Q. ista-, v. “to know, ascertain”

References ✧ PE17/52, 68, 77, 155; PE22/148, 156-159, 164; VT39/20; VT41/6; VT48/25; VT49/16

Glosses

Variations

Related

Changes

Inflections

istaila active-participle   ✧ PE22/156.1114
istila active-participle   ✧ PE22/156.3510
ista aorist “know” ✧ PE17/077.2201
ista aorist   ✧ PE22/159.1806; PE22/159.2701; PE22/164.3201
istā aorist   ✧ PE22/159.1705
istan aorist 1st-sg “I can (because I have learned)” ✧ PE17/155.3303; VT41/06.2503
istan aorist 1st-sg “I ... know” ✧ PE22/158.2607
istan aorist 1st-sg   ✧ PE22/164.1103
istuva future   ✧ PE17/077.2401; PE22/159.1708; PE22/159.1808; PE22/159.2703; PE22/164.3203
istuvan future   ✧ PE22/164.1106
isuva future   ✧ PE17/077.2402: older
siuva future   ✧ PE22/159.1707
sīna passive-participle   ✧ PE17/068.1814
(i)sinte past   ✧ PE22/164.1107; PE22/164.3204
inse past   ✧ PE22/159.1809
inse past   ✧ PE22/159.2704
isinte past   ✧ PE22/159.2801
isinte past   ✧ VT48/25.4111: past tense
sinte past   ✧ PE17/077.2301
sinte past “knew” ✧ VT48/25.4108: (irregular) past tense, the older form
sīne past   ✧ PE22/157.1208; PE22/159.1709
īse past   ✧ PE22/157.1207
istane past-continuous   ✧ PE22/157.1204
istante past-continuous   ✧ PE22/157.1009
isintie perfect   ✧ PE17/077.2302
isisie perfect   ✧ PE22/159.1810
isistie perfect   ✧ PE22/159.1811; PE22/159.2802; PE22/164.3205
istie perfect   ✧ PE22/164.3206
isísie perfect   ✧ PE22/159.1710; PE22/159.2705; PE22/164.1108; PE22/164.3207
sinwa perfective-participle “known, certain, ascertained” ✧ PE17/068.1813
istea present   ✧ PE17/077.2203
istea present   ✧ PE22/159.2702: in brackets
istya present   ✧ PE22/164.3202
sia present   ✧ PE22/159.1706
ísa present   ✧ PE22/159.1807: in brackets
istianye present 1st-sg   ✧ PE22/164.1104
istyanye present 1st-sg   ✧ PE22/164.1105
īsie strong-perfect   ✧ PE17/077.2303

Elements

-tă “verb suffix (intransitive)” ✧ PE17/052.0310-1 (ta)

Element In

Derivations


ᴹQ. ista- v. “to know”

References ✧ Ety/IS; PE22/104, 106-109, 111-112, 114-115

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Inflections

istea active-participle “knowing” ✧ PE22/106.3608
istea active-participle “knowing” ✧ PE22/111.0105
istea active-participle   ✧ PE22/114.3103
ista aorist   ✧ PE22/114.2707
istuva future “shall know” ✧ PE22/104.3305
istuva future   ✧ PE22/115.2901
istuvaina future-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109.1008
istuvanta future-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109.2914
sintéva future-perfect “shall have known” ✧ PE22/115.2706
istie gerund   ✧ PE22/114.2804
istalya imperfect-participle   ✧ PE22/107.2211; PE22/115.0112
izilya imperfect-participle “knowing” ✧ PE22/107.2103: (strong)
istaina imperfect-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/108.0512
istaina imperfect-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/115.3211
istanta imperfect-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/108.3014; PE22/115.3114
istana passive-participle   ✧ PE22/114.4510
istina passive-participle   ✧ PE22/114.3302
istāna passive-participle “known” ✧ PE22/107.0514
istanelya perfect-participle “have known” ✧ PE22/108.2409
sintelya perfect-participle “having known” ✧ PE22/115.2610
sintielya perfect-participle “having known” ✧ PE22/115.2611
sintienwa perfect-passive-participle “having been known” ✧ PE22/115.2702
istanwa perfective-participle “known, acknowledged, certain” ✧ PE22/106.1702
istanwa perfective-participle “known, generally recognized” ✧ PE22/112.0504
istanwa perfective-participle   ✧ PE22/114.3202
sint(i)elyane pluperfect “had known” ✧ PE22/115.2710
sinte strong-past   ✧ Ety/IS.006
sinte strong-past “knew” ✧ PE22/115.1010

Element In

Cognates

Derivations


ᴱQ. ista- v. “to know”

References ✧ LT2A/Eldarissa; PE14/86; PE15/32; PE16/133; QL/43, 85

Glosses

Variations

Related

Inflections

maistal 1st-pl-exclusive plural pronoun-prefix   ✧ PE14/086.2108
nista 1st-sg pronoun-prefix “I know” ✧ PE14/086.0112
t’ista 2nd-sg pronoun-prefix   ✧ PE14/086.0201
sistal 3rd-pl-fem plural pronoun-prefix   ✧ PE14/086.221
s’istal 3rd-pl-fem plural pronoun-prefix   ✧ PE14/086.2212
tuḯstal 3rd-pl-masc plural pronoun-prefix “they know” ✧ PE14/086.2115
túistal 3rd-pl-masc plural pronoun-prefix   ✧ PE14/086.2113
hista 3rd-sg-fem pronoun-prefix “she knows” ✧ PE14/086.0411
hista 3rd-sg-neut pronoun-prefix   ✧ PE14/086.0509
sinte past   ✧ QL/043.3903
sinte past “he knew” ✧ QL/085.2202
íse past   ✧ PE16/133.5302
īsier past plural “*was known” ✧ PE15/32.0702

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√ISI¹ > ista [ista-] ✧ QL/043.3901