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Middle Quenya Words


*-a suf. “adjectival suffix”
a pron. “one (indefinite subject)”
á¹ particle. “imperative particle”
á² interj. “Oh!”
aha n. “rage”
-ahto suf. “maker, wright”
ahtumat n. “supper”
ai adv. “maybe, supposing, suppose”
aiano n. “stranger”
aika adj. “sharp”
aikale n. “peak”
aikasse n. “mountain peak”
ailin n. “pool, lake”
aina adj. “holy”
Aini n. “holy one, angelic spirit (f.)”
Ainu n. “holy one, angelic spirit”
aiqa adj. “steep”
aira² adj. “red, copper-coloured, ruddy”
aire(n) n. “sea”
aista- v. “to dread”
aiwe n. “(small) bird”
aksa n. “ravine, narrow path; edge”
al- v. “to thrive”
ala- pref. “not”
ala n. “day”
alako n. “rush, rushing flight, wild wind”
alalme n. “elm-tree”
alama n.
alan n. “daytime”
alaniñkwitálima adj. “that cannot be made white (again)”
(a)larka adj. “swift, rapid”
alasse n. “joy, merriment”
alat- pref. “large, great in size” see alta
alda n. “tree”
aldarwa adj. “having trees, tree-grown”
Aldarya n.
alfárima adj. “impossible to pursue”
alfírima adj. “*immortal”
alistima adj. “unknowable, secret”
alka n. “ray of light”
alkar(e) n. “radiance, brilliance”
alkárima adj. “impossible to make”
alkarinqa adj. “radiant, glorious”
alla interj. “hail!”
alma n. “good fortune, weal, wealth”
almare n. “blessedness, blessings, good fortune, bliss”
almárea adj. “blessed”
almie n. “blessedness, blessings, good fortune, bliss” see almare
alómea adj. “voiceless”
alqa n. “swan”
alqettima adj. “unutterable”
alta- v. “to (make) grow”
alta adj. “large, great in size”
alwa adj. “well-grown”
alwara adj. “useless”
alya adj. “rich, prosperous, abundant, blessed”
am- pref. “up”
ama adv. “up” see amba
#amaldume n.
aman n. “bond”
amatikse n. “dot or point placed above the line of writing”
amba adv. “up(wards)”
ambal n. “shaped stone, flag”
ambale n. “yellow bird, ‘yellow hammer’”
am(ba)penda adj. “uphill”
Ambar n. “Earth, World”
ambaróne n. “uprising, sunrise, Orient”
ambo n. “hill”
ambon n. “upward slope, hill-side”
ambor n. “breast”
amil n. “mother”
ammale n. “yellow bird, ‘yellow hammer’” see ambale
amme n. “mother”
ampa n. “hook, crook”
#ampan- v. “to build”
ampano n. “building (especially of wood), wooden hall, construction, edifice”
ampanóta- v. “to build, erect a (large) building”
ampanotalea adj. “architectural”
ampanotalye n. “architecture”
ampenda adj. see am(ba)penda
ampende n. “upward slope”
ampo n. “crook”
an- pref. “intensive prefix”
an(a) prep. “to, towards”
ana- pref. “to, towards”
ananta conj. “and yet, but yet”
Anar n. “Sun”
anaristya n.
anaróre n. “sunrise”
Anarya n. “Sunday, (lit.) Sun-day”
anda adj. “long”
andamunda n. “elephant”
andatehta n. “long mark”
andatelko n. “long stem, long leg”
andavë adv.
ando n. “gate, door”
-ando suf. “agent (male)”
andólama n. “long consonant”
andon (andond-) n. “great gate”
andul n. “long pole”
andúne n. “sunset”
anga n. “iron”
angaina adj. “of iron”
ango (angu-) n. “snake”
angulóke n. “dragon”
anka n. “jaw, row of teeth”
anna n. “gift”
anqale n. see unqale
anta n. “face”
anta- v. “to give”
Antaro ?
antaro n. “high mountain, peak”
ante n. “giver (f.)”
anto n. “giver (m.)”
anwa adj. “true, real, actual”
apsa n. “meat, cooked food; juice”
ar conj. “and; but”
ar- pref. “outside, beside”
ara prep. “outside, beside”
ára n. “dawn, day”
aran¹ n. “*king”
aran² (arn-) n. “child”
aranaite adj. “*kingly”
araníe n. “kingship”
(a)ranya adj. “free”
arat n. “weed”
áratenkele n. “writing of A, (lit.) daywriting”
arda n. “realm, region”
are n. “day”
-(á)re suf. “general action verbal suffix”
arie n. “daytime”
arin n. “morning”
arinya adj. “morning, early”
arka adj. “narrow”
arma n. “piece of good”
arta n. “fort, fortress”
artuile n. “dayspring, early morn”
arwa adj. “possessing, having, in control of”
arya n. “day (twelve hours)”
aryon n. “heir, prince”
#as (astu-) n. “bone”
asea [þ] n. “*healing herb”
asea aranaite [þ] n.
#askat- v. “to rend, break asunder”
assa n. “hole, perforation, opening, mouth”
asto n. “dust”
astula adj. “bony”
at(a)- pref. “back, again, re-”
ata adv. “again”
atalta- v. “to collapse, fall in, fall down, slip down in ruin”
ataltare n. “collapse”
Atan n. “Man”
ataqe n. “construction, building”
atar n. “father”
atsa n. “claw, catch, hook; tassel, fryse, fringe”
atta num. card. “two”
atto n. “father (hypocoristic)”
attul- v. “to come back, return”
atwa adj. “double”
au- pref. “without” see ava-
aule n. “invention”
auta-² v. “to invent, originate, devise”
au(ve) adv. “might (have), would (have)”
ava adv. and adj. “outside, beyond; outer, exterior”
ava- pref. “without”
avahaira adj. “*far beyond, very remote”
avanóte adj. “without number, numberless”
avaqet- v. “to refuse, forbid”
calarin(a) adj. “brilliant”
Cermie n. “July”
classical-mode-diacritics n.
classical-mode-vowels n.
colma n. “ring (?on finger)”
-dil suf. “-friend” see -(n)dil
-dur suf. “*servant” see -(n)dur
e pron. “he, she, it”
é interj. “indeed”
Ea n. “all that is, the World”
ea- v. “to be; to exist, have being, be found extant in the real world”
ear n. “sea”
Earenya n. “Thursday*, Sea-day”
earuile n. “seaweed”
easte n. “being, essence”
ehta- v. “to stab”
ehte (*ehti-) n. “spear”
ehtele n. “spring, issue of water”
ehtelu- v. “to well, bubble up”
ehtyar n. “spearman”
ekkaira adj. “?out-far”
ekko n. “spine, point, thorn”
(ek)koiru- v. “to come to life”
él n. “star”
-el suf. “friend”
Elda n. “Elf”
Eldalie n. “People of the Elves, Elf-folk”
Eldarin adj. and n. “of the Elves, Elvish”
éle n. “star-ray, beam, flashing of [?starry] light”
elen n. “star”
Elenya n. “Saturday, Star-day*”
ella pron. “of you, for you”
-ello suf. see -llo
elloa n. “next year”
en adv. “there, yonder, far away; look yon(der); that; in that (future) case”
enar n. “tomorrow”
ende n. “centre, middle, core”
enga prep. “save, *except”
engwa adj. “sickly”
enke n. “spear point”
enna¹ n. “fact”
enna² adj. “first”
enne n. “thought, purpose”
ennie n. “person (female), *being (female)”
enno n. “person, *being”
enqe num. card. “six”
enta pron. “that yonder, then (fut.)”
enwa adj. and n. “existent, real, true; fact”
enya adj. “middle”
enyáre adv. “in that day”
eph- v. “to emerge”
er adj. “one, alone”
erde¹ n. “seed, germ”
erde² n. “repose”
ére n. “existing”
ereáma ?
