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Middle Primitive Elvish Words


suf. “present suffix”
a-¹ pref. “complete”
-ā² suf. “present suffix”
a-² n.
ábārō̆ n. “refuser, one who does not go forth”
abtā- v. “to away, go away”
adnō n. “gate”
ai adv. “possibility”
aı̯an- adj. “holy”
aikwā adj. “tall, steep”
ailin n. “pool, lake”
aiwē n. “(small) bird”
akkala- v. “to blaze, shine (suddenly and) brilliantly”
akrā adj. “narrow”
aktō n. “artificer”
al pref. “without”
álākō n. “rush, rushing flight, wild wind”
alā́ri n. “bliss”
alar-si interj. “hail!”
alkwā n. “swan”
amba- adv.
ambar n.
amƀus n. “breast”
amī̆l n. “mother”
ammat- v. “to devour”
amtā n. “jaws, animal’s mouth”
Anār n. “Sun”
andā adj. “long”
andambundā adj. “long-snouted”
andọl n. “long pole”
angā n.
añgosse n. “horror”
ankā n. “jaw, row of teeth”
aññol- n. see oññol-
anta- v. “to give, present”
arān n.
(a)ranı̯ā adj. “free, ?uncontrolling”
arʒā adj. and n. “dread”
ari n. “day”
askarā adj. “tearing, hastening”
asmalē n. “yellow bird, ‘yellow hammer’”
asmalindē n. “yellow bird, ‘yellow hammer’”
-asta suf. “collective plural”
atakwē n. “construction, building”
atalat- v. “slip right down, collapse, fall to ruin”
atar n. “father”
-atta ?
atta num. card. “two”
atū n. “father”
at-yēn-ar n. “anniversery day”
au adv. “wish or supposition known to be unreal”
auluta- v. “[unglossed]”
-bā suf.
bad- v. “to judge”
bād- n. “judgement”
balā adj. and n. “powerful; Power, God”
Bale n.
bányā adj. “beautiful”
Baradā adj. “lofty, sublime”
barasā́ adj. “hot, burning”
barnā́ adj.
baryā́- v. “to protect”
bátā̆ n. “beaten track, pathway”
battā́ v. “trample”
bedū n.
belē n. “strength”
bélekā adj. “mighty, huge, great”
berékā adj. “wild”
berō n. “valiant man, warrior”
bérya- v. “to dare”
besnō n. “husband”
bessē n. “wife”
bestā n. “matrimony”
besū n. “husband and wife, married pair”
beu̯rō n. “follower, vassal”
beuyā́- v. “follow, serve”
-b(iy)ē suf. “-ing”
bóron- v.
b’randā adj. “lofty, noble, fine”
b’rás-sē n. “heat”
b’rekta v. “break out suddenly”
b’rethā n. “beech-mast”
b’rittē n. “broken stones, gravel”
b’rōnā adj.
buzbō n. “large fly”
-d suf. “allative”
dagdā n. “pit”
dagwe ?
daʒrā adj. “great, large”
daı̯ō n. “shade, shadow cast by any object”
danta- v.
dattā n. “hole, pit”
dēr n. “man”
dimbā adj. “sad, gloomy”
dimbē n. “gloom, sadness”
doʒmē n.
dōmi n. “night, twilight, gloom”
dōmilindē n. “nightingale”
d’rāk n.
e pron. “he, she, it”
edel- n. “Star-folk, Elf”
edēlā n. “firstborn, eldest”
edenā adj. “first”
ednōno n. “firstborn”
eʒ- v. “to be”
ektel- v. “to gush”
ektele n. “spring, issue of water”
ektelu- v. “to well, bubble up, gush forth”
#eledā n. “Star-folk, Elf”
en adv. “yonder”
eñma ?
ent adv. “over there”
epe prep. “after”
eredē n. “seed”
erekwa adj. “isolated”
et prep. “out, forth”
ete adv. “back, below”
etkat- v. “fashion”
et-kelē n. “spring, issue of water”
etkoiyu- v. “bud, open (of flowers and leaves)”
et-kuiwē n. “awakening”
etsiri n. “mouth of a river”
ettul- v. “to come out”
ezdē n. “rest”
farā- v.
