S. final [mɸ], [nθ], [ŋx], [lθ] became [mp], [nt], [ŋk], [lt]; [-{mɸ|nθ|ŋx|lθ}] > [-{mp|nt|ŋk|lt}]

References ✧ PE17/131.3004; VT42/27.1402

Phonetic Rule Elements

[-mɸ] > [-mp] ✧ VT42/27.1408 (mf > mp; finally)
[-nθ] > [-nt] ✧ VT42/27.1406 (nth > nt; finally)
[-ŋx] > [-ŋk] ✧ VT42/27.1407 (nch > ñk; finally)
[-lθ] > [-lt] ✧ VT42/27.1604 (lth > lt; finally)

Phonetic Rule Examples

nimɸ > nimp -mɸ > -mp NIK > S. nimp ✧ PE17/168.0902
r̥aŋx > r̥aŋk -ŋx > -ŋk SRAK > S. rhanc ✧ PE17/154.1807

N. final [mɸ], [nθ], [ŋx], [lθ] became [mp], [nt], [ŋk], [lt]; [-{mɸ|nθ|ŋx|lθ}] > [-{mp|nt|ŋk|lt}]

GS/§4.117 @@@

Order (03100)

After 02200 short final vowels vanished ON. maltha > N. malt EtyAC/SMAL

Related

Phonetic Rule Elements

[-mɸ] > [-mp]
[-nθ] > [-nt]
[-ŋx] > [-ŋk]
[-lθ] > [-lt]

Phonetic Rule Examples

dolθ > dolt -lθ > -lt ᴹ√NDOL > N. dolt ✧ Ety/NDOL.020
m̥alθ > m̥alt -lθ > -lt ON. maltha > N. malt ✧ EtyAC/SMAL.021
talθ > talt -lθ > -lt ᴹ√TALÁT > N. talt ✧ Ety/TALÁT.144
gamɸ > gamp -mɸ > -mp ᴹ√GAP > N. gamp ✧ Ety/GAP.003
l̥imɸ > l̥imp -mɸ > -mp ᴹ√LINKWI > N. lhimp ✧ Ety/LINKWI.006
nimɸ > nimp -mɸ > -mp ᴹ√NIK-W > N. nimp ✧ Ety/NIK-W.029
nimɸ > nimp -mɸ > -mp nimpĭ > S. nimp ✧ VT48/18.1001
tumɸ > tump -mɸ > -mp ᴹ√TUMPU > N. tump ✧ Ety/TUMPU.006
xamɸ > xamp -mɸ > -mp ᴹ√KHAP > N. hamp ✧ Ety/KHAP.006
anθ > ant -nθ > -nt ᴹ√ANA¹ > N. ant ✧ Ety/ANA¹.029
atlanθ > atlant -nθ > -nt ᴹ√TALÁT > N. atlant ✧ Ety/TALÁT.026
danθ > dant -nθ > -nt ᴹ√DANT > N. dant- ✧ Ety/DAT.027
erianθ > eriant -nθ > -nt ᴹ√ANA¹ > N. Eriant ✧ Ety/AR¹.027
infanθ > infant -nθ > -nt ON. inpanta > in-fant > N. ifant ✧ Ety/YEN.073
janθ > jant -nθ > -nt ᴹ✶yantā > N. iant ✧ Ety/YAT.015
kanθ > kant -nθ > -nt ᴹ√KAT > N. cant ✧ Ety/KAT.019
l̥anθ > l̥ant -nθ > -nt ᴹ√LAT > N. lhant ✧ Ety/LAT.028
l̥unθ > l̥unt -nθ > -nt ᴹ√LUT > N. lhunt ✧ Ety/LUT.008
menθ > ment -nθ > -nt ᴹ√MET > N. ment ✧ Ety/MET.008
minθ > mint -nθ > -nt ᴹ√MIT > N. mint ✧ EtyAC/MIT.009
panθ > pant -nθ > -nt ON. panta > N. pant ✧ Ety/KWAT.008
penθ > pent -nθ > -nt ᴹ✶kwentā > N. pent ✧ Ety/KWET.012
ranθ > rant -nθ > -nt ᴹ√RAT > N. rant ✧ Ety/RAT.042
taŋxanθ > taŋxant -nθ > -nt ON. tankánte > N. tangant ✧ PE17/044.1912
tinθ > tint -nθ > -nt ᴹ√TIN > N. tint ✧ Ety/TIN.063
θenθ > θent -nθ > -nt ON. sthinta > N. thent ✧ Ety/STINTĀ.008
iŋx > iŋk -ŋx > -ŋk ᴹ√INK/INIK? > N. inc ✧ Ety/INK.014
l̥aŋx > l̥aŋk -ŋx > -ŋk ᴹ√LANK > N. lhanc ✧ Ety/LANK.006
r̥aŋx > r̥aŋk -ŋx > -ŋk ON. ranko > N. rhanc ✧ Ety/RAK.016
r̥iŋx > r̥iŋk -ŋx > -ŋk ᴹ✶rinki > N. rhinc ✧ Ety/RIK(H).026
taŋx > taŋk -ŋx > -ŋk ᴹ√TAK > N. tanc ✧ Ety/TAK.019
tiŋx > tiŋk -ŋx > -ŋk ᴹ√TINKŌ > N. tinc ✧ Ety/TINKŌ.006
θaŋx > θaŋk -ŋx > -ŋk ON. sthanka > N. thanc ✧ Ety/STAK.013

