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S. thoron n. “eagle”

S. thoron, n. “eagle”

The Sindarin word for “eagle”, derived from ✶thorono (Let/427).

Possible Etymology: The form of this word is difficult to explain. Since final nasals vanished after vowels, in the ordinary phonetic development of Sindarin it should have become thôr, a form that did appear as variant in the Etymologies (Ety/THOR, KIRIS). David Salo suggested that it could be a back-formation from its plural *theryn (GS/291), perhaps also influenced by ancient names where it still appeared, such as Thorondor “King of Eagles”. Tolkien himself suggested that the (Noldorin) word was a back-formation from the archaic genitive ON. thoronen (Ety/THOR), but this genitive did not survive in (Old) Sindarin.

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s it appeared as G. thorn (GL/73), the usual form in names of this period. In Early Noldorin notes from the 1920s it also appeared as ᴱN. thorn (PE13/154), but in the Etymologies from the 1930s it appeared as N. thoron beside the variant thôr noted above (Ety/THOR, KIRIS). The names of this period also began to reflect this change, and names after the 1940s consistently show thoron, though the form þorn did appear at least once in later notes (PE22/159).

References ✧ Let/427; PE22/159; SA/thoron

Glosses

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Inflections

Thoronath class-plural ✧ SA/thoron

Element In

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Phonetic Developments

þorono > Thoron [tʰorono] > [θorono] > [θoron] ✧ Let/427

N. thoron n. “eagle”

See S. thoron for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/KIRIS, THOR

Glosses

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Inflections

therein plural ✧ Ety/THOR

Element In

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Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√THÓRON > thôr [tʰoron] > [θoron] > [θoro] > [θor] > [θōr] ✧ Ety/THOR

ᴱN. thorn n. “eagle”

See S. thoron for discussion.

References ✧ PE13/154

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

thyrn plural ✧ PE13/154

Element In

Cognates


G. thorn n. “eagle”

See S. thoron for discussion.

References ✧ GL/73; LT1A/Sorontur

Glosses

Related

Element In

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Derivations