Q. Tarquesta, pn. “High Speech”

A term for the spoken form of Quenya used by the Noldorin exiles, as opposed to the older, more formal Parmaquesta (PE18/75, PE19/68). This name is a compound of tar¹ “high” and the plural form of questa “speech”.

Conceptual Development: In the Etymologies and the Lhammas from the 1930s, this term was given as ᴹQ. Tarqesta “High-speech” (Ety/TĀ, LR/172) where it was the form of the language spoken by the ᴹQ. Lindar of Valinor (later called the Q. Vanyar). The term also appeared in the contemporaneous linguistic documents titled the “Tengwesta Qenderinwa” and the “Outline of Phonetic Development” (PE18/25, PE19/29).

The term reappeared in the revisions of these two documents from the 1950s, the “Tengwesta Quenderinwa (2)” and the “Outline of Phonology” (PE18/75, PE19/68), but as the form of Quenya spoken by the Noldorin exile, since the earlier Noldorin language had become Sindarin, language of the Elves of Beleriand.

References ✧ PE18/068.1208; PE19/068.0907




tar¹ “high; king or queen (in compounds)”
*questa “speech, language”

ᴹQ. Tarqesta pn. “High-speech”

See Q. Tarquesta for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/TĀ.253; LR/172.2501; LRI/Tarquesta.001; PE22/066.1507




tar- “high; king or queen (in compounds)”
*qesta “speech, language”
ᴹ√TĀ/TAƷ “high, lofty; noble” ✧ Ety/TĀ.204 ()