eresse n. “solitude”
eressea adj. “lonely”
erka n. “prickle, spine”
erka- v. “to prick”
erkasse n. “holly”
erke n. “holly”
Erkoire n. “February, *First-stirring”
Erlaire n. “June, *First-summer”
Erqelle n. “September, *First-autumn”
Erríve n. “November, *First-winter”
Ertuilë n. “April, *First-spring”
Eru n. “The One God”
erume n. “desert”
erya adj. “single, sole”
eske n. “rustle, noise of leaves”
esse¹ n. “name”
esse² n. “beginning”
esse³ n. “place”
essea¹ adj. “?primary”
essea² adj. “in place, local”
esta adj. “first”
esta-¹ v. “to name”
esta-² v. “to place, set, plant”
esta-³ v. “to precede”
et prep. “out of”
et- pref. “forth, out”
etse n. “outside, exterior”
etsir n. “mouth of a river”
etta pron. “his”
ette¹ n. “outside”
ette² pron. “he (emphatic)”
ettele n. “outer lands, foreign parts”
ettelea adj. “foreign”
#ettul- v. “*to come forth”
etya adj. “exiled”
évea adj. “future”
fafarra- v. “*to keep on hunting”
faika adj. “contemptible, mean”
faina- v. “to emit light”
faire¹ n. “radiance”
faire² n. “natural death (as act)”
falasse n. “beach”
falle n. “foam”
falma n. “(crested) wave”
falmar(in) (falmarind-) n. “sea-spirit, nymph”
fána adj. and n. “cloud; white”
fanga n. “beard”
fanya n. and adj. “cloud, sky; white”
fára n. “beach, shore”
fara- v. “to hunt”
farale n. “hunting”
faraste n. “hunting, the chase”
farastea adj. “of the chase (that it is proper to hunt)”
fare n. “sufficiency, plenitude, all that is wanted” see farme
fárea adj. “enough, sufficient”
faren adv. “enough”
farino n. “hunted man, outlaw, fugitive”
farma n. “?carpet”
farme n. “sufficiency, plenitude, all that is wanted”
farna adj. “quarry, prey”
farne n. “foliage”
farya- v. “to suffice”
fas (fass-) n. “fringe, border”
fasse n. “tangled hair, shaggy lock”
fasta adj. “pleased”
fasta- v. “to tangle”
fasta-² v. “to please”
fauka adj. “thirsty, parched, (lit.) open-mouthed”
fealóke n. “spark-dragon”
felya n. “cave”
fenda n. “threshold”
feren n. “beech-tree” see ferne
ferinya adj. “beechen”
ferna n. “mast, beechnuts”
ferne n. “beech-tree”
feuya- v. “to feel disgust at, abhor”
filet n. “cobweb”
filinke n.
filit (filik-) n. “small bird, sparrow”
finde n. “tress, braid of hair”
fine n. “larch”
fion (fiond-) n. “?hawk or haste”
*fir- v. “*to fade”
fire adj. “mortal man”
Fírien n. “Winter”
fírima adj. “mortal”
fírimáre n. “mortality (being mortal)”
firin adj. “dead (by natural cause)”
firya adj. “human”
formaite adj. “righthanded, dexterous”
formen n. “north, right hand”
formenya adj. “northern”
forte (forti-) adj. “right or north”
forya adj. “right (hand), dexter”
fuine n. “deep shadow” see huine
ha pron. “it, subjective abstract particle”
hahta n. “pile, mound”
haime n. “habit”
haira adj. “remote, far”
haiya adv. “far” see háya
hala n. “(small) fish”
halatir n. “kingsfisher, (lit.) fish-watcher”
halda¹ adj. “tall” see halla
halda² adj. “veiled, hidden, shadowed, shady”
halla adj. “tall”
halla² adj. “naked”
halma n. “skin, fell”
halya- v. “to veil, conceal, screen from light”
ham- v. “to sit (down)”
hamma n. “chair”
hamu- v. “to sit down, take a seat”
hana n. “post”
hanako n. “giant”
handa¹ adj. “understanding, intelligent”
handa² n. “chair”
handasse n. “intelligence”
hande n. “knowledge, understanding”
handele n. “intellect”
hanu n. “male, man (of Men or Elves), male animal”
hanuvoite adj. “*masculine”
hanwa adj. “male”
hanya- v. “to understand, know about, be skilled in dealing with”
har- v. “to dwell, abide, reside; to sit”
haran n. “king, chieftain, lord or king of a specified region”
harda n. see arda
harma¹ n. “treasure, treasured thing”
harma² n. “wolf, hound”
harna- v. “to wound”
harna¹ adj. “wounded”
harna² n. “helmet”
haro n. “hawk”
harpa n. “helmet” see harna²
harwe¹ n. “treasure, treasury”
harwe² n. “wound”
harya- v. “to possess”
hat (haht-) n. “comb, ridge”
hat-¹ v. “to break asunder”
hat-² v. “?to throw down”
hauta- v. “to cease, take a rest, stop”
háya adv. “far off, far away”
he pron. “they”
helda¹ adj. “naked, stripped bare”
helda² adj. “friendly, having love (for)”
helde n. “friend”
heldo n. “friend”
helen (helem-) n. “icicle”
helka adj. “ice-cold”
helke n. “ice”
helkelimbe n. “(lit.) *ice-drop, ?icicle”
helle n. “sky”
helle² n. “frost”
helma n. “skin, fell”
helme n. “friendship”
helmo n. “friend”
helor n. “frost”
helwa adj. “(pale) blue”
helyanwe n. “rainbow, (lit.) sky-bridge”
hen (hend-) n. “eye”
héra adj. “chief, principal”
heren n. “fortune, (lit.) governance”
herenya adj. “fortunate, wealthy, blessed, rich”
heri n. “lady”
heru n. “lord, master”
hesto n. “captain”
#hilde n. “heir”
hilya- v. “to follow”
him- v. “to adhere”
himba adj. “adhering, sticking”
himíte (himíti-) adj. “clinging, able to stick on”
himya- v. “to stick to, adhere, cleave to, abide by”
hinna adv. “still”
híse (hísi-) [þ] n. “mist, fog”
Hísime [þ] n. “November, *Misty-one”
hiswa [þ] adj. “grey (?in weather), *foggy, *overcast”
hiswe [þ] n. “fog”
hiuta- v. “to hint”
hlik- v. “to creep”
n. “shout”
ho prep. “from”
holme n. “odour” see olme
holmo adv. “from the middle”
hón (hom-) n. “heart (physical)”
hont adv. “inwards”
hópa n. “haven, harbour, small landlocked bay”
hopasse n. “harbourage”
hora- v. “to wait for”
hóre n. “impulse”
hórea adj. “impulsive”
horme n. “urgency”
horro interj. “ugh, alas!, ow!” see orro¹
horta- v. “to send flying, speed, urge”
hortale n. “speeding, urging”
horya- v. “to have an impulse, be compelled to do something, set vigorously out to do”
hos (host-) n. “crowd, assembly” see hosto
hosta n. “large number”
hosta- v. “to collect”
hosto n. “crowd, assembly”
hríve n. “winter”
hu n. “howl”
huan n. “hound”
huine n. “deep shadow”
humpe adv. “in the middle”
hún (hun-) n. “earth”
húna- n. “to howl”
huo n. “dog”
hwan (hwand-) n. “sponge, fungus”
hwarin adj. “crooked”
hwarma n. “crossbar”
hwesta n. “breeze, breath, puff of air”
hwesta- v. “to puff”
hwinde n. “eddy, whirlpool”
hwinya- v. “to swirl, eddy, gyrate”
hyalma n. “conch, shell, horn of Ulmo”
hyanda n. “a throng, crowd”
hyando n. “cleaver, hewer (sword)”
hyapat n. “shoe”
hyar- v. “to cleave”
hyarmaite adj. “lefthanded”
hyarmen n. “south, left hand”
hyarmenya adj. “southern”
hyarya adj. “left (hand)”
hyatse n. “cleft, gash”
hyelle n. “glass”
hyelma adj. “[unglossed]”
hyóla n. “trump”
í conj. “when, whenever” see íqa
article. “the”
pron. “that”
-ia suf. “aorist active partiple suffix”
ia adv. and n. “ever”
iale n. “everlasting age”
[ᴱQ.] -ie¹ suf. “abstract noun”
-ie² suf. “gerund suffix”
-ie³ suf. “stative suffix”
-iel¹ suf. “daughter”
-iel² suf.
