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Q. ista- v. “to know”

Q. ista-, v. “to know”

References ✧ PE17/52, 68, 77, 155; PE22/148, 156-159, 164; VT39/20; VT41/6; VT48/25; VT49/16

Glosses

Variations

Related

Changes

Inflections

istaila active-participle   ✧ PE22/156
istila active-participle   ✧ PE22/156
ista aorist “know” ✧ PE17/77
ista aorist   ✧ PE22/159; PE22/159; PE22/164
istā aorist   ✧ PE22/159
istan aorist 1st-sg “I can (because I have learned)” ✧ PE17/155; VT41/6
istan aorist 1st-sg “I ... know” ✧ PE22/158
istan aorist 1st-sg   ✧ PE22/164
istuva future   ✧ PE17/77; PE22/159; PE22/159; PE22/159; PE22/164
istuvan future   ✧ PE22/164
isuva future   ✧ PE17/77: older
siuva future   ✧ PE22/159
sīna passive-participle   ✧ PE17/68
(i)sinte past   ✧ PE22/164; PE22/164
inse past   ✧ PE22/159
inse past   ✧ PE22/159
isinte past   ✧ PE22/159
isinte past   ✧ VT48/25: past tense
sinte past   ✧ PE17/77
sinte past “knew” ✧ VT48/25: (irregular) past tense, the older form
sīne past   ✧ PE22/157; PE22/159
īse past   ✧ PE22/157
istane past-continuous   ✧ PE22/157
istante past-continuous   ✧ PE22/157
isintie perfect   ✧ PE17/77
isisie perfect   ✧ PE22/159
isistie perfect   ✧ PE22/159; PE22/159; PE22/164
istie perfect   ✧ PE22/164
isísie perfect   ✧ PE22/159; PE22/159; PE22/164; PE22/164
sinwa perfective-participle “known, certain, ascertained” ✧ PE17/68
istea present   ✧ PE17/77
istea present   ✧ PE22/159: in brackets
istya present   ✧ PE22/164
sia present   ✧ PE22/159
ísa present   ✧ PE22/159: in brackets
istianye present 1st-sg   ✧ PE22/164
istyanye present 1st-sg   ✧ PE22/164
īsie strong-perfect   ✧ PE17/77
#-isa suffix   ✧ VT39/20

Elements

-tă “verb suffix (intransitive)” ✧ PE17/52 (ta)

Element In

Derivations


ᴹQ. ista- v. “to know”

References ✧ Ety/IS; PE22/104, 106-109, 111-112, 114-115

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Inflections

istea active-participle “knowing” ✧ PE22/106
istea active-participle “knowing” ✧ PE22/111
istea active-participle   ✧ PE22/114
ista aorist   ✧ PE22/114
istuva future “shall know” ✧ PE22/104
istuva future   ✧ PE22/115
istuvaina future-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109
istuvanta future-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109
sintéva future-perfect “shall have known” ✧ PE22/115
istie gerund   ✧ PE22/114
istalya imperfect-participle   ✧ PE22/107; PE22/115
izilya imperfect-participle “knowing” ✧ PE22/107: (strong)
istaina imperfect-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/108
istaina imperfect-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/115
istanta imperfect-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/108; PE22/115
istana passive-participle   ✧ PE22/114
istina passive-participle   ✧ PE22/114
istāna passive-participle “known” ✧ PE22/107
istanelya perfect-participle “have known” ✧ PE22/108
sintelya perfect-participle “having known” ✧ PE22/115
sintielya perfect-participle “having known” ✧ PE22/115
sintienwa perfect-passive-participle “having been known” ✧ PE22/115
istanwa perfective-participle “known, acknowledged, certain” ✧ PE22/106
istanwa perfective-participle “known, generally recognized” ✧ PE22/112
istanwa perfective-participle   ✧ PE22/114
sint(i)elyane pluperfect “had known” ✧ PE22/115
sinte strong-past   ✧ Ety/IS
sinte strong-past “knew” ✧ PE22/115

Element In

Cognates

Derivations


ᴱQ. ista- v. “to know”

References ✧ LT2A/Eldarissa; PE14/86; PE15/32; PE16/133; QL/43, 85

Glosses

Variations

Related

Inflections

maistal 1st-pl-exclusive plural; pronoun-prefix   ✧ PE14/86
nista 1st-sg; pronoun-prefix “I know” ✧ PE14/86
t’ista 2nd-sg; pronoun-prefix   ✧ PE14/86
sistal 3rd-pl-fem plural; pronoun-prefix   ✧ PE14/86
s’istal 3rd-pl-fem plural; pronoun-prefix   ✧ PE14/86
tuḯstal 3rd-pl-masc plural; pronoun-prefix “they know” ✧ PE14/86
túistal 3rd-pl-masc plural; pronoun-prefix   ✧ PE14/86
hista 3rd-sg-fem; pronoun-prefix “she knows” ✧ PE14/86
hista 3rd-sg-neut; pronoun-prefix   ✧ PE14/86
sinte past   ✧ QL/43: pret.
sinte past “he knew” ✧ QL/85
íse past   ✧ PE16/133
īsier past plural “*was known” ✧ PE15/32

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√ISI¹ > ista [ista-] ✧ QL/43