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Q. Rána n. “Moon, (lit.) Wayward”

Q. Rána, n. “Moon, (lit.) Wayward”

Another name of the Moon (usually Q. Isil), translated as “Wayward” (S/99). This name is a derivative of the root √RAN “wander” (UT/242).

Conceptual Development: The name ᴱQ. Rána appears as a name of the moon in the earliest Lost Tales (LT1/192), though at this early stage its precise meaning and etymology were unclear. In Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s, ᴹQ. Rana appeared with a short a, with the translation “Wayward” (LR/240). The name also appeared with a short a in the Etymologies as a derivative of √RAN from primitive ᴹ✶Ranā (Ety/RAN). The long á was restored in Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s (MR/130).

In some later notes, Tolkien said that Rána was the name of the spirit of the Moon rather than the Moon itself (VT42/13). Elsewhere this spirit was named Tirion, so this was probably a transient idea. In the indexes of The Silmarillion and The Unfinished Tales, Christopher Tolkien translated Rána as “Wanderer”, but the source of that translation is unclear.

References ✧ MR/130, 198, 376; MRI; S/99; SA/ran; SI; UT/242; UTI; VT42/13; VT47/11

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Ráno genitive “of the Moon” ✧ VT47/11

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ᴹQ. Rana n. “Moon, (lit.) Wayward”

References ✧ Ety/RAN; EtyAC/RAN; LR/240; LRI; PE22/22, 50, 100; RSI

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ᴱQ. Rána n. “Moon”

References ✧ GL/64-65; LT1/192; LT1A/Rána; LT1I; MC/213-214, 221; PE13/152; PE15/75; PE16/62, 64, 72, 74-75; SM/97; SMI

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Inflections

ránasi ?   ✧ PE16/64
ranainen instrumental plural   ✧ PE16/64
ránar locative; r-locative “in the moon” ✧ MC/213; MC/213; MC/214

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