remaining, steadfastness”
ruella n. “village”
ruin n. “peace”
rukta- v. “to belch smoke, spout smoke; to cause to smoke; to smoke at a pipe”
ruku n. “smoke, reek”
ruku- v. “to steam, smoke, reek”
rungwa adj. “stiff, solid”
rusta adj. “broken”
rúvina adj. “burst”
rúya adj. “unmoved, steadfast”
sa- pref. “intensive”
n. “fire”
sahta- v. “it is hot”
saike n. “hunger”
saikele n. “famine”
saikelea adj. “famished”
saikelta- v. “to starve”
saile n.
saina adj. “smooth”
saipo n. “boot”
saiqa adj. “hungry”
sairina adj. “magic”
sairu adj. “magical”
saita- v. “to be hungry”
saitya- v. “to starve”
saiwa adj. “hot”
saiwa- v.
saiwali n. “summer”
sala- v. “pursue, look for, search”
salamba adj. “twanging, throbbing, resounding, echoing”
salambe n. “twanging echo”
salaqintl n. “violin, (lit.) thrumsqueak-er”
salistina adj. “blessed”
salistya- v. “bless”
salka n. “scythe”
salki n. “grass”
salma n. “lyre, small harp”
salme n. “harp-playing, music of lyres”
salpa n. “bowl”
salpa- v. “to take a sup of, sample, sip”
salqin n. “viola”
salumbe n. “harping, music”
sambe n. “chamber, room”
samin n. “silk”
saminda adj. “silken”
sampa n. “spade”
sampe n. “cave, hollow”
san¹ adv. “then, at that time”
san² n. “hall, dwelling house”
sana n. “day (24 hours)”
sanga n. and adj. “throng, tight mass, crowd”
sanga-¹ v. “scorch”
sanga-² v. “pack tight, compress, press”
sangwa adj. “tight, thick, dense, tough, hard”
sanka¹ n. “rend, jab”
sanka² n. “hate, fierce hatred”
sanke n. “hateful”
santa adj. “dear, beloved”
sapa- v. “dig”
sapsa n. “pit, grave”
saqa- v.
saqila adj. “fire-red, scarlet”
sara- v. “saw”
sára adj. “fiery”
sarapenda n. “wood-bridge”
sarat n. “plank”
saratwa n. “made of planks”
sarko n. “flesh, living flesh, body”
sarkuva adj. “corporeal, bodily”
sarma n. “a saw”
sarno n. “table”
sarqa adj. “fleshy”
sastya adj. “sore, galled”
sat n. “hole”
satl n. “search, enquiry”
satta num. card. “two”
satwa adj. “hollow, dug-out, excavated”
sauke ?
saule n. “litter of pubs/cubs/etc.”
saune n. “bath, small pool”
sausa n. “bath water, hot water”
savar n. “wild dog, jackal”
savarda n. “pack of dogs/wolves”
say- v.
n. “eye, eyeball, pupil”
se prep. “as, like, in manner of”
sehta- v. “to see”
sehte n. “pupil; bead; †eye”
selka adj. “bright”
senda adj. “like, something like, similar”
senge adj. “keen of sight, observant, sagacious”
senna adj. “red, brown, red-brown”
serin n. “wreath, crown”
serma n. “string, cord”
serta- v. “tie”
sesta- v. “to liken, compare, make like, model on, assimilate, imitate”
sestaine n. “assimilation, imitation, etc.”