ga pron. “indefinite subject”
gais- v. “to dread”
gaisrā adj. “dreadful”
galā- v. “to grow”
gālæ n. “light”
galadā n. “tree”
galyā adj. “bright, light”
*gampa n. “hook”
garta n. “hide, leather”
gāsa n. “void”
gassā n. “hole, gap”
gattā n. “cavern”
geiā adv. “ever”
gilya n. “star”
glā n. “radiance”
(g)laibē n. “ointment”
*(g)laire n. “long lay”
glamba n. “shouting, din”
(g)libda n. “soap”
g-lisi n. “honey”
golbā n. “branch”
#gondō n. “stone, rock”
gor adj. “vigor”
gū̆- interj. “no, not”
gyernā adj. “old, worn, decrepit (of things)”
hamwa n. “chair”
n. “shout”
hyōlā n. “trump”
ʒō prep. “partitive; away from, from among”
-i suf. “aorist suffix”
ī article. “the”
īdē n. “heart, desire, wish”
idrē n. “thoughtfulness”
ilpirin adj. “immortal”
-inā suf. “adjective suffix”
indo n. “mood, heart”
ing adj.
initial-s-groups ? “Gnome-realm”
ista- v. “to know”
istāyā adj. “learned”
Ithil n. “moon”
-(i)yē suf. “perfect suffix”
-iyē suf. “-ing”
#kab- v.
kaire n. “flat ilse on a river”
kalaryā adj. “brilliant”
kalat n. “light”
kalrō n. “noble man, hero”
kalrondō adj. “hero”
kaltwa ? “[unglossed]”
kambā n.
kandā adj. and n. “bold”
kantaya adj. “shapely”
kar- v.
karanā́ adj. “ruddy, scarlet”
karani adj. “red”
kas n. “head”
kasma n.
kassa n.
kast adv.
kat- v. “to shape”
katal n. “carving tool”
katwā adj. “shaped, formed”
katwārā adj. “shapely”
ke pron. “thou”
kelu- v. “to flow, well up”
kelun n. “river”
kelutā- v. “to cause to flow out”
kēm v.
khagda n. “heap, pile, (piled) mound”
khaimē n. “custom, habit”
khalnā́ adj. “noble, exalted”
khaustā n. “rest-ing”
khe pron. “they”
khīmā adj. “sticky, viscous”
khīthi n. “mist, fog”
khithme n. “fog”
khithwa adj.
khōn n. “heart”
khotsē n. “assembly”
khrassē n. “precipice”
khugan n. “hound”
khyelesē n. “glass”
kiryā n. “ship”
kiryaktō n. “shipwright”
kiukā n. “thigh” see tiukō
k’lā́ n. “light”
kōmā n. “[unglossed]”
kornā adj. “round, globed”
kotse n.
kot-t- n.
k’rannā adj. “ruddy (of face)”
k’rikta v. “reap”
krumbā adj. “*left”
krumbē n. “*left hand”
-k’to suf. “maker, wright”
kuʒnā n. “bowed, bow-shaped, bent”
ku̯ilẹz n. “quiet”
kukūwā n. “dove”
kuldā adj. “red”
#kundū n.
kuu̯ n. “bow”
kwantā adj. “full”
kwelēnē n.
kwelett- n. “corpse”
kwendya adj.
kwǣnē n. “small gull, petrel”
kwenedē n. “Elf”
kwentā n. “tale”
kwentrō n. “narrator, reciter, minstrel”
kwessē n. “feather”
kwetta n. “word”
kwingā n. “bow (for shooting)”
kyul(u)mā n. “mast”
la- pref. “no, not”
labdā n. “licking up (food or drink), gluttonous eating”
lāda adj. “flat”
lai- n.
laikā adj. “keen, sharp, acute”
laikwā adj. “fresh”
lakra adj. “swift, rapid”
#lamanǝ n.
lambe n.
la(n)sro-ndo v. “hearer, listener, eavesdropper”
lassē¹ n. “leaf”
lassē² n. “ear”
lassekwelēne n. “leaf-fading”
#lastā- v.
lătĭna adj. “flat (and wide)”
lauka adj. “warm”
laurē n. “light of the golden tree Laurelin”
lebnā adj. “left behind”
?ledna- v.
lepenar n. “week”
lep(e)ne n. “five”
lepti n.
