Q. nan(do), n. “(wide) valley”

The Quenya word for “vale” or “valley”, cognate of S. nan(d) and derivative of the root √NAD (Ety/NAD). In one place, Tolkien indicated this word was used more specifically for wide valleys (PE17/80). This doesn’t seem to be the case with all of its attested examples (e.g. Noirinan, Ondoluncanan), but a narrow valley might be better described with a word like cirissë, cirya² “cleft” or yáwë “ravine”.

This word appears as nan(d) in numerous compounds (Let/308, UT/253, RC/384). The independent form of this word is more difficult to determine. It variously appeared as nanda (Ety/NAD, PE17/80), nando (PE17/28, 80) and nandë within the compound Laurenandë (UT/253). This lexicon uses nando because it looks more noun-like than nanda while avoiding conflict with nandë² (ñandë) “harp”, but any of these forms could be correct.

Conceptual Development: @@@

References ✧ Let/308.0311; PE17/028.4016-1; PE17/028.4103-2; PE17/080.0701; PE17/080.1202; PE17/080.1203; RC/384.1604; UT/166.3811-2; UT/253.0206-2; UT/253.1407

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*Nand’ elided “valley” ✧ PE17/028.4016-1
-nan suffix   ✧ PE17/080.1202
-nan suffix “valley” ✧ UT/166.3811-2

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ᴹQ. nanda n. “water-mead, watered plain”

Reference ✧ Ety/NAD.003 ✧ “water-mead, watered plain”

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ᴱQ. nan n. “woodland, *land”

@@@ Glossed “woodland” in QL but compounds and Gnomish cognates indicate the senses “land”

References ✧ LT1A/Nandini.030; QL/064.5901; QL/064.5902

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nand- stem ✧ QL/064.5902

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ᴱQ. nendo n. “water mead”

References ✧ PME/066.0603; QL/066.0401

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