[Home] » Languages » Neo-Sindarin »  Neo-Sindarin Words[Search] [← Previous] [Next →][Search]

S. eithel n. “source [of water], spring, well”

S. eithel, n. “source [of water], spring, well, [N.] issue of water, fountain”

A Sindarin noun for a source of water (RC/772). It appeared as an element in several names, such as Mitheithel, the Sindarin name for the river Hoarwell (LotR/200). From its glosses, it seems it could apply to a variety of water sources, including springs, wells and fountains (RC/772, SA/eithel, LR/301). It was derived from the primitive form ✶et-kelē, literally “*out-flow”, but in ancient times the [tk] was transposed to [kt] giving ektelē (SA/kel, Ety/KEL). In Sindarin, this pair of voiceless stops became spirants [xθ], and then the [x] vocalized to [i] to form the diphthong [ei].

Conceptual Development: In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, there were two distinct precursors to this word, G. aithl “spring” and G. ecthel(uin) “fountain, fount” (GL/18, 25, 31). In Early Noldorin wordlist from the 1920s, there was an additional form ᴱN. eithlos with several variants (PE13/142, 158). In the Etymologies from the 1930s, these seem to have been combined into N. eithel (Ety/KEL), and this is the source of derivation given above. All of the earlier forms seem to broadly have the same etymology, and so the changes represent the evolving phonetic development of the languages.

References ✧ RC/772; SA/eithel, kel

Glosses

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

et-kelē > eithel [ektele] > [ektʰele] > [exθele] > [eiθele] > [eiθel] ✧ SA/kel

N. eithel n. “issue of water, spring, well, fountain”

See S. eithel for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/KEL; LR/301

Glosses

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶ektele > eithel [ektele] > [ektʰele] > [exθele] > [eiθele] > [eiθel] ✧ Ety/KEL

ᴱN. aithl n. “spring, fount, source”

References ✧ PE13/136, 158

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

eithlir plural ✧ PE13/158

Element In

Cognates


G. aithl n. “spring”

References ✧ GL/18, 25, 31; LT2A/Ecthelion; PE13/108

Glosses

Variations

Related

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ✶ektḷ > aithl [ektl] > [exθl] > [aiθl] ✧ GL/18

ᴱN. eithlos n. “fountain”

References ✧ PE13/142, 158

Glosses

Variations

Elements

aithl “spring, fount, source” ✧ PE13/158

G. ecthel(uin) n. “fountain, fount”

References ✧ GL/25, 31; LT2A/Ecthelion; PE13/104; PE15/23; PME/46

Glosses

Variations

Related

Changes

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ√KELE > ecthel [ektele] > [ektel] > [eθtel] ✧ LT2A/Ecthelion