G. initial voiced spirants became stops; [{βðɣ}-] > [{bdg}-]

⚠️G. initial voiced spirants became stops; [{βðɣ}-] > [{bdg}-]

Reference ✧ PE12/17

Phonetic Rule Elements

[β-] > [b-]
[ð-] > [d-]
[ɣ-] > [g-]

Phonetic Rule Examples

ɣǝroukē > gǝroukē ɣ- > g- ᴱ✶ʒǝroukē > G. grôg ✧ QL/32
ɣet > get ɣ- > g- #ᴱ√ʒet- > G. ged ✧ GL/43
ɣets > gets ɣ- > g- #ᴱ√ʒet- > G. geth ✧ GL/43
ɣṛm > gṛm ɣ- > g- ᴱ√‘(A)ṚM(A)R/‘ṚMṚ > G. grim ✧ QL/32
ɣuð- > guð- ɣ- > g- ᴱ√gudh > G. gudh- ✧ GL/42
ɣūðī > gūðī ɣ- > g- ᴱ√gudh > G. gaudhi ✧ GL/42
ɣul- > gul- ɣ- > g- ᴱ√ULU > G. gul- ✧ LT1A/Ulmo
ɣulta- > gulta- ɣ- > g- ᴱ√ULU > G. gulta- ✧ LT1A/Ulmo
ɣunð > gunð ɣ- > g- ᴱ√gudh > G. gund ✧ GL/42
ɣuŋg > guŋg ɣ- > g- ᴱ√GUŊU > G. gung ✧ QL/98
βaɣ > baɣ β- > b- ᴱ√Baʒ̔- > G. Bai ✧ GL/21
βaɣð > baɣð β- > b- ᴱ√Baʒ̔- > G. Baith ✧ GL/21
βaɣl > baɣl β- > b- ᴱ√Baʒ̔- > G. bail ✧ GL/21
βaɣn > baɣn β- > b- ᴱ√Baʒ̔- > G. Bain ✧ GL/21
βaɣta- > baɣta- β- > b- ᴱ√Baʒ̔- > G. baidha- ✧ GL/21
βan > ban β- > b- ᴱ√VANA > G. Ban- ✧ QL/99
βaxa > baxa β- > b- ᴱ✶baχa > G. Bacha ✧ GL/21
βeðjat > beðjat β- > b- ᴱ√Beđ > G. †bedhiod ✧ GL/22
βeðs > beðs β- > b- ᴱ√Beđ > G. bess ✧ GL/22
βelektā > belektā β- > b- ᴱ√melek/mbelek/belek > G. blectha ✧ GL/22
βenð > benð β- > b- ᴱ√Beđ > G. †benn ✧ GL/22
βenða- > benða- β- > b- ᴱ√Beđ > G. benna- ✧ GL/22
βenn > benn β- > b- ᴱ√VENE > G. benn ✧ LT1A/Glorvent
βent > bent β- > b- ᴱ√VENE > G. bent ✧ LT1A/Glorvent
βiða > biða β- > b- ᴱ√viđa > G. bith ✧ GL/23
βil > bil β- > b- ᴱ√bīl- > G. bil ✧ GL/23
βḹd > bḹd β- > b- ᴱ√vḷd > bald- > G. Bâl ✧ GL/21
βḹt > bḹt β- > b- ᴱ√vḷt > G. balt ✧ GL/23
βḷt- > bḷt- β- > b- ᴱ√vḷt > G. blid ✧ GL/23
βoronda > boronda β- > b- ᴱ√VORO > G. brod ✧ LT1A/Bronweg
βṛtol > bṛtol β- > b- ᴱ√vṛt > G. Bridol ✧ GL/24