Q. Parmaquesta, pn. “Book-language”

A term for the older form of Quenya spoken in the centuries before the exile of the Noldor, preserved mainly in writing (PE18/75, PE19/68). This name is a compound parma “book” and questa “speech”. This stage of the language is also known as “Classical Quenya” (see the Plotz Letter, VT6/14).

Conceptual Development: In the Etymologies and the Lhammas from the 1930s, this term was given as ᴹQ. Parmalambe “Book-tongue” (Ety/PAR, LR/172). In contemporaneous documents titled the “Tengwesta Qenderinwa” and the “Outline of Phonetic Development”, the term appeared as ᴹQ. Parmaquesta (PE18/25, PE19/29). The latter term reappeared in the revisions of these two documents from the 1950s, the “Tengwesta Quenderinwa (2)” and the “Outline of Phonology” (PE18/75, PE19/68).

References ✧ PE18/75; PE19/68

Glosses

Elements

parma “book, writing, composition, written document of some size”
*questa “speech, language” ✧ PE18/075.0710-2 (*questa)

ᴹQ. Parmalambe pn. “Book-tongue”

See Q. Parmaquesta for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/PAR; LR/172; LRI/Parmalambë

Glosses

Related

Elements

parma “book” ✧ Ety/PAR.007
lambe “language, tongue”

ᴹQ. Parmaqesta pn. “Book-language”

See Q. Parmaquesta for discussion.

References ✧ PE18/25; PE19/29; PE22/15, 61

Glosses

Variations

Elements

parma “book”
*qesta “speech, language”