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Q. car-, v. “to do, make, build”

Q. car-, v. “to do, make, build”

References ✧ PE17/68, 74, 94, 129, 132, 144; PE22/152, 154-155, 161-162, 167; VT39/20; VT41/13, 17; VT42/33-34; VT43/15, 26; VT49/16, 20, 34; WJ/371, 391

Variations

Related

Changes

Inflections

karil(y)a active-participle   ✧ PE22/152.1405: aorist act[ive adj.]
karila active-participle “doing” ✧ PE22/155.0313
care aorist “make” ✧ PE17/144.1406
care aorist “*done” ✧ VT43/15.3111
care aorist   ✧ VT49/16.3901
cari- aorist “make” ✧ VT43/26.0409: stem
kare aorist   ✧ PE17/094.0902; PE17/132.1205
kare aorist “doing” ✧ PE22/154.1008
kare aorist “to do” ✧ VT42/34.1011
karimmo aorist 1st-dual-exclusive   ✧ PE17/132.1905
karilmo aorist 1st-dual-inclusive   ✧ PE17/132.2005
karilme aorist 1st-pl-exclusive   ✧ PE17/129.3915: a merge of exclusive and inclusive forms [as part of Tolkien’s attempt to justify Frodo using -lmo in the first edition of The Lord of the Rings]
karimbe aorist 1st-pl-exclusive   ✧ PE17/132.1305
karilme aorist 1st-pl-inclusive   ✧ PE17/132.1405
karin aorist 1st-sg “I make” ✧ PE22/152.0902: aor.
karin(ye) aorist 1st-sg   ✧ PE17/132.0805
karillo aorist 2nd-dual   ✧ PE17/132.2105
karistar aorist 2nd-dual-honorific   ✧ PE17/132.2205
karille aorist 2nd-pl   ✧ PE17/132.1505
kariltar aorist 2nd-pl-honorific   ✧ PE17/132.1605
karitar aorist 2nd-sg-honorific   ✧ PE17/132.1005
karil(ye) aorist 2nd-sg-polite   ✧ PE17/132.0905
karisto aorist 3rd-dual   ✧ PE17/132.2305
carilta aorist 3rd-pl   ✧ VT43/26.0606
karinte aorist 3rd-pl   ✧ PE17/132.1705
karis aorist 3rd-sg   ✧ PE17/129.2801
karis aorist 3rd-sg “he is ... to do” ✧ PE22/162.1115
karis(se) aorist 3rd-sg   ✧ PE17/132.1105
karis- aorist 3rd-sg   ✧ PE17/129.3714
karit aorist dual   ✧ PE17/132.2405
karir aorist plural   ✧ PE17/132.1805
karir aorist plural “form” ✧ WJ/391.3202
carires aorist plural with-sg-object   ✧ VT43/26.0713
carita aorist with-pl-object   ✧ VT43/26.0605
caris aorist with-sg-object   ✧ VT43/26.0911
caruva future “shall make” ✧ PE17/144.1409
karuvalwe future 1st-pl-inclusive “we [shall] make” ✧ PE22/161.4101
caruvan(ye) future 1st-sg “I am going to do/shall do (it)” ✧ PE22/167.2217