-ien¹ suf. “daughter”
*-ien² suf. “-land”
il- pref. “no, not”
ilduma n. “heaven”
ilfirin adj. “immortal”
ilin adj. “pale blue”
illume conj. “when, whenever” see íqallume
ilqa n. “everything, all”
ilu n. “universe, world”
ilúve n. “universe, world; Heaven”
ilya adj. “all, the whole”
-ima suf. “able to be done, -able, -ible”
imbe¹ adv. “in(wards)”
imbe² n. “dell, deep vale, ravine, glen”
-ina suf. “general passive participle”
indis n. “bride”
indo n. “heart, mood”
indyalme n. “clamour” see yalme
indyo n. “grandchild, descendant, grandson”
inga adj. “first”
ingole n. “deep lore, magic”
inimeite adj. “*feminine”
inka n. “idea”
*-inqa suf.
intin pron. “they”
intya n. “guess, supposition, idea, notion”
intya- v. “to guess, suppose”
intyale n. “imagination”
inya adj. “female”
inye pron. “I (emphatic)”
-ion suf. “-son”
íqa conj. “when, whenever”
íqallume adv. “when, whenever”
íra adj. “eternal”
íre¹ n. “desire, longing”
íre² conj. “when”
íre³ n. “eternal, eternity?”
írima adj. “lovely, desirable”
Isil [þ] n. “Moon, (lit.) Sheen”
Isilya [þ] n. “*Monday, Moon-day”
ista- v. “to know”
ista n. “knowledge” see istya
istalima adj. “knowable, ascertainable”
istare n. “knowledge”
istima adj. “having knowledge, wise, learned”
istya n. “knowledge”
istyar n. “scholar, learned man, lore-master, wizard”
-ite suf. “(verbal) adjective ending”
kaila adj. and n. “lying in bed, bedridden; sickness”
kaima n. “bed”
kaimasan (kaimasamb-) n. “bedchamber”
kaimasse n. “lying in bed, sickness”
kaimassea adj. “bedridden, sick”
kainen num. card. “ten”
kaita- v. “to lie”
kakarra- v. “to keep on doing”
kala n. “light”
kalima adj. “bright”
kalina adj. “light”
kallo n. “noble man, hero”
kalma n. “light, lamp”
kalmatéma n. “k-series”
kalpa n. “water-vessel, bucket”
kalpa- v. “to draw water, scoop out, bale out”
kalta- v. “to (cause to) shine, light up, kindle (lamp etc.)”
kalumet (kalumett-) n. “lamp”
kalya- v. “to illuminate”
kambe n. “hollow (of hand)”
kamparu n. “[unglossed]”
káne n. “valour”
káno n. “chief”
kanta- v. “to shape”
kanta¹ num. card. “four”
kanta² n. and adj. “shape, frame; shaped”
kantele n. “music”
kanya adj. “bold; wise”
kap- v. “to leap”
kapsa n. “case, vessel”
kar- v. “to make, do, build”
kár (kas-) n. “head”
kar¹ (kard-) n. “building, house”
kar² (kard-) n. “deed”
karaite (karaiti-) adj. “able to make, handy, crafty, craftsmanlike, skilled”
karakse n. “jagged hedge of spikes”
karamaite adj. “able to make, handy, crafty, craftsmanlike, skilled” see karaite
karanya- v. “to make red, redden”
karaste n. “making, manufacture, construction”
karie n. “making”
kárima adj. “able to be made, feasible”
karino- v. “to get finished/made”
karka n. “tooth”
karkane n. “row of teeth”
karne (karni-) adj. “red”
káro n. “doer, actor, agent”
kas¹ n. “head”
kas² adv. “upwards, towards the top”
kas³ (kaps-) n. “case, vessel” see kapsa
kassa n. “helmet”
kata prep. “after”
kato adv. “afterwards”
#kav- v. “to be able”
ke pron. “you (sg)”
kelma n. “channel”
kelu- v. “to (begin to) flow, spring forth (of water)”
kelulinde (kelulindi-) n. “spring”
kelume n. “stream, flow”
kelure n. “fountain”
keluste n. “outflow”
kelut n. “rivulet”
kemna adj. “of earth, earthen”
kemnaro n. “potter”
kén (kem-) n. “soil, earth”
#ken- v. “to see”
kénima adj. “able to be seen, visible”
kentano n. “potter”
kenya- v. “to see”
kesta- v. “to ask”
khus- v. “to come up, emerge”
kilya n. “cleft, pass between hills, gorge”
kim- v. “to find”
kirisse n. “slash, gash”
kirka n. “sickle”
kirya n. “ship, boat”
kiryahto n. “shipwright”
kiryasta n. “sail, *sailing”
koire n. “Stirring”
koita- v. “to live, be alive, have life”
korin n. “circular enclosure”
korko n. “crow”
korna adj. “round, globed”
koromindo n. “cupola, dome”
koron (corn-) n. “globe, ball”
kosta- v. “to quarrel”
kotumo n. “enemy”
kotya adj. “hostile”
ksara- v. “to yearn, long for”
ksenna n. “odour”
n. “bow”
kuile n. “life, being alive”
kuina adj. “alive”
kuivea adj. “wakening”
kuiv(i)e n. “awakening”
kukua n. “dove”
kukumba- v. “to nod repeatedly, (lit.) keep on bowing”
kulda adj. “flame-coloured, golden-red”
kulina adj. “flame-coloured, golden-red”
kullo n. “red gold”
kulo n. “flame”
kulu n. “gold (metal)”
kuluina adj. “orange (coloured); of gold, golden”
kuluma n. “orange (fruit)”
kúma n. “void”
*kumba adj. “*bellied”
kumbe n. “mound, heap”
kumna adj. “empty”
kundu n. “prince”
kunduina adj. “of princes, princely”
kurwe n. “craft”
kuv- v. “to bow”
kúvima adj. “flexible”
kúvula adj. “flexible, pliant”
lá- v. “to not be”
lá¹ adv. “no, not”
lá³ interj. “(?please)”
lah- v. “to kick”
lai adv. “very”
laika adj. “keen, sharp, acute”
laike n. “acuteness, keenness of perception”
laime n. “shadow (cast by an object or form), shade”
laiqa adj. “green”
laira adj. “shady”
laire¹ n. “summer”
laire² n. “poem”
laita- v. “to praise”
laite n. “colour”
laive n. “ointment”
laiwa adj. “sick, sickly, ill”
lala- v. “to deny”
lalme n. “elm-tree” see alalme
láma n. “ringing sound, echo; sound”
laman (lamn-) n. “tame beast”
lamba¹ n. “tongue”
lamba² n. “hammer” see namba
lambe n. “language, tongue”
lámina adj. “echoing”
lamma n. “sound”
lamya- v. “to sound”
lanat n. “weft”
landa adj. and n. “wide; plain”
lango n. “broad sword; prow of a ship”
lanko n. “throat”
lanne n. “tissue, cloth”
lanta n. “fall”
lanta- v. “to fall”
lantaner ?
lanwa n. “loom”
lanya- v. “to weave”
lapsa- v. “to lick (frequentative)”
lapse n. “babe”
laqet- v.
lár n. “ear”
lar n. “fat, riches [richness?]”
lár- v. “to happen”
lára adj. “flat”
lára² n. “grave”
lárea adj. “fat, rich”
larka adj. “swift, rapid” see (a)larka
larma n. “(?pig-)fat, flesh”
lasse n. “leaf”
lassekanta adj. “leaf-shaped”
lasselanta n. “leaf-fall, autumn”
lasta n. “listening, hearing”
lasta- v. “to listen”
lat- v. “to be extended, stretch, be situated (of an area)”
latimbe n. “glen”
latina adj. “open, free, cleared (of land)”
latta¹ n. “hole, pit”
latta² n. “strap”
lauka adj. “warm”
lau(me) adv. “no, no indeed not, on the contrary”
laure n. “gold”
laurea adj.
