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Q. nan(do) n. “(wide) valley, vale”

Q. nan(do), n. “(wide) valley, vale”

The Quenya word for “vale” or “valley”, cognate of S. nan(d) and derivative of the root ᴹ√NAD (Ety/NAD). In one place, Tolkien indicated this word was used more specifically for wide valleys (PE17/80). This doesn’t seem to be the case with all of its attested examples (e.g. Noirinan, Ondoluncanan), but a narrow valley might be better described with a word like cirya² or (ᴹQ.) cirissë “cleft” or (ᴹQ.) yáwe “ravine”.

This word appears as nan(d) in numerous compounds (Let/308, UT/253, RC/384). The independent form of this word is more difficult to determine. It variously appeared as nanda (Ety/NAD, PE17/80), nando (PE17/28, 80) and nandë within the compound Laurenandë (UT/253). This entry uses nando because it looks more noun-like than nanda while avoiding conflict with (ᴹQ.) nande (ñande) “harp”, but any of these forms could be correct.

Conceptual Development: @@@

References ✧ Let/308; PE17/28, 80; RC/384; UT/166, 253

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

#Nand’ elided “valley” ✧ PE17/28
nan(d) stem “valley” ✧ UT/253
nand stem   ✧ RC/384
nand- stem   ✧ Let/308
-nan suffix   ✧ PE17/80
-nan suffix “valley” ✧ UT/166

Element In

Cognates


ᴹQ. nanda n. “water-mead, watered plain”

Reference ✧ Ety/NAD ✧ “water-mead, watered plain”

Element In

Cognates

Derivations


ᴱQ. nan (nand-) n. “woodland, *land”

@@@ Glossed “woodland” in QL but compounds and Gnomish cognates indicate the senses “land”

References ✧ LT1A/Nandini; QL/64

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

nand- stem ✧ QL/64

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√NAŘA > nan [nanð] > [nand] > [nan] ✧ QL/64

ᴱQ. nendo n. “water mead”

References ✧ PME/66; QL/66

Glosses

Related

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√NEŘE > nendo [nenðō] > [nenðo] > [nendo] > [neno] ✧ QL/66