S. muil, n. and adj. “drear[iness]”

In later writings, this word is attested only as an element in S. Emyn Muil “Drear Hills”.

Conceptual Development: @@@

Possible Etymology: From our only late example, the word muil seems to be a (plural) adjective meaning “drear”. However, an adjective in this position beginning with m- would ordinarily undergo lenition to *vuil. If it is an adjective, its primitive form must have begun with mb-, which would have produced m- after mutation. If so, its unmutated singular form would have been either *bûl or *buil.

It seems likelier to me that muil is a noun, a remnant of earlier Ilk. muil “twilight, shadow, vagueness”, derived from the same root √MUY. If so, the literal meaning of S. Emyn Muil would be “*Hills of Twilight” or perhaps “*Hills of Dreariness”.

Reference ✧ RC/334 ✧ Muil “drear”

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Ilk. muil n. “twilight, shadow, vagueness”

A Doriathrin noun meaning “twilight, shadow, vagueness” derived from root ᴹ√MUY (Ety/MUY). Its Quenya cognate ᴹQ. muile suggests a primitive form of *✶muı̯lē [mujlē].

Conceptual Development: Tolkien seems to have coined this word to explain Umboth Muilin “Twilight Meres”, a remnant of earlier G. Umboth-muilin “Pools of Twilight”. The meaning of the Ilkorin elements is reversed from the earlier name: in the Gnomish name muilin “pools” was the plural form of the word G. muil, glossed “tarn” in the Gnomish Lexicon (GL/58) which is an older English word for “(mountain) lake”. In later writings, Tolkien replaced this name with S. Aelin-uial “Meres of Twilight”.

Reference ✧ Ety/MUY ✧ Dor. muil “twilight, shadow, vagueness”

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ᴹ√MUY > muil [mujlē] > [muilē] > [muile] > [muil] ✧ Ety/MUY.022

G. muil n. “tarn”

References ✧ GL/58; LT2A/Umboth-muilin

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