lauta- v. “to abound”
lav-¹ v. “to lick”
lav-² v. “to yield, allow, grant”
*lavar n. “(golden) blossom”
lavaralda n. “tree with long green leaves with golden undersides and pale flowers with a yellow flush”
-le suf. “abstract noun”
le¹ pron. “you (plural or polite)”
le² prep. “with, by”
lehta- v. “to loose, slacken”
lemba adj. “left behind”
lemnar n. “(Valarin five-day) week”
lempe num. card. “five”
lemya- v. “to remain, tarry”
lenda- v. “to linger”
lenka- v. “to loose, slacken” see lehta-
lenna- v. “to go, depart; to come”
leo n. “shade, shadow cast by any object”
lepse n. “finger”
*lepta adj. “*fingered”
lesta- v. “to leave”
#lesta n. “measure”
lesto (lestu-) n. “journey”
let (leps-) n. “finger” see lepse
#lhit- v. “to speed”
-li suf. “plural (suffix)”
lia n. “fine thread, spider filament”
liante n. “spider”
lie n. “people, folk”
*lihlikka- v. “to sneak about”
lilta- v. “to dance”
limba n. “drop”
limpe n. “wine, drink of the Valar”
lin-¹ pref. “many”
lin-² v. “to sing”
linda adj. “fair, beautiful (of sound)”
*linda- v. “*to make music”
lindale n. “music”
linde¹ n. “air, tune”
linde² n. “pool” see linya
lindo n. “singer, singing bird”
lindornea adj. “having many oak-trees”
líne n. “cobweb”
linga-¹ v. “to hang, dangle”
linga-² v. “to ring”
lingwe (lingwi-) n. “fish”
lingwilóke n. “fish-dragon, sea-serpent”
linqe adj. “wet”
lintyulussea adj. “having many poplars”
*linwe n. “short lay”
linya n. “pool”
linyenwa adj. “old, having many years”
lipsa n. “soap”
#lir- v. “to sing, chant”
liri n. “finch”
liru- v. “to sing (gaily)”
liruima adj. “able to be sung”
lirule n. “merry song”
liruste n. “singing, chant”
lirustea adj. “fit for singing, to be sung”
lis (liss-) n. “honey”
litse n. “sand”
líve n. “sickness”
-llo suf. “ablative element”
ló¹ prep. “ablative element”
ló² n. “night, a night”
[ᴱQ.] loa n. “life”
lóke n. “dragon”
lokse n. “hair”
lóme n. “night, night-time, gloom”
lómelinde n. “nightingale”
lóna¹ n. “island, remote land difficult to reach”
lóna² adj. “dark”
londe n. “road (in sea), fairway, entrance to harbour; gulf”
lopo n. “rabbit”
lopotundo (lopotundu-) n. “rabbithole”
-lóra suf. “without, less”
lóre n. “slumber”
lorna adj. “asleep”
losse² n. “blossom, flower”
lóte n. “(large single) flower”
Lótesse n. “May, (lit.) *Flower-ness”
lu- v. “to be heavy, be sad”
n. “time, occasion”
luhta- v. “to enchant”
lúke n. “enchantment”
lumba adj. “weary”
lumbe n. “gloom, shadow”
lúme n. “time, hour”
lumenyáre n. “*history”
lúmeqenta n. “history, chronological account”
lúmeqentale n. “history”
lúmeqentalea adj. “historical”
*lúmie n. “annal”
lumna adj. “lying heavy, burdensome, oppressive, ominous”
lumna- v. “to lie heavy, be heavy”
lúne (lúni-) adj. “blue”
lunga adj. “heavy; fraught”
lungu n. “dragon”
lunte n. “boat”
lúpe n. “plume”
lussa- v. “to whisper”
lusse n. “whispering sound”
lusta adj. “void, empty”
-lya suf. “imperfect participle”
-ma suf. “instrumental”
má¹ n. “hand”
má² n. “land, region”
mahta- v. “to stroke, feel, handle; to wield (a weapon), fight”
mahtar n. “warrior”
mahtya ? “[unglossed]”
maile n. “lust”
mailea adj. “lustful”
-maite suf. see -ite
maite adj. “handy, skilled”
maiwe n. “gull”
makar n. “tradesman”
makil n. “sword”
maksa adj. “soft, pliant”
makse¹ n. “dough”
makse² n. “meat”
mál n. “grit”
malda n. “gold (as metal)” see malta
maldo n.
malina adj. “yellow”
malka adj. “how great?”
malle n. “street, (made or stone) road”
mallo adv. “whence”
málo n. “friend”
malo¹ (malu-) n. “pollen, yellow powder”
malo² (malu-) n. “rust”
malta n. “gold (as metal)”
malwa adj. “fallow, pale”
mammata- v. “to gobble up, devour, gorge”
man pron. “what”
mana pron.
mána adj. “blessed”
manar n. “doom, final end, fate, fortune; final bliss”
*manda n. “prison, *duress”
mande n. “doom, final end, fate, fortune; final bliss” see manar
mandos n. “doomsman, judge”
mandu n. “lord”
manima adj. “of what kind, of what sort”
manka- v. “to trade”
mankale n. “commerce”
manna adv. “whither”
manu n. “departed spirit”
mapa- v. “to grasp, seize”
mar- v. “to abide”
mar (mar(d)-) n. “home, dwelling, house; earth”
mára adj. “good (of things), useful, fit”
maranwe n. “destiny”
mar(dar) adv. “homewards”
maril n. “glass, crystal”
marre adv. “at home”
marta n. “home”
marta¹ adj. and n. “fated, fey; fate”
martya- v. “to destine”
marya adj. “pale, fallow, fawn”
marye adv. “at home” see marre
masse n. “where”
masta n. “bread”
masta- v. “to bake”
mat- v. “to eat”
mat (matt-) n. “food”
matie n. “eating”
mattima adj. “edible”
maure n. “need”
mausta n. “compulsion”
mauya- v. “to compel”
[ᴱQ.] *-me suf. “abstract noun”
me pron. “we, us”
mel- v. “to love (as friend)”
melda adj. “beloved, dear, sweet”
meldo n. “(friend), lover”
melima adj. “loveable, fair”
melin adj. “dear”
melindo n. “lover (m.)”
melisse n. “lover (f.)”
melme n. “love”
men n. “place, spot”
men- v. “to wish, mean, intend”
mena- v. “to be making for, be on way to”
ména n. “region”
menel n. “the heavens, firmament, sky”
Menelya n. “*Wednesday, Heavens-day”
meneste n. “intention”
mente n. “point, end”
mer- v. “to wish, desire, want”
meren(de) n. “feast, festival”
merka adj. “wild, untamed”
merya adj. “festive”
meryale n. “holiday”
mestanyatse n. “suffixion”
Metelaire n. “August, (lit.) *End-summer”
Meterríve n. “January, (lit.) *End-winter”
metta n. “ending”
metya- v. “to put an end to”
mi prep. “in, within”
n. “small fly”
milka adj. “greedy”
milme n. “desire, greed”
milya adj. “soft, gentle, weak”
milya- v. “to long for”
minda adj. “prominent, conspicuous”
mindo(n) n. “(isolated) tower”
min(e) num. card. “one”
minna prep. and adv. “into, to the inside”
minqe num. card. “eleven”
minqetyarme n. “accentuation”
minta adv. “inwards, (?into)” see mitta
mintye n. “peak”
minya num. ord. “first”
miqilis n. “kiss”
mir prep. and adv. “to the inside, into”
míre n. and adj. “jewel, precious thing, treasure”
miril (mirill-) n. “shining jewel”
mirilya- v. “to glitter”
mirima adj. “free”
mista- v. “to stray about”
miste n. “fine rain”
mitsa adj. “small”
mitta prep. “inwards, (?into)”
mitta- v. “to insert; to come in”
mittande n. “infixion, insertion”
mitya adj. “interior”
miue (miuy-) n. “cat”
miule n. “whining, mewing”
míwa adj. “small, tiny, frail”
mixa adj. “wet”
[ᴱQ.] -mo suf. “agental suffix”
moina adj. “familiar, dear”
mól n. “slave, thrall”
*móla adj. “enslaved”
mólome n. “hard work, burden”
mordo n. “shadow, obscurity, stain, smear, dimness”
more (mori-) adj. “black, dark”
móre (móri-) n. “blackness, dark, night”
morilinde n. “nightingale”
morko n. “bear”
morna adj. “gloomy, sombre”
móta- v. “to labour, toil”
motto n. “blot”
muile n. “secrecy”
muina adj. “hidden, secret”
mulo (mulu-) n. “dust”
mun- v. “to dislike, to not like”
mundo n. “snout, nose; cape [of land]”
[ᴱQ.] -n suf. “genitive suffix”
na prep. “to, towards” see an(a)
ná- v. “to be”
naham- v. “to summon”
naháme n. “summons”
nahamna adj. “summoned”
nahta- v. “to slay”
nahta¹ n. “a bite”
nahta² num. card. “eighteen”
nai interj. “alas”
naike n. “sharp pain”
naikea adj. “cruel”
naikele n. “*pain (abstract)”
naikelea adj. “painful”
naina- v. “to lament”
naire n. “lament, sorrow”
nairea adj. “sorrowful”
nak-¹ v. “to hate, kill”
nak-² v. “to bite”
nalláma n. “echo”
namárie interj.
