S. eithel, n. “source (of water), spring, well, fountain”

A Sindarin noun for a source of water or spring (RC/772). It appeared as an element in several names, such as Mitheithel, the Sindarin name for the river Hoarwell (LotR/200). From its glosses, it seems it could apply to a variety of water sources, including springs, wells and fountains. It was derived from the primitive form ✶et-kelē (SA/kel, Ety/KEL), literally “*out-flow”. In the primitive form the [tk] was transposed to [kt] (Ety/KEL). In Sindarin, this pair of voiceless stops became spirants [xθ], and then the [x] vocalized to [i] to form the diphthong [ei].

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, there were two distinct precursors to this word, G. aithl “spring” and G. ecthel(uin) “fountain, fount” (GL/18, 25, 31). In Early Noldorin wordlist from the 1920s, there was an additional form ᴱN. eithlos with several variants (PE13/142, 158). In the Etymologies from the 1930s, these seem to have been combined into N. eithel (Ety/KEL), and this is the source of derivation given above.

References ✧ RC/772.0806; SA/eithel.001; SA/kel.029

Glosses

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

et-kelē > eithel [ektele] > [ektʰele] > [exθele] > [eiθele] > [eiθel] ✧ SA/kel.029

N. eithel n. “issue of water, spring, well, fountain”

See S. eithel for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/KEL.015; LR/301.3208-1

Glosses

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶ektele > eithel [ektele] > [ektʰele] > [exθele] > [eiθele] > [eiθel] ✧ Ety/KEL.015

ᴱN. aithl n. “spring, fount, source”

References ✧ PE13/136.6101; PE13/158.7401; PE13/158.7501

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

eithlir plural ✧ PE13/158.7501

Element In

Cognates


G. aithl n. “spring”

References ✧ GL/18.8501; GL/25.0103; GL/31.7402; LT2A/Ecthelion.054; PE13/108.8001; PE13/108.8002

Glosses

Variations

Related

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ✶ektḷ > aithl [ektl] > [exθl] > [aiθl] ✧ GL/18.8501

ᴱN. eithlos n. “fountain”

References ✧ PE13/142.9101; PE13/158.7601; PE13/158.7602; PE13/158.7603

Glosses

Variations

Elements

aithl “spring, fount, source” ✧ PE13/158.7401

G. ecthel(uin) n. “fountain, fount”

References ✧ GL/25.7308; GL/25.7406; GL/31.6901; GL/31.7001; LT2A/Ecthelion.010; PE13/104.2307; PE15/23.1601; PME/046.3808

Glosses

Variations

Related

Changes

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√KELE > ecthel [ektele] > [ektel] > [eθtel] ✧ LT2A/Ecthelion.010