Q. [u]

References ✧ LotR/1115-1116; PE17/124; PE19/77, 94, 98

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

AQ. syllabic nasals developed a preceding vowel of similar quality umb- < ṃb- ✧ PE17/124.0312 (*[ṃ-] > um)
AQ. syllabic nasals developed a preceding vowel of similar quality uŋgw- < ŋ̣gw- ✧ PE17/124.0410 ([ŋ̣]gw > uŋ[gw]); PE19/077.1407-1 (*[ŋ̣gw-] > *[uŋgw-])
Q. [ɣ] vocalized before [r], [l], [w], [j] uw < ɣw ✧ PE19/094.3305 (ʒ > ; before w)
Q. [r], [l] following many consonants developed a preceding vowel mul < møl ✧ PE19/098.0613 (mr > mul)

Q. [uo]

References ✧ PE17/137; VT48/28


ᴹQ. [u]

Element In


ᴱQ. [u]

References ✧ PE12/9-10, 12-13, 20, 24; PE14/41

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

ᴱQ. [β] became [u] before consonants and finally VuC < VβC ✧ PE12/024.2204 (ƀ + consonant > )
ᴱQ. [β] became [u] before consonants and finally -u < ✧ PE12/024.2207 (ƀ final > u)
ᴱQ. short syllabic [ḷ] became [il], or [ul] before labials ulkʷ < ḷkʷ ✧ PE12/010.2702 (ḷ short + q > ul)
ᴱQ. short syllabic [ḷ] became [il], or [ul] before labials ulp < ḷp ✧ PE12/010.2706 (ḷ short + p > ul)
ᴱQ. short syllabic [ṇ] became [a] + homorganic nasal, [i] before palatals or [u] before labials uŋCʷ < ṇCʷ ✧ PE12/010.2502 (short nasals + q > )
ᴱQ. [jǝ], [wǝ] became [je], [wo] after a vowel owo < owǝ ✧ PE12/013.1507 (ou̯ǝ́ > )
ᴱQ. [j], [w] became [i], [u] after a vowel Vu < Vw ✧ PE12/020.2105 ( > u)
ᴱQ. [ou] became [u] before [e] and [o], but [o] before [i] and [a] ue < oue ✧ PE12/012.2111 (óu̯e > ue (oa)); PE12/013.1501 (ou̯é > ué (oá))
ᴱQ. [ou] became [u] before [e] and [o], but [o] before [i] and [a] uo < ouo ✧ PE12/012.2115 (óu̯o > uo); PE12/013.1504 (ou̯ó > )