namba n. “hammer”
namba- v. “to hammer”
nan conj. and adv. “but, on the contrary, on the other hand; again”
ná(n) conj. and adv. “but, on the contrary, on the other hand” see nan
nan-¹ pref. “backwards”
#nan-² v. “to go back”
ñanda- v. “to harp”
nanda n. “water-mead, watered plain”
nandakka- v. “[unglossed]”
ñandaro n. “harper”
ñande n. “harp”
ñandele n. “harping”
ñandelle n. “little harp”
nangwa n. “jaw”
#napanna n. “additional letter”
naraka adj. “harsh, rending, violent of (?sounds)”
narda n. “knot”
nár(e) n. “flame”
Nárie n. “June, *Fire-ness”
narka- v. “to rend”
narmo n. “wolf”
Narqelie n. “October”
Narqelion n. “Fire-fading, Autumn”
narta- v. “to kindle”
Narvinye n. “January, *New-fire”
narwë n. “sign, token”
nasse n. “thorn, spike”
nasta n. “spear-head, spear-point, gore, triangle”
nasta- v. “to prick, sting”
nasto n. “animal, beast”
#na-súrima n. “aspirate”
nat n. “thing”
natse n. “web, net”
Nauko n. “Dwarf”
naule [ñ] n. “wolfhowl”
ñauro n. “werewolf”
nause [þ] n. “imagination”
nauta adj. “bound, obliged”
-nde suf. “general action verbal suffix”
-(n)dil suf. “-friend”
[ᴱQ.] -ndo suf. “agent (male)”
-ndon suf. “like, as”
-ndor suf. “-land”
-(n)dur suf. “*servant”
adv. “ago”
nehte n. “honeycomb”
nel- pref. “tri-”
nelde num. card. “three”
nelet (nelk-) n. “tooth”
nelke n. “tooth” see nelet
nelle n. “brook”
neltil (neltild-) n. “triangle”
nem- v. “it seems (impersonal)”
néme n. “leave, *permission”
nemeste n. “appearance”
nemestea adj. “apparent”
nén (nen-) n. “water”
[ᴱQ.] *nenda adj. “watery, wet”
nende n. “pool”
Nendesse n. “February, *Wet-ness”
nenemma- v. “to keep on (re-)appearing”
nengwe n. “nose, beak”
nengwea adj. “nasal”
nengwetanwa adj. “nasal-infixed”
nengwetehta n. “nasal sign”
nér (ner-) n. “man, adult male”
nerte num. card. “nine”
nése n. “youth” see nesse
nessa adj. “young”
nesse n. “youth”
nessima adj. “youthful”
neuma n. “snare”
neuna adj. “second”
neuro n. “follower, successor”
ngolfine n. “magical skill”
ni pron. “I”
n. “woman, female”
nie n. “tear”
nieninqe n. “snowdrop, (lit.) white tear”
nikse n. “minnow, ‘little fish’”
-nil suf. “-friend” see -(n)dil
nil (nild-) n. “blue-bell, harebell”
nilda adj. “friendly, loving (towards)”
nilde n. “friend (f.)”
nildo n. “friend (m.)”
nilme n. “friendship”
nilmo n. “friend”
nin n. “nose” see nengwe
nindari n. “river-maid, nymph”
ninde adj. “slender”
ninqe (ninqi-) adj. “white, pale”
ninqeri n. “*white (female thing or personification)”
ninqeru n. “white man, white male swan, white ship, white (male thing or personification)”
ninqinta- v. “to grow pale”
ninqisse n. “whiteness”
ninqita- v. “to whiten, make pale/white; to shine white”
niñqitáre n. “whitening, whitewashing”
ninya pron. “my”
niqe n. “snow”
níre n. see nie
nirwa n. “bolster, cushion”
nirwa² adj. “scarred”
nirwe n. “scar”
nis n. see nis(se)
nis² (niks-) n. “minnow, ‘little fish’” see nikse
nis(se) (niss-) n. “woman, lady”
níte (*níti-) adj. “moist, dewy”
niule ?
no prep. “under” see nu
*nó¹ prep. “*after”
nó² (nów-) n. “conception, idea”
noa¹ n. “conception, idea” see nó²
noa² n. “thigh”
Nókoire n. “March, *After-stirring”
nóla n. “(round) head, round hill(top), knoll, summit”
ñóla adj. “wise, learned”
Nólairë n. “July, *After-summer”
ñóle n. “wisdom”
nóloa n. “yesteryear”
ñolwe n. “wisdom, (secret) lore”
Nóqelle n. “October, *After-autumn”
nóre n. “land, country; clan, race, folk, kindred”
norno n. “oak”
Norríve n. “December, *After-winter”
norsa [þ] n. “giant”
norta [ñ] adj. “horrible”
norto [ñ] n. “horror”
nosse n. “clan, family, ‘house’”
not- v. “reckon”
nóte n. “number”
Nótuile n. “May, *After-spring”
nov- v. “?to think, form idea, imagine”
-nta suf. “to become or be made”
nu prep. “under”
nui n. “lament” see ON. nui
nukumna adj. “humbled”
nulda adj. “secret”
nulla adj. “dark, dusky, obscure”
numbe n. “root, foundation”
númen n. “west”
númenya adj. “western”
nún adv. “down below, underneath”
nuqerna adj. “inverted”
nur- v. “to grow/be dark”
núra adj. “deep”
#núre n. “night”
núro n. “servant”
nuru [ñ] n. “death”
nusta- v. “to smell”
#nut- v. “to tie”
núta- v. “to set, sink (of Sun or Moon)”
núte n. “bond, knot”
-nwa suf. “perfective participle”
nwalka [ñ] adj. “cruel”
nwalma [ñ] n. “pain”
nwalme n. “torment”
nwalya- [ñ] v. “to pain, torment”
ñwe pron.
nyar- v. “tell, relate”
nyáre n. “tale, saga, history”
#nyarie n. “talking”
nyarna n. “tale, saga”
nyarro n. “rat”
nyárula adj. “apt to talk”
-nye suf. “I”
nye pron. “me, I”
nyelle n. “bell”
nyello n. “singer”
-o suf.
o- pref. “together”
ohta n. “war”
ohtakáro n. “warrior”
ohtatyaro n. “warrior”
oi adv. and n. “ever”
oia- v. “to live, pass one’s days”
oia adj. and adv. “everlasting”
oiale n. “everlasting age”
oio (oiw-) n. “bird”
oira adj. “eternal”
oire n. “everlasting (?age)”
okamna n. “diphthong”
ol- v. “to become”
ola- v. “to grow”
#ólama n. “consonant”
olaste n. “growth”
olme n. “odour”
ololla- v. “*to keep on growing”
olombo n. “horse”
olor n. “dream”
olos(se) n. “snow, fallen snow”
olwa n. “branch”
óma n. “voice”
#ómaise n. “voiced [stop]”
ómalóra adj. “voiceless”
óman (omand-) n. “vowel”
*ómanda adj. “vocalic”
ómataile n. “vowel-lengthening”
ómataima n. “vocalic extension”
*ómea adj. “voiced”
omentie n. “meeting”
*-on suf. “great”
ondo n. “stone (as a material)”
onna n. “creature”
onóne n. “kinswoman; sister”
onóro n. “kinsman; brother”
onot- v. “to count up”
onta- v. “to beget, create”
ontale n. “descent”
ontare n. “begetter, parent (f.)”
