Q. Rána, n. “Moon, (lit.) Wayward”

Another name of the Moon (usually Q. Isil), translated as “Wayward” (S/99). This name is a derivative of the root √RAN “wander” (UT/242).

Conceptual Development: The name ᴱQ. Rána appears in the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/192), though at this early stage its meaning and etymology were unclear. In Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s, ᴹQ. Rana appeared with a short a, with the translation “Wayward” (LR/240). The name also appeared with a short a in the Etymologies as a derivative of √RAN from primitive ᴹ✶Ranā (Ety/RAN). The long á was restored in Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s (MR/130).

In some later notes, Tolkien said that Rána was the name of the spirit of the Moon rather than the Moon itself (VT42/13). Elsewhere this spirit was named Tirion, so this was probably a transient idea. In the indexes of The Silmarillion and The Unfinished Tales, Christopher Tolkien translated Rána as “Wanderer”, but the source of that translation is unclear.

References ✧ MR/130.3601; MR/198.0503; MR/376.3304; MRI; MRI/Rána.003; S/099.3111; SA/ran.005; SI; UT/242.3609; UTI; VT42/13.2202; VT47/11.3208

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Ráno genitive “of the Moon” ✧ VT47/11.3208

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ᴹQ. Rana n. “Moon, (lit.) Wayward”

References ✧ Ety/RAN.006; EtyAC/RAN.008; LR/240.2203; LRI; PE22/022.0807; PE22/050.1903; PE22/100.3002; RSI

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ᴱQ. Rána n. “Moon”

References ✧ GL/64.8404; GL/65.8404; LT1/192.2706; LT1A; LT1I; MC/213.3402; MC/213.3502; MC/214.0102; PE13/152.3904; SM/097.2604; SMI

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ránar dative “in the moon” ✧ MC/213.3402; MC/213.3502; MC/214.0102

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