seste n. “similarity”
sestima adj. “comparable”
si pron. “they; 3rd pl. fem. pronoun”
sia- pref. “*their; 3rd pl. fem. possessive”
sie n. “sight, sense of sight, eyesight”
sihta adj. “moist, wet”
Sil n. “Moon; Rose”
silda adj. “gleaming”
sildapinqe adj. “tapering”
sild(r)a adj. “slender”
sile n. “a glint (of white)”
sili- v. “gleam, glint”
silik n. “flint”
silína adj. “shimmering”
siliqa adj. “flinty”
silka adj. “rich, fat, glossy”
silkesse n. “harvest”
silki- v. “mow, scythe, mow down”
silkima adj. “ready for cutting”
silma n. “a ray of moonlight”
siloine n. “swan”
silqe n. “tress of hair; glossy hair”
silqeléna adj. “having tresses”
silqeléni n. “silver birch, (lit.) long tresses”
silt- v. “sort out, shift, winnow”
silta v. “sieve”
silte- v. “to filter (of light), flicker”
siltina adj. “winnowed”
silwa adj. “glossy”
silwin n. “birch”
simpa n. “pipe, flute, flagelot”
simpetar n. “piper”
simpise adj. “piping, whistling”
sinda n. “eye”
sindi n. “river”
sine n. “pale (bluish) green”
singe n. “salt”
singwa adj. “salt”
sink n. “mineral, gem, metal”
sinqe n. “jewel”
sinqe?? adj.sparkle as with gems
sinqele n. “mine”
sinqevoite adj. “gemmed”
sinqina adj. “metallic”
sint n. “a gleam, spark, glister, drop of dew, etc.”
sinte n. “esteem; estimate, computation”
sintilis n. “a sparkling as of crystal”
sintl n. “crystal”
sinty- v. “sparkle”
sipi- v. “pipe”
siqi- v. “sigh”
siqile n. “sighing, lament”
siqilesse n. “weeping willow; lamentation”
síre n. “stream”
siri- v. “flow”
sírima adj. “liquid, flowing”
siripta n. “slender stem”
sirpe n. “stem, stalk, slender tube, etc.”
síse pron. “they (emphatic); 3rd sg. fem. pronoun”
sisi- v. “scorch, singe, fry”
sisin adj. “parched, scorched”
sist n. “ulcer, sore, boil”
sistina adj. “ulcerated, sore”
sito n. “custom, habit”
sitsina adj. “habitual, customary, accustomed, usual, ordinary, common”
sitta- v. “I am used to, I do habitually”
situ- v. “am accustomed”
síva adj. “*their; 3rd pl. fem. possessive emphatic”
sivilda ?
so- pref. “grouped, together”
soile adj. “cleansing”
soina adj. “clean”
soko- v. “drink”
sokto- v. “give to drink, drench”
sóla n. “tide”
soleste n. “collection”
solme n. “wave”
solor n. “surf, surge, wavebreak, coast”
solto- v. “wave, heave, surge (up and down)”
sóma n. “state, condition”
sonda n.seat, chair
sóra¹ n. “seat”
sóra² adj. “long, trailing”
soraksa n. “shingle”
sorakte n. “beach”
soresta n. “family”
sorin n. “throne”
sorne n. “eagle”
sornion n. “eyrie”
soro- v. “sit”
soron n. “pinnacle, high peak, crag”
sorta- v. “sit down”
sorto- v. “set, settle”
sovalle n. “washing, bathing”
sovallu- v.
sovalna- v. “cleanse, purify”
sovalwa adj. “cleaning”
Sovalwaris n. “February”
sovea adj. “alike”
soveasse n. “resemblance; likelihood”
sovo- v. “wash”
-sse suf. “at, in, by”
n. “(noise of) wind”
sui n. “daughter”
suiva n. “soughing, moaning”
súke n. “resinous tree, pine or fir”
suksa adj. “sweet”
suksina adj. “resinous”
sukte n. “resin, gum”
súle n. “column, pillar”
súlime n. “wind”
sulka adj. “sticky, viscous”
sulmin n. “base of a pillar, base of column”
sulp- v. “to lick, sup, lick up, sup up”
sulpa n. “soup”
sult n. “a sip, taste”
sulta- v. “support”
súma n. “a nostril”
súne n. “(human) nose”
suni n. “bitch”
sunqa adj. “going-down, descending; abysmal, deep, profound”
sunqe n. “going-down, descent, down-fall; abyss, depth”
sunqelaina adj. “falling, fading, settig”
sunqelaine n. “sunset”
sunqele n. “sinking, falling, setting of heavenly bodies”
sunqelea adj. “westering, setting”
suq- v. “fall, fail, go down, die down”
sura n.
