S. [m]

References ✧ LotR/1115.1201; PE17/104.1710; PE17/104.1711; PE17/131.3213; PE17/131.3214; PE17/148.3101; PE19/079.17033; PE19/092.2101; VT42/26.0503; VT42/27.1815

Element In

Phonetic Development

S. [mw] became [mm] mm < mw ✧ PE17/148.3101 (-mw > mm)
S. initial [sm], [sn] became nasals [m], [n] m- < sm- ✧ PE19/079.17033 (sm > m; initially)
S. medial [mɸ], [nθ], [ŋx], [lθ] became [mm], [nn], [ŋg], [ll] -mm- < -mɸ- ✧ PE17/131.3213 (mph > mh > mm); VT42/27.1815 (mf > mh; medially)
S. [bm], [dn] became [mm], [nn] mm < bm ✧ VT42/26.0503 (bm > mm)
S. [mb], [nd] became [mm], [nn] mm < mb ✧ LotR/1115.1201 (mb > m); PE17/104.1710 (mb > mm; medially); PE19/092.2101 (mb > mm)
S. [mm] shortened m < mm ✧ PE17/104.1711 (mm > m; medially); PE17/131.3214 (mm > m)
S. [mm] shortened mm > m ✧ PE17/104.1711 (mm > m; medially); PE17/131.3214 (mm > m)

N. [m]

References ✧ PE19/019.0206; PE19/019.02065; PE19/020.0406; PE19/020.1606; PE19/021.0206; PE19/021.02065; PE19/023.2006; PE19/023.2406

Inflections

mh, v soft-mutation m-mutation ✧ PE19/019.02065; PE19/021.02065

Element In

Phonetic Development

N. [no change] m < m ✧ PE19/019.0206 (m- > m-); PE19/021.0206 (m- > m-); PE19/023.2006 (-m- > -m-)
N. [mb], [nd] became [mm], [nn] mm < mb ✧ PE19/020.0406 (amb- > amm-); PE19/020.1606 (amb- > amm-); PE19/023.2406 (-mb- > mb, mm)

G. [m]

Reference ✧ PE15/12.1101m

Element In