kăruvn(ye) future 1st-sg   ✧ PE22/152.1010: fut.
karuvas future 3rd-sg   ✧ PE22/162.3910
karuvaila future-participle   ✧ PE22/152.1502; PE22/155.0405
karuvala future-participle   ✧ PE22/155.4409
kăruvalya future-participle   ✧ PE22/152.1408
karie gerund   ✧ PE17/068.1504: general infinitive
kărie gerund “doing” ✧ PE22/152.1206
cara imperative suffixed-imperative “*done” ✧ VT43/15.3107
care infinitive “do” ✧ VT49/34.2206
kar-e infinitive “do, make” ✧ PE22/152.1001
kare infinitive “(to) do” ✧ PE17/068.1405: simplest aorist infinitive
kare infinitive   ✧ PE22/152.0901
kare infinitive “do” ✧ VT49/20.0901
kare infinitive “do [it]” ✧ WJ/371.1611
añkárie intensive gerund   ✧ PE17/094.0903
karita particular-infinitive “to do (in this case)” ✧ PE22/154.1314
karita particular-infinitive “to do” ✧ VT41/17.4211; VT42/33.3612
karitalya(s) particular-infinitive 2nd-pl-poss with-sg-object “your doing (it)” ✧ VT41/17.4307
karitalya(s) particular-infinitive 2nd-sg-polite-poss with-sg-object “your doing (it)” ✧ PE22/154.1105; VT42/33.3303
karitas particular-infinitive with-sg-object   ✧ PE22/154.2007
karitas particular-infinitive with-sg-object “to do it” ✧ VT41/13.2303
karitas particular-infinitive with-sg-object “to do so” ✧ VT41/13.2403
karitas particular-infinitive with-sg-object “doing it” ✧ VT41/17.4303
karitas particular-infinitive with-sg-object “doing this” ✧ VT42/34.0506
carina passive-participle “*done” ✧ VT43/15.2501
karina passive-participle   ✧ PE22/152.1307: aor. passive adj.
carne past “did make” ✧ PE17/144.1407
karne past “did” ✧ PE17/074.0902
karne past   ✧ PE22/152.0203
karnen past 1st-sg   ✧ PE22/152.1101: past
akárienye perfect 1st-sg   ✧ PE22/152.1012: perf.
karnelya perfect-participle   ✧ PE22/152.1407
kárielya perfect-participle   ✧ PE22/152.1406
káriéla perfect-participle   ✧ PE22/152.1501; PE22/155.0403
kárienwa perfect-passive-participle   ✧ PE17/068.2004: a past form [of the passive participle?]; rare; [it seems to be formed form the perfect (a)kárie]
kari-nwa perfective-participle   ✧ PE17/068.1805: simple past passive participle
cára present “am making” ✧ PE17/144.1408
káranye present 1st-sg   ✧ PE22/152.1008: pres. cont