ontaro n. “begetter, parent”
opele n. “walled house or village, town”
opto n. “back”
óre adj. “rising”
orhal- v. “to exalt”
orko (orcu-) n. “goblin”
orme n. “haste, violence, wrath, rushing”
orna adj. “hasty”
orne n. “(high isolated) tree”
oron (oront-) n. “mountain”
ororia- v. “to keep on rising (and falling)”
orro- v. “to rise (from ground)”
orro¹ interj. “ugh, alas!, ow!”
orro² adv. “up in the air, on high”
orta- v. “to rise, raise”
ortalima adj. “able to be raised”
ortare n. “lifting up”
orto n. “mountain-top”
orya- v. “to rise”
oselle [þ] n. “sister, associate”
osse n. “terror”
ostirion n. “fort”
osto n. “city, town with wall round, fort”
otornasse n. “brotherhood”
otorno n. “sworn brother, associate”
otso num. card. “seven”
ovesta n. “contract, compact, treaty”
pa prep. “about”
palan adj. and adv. “far, distant, wide, to a great extent, over a wide space, to a distance”
palantir n. “far-seer”
palar n. “flat field, ‘wang’, plain”
palka- v. “to beat flat”
palla adj. “wide, expansive”
palme n. “surface”
palpa- v. “to beat, batter”
palu- v. “to open wide, spread, expand, extend” see palya-
palúre n. “surface, bosom, bosom of Earth”
palya- v. “to open wide, spread, expand, extend”
pamba n. “ball”
panda n. “enclosure”
pano n. “piece of shaped wood”
panta adj. “open”
panta- v. “to unfurl, spread out, open”
panya- v. “to fix, set”
parka adj. “dry; thirsty”
parma n. “book”
parmaina adj. “of books, literary”
parmatéma n. “p-series”
pasta [þ] adj. “smooth”
n. “mouth”
pel- v. “go round, revolve, return”
peler n. “fenced field”
pelko n. “leg” see telko
peltas n. “pivot”
penda adj. “sloping down, inclined”
pende n. “slope, downslope, declivity”
*per- pref. “half, semi”
#perómanda adj. and n. “semivocalic, *semi-vowel”
perya- v. “to divide in middle, halve”
pilen n. “feather”
pilin (pilind-) n. “arrow”
pirya n. “juice, syrup”
pis- [þ] v. “to spit”
pite n. “juice”
piuta- v. “to spit”
poika adj. “clean, pure”
poinesse ?
polda adj. “strong, burly”
poldore n. “physical strength; might”
poldórea adj. “strong, strong-bodied”
pore (pori-) n. “flour, meal”
psar- v. “to rub”
psára n. “peel”
punta n. “stopped consonant”
pusta- v. “to stop, put a stop to, cease”
pusta n. “stop, full stop (in punctuation)” see putta
putta n. “stop, full stop (in punctuation)”
qalin adj. “dead”
qalme n. “(death) agony, (process of) death”
qáme n. “sickness”
qanta adj. “full”
qanta-tenkele n. “full writing”
qantien n. “century, (lit.) full year”
qáqi adv. “all”
qár(e) n. “fist, hand”
qe conj. “if”
#qel- v. “to fail”
qelesta n. “dying, fading”
qelet n. “corpse”
*qelie n. “*fading”
qelle n. “Autumn”
Qende n. “Elf”
qéne n. “petrel”
qenta n. “tale, story, account, history”
qentale n. “account, history”
qentaro n. “narrator, reciter, minstrel”
qentasse n. “history”
Qenya n. “Elvish Tongue”
qeqetta- v. “to repeat, keep on saying”
qesse n. “feather”
qesset (*qessek-) n. “pillow”
qessetéma n. “q-series”
*qesta n. “speech, language”
qet- v. “to say”
qetil n. “tongue, language, talk”
qettima adj. “utterable”
qilir n. “quiet”
qinga n. “bow (for shooting)”
qingatelko adj. “*bow-legged”
[ᴱQ.] -r¹ suf. “plural suffix”
*-r² suf.
(ráv-) n. “lion”
raf- v. “to snatch”
raika adj. “crooked, bent, wrong”
raiqi adj. “angry”
ráka n. “wolf”
*rakka n. “*claw”
rakkalepta adj. “*claw-fingered”
ráma n. “wing”
rámalóke n. “winged dragon”
ramba¹ n. “wall”
ramba² n. “beam of wood” see ran
rampa ? “[unglossed]”
ran (ramb-) n. “beam of wood”
Rana n. “Moon, (lit.) Wayward”
randa n. “cycle, age (100 Valian Years)”
ráne n. “straying, wandering”
ránen adj. “errant”
rangwe n. “fathom”
ranko (ranku-) n. “arm”
ranta n. “course”
ranya adj. “free” see (a)ranya
ranya- v. “to stray”
rasse n. “horn (of animals and mountains)”
#-rasta suf. “twelve”
rauko n. “demon”
rauta n. “metal”
ráva¹ adj. “wild, untamed”
ráva² n. “bank (especially of a river)”
ravanda n. “wilderness”
-re suf. “gerund”
rempa adj. “crooked, hooked”
réna n. “edge, border, margin”
rer- v. “to sow”
resta n. “‘sown’, sown field, acre”
n. “reed, grass-stem”
ríe n. “crown”
rihta- v. “to jerk, give quick twist or move, twitch”
?rille n. “brilliance”
rilma n. “glittering light”
rilya adj. “glittering”
ríma n. “edge, hem, border”
rimba adj. “frequent, numerous”
rimbe n. “crowd, host”
rimpa adj. “rushing, flying”
*-rin suf. “-ian, racial-adjective, language”
rína adj. “crowned”
rinda adj. “circular”
rinde n. “circle”
Ringare n. “December, *Cold-day”
ringe (ringi-) n. “cold”
ringwe n. “cold pool or lake (in mountains)”
rinka n. “twitch, jerk, trick, sudden move”
rinke n. “flourish, quick stroke, hook”
#rip- v. “to hurl”
rista n. “cut”
rista- v. “to cut”
[ᴱQ.] -ro suf. “agental suffix”
rohta- v. “?to run on foot”
roime n. “hunt, hunting”
roina adj. “ruddy”
roita- v. “to pursue”
rokko n. “(swift) horse”
róma n. “loud sound, trumpet-sound”
romba n. “horn, trumpet”
rómen n. “east”
rómenya adj. “eastern”
róna adj. “east”
rondo n. “roof; cave, cavern”
ronyo n. “‘chaser’, hound of chase”
rosse n. “fine rain, dew”
rotto n. “cave, tunnel”
n. “lion” see
ruk- v. “to pluck”
runda n. “rough piece of wood”
runya n. “slot, footprint”
russe n. “corruscation, †sword-blade”
sa pron. “that”
sahte n.
saira adj. “wise”
sairon n. “wizard”
sak- v. “to be hurt”
#sakkat- v. “to rend, break asunder” see #askat-
salpa- v. “to lick up, sup, sip”
salqe n. “grass”
sambe [þ] n. “room, chamber”
samna¹ [þ] n. “wooden post”
#samna² n. “diphthong”
samno [þ] n. “carpenter, wright, builder”
*sampane n. “combination”
san conj. “*then”
sana adj. “that”
sanda [þ] adj. “firm, true, abiding”
sanga [þ] n. and adj. “crowd, throng, press, pack; crowded, packed”
sanga- v. “*to press”
sanguma n. “press”
sangwa n. “poison”
sanka [þ] adj. “cleft, split”
sanya [þ] adj. “regular, law-abiding, normal”
sanye [þ] n. “rule, law”
sapsarra- v. “to keep on rubbing, fray away”
sar (sard-) n. “stone (small)”
sara [þ] n. “stiff dry grass, bent”
sára adj. “bitter”
sa-rinke (sa-rinki-) n. “hooked stroke in tengwa, s-hook”
sarna adj. “of stone”
sarne n. “stony place”
sat (sap-) n. “pit”
saura [þ] adj. “foul, evil-smelling, putrid”
sauricumba [þ] adj. “*foul-bellied”
sáva n. “juice”
selda n. “child [n.]”
