S. final [j] (and [w]) intruded into preceding syllable; [-V̆Cj|-V̆Cw] > [-ViC|-VuC]

References ✧ PE17/148.3112; PE22/150.2108

Variations

Order (02500)

After 02400 voiceless stops voiced after vowels matwā > madw̯ > S. maud PE17/148

Phonetic Rule Elements

[-ĭCj] > [-īC]
[-ĕCj] > [-eiC]
[-ăCj] > [-aiC]
[-ăCw] > [-auC]
[-ĕCw] > [-euC]

Phonetic Rule Examples

balanj > balain -ăCj > -aiC Balaniā > S. **Belain ✧ Let/427.2503
madw > maud -ăCw > -auC matwā > madw̯ > S. maud ✧ PE17/148.3209
erj > eir -ĕCj > -eiC eryā > eir > S. air ✧ PE17/028.1806
ferj > feir -ĕCj > -eiC pheryā > feir > S. fair ✧ PE17/181.0605
ferj > feir -ĕCj > -eiC Q. Firya > S. Feir ✧ WJ/387.1808
gelj > geil -ĕCj > -eiC gilyā > geil > S. gail ✧ PE17/152.0105
gwenj > gwein -ĕCj > -eiC WIN > S. gwein ✧ PE17/191.1207
erj > īr -ĕCj > -eiC eryā > erı̯a > erı̯ > irı̯ > S. îr ✧ VT50/18.1909
lexj > leix -ĕCj > -eiC lisyā > liχı̯ā > leχı̯ > leich > S. laich ✧ PE17/148.3310
menj > mein -ĕCj > -eiC minya > mein > S. main ✧ VT42/25.1806
telerj > teleir -ĕCj > -eiC teleryā > S. teleir ✧ PE17/139.3902
texw > tewx -ĕCw > -euC teswā > teχwā > teχw̯ > S. tewch ✧ PE17/148.3304

N. final [j] intruded into preceding syllable; [-V̆Cj] > [-ViC]

GS/§4.95 GS/§4.99 GS/§4.105 GS/§4.231 possible medial examples: eilianw, Dainthor @@@

References ✧ PE22/036.3011; PE22/038.2601; PE22/039.0301; PE22/039.0501; PE22/040.0301

Variations

Order (02300)

After 01200 short [i], [u] became [e], [o] preceding final [a] ᴹ✶gilya > N. geil
ᴹ✶ulyā > œil > N. eil
Ety/GIL
Ety/ULU
After 01600 [ai] became [oe] or [ae] ᴹ✶galyā > N. gail
ᴹ✶(a)ranı̯ā > rhain > N. rhein
Ety/KAL
EtyAC/RAN
Before 02700 later [ai] coallesced with [ei] ᴹ✶bányā > N. bein
ᴹ✶kalaryā > N. celeir
Ety/BAN
Ety/KAL
Before 05500 [œ] became [e] ᴹ✶tal-runya > tellœin > N. tellen Ety/RUN

Phonetic Rule Elements

[-ĭCj] > [-īC]
[-ĕCj] > [-eiC]
[-ăCj] > [-aiC]
[-ŏCj] > [-œiC]
[-ŭCj] > [-uiC]

Phonetic Rule Examples

banj > bain -ăCj > -aiC ᴹ✶bányā > N. bein ✧ Ety/BAN.038
daniθaur > dainiθaur -ăCj > -aiC ᴹ✶ndani-thārō > N. Dainthor ✧ LR/188.1903
fanj > fain -ăCj > -aiC ᴹ√SPAN > N. fein ✧ Ety/SPAN.008
galj > gail -ăCj > -aiC ᴹ✶galyā > N. gail ✧ Ety/KAL.028
kalarj > kalair -ăCj > -aiC ᴹ✶kalaryā > N. celeir ✧ Ety/KAL.053
maðj > maið -ăCj > -aiC ᴹ√MAD > N. meið/maið ✧ Ety/MAD.008
ranj > rain -ăCj > -aiC ᴹ✶(a)ranı̯ā > rhain > N. rhein ✧ EtyAC/RAN.014
xarj > xair -ăCj > -aiC ᴹ√KHYAR > N. heir ✧ Ety/KHYAR.015
ambarenj > ambarein -ĕCj > -eiC ᴹ√MBAR > Emerein > N. Emerin ✧ Ety/MBAR.018
benj > bein -ĕCj > -eiC ᴹ√GWEN > N. bein ✧ Ety/GWEN.019
brekj > breik -ĕCj > -eiC ᴹ✶mrekjā > breig > N. braig ✧ Ety/MERÉK.037
elianm > eilianm -ĕCj > -eiC ON. elyadme > N. eilian(w) ✧ Ety/ƷEL.051
ferj > feir -ĕCj > -eiC ᴹ√PHIR > N. feir ✧ Ety/PHIR.028
formenj > formein -ĕCj > -eiC ᴹ√PHOR > N. fervein ✧ EtyAC/PHOR.021
gelj > geil -ĕCj > -eiC ᴹ✶gilya > N. geil ✧ Ety/GIL.030
gwenj > gwein -ĕCj > -eiC ᴹ✶winyā > N. gwein ✧ Ety/WIN.021
kerj > keir -ĕCj > -eiC ᴹ√KIR > N. ceir ✧ Ety/KIR.006
pexj > peix -ĕCj > -eiC ᴹ√PIS > N. peich ✧ Ety/PIS.007
senj > sein -ĕCj > -eiC ᴹ√SI > N. sein ✧ Ety/SI.012
θlenj > θlein -ĕCj > -eiC ᴹ✶slinyā > N. thlein ✧ Ety/SLIN.021
binj > bīn -ĭCj > -īC ᴹ√GWIN > N. bîn ✧ EtyAC/GWIN.012
gwinj > gwīn -ĭCj > -īC ᴹ√WINI > N. gwîn ✧ EtyAC/WIR.014
gwinj > gwīn -ĭCj > -īC ᴹ✶winyē > N. gwîn ✧ EtyAC/WIN.056
linj > līn -ĭCj > -īC ᴹ√LIN¹ > N. lhîn ✧ Ety/LIN¹.007
θinj > θīn -ĭCj > -īC ᴹ√THIN > N. †thîn ✧ Ety/THIN.061
forj > fœir -ŏCj > -œiC ᴹ√PHOR > fœir > N. feir ✧ Ety/PHOR.017
goloðj > golœið -ŏCj > -œiC ᴹ√ÑGÓLOD > goeloeidh > N. geleidh ✧ Ety/ÑGOLOD.016
orotj > orœit -ŏCj > -œiC ON. oroti > ereid > N. ered ✧ Ety/ÓROT.022
orotj > orœit -ŏCj > -œiC N. †œrœid > N. ered ✧ PE22/041.1602-1
ronj > rœin -ŏCj > -œiC ᴹ√RUN > rhoein > N. rhein ✧ Ety/RUN.023
ronj > rœin -ŏCj > -œiC ᴹ✶ronyō > N. rhŷn ✧ Ety/ROY¹.011
tallonj > tallœin -ŏCj > -œiC ᴹ✶tal-runya > tellœin > N. tellen ✧ Ety/RUN.019
tallonj > tallœin -ŏCj > -œiC ᴹ✶talrunya > tellein > N. tellen ✧ Ety/TAL.069
olj > œil -ŏCj > -œiC ᴹ✶ulyā > œil > N. eil ✧ Ety/ULU.036