Q. [kʷ] ‹qu› (tengwa #4)

References ✧ LotR/1114; PE19/76

Variations

Element In


ᴹQ. [kʷ] ‹q›

References ✧ PE22/65-66

Variations

Element In


ᴱQ. [kʷ] ‹q›

References ✧ PE12/16-17, 22-23; PE14/41, 60

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

ᴱQ. [no change] < ✧ PE12/016.1903 (k͡w > ku̯)
ᴱQ. voiceless spirants became stops after nasals ŋkʷ < ŋxʷ ✧ PE12/017.3303 (nasals + x͡w > nq)
ᴱQ. [xʷ] became [kʷ] after voiceless stops {tʲptk}kʷ < {tʲptk}xʷ ✧ PE12/017.3307 (voiceless stops + x͡w > q)
ᴱQ. [kʷkʷ] became [kʷ] < kʷkʷ ✧ PE12/022.0103 (qq > q)
ᴱQ. voiceless stop assimilated to following voiceless stop except [t] kʷkʷ < kkʷ ✧ PE12/022.1203 (kq > q)
ᴱQ. voiceless stop assimilated to following voiceless stop except [t] kʷkʷ < tʲkʷ ✧ PE12/022.2414 (c̑ + q > q)
ᴱQ. voiceless stop assimilated to following voiceless stop except [t] kʷkʷ < tkʷ ✧ PE12/023.1109 ([t] + q > q)