Element In

Cognates

Derivations


ᴹQ. kar- v. “to do, make, build”

References ✧ Ety/KAR; LR/47, 56, 72; PE17/14; PE22/97, 99-101, 103-112, 116, 118-119, 121-123, 127; SD/246, 310; VT43/15

Changes

Inflections

karia active-participle   ✧ PE22/100.2312
karia active-participle “making” ✧ PE22/106.2313
karia active-participle   ✧ PE22/109.1412; PE22/116.0407
karia active-participle   ✧ PE22/109.4115
karia active-participle “active (in making)” ✧ PE22/110.3513
kare aorist   ✧ PE22/109.1403
kare aorist “make(s)” ✧ PE22/109.4002
kare aorist “to make” ✧ PE22/127.0401
kărĕ aorist   ✧ PE22/099.0605
kărĭ- aorist “do” ✧ PE22/099.0505
karin aorist 1st-sg “I make, build” ✧ Ety/KAR.045
karit aorist dual   ✧ PE22/099.0816
karit aorist dual   ✧ PE22/109.4014
karir aorist plural   ✧ PE22/099.0812; PE22/109.1405
karin aorist with-1st-sg-object “makes me” ✧ PE22/099.1103
karin aorist with-1st-sg-object   ✧ PE22/109.1406
karin aorist with-1st-sg-object   ✧ PE22/109.4013
karilthi aorist with-pl-object “to make them” ✧ PE22/127.0405
karis aorist with-sg-object   ✧ PE22/109.4015
karis aorist with-sg-object “make it” ✧ PE22/127.1106
karit aorist with-sg-object “make it” ✧ PE22/127.0214
karite aorist with-sg-object “making it” ✧ PE22/119.2906
karite aorist with-sg-object “make it” ✧ PE22/123.4612
karalyane consuetudinal-past “I used to make” ✧ PE22/101.0408
karalyane consuetudinal-past   ✧ PE22/109.1704
karalyane consuetudinal-past   ✧ PE22/109.4404
karuva future “shall/will/am going to make” ✧ PE22/105.0102
karuva future   ✧ PE22/109.2303
karuva future   ✧ PE22/109.4703
karuvā- future “will make, (originally) is proceeding to/going to make” ✧ PE22/097.1211
karuvar future plural   ✧ PE22/109.2305
karuvan future with-1st-sg-object   ✧ PE22/109.4705
karalyuva future-imperfect   ✧ PE22/109.1708
karuvalya future-participle “about to make” ✧ PE22/109.0903
karuvalya future-participle   ✧ PE22/109.2308
karuvalya future-participle   ✧ PE22/109.4708
karuvaina future-passive-participle “going to be made” ✧ PE22/109.1002
karuvaina future-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109.2310
karuvanta future-passive-participle “going to be made” ✧ PE22/109.2908
karuvanta future-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109.3614; PE22/109.4709
(a)káriévane future-perfect “was going to have made, would have gone” ✧ PE22/105.1414
akáriéva future-perfect “shall have made” ✧ PE22/105.1215
karnéva future-perfect   ✧ PE22/105.3710; PE22/109.3710
karnēva future-perfect “shall have made” ✧ PE22/104.3514
kárieva future-perfect augmentless “has finished” ✧ PE22/121.0114
káriéva future-perfect   ✧ PE22/109.2106
karie gerund “making” ✧ PE22/099.1716; PE22/119.2713
karie gerund   ✧ PE22/109.1501
karie gerund   ✧ PE22/109.4204
karie gerund “making (things)” ✧ PE22/119.0802
kariemma gerund 1st-pl-inclusive-poss “our doing” ✧ PE17/014.0901
karalya imperfect-participle “doing, making” ✧ PE22/107.1613
karalya imperfect-participle   ✧ PE22/109.1608
karalya imperfect-participle   ✧ PE22/109.4313
karalya imperfect-participle “making” ✧ PE22/123.4314
karaina imperfect-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109.1609
karanta imperfect-passive-participle “being made” ✧ PE22/108.3005
karanta imperfect-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109.3604; PE22/109.4314
káraina imperfect-passive-participle “being made” ✧ PE22/108.0503
kare infinitive   ✧ PE22/099.1415
kare infinitive “(to) make” ✧ PE22/109.4009
karilthi infinitive plural with-remote-pl-object “to make them (other things)” ✧ PE22/118.1509
karilte infinitive plural with-sg-object “to make it” ✧ PE22/118.1102
karin infinitive with-1st-sg-object   ✧ PE22/099.1502
karithe infinitive with-remote-sg-object “to do it” ✧ PE22/118.1407
karite infinitive with-sg-object “to make it” ✧ PE22/118.1015
akarnelye long-perfect   ✧ PE22/109.2012
akarnelye long-perfect   ✧ PE22/109.4514
akárielye long-perfect “I have been making” ✧ PE22/104.2312
