S. gaear, n. “sea”

This word is variously attested as gaear, gaer and aear in later writings. The presence or absence of the initial g- depends on whether its root is √AY(AR) (as it appears in the Etymologies and some later writings) or √GAY(AR) (as it appears in other later writings). The appearance of aear can be generally be explained as the lenited form of gaear, and so gaear should probably be preferred.

Similarly, the form gaer appears primarily as an element in compounds, and can be explained as a reduced form of gaear in that context. For these reasons, this lexicon uses gaear as the ordinary Sindarin word for “sea”. This has the additional advantage of disambuiguating it from the adjective gaer¹ “dreadful”. @@@

References ✧ Let/386.3004; LotR/0238.0902; PE17/027.2202; PE17/027.2301; PE17/027.2312; PE17/149.1311; PM/363.3502; RGEO/63.0902; RGEO/64.1002; RGEO/65.2602; SA/ëar.014; SA/gaer.001; WJ/400.2302

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

aear soft-mutation   ✧ LotR/0238.0902
aear soft-mutation “Sea” ✧ PE17/027.2202
aear soft-mutation “the Sea” ✧ RGEO/63.0902
aear soft-mutation “ocean” ✧ RGEO/64.1002

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

gaı̯ră > gaer [gaira] > [gair] > [gaer] ✧ PE17/027.2312
Gayar- > gaear [gaiara] > [gaiar] > [gaear] ✧ PM/363.3502

N. oer n. “sea”

References ✧ Ety/AY.040; Ety/AY.041; Ety/UY.027-1; TI/307.0704-2

Glosses

Variations

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ√ÁYAR > oear [ajar] > [aiar] > [oear] ✧ Ety/AY.040
ᴹ√AI̯R > oer [ajr] > [air] > [oer] ✧ Ety/AY.041