Q. calma, n. “lamp, (device for shining) light”

References ✧ LotR/1121-1122; PE17/123, 144, 180

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

calmallo ablative ✧ PE17/144.0606
calmo genitive ✧ PE17/144.0605

Elements

#cal- “to shine (?golden)”
-ma “instrumental”
-mā “instrumental suffix” ✧ PE17/180.0610

Element In


ᴹQ. kalma n. “light, lamp”

References ✧ Ety/KAL; EtyAC/KAL; PE21/52; PE22/22, 51, 61

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

[kalm]ullo ablative ✧ PE21/52.0801
[kalm]allut ablative dual ✧ PE21/52.1108
[kalm]ullut ablative dual ✧ PE21/52.1112
[kalm]illon ablative plural ✧ PE21/52.0802
[kalm]ullon ablative plural ✧ PE21/52.0803
kalma accusative ✧ PE21/52.0101
[kalm]i accusative plural ✧ PE21/52.0201
[kalm]ir accusative plural ✧ PE21/52.0202
[kalm]ande allative ✧ PE21/52.0901
[kalm]andet allative dual ✧ PE21/52.1109; PE21/52.1113
[kalm]unden allative plural ✧ PE21/52.0902
[kalm]alte comitative dual ✧ PE21/52.1106
[kalm]ar dative ✧ PE21/52.0501
[kalm]en dative ✧ PE21/52.0502
[kalm]atar dative dual ✧ PE21/52.1104
[kalm]eren dative plural ✧ PE21/52.0505
[kalm]ir dative plural ✧ PE21/52.0504
[kalm]íre dative plural ✧ PE21/52.0503
[kalm]o genitive ✧ PE21/52.0303
[kalm]u genitive ✧ PE21/52.0301
[kalm]atu genitive dual ✧ PE21/52.1103
[kalm]aron genitive plural ✧ PE21/52.0305
[kalm]ion genitive plural ✧ PE21/52.0304
[kalm]unen instrumental ✧ PE21/52.0601
[kalm]anwen instrumental dual ✧ PE21/52.1105
[kalm]ínen instrumental plural ✧ PE21/52.0602
[kalm]esse locative ✧ PE21/52.0701
[kalm]asset locative dual ✧ PE21/52.1107
[kalm]esset locative dual ✧ PE21/52.1111
[kalm]essen locative plural ✧ PE21/52.0705
[kalm]issen locative plural ✧ PE21/52.0703
[kalm]an nominative ✧ PE21/52.0103
[kalm]at nominative dual ✧ PE21/52.1102
[kalm]in nominative plural ✧ PE21/52.0107
[kalm]ir nominative plural ✧ PE21/52.0105
[kalm]ulin nominative plural ✧ PE21/52.0108
[kalm]i plural ✧ PE21/52.0106
[kalm]uva possessive-adjectival ✧ PE21/52.0401
[kalm]íva possessive-adjectival plural ✧ PE21/52.0402
[kalm]andon similative ✧ PE21/52.1002
[kalm]indon similative ✧ PE21/52.1001
[kalm]ahta similative plural ✧ PE21/52.1004
[kalm]ihta similative plural ✧ PE21/52.1005
[kalm]íka similative plural ✧ PE21/52.1003

Element In

Derivations


ᴱQ. kalma n. “(day)light; candle”

References ✧ LT1A/Galmir; MC/213-214, 216, 220; PE14/43, 73; PE15/74; PE16/57, 60, 62, 72, 74, 77, 100, 104, 111, 113, 144; PME/44; QL/44

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

kalma accusative   ✧ PE16/111.0702
kalmat accusative   ✧ PE14/043.3305; PE14/073.2905
kalmalin accusative plural   ✧ PE14/043.3403
kalmalin(t) accusative plural   ✧ PE14/073.3305
kalmea adjectival   ✧ PE16/113.2201
kalmar dative   ✧ PE14/043.3309; PE14/073.2909; PE16/111.0902
kalmalir dative plural   ✧ PE14/043.3405; PE14/073.3309
kalman genitive   ✧ PE14/043.3307; PE14/073.2907
kalmo genitive   ✧ PE16/111.0802
kalma̹lion genitive plural   ✧ PE14/043.3404; PE14/073.3307
kalmainen instrumental plural “in the lights” ✧ MC/216.1701; PE16/100.0801
kalmainen instrumental plural   ✧ PE16/104.0801
kalmaliinen instrumental plural   ✧ PE16/072.2001-2; PE16/077.0902-2
kalmalínen instrumental plural “with ... lights” ✧ MC/220.4201-2
kalmalínen instrumental plural   ✧ PE16/057.2901-2; PE16/060.2501-2; PE16/074.1701-2
kalmalínen instrumental plural “with (or in) ... lights” ✧ PE16/062.1601-2
kalman nominative   ✧ PE16/111.0602
kalmalin nominative plural   ✧ PE16/111.0603
kalmali plural   ✧ PE14/043.3402; PE14/073.3303

Element In

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√KALA > kalma [galmā] > [galma] > [kalma] ✧ QL/044.1501

ᴹQ. kalumet (kalumett-) n. “lamp”

References ✧ PE21/37

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

kalumetta accusative ✧ PE21/37.2707
kalumetsin nominative plural ✧ PE21/37.2710
kalumettulin nominative plural ✧ PE21/37.2711

ᴱQ. kalumet (kalumett-) n. “lamp”

References ✧ PE13/162; PME/44; QL/44

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

kalumett- stem ✧ QL/044.2202

Elements

kalume “an (artificial) light” ✧ QL/044.2101

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ✶k’lamektā > kalumet [kalumekta] > [kalumektǝ] > [kalumekt] > [kalumett] > [kalumet] ✧ PE13/162.1801