-lī suf. “partitive”
n. “number”
ligā n. “fine thread, spider filament”
lindā adj. “sweet sounding”
*lindē n. “*singing”
*lindō n. “singer”
liñwi n. “fish”
lisge n. “reed”
lokko n. “ringlet”
londē n. “narrow path, strait, pass”
lopō n. “rabbit”
lopōtundu n. “rabbit hole”
lubbu n. “a clumsy piece or lump”
lugni adj. “blue”
lungā adj. “heavy”
-mā suf. “passive suffix, the result of a processs”
n. “land”
mad-lī n. “honey-eater”
magā n. “hand”
magnā adj. “skilled”
magrā adj. “useful, fit, good (of things)”
magyā n.
mahtā- v. “to handle, stroke, feel; to deal with, wield, treat”
māʒ n. “hand”
maʒiti adj. “handy, skilled”
maʒtā- v. “to handle, stroke, feel”
maita- v. “to feed”
makla n. “sword”
maktā- v. “fight”
mālō n. “friend”
manō n. “departed spirit”
mapā n. “hand”
mardasē adv. “at home”
mart adv. “homewards”
mat- v. “to eat”
matna n. “food”
mauy- v. “need (impersonal)”
mazgā adj. “soft, pliant”
mazgē n. “dough”
mazgō n. “sticky substance, mire”
mbād- n. “judgement, sentence”
mbakhā n. “article (for exchange), ware, thing”
mbanda n. “duress, prison”
mbandō n. “doomsman, judge”
#mbar- v. “to dwell”
ṃbárt- n.
mbundā adj. “snouted”
mbundu n. “snout, nose; cape [of land]”
me pron. “we (exclusive)”
melā- v. “to love”
-mē̆n suf. “instrumental, with (which)”
metta n. “end”
minitunda n. “isolated hill, tower”
miniya adj. “single, distinct, unique”
mitra adj. “small”
-m(iy)ē suf. “-ing”
mizdā adj. “wet”
mizdē n.
mōl n. “slave, thrall”
mori adj. “black”
mǭri n. “blackness, dark, night”
morikwende n. “Dark-elf”
morókō n. “bear”
mrekjā adj. “wild, fierce”
-nā suf. “adjective”
nakma n. “jaw”
nakse n. “tooth”
nakt- n. “biting”
narāka adj. “rushing, rapid, violent”
narwā adj. “fiery red”
nau̯þe n. “imagination”
nāyǝ n. “lament”
#ndagta- v.
#ndak- v.
ndākō n. “warrior, soldier”
ndē̆- pref. “in, inside”
ndǣr n. “bridegroom”
ndḗro n. “bridegroom”
ndeuna adj. “second”
ndeuro n. “follower, successor”
ndīse n. “bride”
-ndo v. “agental suffix”
-ndō suf.
ndorē n. “land, dwelling-place, region where certain people live”
ndulla adj. “dark, dusky, obscure”
ndulna adj. “secret”
ndūne n. “west”
ṇdūnē n. “sunset”
-nē suf. “past suffix”
adv. “was; then, ago”
negdē n.
neinē n. “tear”
neiniel- adj. “tearful”
neiti adj. “moist, dewy”
#nem- v.
nē̆n n. “water”
nendā adj. “watery, wet”
neŋgǝ n. “beak, nose”
nenle n. “brook”
neñrē n. “tear, weeping”
nēthē n. “youth”
nethrā adj. “young”
ngalámbe n. “barbarous speech”
ñgolda adj. “wise”
ñgolodō n. “gnome”
ngolwina adj. “wise, learned in deep arts”
ñgwalaraukō n.
ni pron. “I”
n. “woman”
nībe n. “front, face”
nidwō n. “bolster, cushion”
niñkwi adj. “white, pale”
niñkwitā- v. “to whiten”
nī̆s n. “woman”
ñol- n. “smell”
ñōle n. “odour”
ñōn- n. “idea, thought”
not- v. “count”
nūrā adj. “deep”
nut- v. “tie”
nyadrō n. “rat”
ṇ̃gwā̆le n. “torture”
ṇ̃kwalē n. “death agony”
oı̯yā adj. “everlasting”
oktā n. “strife, war”
olsa- v. “to dream”
ōmat- v. “to eat away, devour, corrode”
oññol- n. “strong smell”
onrō v.
ontā́ro n. “begetter, parent”
órku n. “goblin”
ornē n. “(high) tree”
orta- v. “to rise”
ortā- v. “to raise”
ortur- v. “master, conquer”
panda ?
