Q. [a]

References ✧ LotR/1115; PE17/124; PE19/83, 86, 98, 102

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

AQ. syllabic nasals developed a preceding vowel of similar quality and- < ṇd- ✧ PE17/124.0401 ( > an)
Q. [r], [l] following many consonants developed a preceding vowel {ptkɸθxmnz}ar < {ptkɸθxmnz}ør ✧ PE19/083.1614 (r > > ar; after stops or aspirates); PE19/086.1111 (pr > par); PE19/086.1112 (tr > tar); PE19/086.1113 (kr > kar); PE19/098.0612 (mr > mar); PE19/098.1010 (mr > nar); PE19/102.0506 (z-r > zar)

Q. [ava]

Reference ✧ PE17/118


ᴹQ. [a]

Reference ✧ PE21/6 ✧ ai

Element In

Phonetic Development

ᴹQ. stressed non-final [ei] became [ai] ai < éi ✧ PE21/06.2701 (ei > ai; after ı̯)

ᴱQ. [a]

References ✧ PE12/9-10, 12, 14; PE14/41

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

ᴱQ. long syllabic [ḹ], [ṝ] became [al], [ar] al < ✧ PE12/010.2902 (ḷ long > al)
ᴱQ. long syllabic [ḹ], [ṝ] became [al], [ar] ar < ✧ PE12/010.3002 (ṛ long > ar)
ᴱQ. long syllabic [ṇ̄] became [a] + homorganic nasal aŋkʷ < ṇ̄kʷ ✧ PE12/010.2602 (long nasals + q > )
ᴱQ. long syllabic [ṇ̄] became [a] + homorganic nasal aŋk < ṇ̄k ✧ PE12/010.2603 (long nasals + k > )
ᴱQ. long syllabic [ṇ̄] became [a] + homorganic nasal an < ṇ̄ ✧ PE12/010.2604 (long nasals + k̑ > ); PE12/010.2605 (long nasals + t > an)
ᴱQ. long syllabic [ṇ̄] became [a] + homorganic nasal amp < ṇ̄p ✧ PE12/010.2606 (long nasals + p > am)
ᴱQ. short syllabic [ṛ] became [ar], [ir] before palatized consonants or [ur] after [w] ar < ✧ PE12/010.2802 (ṛ short + q > ar); PE12/010.2803 (ṛ short + k > ar); PE12/010.2805 (ṛ short + t > ar); PE12/010.2806 (ṛ short + p > ar)
ᴱQ. [oe] became [oa] oa < oe ✧ PE12/012.2012 (oe (ávo) > oa); PE12/014.1803 (ō̆ē̆ > oa)