súru n. “air-spirit; wind”
susúlime adj. “full of wind, windy, airy”
sutl n. “sticky matter, slime, gum”
sutya adj. “sweet”
sutya- v. “sweeten, soothe”
súye n. “air, breezes, winds”
súyon n. “nephew, daughter’s son”
-t suf. “dual”
ta- pref. “*their; 3rd pl. neut. possessive”
tá¹ adj. and adv. “high; high above, high up”
ta¹ pron. “they; 3rd pl. neut. pronoun”
ta² prep. “on, above; by; than”
tá² interj. “hush, be silent”
tahóra adj. “lofty”
taime n. “sky”
taka- v. “to fix, fasten”
tala n. “foot”
tala- v. “carry, bring; weigh (intr.)”
talaite adj. “footed”
talakúme n. “huge burden, pile”
talan n. “burden”
talanda adj. “burdened, weighed down, sad”
talante n. “scales”
talar n. “beast of burden”
talarin adj.
talas n. “sole”
talda adj. “covered”
tále n.
talien n.
talka¹ n. “smith”
talka² adj. “heavy”
talku- v. “to glaze”
talma n. “weight, measure”
talme n. “a weight”
talpa n. “support, prop, base, basis, pediment (column)”
talqe n. “glass”
talqea adj. “glassy”
talqina adj. “made of glass”
talta- v. “to lade, burden, load charge; enjoin; oppress, weigh down”
talta adj. “shaky, wobbling, tottering; sloping, slanting”
táma adj. “this”
tambe n. “copper, bronze”
tambin n. “cauldron”
tambina adj. “of copper”
tamilla n. “forge”
tamin n. “forge”
tamíne n. “today”
tampo n. “a well”
tamuril n. “yew”
tanda n. “hedge, fence, enclosure; border, rim”
táne adj.
tange¹ adv. “close to, by”
tange² adj. “close, near”
tanka adj.
tanka¹ adj. “firm, fixed, fast, steady”
tanka² n. “fastening, rivet”
tanta n. “number”
tanta-¹ v. “bounce, bound, rebound”
tanta-² v. “dance (tr.), dandle, wave”
tantara adj. “bouncing, resilient”
tantare n. “dance”
tantl n. “shuttle”
tanya n. “fire”
tapa- v. “taper, stretch out”
tapatenda adj. “taper fingered, light fingered, long fingered”
tapatenda mavoisi n. “Spanish [chestnut]”
taqa- v. “to construct, fashion, build, make”
táqa n. “form, shape”
tar n. “hedge, fence”
tara- v. “to cross, go athwart, cross rivers”
tára adj. “lofty, high”
taran n. “bang, buffet”
tarasse n. “hawthorn”
tári n. “queen, mistress, lady”
tarka n. “root”
tarkele n. “great system of roots”
tarna n. “passage, ford, crossing”
tarqa- v. “dry, preserve; pickle, etc.”
tarqin n. and adj. “salted, dried; salt meat”
tarruka adj. “horned”
tartan (tartam-) n. “hammer” see artan
taru n. “horn”
tarukka adj. “horned”
tarukko n. “bull, ox”
tarwa¹ n. “garden, enclosure”
tarwa² adj.