panō n. “plank, fixed board (especially in a floor)”
pantā adj. “open”
parkā adj. “dry”
parmā n. “book”
pathmā n. “level place, sward”
pathnā adj. “smooth”
patnā adj. “wide”
n. “mouth, lips”
peltakse n. “pivot”
phéren n. “beech-tree”
philínkē n.
phoroti adj. “right or north”
phuine n. “night, deep shadow, nightshade”
poikā adj. “clean, pure”
pori n. “flour, meal”
-r suf. “plural verb”
rāba adj. “wild, untamed”
ragnā adj. “crooked”
rakmē n. “fathom”
rāmā n. “wing”
rāmalē n. “pinion, great wing (of an eagle)”
rambā n. “wall”
ramna n. “wing (horn), extended point at side”
ramya- v. “fly, sail; wander”
randā n. “cycle, age (100 Valian Years)”
ranku n. “arm”
ratā n. “path, track”
rattā̆ n. “course, river-bed”
rāu̯ n. “lion”
reddā n. “‘sown’, sown field, acre”
rīgē n. “crown”
rimbā adj. “frequent, numerous”
rimbē n. “crowd, host”
rinki n. “flourish, quick stroke”
risse- n. “a ravine”
rista- v. “cut”
rǭda n. “cave”
rokkō n. “swift horse”
ronyō n. “‘chaser’, hound of chase”
rundā n. “rough piece of wood”
*runya n. “spoor, track, footprint”
sagmā n. “poison”
sagrā adj. “bitter”
sarnā n. “of stone”
settā adj. “first”
sī̆/sē̆ pron. “she”
silimā adj. “silver, shining white”
silimē n. “light of Silpion, †silver”
sirya- v. “to flow smoothly”
skala n. “fish”
skalatirnō̆ n. “fish watcher”
skalnā adj. “veiled, hidden, shadowed, shady”
skarnā adj. “wounded”
skarwē n. “wound”
skelmā n. “skin, fell”
skelnā adj. “naked”
skelta- v. “strip”
skorā- v. “look out for, expect, wait for”
skyapat- n. “shoe”
slaiwā adj. “sick, sickly, ill”
slindā adj.
slindi adj. “fine, delicate”
sliñgē n. “spider, spider’s web, cobweb”
slinyā adj. “lean, thin, meagre”
slīwē n. “sickness”
smāgā n. “soil, stain”
smagla n. and adj. “stain; stained”
smaldā n. “gold (as metal)”
smalinā adj. “yellow”
smalu n. “pollen, yellow powder”
smalwā adj. “fallow, pale”
soglā ?
solos n. “surf”
spāna n. “cloud”
spangā n. “beard”
sparā- v. “hunt, pursue”
spindē n. “tress, braid of hair”
spinē n. “larch”
*-ssē suf.
-stā suf. “-ing”
stabnē n. “wooden post”
stabnō n. “carpenter, wright, builder”
stabrō n. “carpenter, wright, builder”
stalga adj. “stalwart, steady, firm”
stalgondō n. “hero, dauntless man”
stalrā adj. “steep, falling steeply (of river)”
stambē n. “room, chamber”
stangā n. “throng, crowd, press”
stankā n. “cleft, split”
starāna adj. “stiff, hard”
stegrā ?
sū̆/sō̆ pron. “masc., he”
suglu n. “goblet”
sukmā n. “drinking-vessel”
swanda n. “sponge, fungus”
swesta- v. “to puff”
syadā n.
syadnā adj. “compact, compressed”
syadsē n. “cleft, gash”
syad-ta n. “axe-stroke”
syalmā n. “shell, conch, horn of Ulmo”
syandā n. “a throng, crowd”
syandō n. “cleaver, sword, hewer”
syatsē̆la n. “broadsword-blade, axe-blade”
-t suf. “dual verb”
-tā suf. “causatives from adjectives”
ta pron. “impersonal 3rd pl.; pronominal stem”
tad adv. “thither”
taʒna n. “height, summit of high mountain”
taikā adj. “steep, tall, deep”
tainā adj. “long”
takmā n. “thing for fixing”
taksē n. “nail, pin”
tāl n. “foot”
talam n. “floor, ground; ‘flet’, platform”
talat- v. “slip down”
talgarta n. “high boot”
talkō n. “craftsmen, wright”
talmā n. “foundation, basis, root”
talrunya n. “sole of foot”
talt adv. “downwards”
tambā́- v. “to knock”
tamrō n. “woodpecker, knocker”
tāna adj. “*high”
tanka adj. “firm”
tankāta- v. “to make firm”
tankla n. “brooch, clasp, pin”
tān-niq n.
