Q. [f] (tengwa #10)

References ✧ PE17/92; PE19/71, 80

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

Q. [ɸ], [β] became [f], [v] f < ɸ ✧ PE19/071.0415 ([ᵽ] > f)

ᴹQ. [f]

References ✧ Ety/ÓLOS; PE22/65

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

ᴹQ. [sf] became [f] f < sf ✧ Ety/ÓLOS.008 (s-f > f)

ᴱQ. [f]

References ✧ PE12/16-17, 19-21, 26; PE14/41, 60

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

ᴱQ. initial [sw] and [sβ] became [f], [sj] became [j̊] f- < sβ- ✧ PE12/019.2006 (su̯, sw̑, sƀ > f)
ᴱQ. [ɸx] became [f] f < ɸx ✧ PE12/020.3101 (ᵽx > fh > f)
f < xxʷ ✧ PE12/020.3210 (xx͡w > ff > f)
ᴱQ. geminate voiceless spirants reduced f < ff ✧ PE12/021.0212 (ff > f)
ᴱQ. initial [sw] and [sβ] became [f], [sj] became [j̊] f- < sw- ✧ PE12/026.0412 (sẇ > hw > f)
ᴱQ. voiceless and voiced [w] became [f], [v] in Inwelin f < ✧ PE14/060.0904 (hw > f)
ᴱQ. initial and intervocalic [xʷ] became [f] f- < xʷ- ✧ PE12/017.2403 (x͡w > f)
ᴱQ. initial and intervocalic [xʷ] became [f] VfV < VxʷV ✧ PE12/017.2715 (x͡w > f; between vowels)
ᴱQ. [ɸ] usually became [f] f < ɸ ✧ PE12/016.2208 ( > f); PE12/021.0211 (ᵽᵽ > ff)
ᴱQ. [ɸ] usually became [f] f < ɸɣʷ ✧ PE12/020.0707 (fw̑ > f)
ᴱQ. geminate voiceless spirants reduced ff > f ✧ PE12/021.0212 (ff > f)
ᴱQ. [f] became [v] except before stressed vowel VfV|VfV́ > VvV|VfV́ ✧ PE12/020.3109 (f > v); PE12/020.3216 (f > v)
ᴱQ. intervocalic voiceless spirants became voiced VfV > VvV ✧ PE12/017.2803 (f > v)

ᴱQ. †[ɸ]

References ✧ PE12/21

Phonetic Development

ᴱQ. voiceless spirant combinations assimilated except to [θ] ɸɸ < xʷɸ ✧ PE12/021.0201 (x͡w + ᵽ > ᵽᵽ)
ᴱQ. voiceless spirant combinations assimilated except to [θ] ɸɸ < ✧ PE12/021.0201-2 (x + ᵽ > ᵽᵽ)
ᴱQ. voiceless spirant combinations assimilated except to [θ] ɸɸ < θʲɸ ✧ PE12/021.0201-3 (x͡y + ᵽ > ᵽᵽ)
ᴱQ. voiceless spirant combinations assimilated except to [θ] ɸɸ < θɸ ✧ PE12/021.0201-4 (þ + ᵽ > ᵽᵽ)
ᴱQ. [ɸ] usually became [f] ɸ > f ✧ PE12/021.0211 (ᵽᵽ > ff)