tarwe n. “cross, crucifix”
tarwesta- v. “crucify”
tas n. “nail”
tasarin n. “willow”
tasta- v. “reckon”
taste n. “fringe”
táta n. “hat”
tatya- v. “feel for, like tentacles”
#taule n. “*pillar”
taule¹ n. “great tree”
taule² n. “pillar”
tauma n. “basis, foundation, ground floor”
tauno n. “(great) forest”
táva adj. “*their; 3rd pl. neut. possessive emphatic”
tavar n. “dale-sprite, fay of the woods”
tavas n. “woodland”
tea adj. “straight”
teke- v. “mark; write on, write”
teket n. “letter”
tekka n. “book”
tekta- n. “to write”
tektamaqa n. “having a good ‘hand’”
tektar n. “writer”
tekte n. “book”
tektele n. “art of writing, script; writings, documents, papers, scriptures”
tel n. “roof”
telar n. “brick”
telda adj. “having a roof”
telella adj. “elfin”
telepta adj. “of silver”
telerea adj. “elfin”
teleste n. “(f.) little elf”
telesto n. “(m.) little elf”
telimbo n. “canopy; sky”
telin n. “roof, covering”
telintule adj. “bearing a roof, roofed”
telpe n. “silver; money”
telpe² n. “butter”
telpea adj. “silvern”
telpilin adj. “silver piece”
telpina adj. “of silver”
telpingwe n. “silverfish”
teltasse n. “awning”
telu- v. “to finish, end, close, complete”
telu n. “end (fate), close”
telumbe n. “mushroom”
telúme n. “finish, conclusion, (the great) end”
telúmea adj. “final, conclusive, end; last; extreme”
telusta adj. “outer, extreme, ultimae”
teluste n. “extemity”
telwa adj. “last, late”
telya adj. “attractive; importune”
telyanta n. “allure”
telyantalya n. “alluring”
telyantasse n. “allurement”
tempe n. “hate”
ten- v. “to hear”
-tenda suf. “having fingers”
tende n. “sense of touch, sense, sensation, feeling”
tendile n. “feeling, sentiment”
tendilea adj. “feeling; sentimental”
tendl n. “string”
tenge- v. “to know, understand, grasp”
tengenwa adj. “wise, knowing, understanding; sensible”
tengwe n. “knowledge, understanding”
tengwele n. “sense”
tengwet n. “idea, notion”
tenka n. “pen”
tenna n. “finger”
tentima adj. “sensitive”
tentl n. “a feeler”
tenya- v. “feel, touch”
ter- v. “*to pierce”
teren adj. “lisson, lithe”
terendl n. “lathe”
terenwa adj. “shapely, well tuned”
teret n. “augur, borer, gimlet”
tereva adj. “piercing, acute, shrill, sharp”
tessa n. “maid, maiden”
tessara adj. “maiden, maidenly”
tessare n. “little maid”
teste n. “small worm”
tet n. “spot, mark”
teta- v. “attract”
tetl n. “small flower”
tetse n. “bud”
tettele n. “burgeoning, efflorescence”
teve- v. “to hate, dislike”
tevie n. “hatred”
tévie n. “hatred, dislike”
tevin adj. “hated”
tie n. “line, direction, route, road”
til n. “a hair”
tilde n. “point, tip, peak”
tildi- v. “I cover”
tilinya adj. “downy, hairy”
tille n. “eyelash”
tilt- v. “make slope, incline (tr.), decline, shake at foundations, make totter, etc.”
tilta adj. “slanting”
tiltin adj. “slanting”
tilu- v. “shine (blue)”
tilwe n. “a glimmer”
tilwin n. “shining light, bright light”
tilwínea adj. “shining”
timpa n. “a spray, nozzle of hose, etc.”
timpe n. “fine rain”
timpina adj. “fine, powdered, sprayed, etc.”
timpine n. “spray”
timpínea adj. “made of spray, full of fine showers, showery (of weather)”
timpinen n. “fluter”
tin- v. “to shine”
tína adj. “straight”
tinda n. “spike”
tinde adj. “spiked, pointed, barbed”
tint v. “(silver) spark”
tintele n. “a sparkling, twinkling as of frosty stars”
tintya- v. “sparkle, etc.”
tinwe n. “star”
tiqi- v. “melt (intr.)”
tiqile n. “melting, thawing, thaw”
tiqilin n. “a thaw, melting snow, slush”
tiqilindea n. “thawing, slushy”
tiri- v. “watch; keep, guard, preserve; look at, gaze at, observe”
tirin n. “(tall) tower, turret, minaret”
tirinwa adj. “vigilant”
tirion n. “great tower”
tirios n. “town with walls and towers, burg”
tirípti ?