tanō n. “craftsman, smith”
tārā adj. “lofty”
targā adj. “tough, stiff”
tārī n. “queen”
tār(ō) n. “king”
tatalat- v. “totter, keep on slipping”
tatharē n. “willow-tree”
tau̯rā adj. “masterful, mighty”
taurē n. “great wood, forest”
tawar n. “wood (material)”
táwārē̆ n. “dryad, spirit of woods (f.)”
táwārō̆ n. “dryad, spirit of woods (m.)”
te pron. “personal 3rd pl.”
tekla n. “pen”
tekma n. “writing, grammar”
tekmē n. “letter, symbol, writing”
tekna n. “a letter”
télesā n. “rear”
telmē̆ n. “hood, covering”
telu- v. “to roof in”
telumē n. “vault, heaven”
telumēhtǝ n. “canopy”
tēñe n. “line, row, path, course, direction, way”
tēra adj. “straight, right”
terēn(ē) adj. “slender”
terēwā adj. “piercing, keen”
ters- n. “fine pierced hole”
thā adv. “then, next, since”
thārō n. “savior”
tháurēnā adj.
thausā adj. “foul, evil-smelling, putrid”
theles n.
thērē n. “look, face, expression, countenance”
thindi adj. “palid, grey, wan”
tinmē n. “spark, glint”
tiu̯kā adj. “thick, fat”
tiukō n. “thigh”
tollo n. “island”
tōp- v. “roof”
torōmā n. “[unglossed]”
adj. “strength”
tubnā adj. “deep”
tūgu n. “muscle, sinew; vigour, physical strength”
tuı̯ v. “grow fat, swell?”
tuilē n. “spring (time)”
tuilelindō n. “spring-singer, swallow”
tuimā n. “a sprout, bud”
tul- v.
tulku n. “support, prop”
tultā- v. “make come”
tulukmē n. “support, prop”
tulyā- v. “to send hither”
tumbu n. “deep valley under or among hills”
tundā adj. “tall”
tundu n. “hill, mound; hole”
tungā adj. “taut, tight; resonant (of strings)”
tupsē n. “thatch”
tūrē n. “mastery, victory”
tūrō suf. “master, victor, lord”
turumā́ n. “shield”
turúmbē n. “shield”
tussā n. “bush”
tyalañgando n. “harp-player, harper”
tyalı̯ā- v. “to play”
tyulmā n. “mast” see kyul(u)mā
tyulussē n. “poplar-tree”
ū́banō n. “monster”
ubrā adj. “abundant”
uklaina adj. “wicked”
ulda n. “torrent, mountain stream”
ulgundō n. “monster, deformed and hideous creature”
ulyā v. “it is raining”
ūmanā adj. “wicked”
uñgwē n. “gloom”
us(u)kwē n. “reek”
vaia n. “sea”
vaianer n. “sailor”
wahsē n. “stain”
wahtā- v. “to soil, stain”
wahtē n. “a stain”
waʒrā adj. “soiled, dirty”
wannā adj. “departed, dead”
wa-nōrō n. “one of kin”
wanta- v. “depart, die”
wanwē n. “death”
wath n.
wāyā n. “envelope”
-wē suf. “abstract suffix”
we pron. “we (inclusive)”
wedā n. “bond”
wǣdē n. “bond, troth, compact, oath”
wed-tā n vb. “contract”
wegō suf. “man; warrior”
wegtē n. “manhood”
weʒē n. “manhood, vigour”
wen- n. “girl”
wilwā n.
wínda- v. “fade”
windı̯ā adj. “pale blue”
wingē n. “foam, crest of wave, crest”
winyē n. “evening”
wō̆- pref. “together”
[y] ?
-yā suf. “causatives from verbs”
yagō n. “gulf”
yagwē n. “ravine, cleft, gulf”
yakta- n. “neck”
yantā n. “yoke”
yat adv. “away, back there; ago”
yatmā n.
yatta prep. “across”
adv. “at”
yend n. “daughter”
yenpanta adj. “aged, long-lived”
yen-rinde n. “year”
yondō n. “son”
yu conj.