S. initial [w] became [gw]; [w-] > [gw-]

Reference ✧ PE17/041.1006 ✧ for example: gwath < ✶wath

Phonetic Rule Elements

[w-] > [gw-] ✧ PE17/041.1007 (w- > gw)

Phonetic Rule Examples

wexθe > gwexθe w- > gw- weg-tē > S. gwaith ✧ PE17/190.0201
winja > gwinja w- > gw- WIN > S. gwein ✧ PE17/191.1207

N. initial [w] became [gw]; [w-] > [gw-]

GS/§4.102 WG/§100i-2 @@@

Reference ✧ PE22/032.0105phonetics

Order (00900)

Before 01000 voiced stops became spirants after vowels ᴹ√WED > N. †gwedi Ety/WED
Before 05100 [mb], [nd] became [mm], [nn] ᴹ√WEN/WENED > gwend > N. gwenn Ety/WEN

Phonetic Rule Elements

[w-] > [gw-] ✧ PE19/019.0606 (w- > gw-); PE19/019.0906 (w- > gw-)

Phonetic Rule Examples

wa- > gwa- w- > gw- ᴹ✶wō/wŏ > N. †gwa- ✧ Ety/WŌ.047
waide > gwaide w- > gw- ON. waide > N. gwaeð ✧ Ety/WED.034
waita- > gwaita- w- > gw- ᴹ√WAY > N. gwaedo ✧ EtyAC/WAY.022
waiwa > gwaiwa w- > gw- ᴹ√WAWA/WAIWA > N. gwaew ✧ Ety/WĀ.010
wanaθθa > gwanaθθa w- > gw- ᴹ√WAN > N. gwanath ✧ Ety/WAN.045
wanna > gwanna w- > gw- ᴹ✶wannā > N. gwann ✧ Ety/WAN.047
wanθa- > gwanθa- w- > gw- ᴹ✶wanta- > N. gwanno ✧ Ety/WAN.073
wanūre > gwanūre w- > gw- ON. wanúre > N. gwanur ✧ Ety/THEL.059
wanūro > gwanūro w- > gw- ON. wanūro > N. gwanur ✧ Ety/NŌ.035
wanūro > gwanūro w- > gw- ON. wanūro > N. gwanur ✧ Ety/TOR.077
wanwe > gwanwe w- > gw- ᴹ✶wanwē > N. gwanw ✧ Ety/WAN.042
waria- > gwaria- w- > gw- ON. warie > N. gwerio ✧ Ety/WAR.018
warθa > gwarθa w- > gw- ᴹ√WAR > N. gwarth ✧ Ety/WAR.020
wasse > gwasse w- > gw- ON. wasse > N. gwass ✧ Ety/WAƷ.050
wastar > gwastar w- > gw- ᴹ√STAR > N. gwa-star ✧ Ety/STAR.016
wator > gwator w- > gw- ON. wator > N. gwador ✧ Ety/TOR.025
waθa > gwaθa w- > gw- ON. watha > N. gwath ✧ Ety/WATH.006
waθele > gwaθele w- > gw- ON. wathel > N. gwathel ✧ Ety/THEL.014
waθθa- > gwaθθa- w- > gw- ON. wattóbe > N. gwatho ✧ Ety/WAƷ.022
waθθe > gwaθθe w- > gw- ON. watte > N. gwath ✧ Ety/WAƷ.033
wed- > gwed- w- > gw- ᴹ√WED > N. †gwedi ✧ Ety/WED.012
weda > gweda w- > gw- ON. weda > N. gweð ✧ Ety/WED.008
wende > gwende w- > gw- ᴹ√WEN/WENED > gwend > N. gwenn ✧ Ety/WEN.009
wende > gwende w- > gw- ᴹ√WED > N. gwend ✧ Ety/WEN.056
westa > gwesta w- > gw- ᴹ✶wed-tā > N. gwest ✧ Ety/WED.051
westa- > gwesta- w- > gw- ᴹ✶wed-tā > N. gwesto ✧ Ety/WED.053
wexθe > gwexθe w- > gw- ᴹ✶weg-tē > N. gweith ✧ Ety/WEG.121
wī > gwī w- > gw- ᴹ√WEY > N. gwî ✧ Ety/WEY.030
wiliθθe > gwiliθθe w- > gw- ᴹ√WIL > N. gwilith ✧ Ety/WIL.043
wilwa > gwilwa w- > gw- ᴹ✶wilwā > N. gwelw ✧ Ety/WIL.026
wilwiliθθa > gwilwiliθθa w- > gw- ᴹ√WIL > N. gwilwileth ✧ Ety/WIL.064
winda- > gwinda- w- > gw- ON. winda > N. gwinna ✧ EtyAC/WIN.069
winde > gwinde w- > gw- ᴹ✶windi > gwind > N. gwinn ✧ Ety/WIN.014
winde > gwinde w- > gw- ᴹ✶windi > gwind > N. gwinn ✧ EtyAC/WIN.044
wiŋge > gwiŋge w- > gw- ᴹ✶wingē > N. gwing ✧ Ety/WIG.022
winja > gwinja w- > gw- ᴹ✶winyā > N. gwein ✧ Ety/WIN.021
winje > gwinje w- > gw- ᴹ√WINI > N. gwîn ✧ EtyAC/WIR.014
winje > gwinje w- > gw- ᴹ✶winyē > N. gwîn ✧ EtyAC/WIN.056
winθa- > gwinθa- w- > gw- ON. wintha > N. gwinna ✧ Ety/WIN.042
wīre > gwīre w- > gw- ᴹ✶weı̯rē > N. Gwîr ✧ Ety/WEY.028
wo- > gwo- w- > gw- ᴹ√WŌ̆ > N. go- ✧ Ety/NAT.027
woun > gwoun w- > gw- ᴹ√WĀ-N > N. gwaun ✧ Ety/WA-N.010
woura > gwoura w- > gw- ON. wóra > N. gwaur ✧ Ety/WAƷ.010