tiris n. “watch, vigil, ward”
tirne n. “steadfast regard, stare”
tirt n. “part, portion, share, section”
tirtina adj. “divided, shared, distributed”
tirty- v. “partion, divide, part, distribute”
titinwe n. “small star, a sparkle of dew”
titte n. “breast, teat”
tiuka adj. “dense, solid”
tiure adj. “compact”
tiuta- v. “to strengthen; to corroborate, confirm; to comfort, console”
toa n. “wool”
tókele n. “handling”
toko- v. “feel with the hand, handle; appraise, tax, assess, assay; try, test, essay, endeavour”
tol (toll-) n. “island, isle”
tolda n. “flat hill, town on a hill”
tóle n. “centre”
tólea adj. “central, middle”
toli n. “doll, puppet”
tolipin n. “mannikin”
tolipinke n. “little doll”
tolkea num. card. “eighteen”
tolma n. “helm”
tolmen n. “boss (of shield), isolated round hill”
toloime n. “sling”
toloise adj. “rounded, cylindrical”
tolome n. “island”
tolos n. “knob, lumb”
tolto num. card. “eight”
tol(to)kainen num. card. “eighty”
toltosto fraction. “one eighth”
toltostya adj. “one eighth”
tolu- v. “roll up, furl”
tolupe adj. “a roll, ball of wool, etc.”
tolya num. ord. “*eighth”
tombo n. “gong”
tompa n. “small drum”
tompo- v. “bang”
tompo-tompo n. “noise of drums (or guns)”
tong??a adj.of iron
tonga n. “a great hammer”
tongar n. “smith”
tongo n.iron
tongwa adj.like iron
tontilla n. “cymbal”
tontl n. “cymbal, tambourine”
toqo- v. “yield, give, bear, bring forth”
tori- v. “bake”
torina adj. “baked, done”
torma n. “oven”
torme n. “mountain (peak)”
toron ?
torqa adj. “blazing hot”
torqele n. “tropic heat”
torwa adj. “baked, dark brown”
-tsa suf. “diminutive”
-tta suf. see -nta
tu¹ pron. “they; 3rd pl. masc. pronoun”
tu² pron. “he”
tua- pref. “*their; 3rd pl. masc. possessive”
tuakka n. “battle axe”
tuile n. “spring, (lit.) a budding; buds, new shoots, fresh green”
tuilenda adj. “spring-like; fresh, sprouting, green”
Tuilére n. “Spring”
tuilindo n. “swallow, (lit.) spring-singer”
tuisima n. “comforting, consoling, easing”
tuista n. “spray, twig, sprout, shoot”
tuita- v. “to bud, burgeon, grow”
tuitale n. “strengthening, reinforcement; confirmation; comfort, consolation, easement”
tuksa num. card. “gross, 144; hundred”
tuksainenya num. ord. “*thousandth”
tuksakainen num. card. “thousand”
tuksallume adv. “*hundred times”
tuksanya num. ord. “*hundredth”
tuksa pínea n. “100”
tuksatto fraction. “one hundredth”
tuksatya adj. “one hundredth”
tuku- v. “to go in search of, look for, fetch”
tulalka adj. “able to bring”
-tule suf. “bearing, etc.”
túlima adj. “(worth bringing) bringable, able to be brought”
tulinya adj. “(bringable) worth bringing”
tulka- v. “to fix, stick in, set up, establish”
tulma n. “bier, tray”
tulpie n. “supporting, toleration”
tulpo n. “buttress, prop”
tulpu- v. “uphold, support; aid; endure, tolerate; bear; bear with; prop”
tult n. “leg of chair, etc.”
tultárie adj. “?”
