S. [n]

References ✧ LotR/1115; PE17/17, 131; PE19/79, 92; VT42/26-27

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

S. initial [sm], [sn] became nasals [m], [n] n- < sn- ✧ PE19/079.17035 (sn > n; initially)
S. medial [mɸ], [nθ], [ŋx], [lθ] became [mm], [nn], [ŋg], [ll] -nn- < -nθ- ✧ PE17/131.3215 ( > nh > nn); VT42/27.1813 (nth > nh; medially)
S. [bm], [dn] became [mm], [nn] nn < dn ✧ VT42/26.0412 (dn > nn)
S. [mb], [nd] became [mm], [nn] nn < nd ✧ LotR/1115.1510 (nd > nn; usually); PE19/092.2102 (nd > nn)
S. final [ll], [nn], [ss] shortened in polysyllables -SSn < -SSnn ✧ LotR/1115.2003 (nn > n; when final in long words)
S. final [ll], [nn], [ss] shortened in polysyllables -SSnn > -SSn ✧ LotR/1115.2003 (nn > n; when final in long words)

N. [n]

References ✧ PE19/19-21, 23

Element In

Phonetic Development

N. [no change] n < n ✧ PE19/019.0306 (n- > n-); PE19/021.0306 (n- > n-); PE19/023.2106 (-n- > -n-)
N. [mb], [nd] became [mm], [nn] nn < nd ✧ PE19/020.0706 (and- > ann-)

G. [n]

Reference ✧ PE15/12 ✧ n

Element In