selde n. “child (f.)”
seldo n. “child [m.]”
seler (sell-) [þ] n. “sister”
senda adj. “resting, at peace”
-ser suf. “friend”
ser- v. “to rest”
sére n. “rest, repose, peace”
serme n. “friend (f.)”
sermo n. “friend [m.]”
seron n. “friend”
seru- v. “to settle on, sit or lit down, come to rest on”
adv. “now”
sikil n. “dagger, knife”
sil- v. “to shine”
silma adj. “silver, shining white”
silme n. “moonlight, light of Silpion, †silver”
símen n. “here”
sin adv. “now” see
sinan adv. “at present”
sinar n. “today, this morning”
sinde (sindi-) [þ] adj. “grey, pale”
sinta [þ] adj. “short”
sinta- [þ] v. “to fade”
sinya adj. “new, *current”
sinye [þ] n. “evening”
sir- v. “to flow”
síre n. “river”
siril n. “rivulet”
sirya- v. “to flow (smoothly)”
sisilla- v. “to glitter (white)”
sisíria- v.
siule n. “incitement”
solor n. “surf”
sonda adj. “dear, fond”
sondo n. “friend”
sorasta n. “equipment”
sorne [þ] n. “eagle”
[ᴱQ.] -sse¹ suf. “locative ending”
*-sse² suf. “abstract noun”
-sta¹ suf. “close grouping”
[ᴱQ.] *-sta² suf. “verbal noun, infinitive, gerund”
-ste n. “general action verbal suffix”
suhto n. “draught”
suk- v. “to drink”
súle (súli-) [þ] n. “breath; spirit”
Súlime [þ] n. “March”
sulka n. “root (especially as edible)”
súlo n. “goblet”
sulpa- v. “to lap up, drink greedily”
sumba- v. “to submerge”
sundo n. “base, root, root-word”
sundóma [þ] n. “determinant vowel, vocalic determinant”
sungwa n. “drinking-vessel”
surya n. “spirant consonant”
sút n. “pain, (esp.) death-throe”
#suv- v. “to sink (esp. in water)”
súya- v. “to breathe”
[ᴱQ.] -ta suf. “causative”
ta pron. “that, it”
taile n. “lengthening, extension”
taina adj. “lengthened, extended, prolonged”
taita- v. “to prolong”
tak- v. “to fasten”
takse n. “nail”
tal adv. “downwards”
tál (tal-) n. “foot”
talan (talam-) n. “floor, ground”
talat n. “sheet”
tallune n. “sole of foot”
talma n. “base, foundation, root”
talta- v. “to slip (down), fall, slide down, slope”
talta¹ adj. “sloping, tilted, leaning, inclined”
talta² n. “incline”
talte adv. “down, at the bottom”
tam- v. “to tap”
tamba- v. “to knock, keep on knocking”
tambaro n. “woodpecker, knocker”
tambe (tambi-) n. “pot”
tampa n. “stopper”
tana pron. “that (anaphoric)”
tanga- v. “to twang” see tinga-
tango n. “twang” see tinge
tangwa n. “hasp, clasp”
tanka adj. “firm, fixed, sure”
tankata- v. “to make fixed/firm, confirm”
tankil n. “brooch, clasp, pin”
tano n. “craftsman, smith”
tanta adj. “double”
tante n.
tanwe n. “craft, thing made, device, construction”
#tap- v. “to stop, block”
tár n. “king”
tar- affix. “high; king or queen (in compounds)”
tar adv. “thither, beyond”
tára adj. “lofty, high”
taras n. “mount, hill”
táre adv. “*that day”
tári n. “queen”
Tárinar n.
tarka n. “horn”
tarki- v. “to trouble”
tarya adj. “tough, stiff”
tasar(e) [þ] n. “willow-tree”
tasse adv. “there”
tatalla- v. “to admire, wonder at (the excellence of), marvel”
tatalta- v.
tatya- v. “to double, repeat”
taura adj. “mighty”
taure n. “great wood, forest”
taurina adj. “of wood”
tavar n. “wood (material)”
tavaril n. “dryad, spirit of woods (f.)”
tavaron n. “dryad, spirit of woods (m.)”
te pron. “him, it”
n. “path” see tie
tea n. “straight line, road”
tehta n. “mark (in writing), sign, diacritic”
#tek- v. “to write”
tekil n. “pen”
tekko n. “stroke (of pen or brush), accent [´]”
tel- v. “to intend”
telemna adj. “*silver”
telepsa adj. “of silver”
telko (telkw-) n. “leg, stem”
tella adj. “hindmost, last”
telle n. “rear”
telme n. “hood, covering”
telpe n. “silver”
telpina adj. “of silver”
telta- v. “to canopy, overshadow, screen”
telume n. “vault, dome (of heaven)”
telumet (telumett-) n. “canopy”
téma n. “row, series, line”
ten prep. “for”
tengwa n. “letter”
tengwanda n. “alphabet”
tengwe n. “writing”
tengwesta n. “grammar; collection of writing”
tenkele n. “writing (system), spelling”
tenna prep. “until”
téra adj. “straight, right”
ter(e) prep. “through”
teren(e) adj. “slender”
tereva adj. “fine, acute”
terhat- v. “to break apart”
terra n. “fine pierced hole”
tet(ta) n. “baby”
teuka ?
thar-¹ v. “[unglossed]”
#thar-² v. “to stand”
the pron. “it”
tie n. “path, course, line, direction, way”
tikse n. “dot, tiny mark, point”
tilde n. “spike, horn”
timpana n. “[unglossed]”
#tin- v. “to glint”
tinda adj. “glinting (silver)”
tinde n. “glint”
tindóme n. “(starry) twilight”
tinga- v. “to twang”
tingahondo adj. “flint-hearted”
tinge n. “twang”
tingilinde n. “twinkling star” see tingilya
tingilya n. “twinkling star”
tinko n. “metal”
tinkotéma n. “t-series”
tinta- v. “to kindle, make to spark”
tintina- v. “to sparkle”
tinwe n. “spark (star)”
tir- v. “to watch”
tirion n. “watch-tower, tower”
*tiriste n. “*watch, guard”
tis (tits-) n. see titse
tithilla- v. “to twinkle”
titse n. “kitten”
titta adj. “little, tiny”
tiuka adj. “thick, fat”
tiuko n. “thigh”
tiuya- v. “to swell, grow fat”
to prep. “in”
n. “wool”
toa adj. “of wool, woollen”
toi pron. “they”
toina adj. “[unglossed]”
tol (toll-) n. “island”
tolto num. card. “eight”
tolu- v. “to stand up, get up, leave one’s seat”
ton- v. “to tap, knock”
#top- v. “to cover”
tópa n. “roof”
tópa- v. “to roof”
toron (torn-) n. “brother”
tsette n. “fly”
tuia- v. “to sprout, spring”
tuile n. “spring, spring-time”
Tuilear n. “Springdays”
tuilindo n. “swallow, (lit.) spring-singer”
tuilu- v. “to bud, open (of flowers and leaves)”
tuima n. “sprout, bud”
tuk- v. “to draw”
tul- v. “to come”
túlima adj. “*able to be brought”
tulka adj. “firm, strong, immovable, steadfast”
tulko n. “support, prop”
tulma n. “event”
tulta- v. “to send for, fetch, summon, send hither, (lit.) cause to come”
tulumaite adj. “likely to come, probable (of future events)”
tulurya adj. “future, coming”
tuluste n. “arrival”
tumba adj. “deep, lowlying”
tumba- v. “to cast down (into a pit[?])”