tulu- v. “to bring, carry, fetch; to move (intr.), come; to produce, bear fruit”
tulunka adj. “steady, firm”
tulwe n. “tall thin pillar, standard, pole; banner”
túma adj. “moving”
tumbe n. “trumpet, (large) horn”
tumbo n. “dale, valley”
tumna adj. “deep, profound, dark or hidden”
tump- v. “build”
tumpo n. “shed, barn”
tunda n. “hole”
tunda- v. “kindle”
tundo n. “firewood, fuel”
tunke adj. “bright, witty, smart”
tunq- v. “hear”
tunqa adj. “able to hear”
tunqele n. “hearing”
tunta- v. “see, notice, perceive”
tunto n. “notice, regard, perception; quickness of perception, wit”
túpele n. “roofing, tiles, roof”
tupin adj. “roofed, having a lid, having hat on”
túpo n. “roof, cover, lid”
tupse n. “lump, knob”
tupu- v. “roof, put a lid on, put hat on, cover”
tur (tûr-) n. “king”
túrani n. “queen”
túranu n. “king”
túre n. “might, strength, power”
túrea adj. “mighty”
túrin n. “kingdom”
turinda adj. “royal, of the ruling dynasty; in power”
turindo n. “palace”
turinqi n. “queen”
turinqia adj.royal, Queenly
turinwa adj. “kingly, royal”
turinya- v. “rule over, reign over”
túrion n. “prince”
turqima adj.haughy
turqin (turqim-) n.queen
turu n. “wood (as material), (originally) firewood”
turu- v. “can, is able”
turúva adj. “wooden”
turuvoite adj. “rich in timber”
turwa adj. “powerful”
turwen n. “princess”
turya- v. “catch fire”
tustima adj. “inflammable”
tusture n. “tinder, chips, firewood”
tusturin n. “match”
túto pron. “they (emphatic); 3rd sg. masc. pronoun”
túva adj. “*their; 3rd pl. masc. possessive emphatic”
túvima adj. “acceptable”
tuvu- v. “to receive, accept, take, require, cost”
tyá adv. “now”
tya- pref. “*your; 2nd sg. possessive”
-tya adj. “comparative”
tyakta- v. “hew”
tyalie n. “play, game”
tyasa- v. “test, try, pick, choose”
tyasta- v. “put to the test”
tyastava- v. “to taste (at)”
tyausta n. “savour, flavour”
tyava- v. “it tastes of, reminds one of”
tyavasta n. “sense of taste”
tye pron. “you”
tyé n. “tea”
tyetl n. “babe, a tiny baby”
tyetse n. “teat”
tyos n. “a cough”
tyosto- v. “to cough”
tyú n. “thigh”
tyúka¹ adj. “thick”
tyúka² n. “cud”
tyuku-/tyukta- v. “to chew”
tyulin adj. “tall”
tyulma n. “mast”
tyulta- v. “to rear up, stick up”
tyulusse n. “poplar”
tyúma n. “lump, mass”
tyur n. “cheese”
tyurda adj. “curdled”
tyúre adj. “stout, dense, compact”
tyuru- v. “to ‘turn’ milk, curdle (blood etc.)”
tyus n. “cud”
tyustyukta- v. “chew the cud; reflect, ‘reminisce’”
tyúte n. “thumb”
-u suf. “adverb suffix”
ú prep. “beneath”
ú- pref. “un-”
ua n.
ue n. “fleece”
ui adj.both
ukárele n.
ukku n. “rainbow”
ul- pref. “negative prefix; mis-”
ulban (ulband-) n. “monster, giant”
ulbanima adj. “monstrous”
ulca adj. “evil; bad, wicked, wrong”
ulird(e)a adj.
ulkarma adj. “misdeed”
ulku n. “wolf”
ulma n. “flagon”
ulme n. “a kind of wine”
ulmula adj. “mumbling”
ulqi n. “she-wolf”
ulqu- v. “*to rend”
ulto- v. “pour (tr.)”
ulu- v. “pour, gush (intr.)”
ulumpingwe n. “caterpillar”
ulun n. “camel”
uluntilla n. “camel’s hair”
ulwe n. “alder tree”
ulwea adj. “alder-grown”
-(u)ma suf. “a; some, certain”
umbe n. “dale, dell”
-úme suf. “augmentative”
úmea adj. “large”
umna num. card. “eight”
umpai ?
umu- v. “it is not, does not, etc.”
ungwe n. “spider”
unk (unq-) n. “ear of animals; corner, sticking out edge”
unqie n. “hearing”
unqilla(r) n. “handle of jar; pothook”
unqu-¹ v. “hook into, catch (fish), catch in, etc.”
unqu-² v. “to hear”
upaitya- v.
