Q. calma, n. “lamp, (device for shining) light”

References ✧ LotR/1121.4203; LotR/1122.4515; PE17/123.2802; PE17/144.0605; PE17/144.0606; PE17/180.1308

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

calmallo ablative ✧ PE17/144.0606
calmo genitive ✧ PE17/144.0605

Elements

#cal- “to shine (?golden)”
*-ma “tool or instrument”
-mā “instrumental suffix” ✧ PE17/180.0610

Element In


ᴹQ. kalma n. “light, lamp”

References ✧ Ety/KAL.013; EtyAC/KAL.010; PE22/022.1211; PE22/051.0208; PE22/061.1403

Glosses

Element In

Derivations


ᴱQ. kalma n. “(day)light; candle”

References ✧ LT1A/Galmir.047; MC/213.3001; MC/214.0203; MC/216.1701; MC/220.4201-2; PE14/043.2105; PE14/043.3305; PE14/043.3307; PE14/043.3309; PE14/043.3402; PE14/043.3403; PE14/043.3404; PE14/043.3405; PE14/073.2701; PE14/073.2903; PE14/073.2905; PE14/073.2907; PE14/073.2909; PE14/073.3303; PE14/073.3305; PE14/073.3307; PE14/073.3309; PE15/74.4704; PE16/057.2901-2; PE16/060.2501-2; PE16/062.1601-2; PE16/072.2001-2; PE16/074.1701-2; PE16/077.0902-2; PE16/100.0801; PE16/104.0801; PE16/111.0602; PE16/111.0603; PE16/111.0702; PE16/111.0802; PE16/111.0902; PE16/113.2201; PE16/144.1001; PME/044.4503; QL/044.1501

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

kalma accusative   ✧ PE16/111.0702
kalmat accusative   ✧ PE14/043.3305; PE14/073.2905
kalmalin accusative plural   ✧ PE14/043.3403
kalmalin(t) accusative plural   ✧ PE14/073.3305
kalmea adjectival   ✧ PE16/113.2201
kalmar dative   ✧ PE14/043.3309; PE14/073.2909; PE16/111.0902
kalmalir dative plural   ✧ PE14/043.3405; PE14/073.3309
kalman genitive   ✧ PE14/043.3307; PE14/073.2907
kalmo genitive   ✧ PE16/111.0802
kalma̹lion genitive plural   ✧ PE14/043.3404; PE14/073.3307
kalmainen instrumental plural “in the lights” ✧ MC/216.1701; PE16/100.0801
kalmainen instrumental plural   ✧ PE16/104.0801
kalmaliinen instrumental plural   ✧ PE16/072.2001-2; PE16/077.0902-2
kalmalínen instrumental plural   ✧ PE16/057.2901-2; PE16/060.2501-2; PE16/074.1701-2
kalmalínen instrumental plural “with (or in) ... lights” ✧ PE16/062.1601-2
kalman nominative   ✧ PE16/111.0602
kalmalin nominative plural   ✧ PE16/111.0603
kalmalínen partitive plural “with ... lights” ✧ MC/220.4201-2
kalmali plural   ✧ PE14/043.3402; PE14/073.3303

Element In

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√KALA > kalma [galmā] > [galma] > [kalma] ✧ QL/044.1501

ᴱQ. kalumet (kalumett-) n. “lamp”

References ✧ PE13/162.1801; PME/044.4601; QL/044.2201; QL/044.2202

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

kalumett- stem ✧ QL/044.2202

Elements

kalume “an (artificial) light” ✧ QL/044.2101

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ✶k’lamektā > kalumet [kalumekta] > [kalumektǝ] > [kalumekt] > [kalumett] > [kalumet] ✧ PE13/162.1801