tumbo (tumbu-) n. “deep valley (under or among hills, with high sides)”
tumna adj. “lowlying, deep, low”
tumpo n. “hump, lump”
tunda adj. “tall”
tundo (tundu-) n. “hill, mound; hole”
tunga adj. “taut, tight; resonant (of strings)”
tunt (tump-) n. “lump” see tumpo
tuo n. “muscle, sinew; vigour, physical strength”
tupse n. “thatch”
-tur suf. “master, victor, lord”
tur- v. “to wield, control, govern”
túre n. “mastery, victory”
turma n. “shield”
turo n. “master, victor, lord”
turut n. “tree-stem”
turya- v. “to strengthen”
turyande n. “fortification, strengthening”
turyanwa adj. “fortified”
tussa n. “bush”
tutulla- v. “to keep on coming (and going)”
#tuv- v. “to find”
#tyal- v. “to play”
tyalangan (*tyalangand-) n. “harp-player”
tyalie n. “play, game, sport”
tyar- v. “to cause”
tyaro n. “doer, actor, agent”
tyatyamba- v. “*to keep on tasting”
tyav- v. “to taste”
tyaz- v. “to like”
tye pron. “thee”
tyel (tyeld-) n. “end”
tyel- v. “to end, cease”
tyelima adj. “final”
tyelka adj. “swift, agile”
tyelma n. “ending”
tyelpe n. “silver” see telpe
tyue n.
tyúka n. “thigh” see tiuko
tyulma n. “mast”
tyulusse n. “poplar-tree”
ú- pref. “not, un-, in-”
ufárea adj. “not enough”
uile n. “long trailing plant”
-ula suf. “verbal adjective (likelihood, aptitude)”
ula adj. “apt to, likely to do so”
úlea adj. “pouring, flooding, flowing”
ullume adv. “forever”
ululla- v. “to keep on pouring”
ulunde n. “flood”
ulundo n. “monster, deformed and hideous creature”
ulya- v. “to pour, flow”
um- v. “to not be, to not do”
úmahta(le) n. “nuisance”
uman adv. “at one time”
umbar (umbart-) n. “fate, doom”
umbas [þ] n. “shield”
úmea adj. “evil”
-umne suf. “past-future”
un-/um- pref. “intensive prefix with evil sense”
undo adv. “down, low down”
undu prep. and adv. “down (from on high), under, beneath”
ungo n. “cloud, dark shadow”
ungwale n. “torture”
ungwe n. “gloom”
unka- v. “to hollow out”
unqa adj. “hollow”
unqale n. “(death) agony, death”
unqe n. “hollow, hole, cavity”
unta- v. “to come down, descend”
untamo n. “enemy”
unutikse n. “dot or point placed below the line of writing”
uphto n. “pit”
úr n. “fire, heat”
úra adj. “large”
Úrime n. “August, *Hot-one”
urulóke n. “fire-dragon”
úruva adj. “fiery”
urya- v. “to blaze”
usqe n. “reek; dusk, twilight”
-uva suf. “future suffix”
úvanimo n. “monster”
úve n. “abundance, great quantity”
úvea adj. “abundant, in very great number, very large”
úvie n. “considering a matter (with a view to decision)”
[ᴱQ.] -va suf.
[ᴱQ.] *va prep. “(away) from”
vahaiya adv. “far away” see vaháya
vaháya adv. “far away”
vahta- v. “to soil, stain”
vainar n. “sailor”
vaita- v. “to enfold”
vaiwa n. “wind”
vai(y)a n. “envelope”
Vala n. “Power, God”
valaina adj. “of or belonging to the Valar, divine”
Valarya n. “*Friday, Vala-day”
valasse n. “divinity”
valya adj. “having (divine) authority or power”
ván n. “goose”
vanima adj. “fair”
Vanimo n. “The Beautiful; Fair Folk”
vanta n. “walk”
vanta- v. “to walk”
vanwa adj. “gone (for good), departed, vanished, lost, past, over, dead”
vanwie n. “the past, past time”
vanya adj. “beautiful, fair”
vanya- v. “to go, depart, disappear”
vára adj. “soiled, dirty”
varile n. “protection”
varinye n.
varna adj. “safe, protected, secure”
varnasse n. “security”
varne adj. “brown, swart, dark brown”
varya- v. “to protect”
vaxe n. “stain”
ve prep. “with”
vea¹ adj. “adult, manly, vigorous”
vea² n. “sea”
veaner¹ n. “(adult) man”
veaner² (veanér-) n. “sailor”
veasse n. “vigour”
vende n. “maiden” see wende
véne adj. “virginity”
venesse n. “virginity”
venno n. “husband”
veo n. “man”
vére n. “bond, troth, compact, oath”
verie n. “boldness”
verka adj. “wild”
veru¹ n. “husband”
veru² coll. “husband and wife, married pair”
verya adj. “bold”
verya- v. “to dare”
vesse n. “wife”
vesta-¹ v. “to wed”
vesta¹ n. “matrimony”
vesta-² v. “swear (to do something), contract, make a compact”
vesta² n. “contract”
vestale n. “wedding”
vestale² n. “oath”
vie n. “manhood, vigour”
vinda- v. “fade”
vinde adj. “pale blue”
vinya¹ adj. “young, new”
vinya² adj. “pale blue”
vinye n. “evening”
Víresse n. “April, *Freshness”
vírie n. “youth”
virya adj. “fresh”
vista n. “air as substance”
[ᴱQ.] *-voite suf. “adjective suffix”
vóre n. “lasting”
vórea adj. and n. “continuous, enduring, lasting; continuant”
vórima adj. “continuous, enduring, repeated”
vor(o)- pref. “continual repetition”
voro adv. “ever, continually”
vorongandele n. “continual repetition, (lit.) harping on one tune”
voronwa adj. “enduring, long-lasting”
voronwie n. “endurance, lasting quality”
vorosanya adj. “*ever-law-abiding”
war- v. “to err”
n. “man, warrior”
-we¹ suf. “masculine suffix”
-we² suf. “abstract suffix”
wén n. “greenness, youth, freshness”
wende n. “maiden”
wenya adj. “green, yellow-green, fresh”
wil- v. “to fly”
wilma n. “inner or lower air”
wilwarin (wilwarind-) n. “butterfly”
winge n. “foam, crest of wave, crest”
wingil (wingild-) n. “nymph, mermaid, foam-maid”
[ᴱQ.] ya pron. “relative pronoun”
adv. “formerly, ago”
[ᴱQ.] *-ya¹ suf. “adjective suffix”
-ya² suf. “aorist active participle, general verbal adjective”
yaiwe n. “mocking, scorn”
yallume adv. “at last”
yalme n. “clamour”
yalúme n. “former times”
yalúmea adj. “olden”
yana pron. “that (the former)”
yána n. “holy place, fane, sanctuary”
yanga- v. “to yawn”
yanta¹ n. “bridge”
yanta² n. “yoke”
yanwe n. “bridge, joining, isthmus”
yár (yar-) n. “blood” see yór
yára adj. “old, ancient, belonging to or descending from former times”
yáre n. “former days”
yárea adj. “olden”
yasse adv. “once upon a time; there”
yat¹ (yaht-) n. “neck”
yat² (yak-) n. “goat”
yatta n. “narrow neck, isthmus”
Yavannie n. “September, *Yavanna-ness”
yáve n. “fruit”
yáwe n. “ravine, cleft, gully”
ye- v. “to be”
ye prep. “at”
yé¹ interj.
yé² n. “eye”
yelda adj. “friendly, dear as friend”
yelde n. “daughter”
yelka n. “sword?”
yello n. “call, shout, cry of triumph”
yelme¹ n. “loathing”
yelme² n.
yelta- v. “to loathe, abhor”
yelwa adj. “loathsome”
yén n. “year”
yen(de) n. “daughter”
yénie n. “annals”
yenya n. “last year”
yére n. “*sexual desire”
yerna n. “old, worn”
yerya- n. “to wear (out), get old”
yesta- v. “to desire”
yeste n. “being, existence”
yo conj. “and”
yondo n. “son”
yór n. “blood”
adv. “too”
yú- pref. “both”
yuale n. “twilight”
yúkale n. “twilight” see yuale
yul- v. “smoulder”
yúla n. “ember, smouldering wood”
yulma n. “brand”
yulme n. “red (?heat), smouldering heat”
yurasta num. card. “twenty four”
yúyo adj. “both”