úqa adj. “wet”
úqil n. “rain”
#uqu- v. “to rain”
-uran(do) suf. “town”
urdu n. “death”
úrin adj. “(blazing) hot”
urna n. “oven”
uru n. “fire”
urupurnie n. “conflagration”
urúva adj. “like fire”
uruvoite adj. “fiery, having fire”
urwa adj. “on fire, afire”
urya- v. “burn (intr.)”
usqe n. “fog”
usta- v. “burn (tr.)”
usu- v. “to escape, get out”
usult ?
uswe n. “escape, issue, outlet”
úva adj. “the under”
úvanimo n. “monster”
va- pref. “together”
-va suf. “adjectival suffix”
adj. “gone forth, away”
vaile n. “covering”
vaima n. “wrap, robe”
vaimata- v. “robe”
vaina adj. “clad”
vaine n. “sheath, pod”
vainole n. “quiver”
vaita- v. “to wrap”
vakko n. “jacket, coat”
vakse n. “sale”
vaktele n. “trade”
vaktelear n. “merchant”
#val n. “good fortune, blessedness, happiness”
Vala n. “God”
valda n. “worth, worthy, dear”
valdea adj. “of moment, important”
valin adj. “happy”
Valis n. “female god”
valka adj. “cruel, bitter”
valkane¹ n. “torture”
valkane² adj. “vague”
valke n. “edge, sharp blade”
valkea adj. “cutting, sharp”
Valon n. “male god”
valto n. “the luck of the Valar”
#van (vand-) n. “way, path”
vande¹ n. “away, hence, forth”
vande² adv. “well”
vandl n. “staff”
vane adj. “fair, lovely”
vanēni n. “beauty”
vanesse n. “beauty”
vanestea adj. “beautious”
vanima adj. “proper, right, as it should be, fair”
vanko n. “wares”
vanwa adj. “gone, on the road, past, over, lost”
vaqa- v. “vanquish”
vaqasta n. “a victory”
vaqie n. “victory”
var conj. “or”
vára adj. “other”
vard- v. “rule, govern”
vardar n. “king”
vardo n. “prince”
varimo n. “foreigner”
varitsi n. “foreigner (fem.)”
varivoite adj. “foreign”
varka n. “fear, dread”
#varka- v. “to bode (impersonal); to dread, fear”
varkima adj. “dreadful”
varne n. “strangeness, estrangement”
varni n. “queen”
varqa adj. “in fear, afraid”
varta n. “change”
vartane n. “service”
varya adj. “different”
varyani n. “foreigner (fem.)”
varyanu n. “foreigner”
vasa n. “juice”
vasa- v. “to rush (of both noise and speed)”
vaska adj. “making a plash or rush”
vaskelu n. “fountain”
vassale n. “rustling”
vasse n. “wing”
vassivaswe n. “beating or rushing of wings”
vasta n. “road”
vasta- v.
#vat n. “wares”
ve prep. “as, like”
vea¹ adj. “similar, like”
vea² n. “sea”
vealta- v. “to resemble”
veasta n. “resemblance, comparison”
véla v. “see”
velike adj. “great”
velikse adv. “greatly”
velitya- v. “magnify”
velka n. “flame”
velte n. “beard”
velu- v. “unfurl”
velunte n. “sail”
velupantie n. “revelation”
vene n. “small boat, vessel, dish”
venie n. “shape, cut”
veniel n. “mariner”
venta n. “chin”
venta- n. “cut, shape”
venya adj. “womanl[y]”
veri n. “wife”
veru n. “husband”
veruni n. “wife”
vesta- v. “to wed”
vesta n. “state of marriage”
vestale n. “wedding”
vestaner n.
vestani n.
vestanoina adj. “related by marriage”
vestin n. “wife”
vie n.
vika adj. “valiant”
víkana- v. “compare”
-víke suf. “as”
víke adj. “like”
víkele n. “resemblance, comparison”
viksa adj. “sticky”
vikte n. “gum”
vil n.matter, business, affair, thing
#vildi- v. “to matter; to be of significance, worth, moment”
vildima adj. “essential, imperative”
víle n. “gentle breeze”
vilina adj. “airy, breezy, light”
vilisse n. “spirit”
vilki- v. “it cuts”
vilkin adj. “bitter, evil”
-vilte suf. “-less”
vírin n.
virt (virty-) n. “servant, slave”
virti- v.