G. initial [w] became [gw]; [w-] > [gw-]

HPG/§2.1

Order (00800)

Before 02200 [wo] and unstressed [wa] became [o] ᴱ✶ŋu̯a > G. go GL/40

Phonetic Rule Elements

[w-] > [gw-]

Phonetic Rule Examples

walā > gwalā w- > gw- ᴱ√gwal > G. Gwala ✧ GL/44.0401
walto > gwalto w- > gw- ᴱ√gwal > G. gwalt ✧ GL/44.0701
want > gwant w- > gw- ᴱ√VANA > G. gwant ✧ LT1A/Vána.054
war- > gwar- w- > gw- ᴱ√u̯ar > G. gwar- ✧ GL/46.4601
wē > gwē w- > gw- ᴱ√u̯ē· > G. Gwî ✧ GL/45.3501
wek > gwek w- > gw- ᴱ✶gu̯eg- > G. gweg ✧ GL/44.7401
wekē > gwekē w- > gw- ᴱ✶u̯ǝkḗ > G. gweg ✧ PE13/117.2002
went > gwent w- > gw- ᴱ√gwed² > G. gwent ✧ GL/46.5501
wet > gwet w- > gw- ᴱ√gwed² > G. gwed ✧ GL/46.5801
wild > gwild w- > gw- ‽ᴱ√u̯il > gu̯ild- > G. gwîl ✧ GL/45.7101
wilm > gwilm w- > gw- ‽ᴱ√u̯il > G. gwilm ✧ GL/45.6801
wilw > gwilw w- > gw- ‽ᴱ√u̯il > G. gwilb ✧ GL/45.7001
wir- > gwir- w- > gw- ᴱ√u̯iri > G. gwir- ✧ GL/46.4401
wivrin > gwivrin w- > gw- G. uivrin > G. gwivrin ✧ GL/46.3001