S. initial [w] became [gw]; [w-] > [gw-]

S. initial [w] became [gw]; [w-] > [gw-]

Reference ✧ PE17/41 ✧ for example: gwath < ✶wath

Phonetic Rule Elements

[w-] > [gw-] ✧ PE17/41 (w- > gw); PE18/105 (w > gw, w)

Phonetic Rule Examples

wexθe > gwexθe w- > gw- weg-tē > S. gwaith ✧ PE17/190
winja > gwinja w- > gw- WIN > S. gwein ✧ PE17/191

N. initial [w] became [gw]; [w-] > [gw-]

GS/§4.102 WG/§100i-2 @@@

Reference ✧ PE22/32 ✧ phonetics

Order (00900)

Before 01000 voiced stops became spirants after vowels ᴹ√WED > N. †gwedi Ety/WED
Before 05100 [mb], [nd] became [mm], [nn] ᴹ√WENED > gwend > N. gwenn Ety/WEN

Phonetic Rule Elements

[w-] > [gw-] ✧ PE19/19 (w- > gw-); PE19/19 (w- > gw-)

Phonetic Rule Examples

wa- > gwa- w- > gw- ᴹ✶wō/wŏ > N. †gwa- ✧ Ety/WŌ
waide > gwaide w- > gw- ON. waide > N. gwaeð ✧ Ety/WED
waita- > gwaita- w- > gw- ᴹ√WAY > N. gwaedo ✧ EtyAC/WAY
waiwa > gwaiwa w- > gw- ᴹ√WAWA/WAIWA > N. gwaew ✧ Ety/WĀ
wanaθθa > gwanaθθa w- > gw- ᴹ√WAN > N. gwanath ✧ Ety/WAN
wanna > gwanna w- > gw- ᴹ✶wannā > N. gwann ✧ Ety/WAN
wanθa- > gwanθa- w- > gw- ᴹ✶wanta- > N. gwanno ✧ Ety/WAN
wanūre > gwanūre w- > gw- ON. wanúre > N. gwanur ✧ Ety/THEL
wanūro > gwanūro w- > gw- ON. wanūro > N. gwanur ✧ Ety/NŌ
wanūro > gwanūro w- > gw- ON. wanūro > N. gwanur ✧ Ety/TOR
wanwe > gwanwe w- > gw- ᴹ✶wanwē > N. gwanw ✧ Ety/WAN
waria- > gwaria- w- > gw- ON. warie > N. gwerio ✧ Ety/WAR
warθa > gwarθa w- > gw- ᴹ√WAR > N. gwarth ✧ Ety/WAR
wasse > gwasse w- > gw- ON. wasse > N. gwass ✧ Ety/WAƷ
wastar > gwastar w- > gw- ᴹ√STAR > N. gwa-star ✧ Ety/STAR
wator > gwator w- > gw- ON. wator > N. gwador ✧ Ety/TOR
waθa > gwaθa w- > gw- ON. watha > N. gwath ✧ Ety/WATH
waθele > gwaθele w- > gw- ON. wathel > N. gwathel ✧ Ety/THEL
waθθa- > gwaθθa- w- > gw- ON. wattóbe > N. gwatho ✧ Ety/WAƷ
waθθe > gwaθθe w- > gw- ON. watte > N. gwath ✧ Ety/WAƷ
wed- > gwed- w- > gw- ᴹ√WED > N. †gwedi ✧ Ety/WED
weda > gweda w- > gw- ON. weda > N. gweð ✧ Ety/WED
wende > gwende w- > gw- ᴹ√WENED > gwend > N. gwenn ✧ Ety/WEN
wende > gwende w- > gw- ᴹ√WED > N. gwend ✧ Ety/WEN
westa > gwesta w- > gw- ᴹ✶wed-tā > N. gwest ✧ Ety/WED
westa- > gwesta- w- > gw- ᴹ✶wed-tā > N. gwesto ✧ Ety/WED
wexθe > gwexθe w- > gw- ᴹ✶weg-tē > N. gweith ✧ Ety/WEG
wī > gwī w- > gw- ᴹ√WEY > N. gwî ✧ Ety/WEY
wiliθθe > gwiliθθe w- > gw- ᴹ√WIL > N. gwilith ✧ Ety/WIL
wilwa > gwilwa w- > gw- ᴹ✶wilwā > N. gwelw ✧ Ety/WIL
wilwiliθθa > gwilwiliθθa w- > gw- ᴹ√WIL > N. gwilwileth ✧ Ety/WIL
winda- > gwinda- w- > gw- ON. winda > N. gwinna ✧ EtyAC/WIN
winde > gwinde w- > gw- ᴹ✶windi > gwind > N. gwinn ✧ Ety/WIN
winde > gwinde w- > gw- ᴹ✶windi > gwind > N. gwinn ✧ EtyAC/WIN
wiŋge > gwiŋge w- > gw- ᴹ✶wingē > N. gwing ✧ Ety/WIG
winja > gwinja w- > gw- ᴹ✶winyā > N. gwein ✧ Ety/WIN
winje > gwinje w- > gw- ᴹ√WINI > N. gwîn ✧ EtyAC/WIR
winje > gwinje w- > gw- ᴹ✶winyē > N. gwîn ✧ EtyAC/WIN
winθa- > gwinθa- w- > gw- ON. wintha > N. gwinna ✧ Ety/WIN
wīre > gwīre w- > gw- ᴹ✶weı̯rē > N. Gwîr ✧ Ety/WEY
wo- > gwo- w- > gw- ᴹ√WŌ̆ > N. go- ✧ Ety/NAT
woun > gwoun w- > gw- ᴹ✶WĀ-N > N. gwaun ✧ Ety/WA-N
woura > gwoura w- > gw- ON. wóra > N. gwaur ✧ Ety/WAƷ

G. initial [w] became [gw]; [w-] > [gʷ-]

HPG/§2.1

Order (00800)

Before 02200 unstressed [wa] became [wo] ᴱ✶ŋu̯a > G. go GL/40

Phonetic Rule Elements

[w-] > [gʷ-]

Phonetic Rule Examples

walā > gʷalā w- > gʷ- ᴱ√gwal > G. Gwala ✧ GL/44
walto > gʷalto w- > gʷ- ᴱ√gwal > G. gwalt ✧ GL/44
want > gʷant w- > gʷ- ᴱ√VANA > G. gwant ✧ LT1A/Vána
war- > gʷar- w- > gʷ- ᴱ√u̯ar > G. gwar- ✧ GL/46
wē > gʷē w- > gʷ- ᴱ√u̯ē· > G. Gwî ✧ GL/45
wek > gʷek w- > gʷ- ᴱ✶gu̯eg- > G. gweg ✧ GL/44
wekē > gʷekē w- > gʷ- ᴱ✶u̯ǝkḗ > G. gweg ✧ PE13/117
went > gʷent w- > gʷ- ᴱ√gwed² > G. gwent ✧ GL/46
wet > gʷet w- > gʷ- ᴱ√gwed² > G. gwed ✧ GL/46
wild > gʷild w- > gʷ- ‽ᴱ√u̯il > gu̯ild- > G. gwîl ✧ GL/45
wilm > gʷilm w- > gʷ- ‽ᴱ√u̯il > G. gwilm ✧ GL/45
wilw > gʷilw w- > gʷ- ‽ᴱ√u̯il > G. gwilb ✧ GL/45
wir- > gʷir- w- > gʷ- ᴱ√u̯iri > G. gwir- ✧ GL/46
wivrin > gʷivrin w- > gʷ- G. uivrin > G. gwivrin ✧ GL/46