S. [x], [ɸ] vocalized between a vowel and [s], [θ]; [{ieau}{ɸx}{θs}|o{ɸx}{θs}] > [{ieau}i{θs}|ou{θs}]

Phonetic Rule Elements

[ixθ] > [īθ]
[eɸθ] > [euθ]
[exθ] > [eiθ]
[aɸs] > [ais]
[axs] > [ais]
[axθ] > [aiθ]
[oxθ] > [ouθ]
[oxs] > [ous]
[oɸs] > [ous]
[uxθ] > [uiθ]

Phonetic Rule Examples

maxθa- > maiθa- axθ > aiθ MAG > S. maetha- ✧ PE17/161.2905
maxθa- > maiθa- axθ > aiθ maʒtā > maχtā > S. maetha ✧ VT47/06.1801
maxθe > maiθe axθ > aiθ MAG > S. maeth ✧ PE17/161.2904
paxθa > paiθa axθ > aiθ PAKAT > S. paeth ✧ PE17/126.2301
belexθa > beleiθa exθ > eiθ mbelek > S. belaith ✧ PE17/115.1606
exθa- > eiθa- exθ > eiθ ek-tā > S. eitha- ✧ WJ/365.2402
exθele > eiθele exθ > eiθ et-kelē > S. eithel ✧ SA/kel.029
gwexθe > gweiθe exθ > eiθ weg-tē > S. gwaith ✧ PE17/190.0201
nexθano > neiθano exθ > eiθ NEK > S. neithan ✧ PE17/167.3413
nexθe > neiθe exθ > eiθ nek-tē > neith > S. naith ✧ PE17/055.0302
rexθa- > reiθa- exθ > eiθ RIK > S. raitha ✧ PE17/167.1609
texθa > teiθa exθ > eiθ tek-tā > teith > S. taith ✧ PE17/043.2714
texθa- > teiθa- exθ > eiθ tekta- > S. teith- ✧ PE17/043.3301
leɸθa- > leuθa- eɸθ > euθ LEP > S. leutha- ✧ VT47/10.0705
gruxθa- > gruiθa- uxθ > uiθ RUKU > S. gruitha ✧ WJ/415.2301
nuxθa- > nuiθa- uxθ > uiθ nuktā- > S. nuitha- ✧ WJ/413.1201

N. [x], [ɸ] vocalized between a vowel and [s], [θ]; [{iea}{ɸx}{θs}|{ou}{ɸx}{θs}|juiθ] > [{iea}i{θs}|{ou}u{θs}|juxθ]

GS/§4.82 GS/§4.90 GS/§4.91 WG/175:§108iv @@@

References ✧ PE22/39-40

Variations

Related

Phonetic Rule Elements

[ixθ] > [īθ]
[exθ] > [eiθ]
[aɸs] > [ais]
[axs] > [ais]
[axθ] > [aiθ]
[juxθ] > [juiθ]
[oxθ] > [ouθ]
[oxs] > [ous]
[oɸs] > [ous]
[uxθ] > [ūθ]

Phonetic Rule Examples

naxsa > naisa axs > ais ᴹ✶nakse > N. naes ✧ EtyAC/NAK.037
pelθaxsa > pelθaisa axs > ais ON. pelthaksa > N. pelthaes ✧ Ety/PEL.021
taxsa > taisa axs > ais ᴹ✶taksē > N. taes ✧ Ety/TAK.052
jaxθa > jaiθa axθ > aiθ ᴹ✶yakta- > N. iaeth ✧ Ety/YAK.008
maxθa > maiθa axθ > aiθ ᴹ√MAK > N. maeth ✧ Ety/MAK.036
maxθa- > maiθa- axθ > aiθ ᴹ√MAK > N. maetha ✧ Ety/MAK.049
naxθa > naiθa axθ > aiθ ᴹ√NAK > N. naeth ✧ Ety/NAK.015
taxθa- > taiθa- axθ > aiθ ᴹ√TAK > N. taetho ✧ Ety/TAK.016
aɸsa > aisa aɸs > ais ᴹ√AP > N. aes ✧ Ety/AP.007
laɸsa > laisa aɸs > ais ᴹ√LAP > N. lhaes ✧ Ety/LAP.006
andatexθa > andateiθa exθ > eiθ ON. andatektha > N. andeith ✧ Ety/TEK.047
brexθa- > breiθa- exθ > eiθ ᴹ✶b’rekta > N. breitho ✧ Ety/BERÉK.018
brexθa- > breiθa- exθ > eiθ ᴹ√MERÉK > N. breitha ✧ EtyAC/MERÉK.031
exθe > eiθe exθ > eiθ ᴹ√EK > N. aith ✧ Ety/EK.010
exθe > eiθe exθ > eiθ ᴹ√EK > N. eith ✧ EtyAC/EK.046
exθele > eiθele exθ > eiθ ᴹ✶ektele > N. eithel ✧ Ety/KEL.015
gwexθe > gweiθe exθ > eiθ ᴹ✶weg-tē > N. gweith ✧ Ety/WEG.121
lexθ- > leiθ- exθ > eiθ ᴹ√LEK > N. Leth- ✧ Ety/LEK.043
lexθa- > leiθa- exθ > eiθ ᴹ√LEK > N. lheitho ✧ Ety/LEK.010
texθa > teiθa exθ > eiθ ON. *tektha > N. teith ✧ Ety/TEK.044
texθa- > teiθa- exθ > eiθ ᴹ√TEK > N. teitho ✧ Ety/TEK.042
krixθa- > krīθa- ixθ > īθ ᴹ✶k’rikta > N. critho ✧ Ety/KIRIK.020
rixθa- > rīθa- ixθ > īθ ᴹ√RIK(H) > N. rhitho ✧ Ety/RIK(H).022
juxθa > juiθa juxθ > juiθ ᴹ√YUK > N. iuith ✧ Ety/YUK.005
juxθa- > juiθa- juxθ > juiθ ᴹ√YUK > N. iuitho ✧ Ety/YUK.007
loxsa > lousa oxs > ous ᴹ√LOKH > N. lhaws ✧ Ety/LOKH.006
oxθa > ouθa oxθ > ouθ ᴹ✶oktā > N. auth ✧ Ety/KOT.010
soxθa- > souθa- oxθ > ouθ ᴹ√SUK > N. sautha- ✧ Ety/SUK.022
toɸsa > tousa oɸs > ous ᴹ✶tupsē > N. taus ✧ Ety/TUP.007
luxθa- > lūθa- uxθ > ūθ ᴹ√LUK > N. lhûtha ✧ Ety/LUK.008
luxθe > lūθe uxθ > ūθ ᴹ√LUK > N. lhûth ✧ Ety/LUK.005
suxθo > sūθo uxθ > ūθ ᴹ√SUK > N. sûth ✧ Ety/SUK.017