akărnelye long-perfect   ✧ PE22/104.2313
karina passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109.1414
karina passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109.4202
karina passive-participle “made” ✧ PE22/111.1001; VT43/15.2801
karĭna passive-participle “made” ✧ PE22/107.0510
karne past   ✧ Ety/KAR.046; PE22/109.1903
karne past “made” ✧ PE22/103.1806
karne past   ✧ PE22/109.4503
káre past “made” ✧ LR/072.0904; SD/246.37031
kāre past “made” ✧ LR/047.03031; SD/310.08031
karner past plural   ✧ PE22/109.1905
karnen past with-1st-sg-object   ✧ PE22/109.4505
karnes past with-sg-object   ✧ PE22/121.4417
karnet past with-sg-object   ✧ PE22/121.2408
karnéte past with-sg-object “had made (lit. made) it” ✧ PE22/118.2916
karuváne past-future “was going to make” ✧ PE22/105.0407
karúvane past-future   ✧ PE22/105.0415: later
karúvane past-future   ✧ PE22/109.2313
karúvane past-future   ✧ PE22/109.4712
karnévane past-future-perfect   ✧ PE22/109.3712
káriévane past-future-perfect   ✧ PE22/109.2201
kárane past-imperfect “was making” ✧ PE22/101.0204
kárane past-imperfect   ✧ PE22/109.1612
kárane past-imperfect   ✧ PE22/109.4401
káraner past-imperfect plural   ✧ PE22/109.1613
akárie perfect   ✧ PE22/103.1809; PE22/109.2003
akárie perfect   ✧ PE22/109.4602
kárie perfect “made” ✧ LR/056.29081
kárie perfect augmentless “finishes” ✧ PE22/121.0103
kárielto perfect 3rd-pl augmentless “they made” ✧ LR/072.3702
kárier perfect plural augmentless “they made” ✧ LR/072.1303
ăkárier perfect plural   ✧ PE22/109.2005
akárin perfect with-1st-sg-object   ✧ PE22/109.4604
akárielya perfect-participle   ✧ PE22/108.1603; PE22/108.1912
akárielya perfect-participle “that is already built” ✧ PE22/108.3701
akárielya perfect-participle   ✧ PE22/109.4607
karnelya perfect-participle   ✧ PE22/108.1602; PE22/109.1907
karnelya perfect-participle “having built” ✧ PE22/108.1701
karnelya perfect-participle “that had been (already) built” ✧ PE22/108.3607
karnelya perfect-participle   ✧ PE22/109.4508
kárielya perfect-participle   ✧ PE22/108.3403
(a)kárienwa perfect-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109.2701
kárienwa perfect-passive-participle “having been made” ✧ PE22/109.0301
kárienwa perfect-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109.2009
{a}kárienwa perfect-passive-participle   ✧ PE22/109.4608
karinwa perfective-participle “made, finished, done, completed” ✧ PE22/106.1514
karinwa perfective-participle   ✧ PE22/109.1413
karinwa perfective-participle   ✧ PE22/109.4201
karinwa perfective-participle “fully made, completed” ✧ PE22/112.0403
karnelyane pluperfect “I was having made, I had made” ✧ PE22/104.1502
karnelyane pluperfect “had made” ✧ PE22/108.2412
karnelyane pluperfect   ✧ PE22/109.2102
karnelyane pluperfect   ✧ PE22/109.4510
kára present   ✧ PE22/109.1603
kára present   ✧ PE22/109.4307
kāra present “be doing” ✧ PE22/100.0502
kára present infinitive “(to) be making” ✧ PE22/100.0608
kára present plural “are ... making” ✧ PE22/127.0309
kárar present plural   ✧ PE22/109.1605
káralti present plural with-pl-object “are ... making them” ✧ PE22/127.0312
káran present with-1st-sg-object   ✧ PE22/109.4309
kárathe present with-remote-sg-object “is (then) making it” ✧ PE22/118.2807
kára(za) present with-sg-object “doing it” ✧ PE22/122.1215
káraza present with-sg-object “doing this” ✧ PE22/122.1210

Element In

Derivations


ᴱQ. kara- v. “to do, make”

References ✧ PE14/58, 84; PE15/71; QL/45

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

kare past   ✧ PE15/71.4406
karne past   ✧ PE14/058.1803; PE15/71.4602
karne past “did” ✧ PE14/084.2505
káre past   ✧ QL/045.3003
kārie past   ✧ PE15/71.4501
kare present “make” ✧ PE14/058.1805
karin present 1st-sg “I make, do” ✧ QL/045.3001

Element In

Cognates

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴱ✶kar > kare [kar-] ✧ PE14/058.1805
ᴱ√KARA > karin [kar-] ✧ QL/045.3001