víse n. “blood”
vite n. “sap, juice”
vitevíse n. “*resin, gum, (lit.) sap-blood”
voine n. “a desire, wish”
*-voite suf. “adjective suffix”
vondo n. “son”
vóre n. “fur”
vorima adj. “everlasting”
vórina adj. “of fur”
vorinqile n. “monotony”
vóriva adj. “like fur”
vorne n.an aeon
vor(o) adv. “ever, always”
vorokantale n. “monotonous repetition”
vorokantele n. “harping, vain repetition”
voronda adj. “faithful”
voruva adv. “age long”
n. “wind”
waliemba adj. “tropical”
walna adj. “brown”
wanwa n. “great gale”
wanwavoite adj. “windy”
#wara- v. “to rub”
warda adj. “dead”
warda- v.to rule
wasta- v. “to dwell”
wasto n. “village”
-we suf. “a, an”
welba adj. “boiling, bubbling”
welbe n. “bubble”
wele- v. “it boils, bubbles”
welel n. “boil, tumor”
welwe n. “spring”
wembe n. “worm”
wembil n. “worm”
wenda n. “brook”
wendele n. “maidenhood”
wen(di) n. “maid, girl, maiden”
wenga adj.
wente n. “brook, small river”
werelin n. “whirligig”
werelinda adj. “twirling, pirouetting”
werevenda n. “winding rill”
werina adj. “round”
wie n.
wilda adj. “winged”
wili- v. “to sail, fly, float”
wilin n. “bird”
wilindea adj. “as a bird”
wilwarin n. “butterfly”
wilwarinda adj. “butterflylike”
wimpele n. “a twinkling”
winda n. “woof”
windea adj. “fishlike”
windele n. “loom”
winge n. “foam, spindrift, froth, scud”
winge² n. “wave”
wingil n. “(sea) nymph”
winka n. “corner, nook”
-(w)inte suf. “diminutive”
’wintele n.
wintil n. “a glint”
winwe n. “a sparkling, flash”
winwinoite adj. “glittering”
winya- v. “to flash, glint”
wiste n. “weft”
wóre adj. “sweet (to taste only)”
yaima n. “implement”
yaime v.
yak(k)o n. “ox”
yakse n. “steel”
yaksi n. “cow”
yaksina adj. “of steel”
yalka n. “ice”
yalle n. “a hollow ring”
yalta n. “yoke”
yama- v. “to shout, call”
yáma n. “shout; call; name”
yambo n. “cheer, shout of triumph”
yáme adj. “yawning”
ya(n) conj. “and”
yanda adj. “dark, gloomy”
-(y)ando adj. “augmentative”
yando adv. “also”
yanta adj. “large”
yanta- v. “enlarge, increase, add to”
yanwa n. “goose”
yara n. “a gloom, blight, lowering darkness”
yarendila adj. “like a sailor”
yarendilyon n. “sailor”
yarta n. “yoke”
yatta n. “neck; isthmus”
yausta n. “crop”
yava- v. “to bear fruit”
yáva n. “fruits, produce”
yávan n. “harvest, autumn”
yel n. “cold, the cold”
yelin n. “winter”
yelma n. “(a bout of) frost; a cold; chill”
yelwa adj. “cold”
yenda n. “yesterday’s”
yendiéra n. “day before yesterday, (lit.) yesterday’s yesterday”
yenye n. “yesterday”
yeraina adj. “of iron”
yere n. “pig iron”
yerenwa adj. “like iron”
yesta v. “glance, gaze”
yéta- v. “look at”
n. “son”
yolme n. “stench”
yolo- v. “stink”
yondo n. “son, male descendant, (great) grandson”
adv. “twice”
yukainallume adv. “*twenty times”
yukainen num. card. “twenty”
yukainento fraction. “one twentieth”
yukainen tuksa num. card. “one hundred twenty”
yukainentya adj. “one twentieth”
yukainenya num. ord. “*twentieth”
yullume adv. “twice; *two times”
yulu- v. “carry”
yundóra num. card. “two million”
yunqe num. card. “twelve”
yunqekainen num. card. “one hundred twenty”
yunqetto fraction. “one twelfth”
yunqetya num. ord. “*twelfth”
yuro n. “a run, race”
yuru- v. “to run”
yúyo num. card. “two”
yúyo húmi num. card. “two thousand”
yúyo yukainen num. card. “twenty two”