G. [f], [v] sometimes became [u]; [{fv}] > [u]

HPG/§2.6 @@@ also alewthion

Order (03900)

Before 04000 final voiceless spirants restopped after consonants

Phonetic Rule Elements

[afθ] > [auθ]
[avk] > [auk]
[avm] > [aum]
[avs] > [aus]
[avθ] > [auθ]

Phonetic Rule Examples

safθ > sauθ afθ > auθ ᴱ√sab- > G. sauth ✧ GL/67.3101
kavk > kauk avk > auk ᴱ√kava- > G. caug ✧ GL/25.6101
kavk > kauk avk > auk ᴱ√kava- > G. caug ✧ GL/25.6201
kavm > kauk avm > aum ᴱ√kava- > G. caum ✧ GL/25.6601
gavst > gaust avs > aus ᴱ√ı̯aƀa > G. gaust ✧ GL/38.1601
mavs > maus avs > aus ᴱ√maƀ > G. maus ✧ GL/57.2401
navs > naus avs > aus ᴱ√naf- > G. naus ✧ GL/59.8301
ravst > raust avs > aus ᴱ√RAVA > G. raust ✧ LT1A/Meássë.105
kavθa- > kauθa- avθ > auθ *ᴱ√tyav- > G. cautha- ✧ GL/24.6301

G. [x], [ɣ] sometimes became [i]; [{xɣ}] > [i]

HPG/§2.6 @@@

Order (03800)

Before 04000 final voiceless spirants restopped after consonants

Phonetic Rule Elements

[axC] > [aiC]
[aɣC] > [aiC]
[exC] > [aiC]
[eɣC] > [aiC]
[oxC] > [uiC]
[uɣC] > [uiC]
[-ax] > [-ai]
[-aɣ] > [-ai]
[-uɣ] > [-ui]

Phonetic Rule Examples

dax > dai -ax > -ai ᴱ√TAHA > G. dai ✧ LT1A/Telimektar.106
baɣ > bai -aɣ > -ai ᴱ√Baʒ̔- > G. Bai ✧ GL/21.3301
fuɣ > fui -uɣ > -ui ᴱ√fuʒu > G. fui¹ ✧ GL/36.2501
gaxs > gais axC > aiC ᴱ✶ı̯aksĕ > G. gais ✧ GL/37.2303-2
kaxθ > kaiθ axC > aiC ᴱ✶kahta > G. caith ✧ GL/24.8401
baɣð > baið aɣC > aiC ᴱ√Baʒ̔- > G. Baith ✧ GL/21.3501
baɣða- > baiða- aɣC > aiC ᴱ√Baʒ̔- > G. baidha- ✧ GL/21.3901
baɣl > bail aɣC > aiC ᴱ√Baʒ̔- > G. bail ✧ GL/21.4501
baɣn > bain aɣC > aiC ᴱ√Baʒ̔- > G. Bain ✧ GL/21.4201
exθ > aiθ exC > aiC ᴱ✶ektĭ > G. aith² ✧ GL/18.7005
exθ > aiθ exC > aiC ᴱ✶eχtă- > G. aith¹ ✧ GL/18.7001
exθaθ > aiθaθ exC > aiC ᴱ✶eχt·taþ· > G. aithos ✧ GL/18.7201
exθi > aiθi exC > aiC ‽ᴱ✶ektī > G. †aithi ✧ GL/18.8401
exθl > aiθl exC > aiC ᴱ✶ektḷ > G. aithl ✧ GL/18.8501
kexθl > kaiθl exC > aiC ᴱ✶kekt(ǝ)lḗ > G. caithl ✧ GL/25.0101
lexs > lais exC > aiC ᴱ✶leχ-sa > G. lais ✧ GL/53.4101
mexs > mais exC > aiC ᴱ✶meχse > G. †mais ✧ GL/56.1901
meɣðan > maiðan eɣC > aiC ᴱ✶megđana > G. maidhon ✧ GL/56.1301
seɣðan > saiðan eɣC > aiC ᴱ✶sek’·ðana > G. Saidhon ✧ GL/66.7401
foxn > fuin oxC > uiC ᴱ√foχo > G. fuin ✧ GL/36.2901
foxs > fuis oxC > uiC ᴱ√foχo > G. fuis ✧ GL/36.4001
foxθa- > fuiθa- oxC > uiC ᴱ√foχo > G. fuitha¹ ✧ GL/36.4501
fuɣθa- > fuiθa- uɣC > uiC ᴱ√fuʒu > G. fuitha² ✧ GL/36.3401