Q. mól, n. “slave, thrall”

A noun meaning “slave” or “thrall”, from primitive ✶mōl derived from the root √ having to do with “labour” (VT43/31; Ety/MŌ).

Conceptual Development: In the Qenya Lexicon from the 1910s the word for “slave” or “servant” was ᴱQ. virt or vartyo, derived from the root VṚT͡YṚ “serve” (QL/102). In the two variants, either the short syllabic [ṛ] became [ir] before palatized [tʲ], or long syllabic [ṝ] became [ar]. This word appeared as an element in the name ᴱQ. Virtinoldor “Thrall-Noldoli” for those Noldor enslaved by Melko(r) in the early tales (PE14/9).

In the Gnomish Lexicon from the same period, another Qenya word for “slave” or “servant” was given as ᴱQ. norka derived from primitive ᴱ✶norokā́ (GL/31), though its relation to other roots is unclear.

The form ᴹQ. mól first appeared in the Etymologies from the 1930s, already having the derivation given above (Ety/MŌ). This word also appeared in Tolkien’s later writings from the 1950s (VT43/31). A later term for "Slave Noldorin” was ᴹQ. Mólanoldorin (Ety/MŌ; LR/177), a strong indication that mól replaced Early Qenya virt.

Reference ✧ VT43/31 ✧ mōl “slave”

Cognates

Derivations


ᴹQ. mól n. “slave, thrall”

Reference ✧ Ety/MŌ ✧ “slave, thrall”

Element In

Cognates

Derivations


ᴱQ. norka n. “slave, thrall, servant”

Reference ✧ GL/31 ✧ “slave, thrall, servant”

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ✶norokā́ > norka [norokā] > [noroka] > [norka] ✧ GL/31.0306

ᴱQ. virt (virty-) n. “servant, slave”

References ✧ QL/102

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Inflections

virty- stem ✧ QL/102.6602

Element In

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√VṚT͡YṚ > virt [βṛtʲǝ] > [βṛtʲ] > [vṛtʲ] > [virtʲ] > [virt] ✧ QL/102.6601
ᴱ√VṚT͡YṚ > vartyo [βṝtʲō] > [βṝtʲo] > [vṝtʲo] > [vartʲo] ✧ QL/102.6801