G. final voiceless spirants restopped after consonants; [-C{fθx}] > [-C{ptk}]

HSG/§2.2, 2.4

Order (04000)

After 03800 [x], [ɣ] sometimes became [i]
After 03900 [f], [v] sometimes became [u]
Before 06000 [ð] became [θ] finally or before a consonant ᴱ√qṛđ > G. cwardh GL/28

Phonetic Rule Elements

[-Cf] > [-Cp]
[-Cθ] > [-Ct]
[-Cx] > [-Ck]
[-Cf] > [-Cf]
[-Cθ] > [-Cθ]
[-Cx] > [-Cx]

Phonetic Rule Examples

falx > falc -Cx > -Ck ᴱ√FḶKḶ > G. Falc ✧ LT2A/Glorfalc.031
gwiŋx > gwiŋk -Cx > -Ck ᴱ√GWINI > G. gwinc ✧ LT1A/Morwinyon.055
helx > helk -Cx > -Ck ᴱ√χele-k > G. helc ✧ GL/48.6701
ndolx > ndolk -Cx > -Ck ᴱ√ndolo- > G. dolc ✧ GL/30.3101
arx > arx -Cx > -Cx ᴱ✶ṝkă > G. arch ✧ PE13/110.5701
amrinθ > amrint -Cθ > -Ct ᴱ✶ambarinþǝ > G. amrint ✧ PE13/110.2001
balθ > balt -Cθ > -Ct ᴱ√vḷt > G. balt ✧ GL/23.3506
benθ > bent -Cθ > -Ct ᴱ√VENE > G. bent ✧ LT1A/Glorvent.026
blanθ > blant -Cθ > -Ct ᴱ√PALA > G. blant ✧ LT1A/Palúrien.063
falθ > falt -Cθ > -Ct ᴱ√fal-² > G. falt ✧ GL/33.9001
ganθ > gant -Cθ > -Ct ᴱ√yṇt > G. gant ✧ GL/37.6701
gilθ > gilt -Cθ > -Ct ᴱ√Gil- > G. gilt ✧ GL/38.6001
gwalθ > gwalt -Cθ > -Ct ᴱ√gwal > G. gwalt ✧ GL/44.0701
gwanθ > gwant -Cθ > -Ct ᴱ√VANA > G. gwant ✧ LT1A/Vána.054
gwenθ > gwent -Cθ > -Ct ᴱ√gwene- > G. gwent ✧ GL/45.1001
gwenθ > gwent -Cθ > -Ct ᴱ√gwed² > G. gwent ✧ GL/46.5501
gwerθ > gwert -Cθ > -Ct ᴱ√gwer- > G. gwert ✧ GL/46.9101
kwenθ > kwent -Cθ > -Ct ᴱ√QETE > G. cwent ✧ LT2A/Tôn a Gwedrin.066
lenθ > lent -Cθ > -Ct ᴱ√LENE > G. glent ✧ LT2A/Glend.013