Q. [p] (tengwa #2)

References ✧ PE18/91; PE19/69, 80, 83-85, 87, 95, 101

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

{ptk}p < {ptk}pʰ ✧ PE18/091.0716 (pph > pp)
Q. [sp], [sk] metathesized to [ps], [sk] ps < sp ✧ PE19/083.3513 (sp > ps); PE19/084.0507 (sp > ps; metathesized); PE19/095.1210 (sp > ps); PE19/101.0514 (sp > ps)
Q. [p], [k] before [t] spirantalized to [β], [x] βt < pt ✧ PE19/084.0202 (pth > ᵽt); PE19/084.2709 (pt > ᵽt); PE19/085.1504 (pʰt > ᵽt); PE19/087.2713 (pth > ᵽtʰ > ᵽt)
Q. [w̥] after [p] became [p] pp < pw̥ ✧ PE19/085.1604 ( > pp)

Q. [p-]

Reference ✧ PE18/92 ✧ p-


ᴹQ. [p]

Reference ✧ PE22/65 ✧ p

Element In


ᴱQ. [p]

References ✧ PE12/16, 18, 20, 22, 26; PE14/41, 60

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

ᴱQ. [no change] p < p ✧ PE12/016.1908 (p > p)
ᴱQ. [x] assimilated to preceding stop pp < px ✧ PE12/018.1817 ( > pp)
ᴱQ. voiceless spirants became stops before stops, [s] or [z] pt < ɸt ✧ PE12/020.1214 (ᵽt > pt)
ᴱQ. voiceless spirants became stops before stops, [s] or [z] ps < ɸs ✧ PE12/020.1303 (ᵽs > ps)
ᴱQ. voiceless spirants became stops after nasals mp < ✧ PE12/020.1406 (nasal + ᵽ > mp)
ᴱQ. voiceless stop assimilated to following voiceless stop except [t] pp < kp ✧ PE12/022.1303 (kp > pp)
ᴱQ. voiceless stop assimilated to following voiceless stop except [t] pp < tp ✧ PE12/022.3312 (tp > pp)
ᴱQ. [pp] became [pt] pp > pt ✧ PE12/018.1818 (pp > pt); PE12/022.1304 (pp > pt); PE12/022.3313 (pp > pt)
ᴱQ. final [ss], [st], [ps], [ts], [ks] became [s] -ps > -s ✧ PE12/026.1109-3 (ps > -s)