S. [ɣ] vocalized before [l], [r], [m], [n]; [{ieao}ɣ{lrmn}|uɣ{lrmn}] > [{ieao}i{lrmn}|ū{lrmn}]

Phonetic Rule Elements

[aɣ{lrmn}] > [ai{lrmn}]
[eɣ{lrmn}] > [ei{lrmn}]
[iɣ{lrmn}] > [ī{lrmn}]
[oɣ{lrmn}] > [oi{lrmn}]
[uɣ{lrmn}] > [ū{lrmn}]

Phonetic Rule Examples

maɣla > maila aɣ{lrmn} > ai{lrmn} MAGA > S. mael ✧ PE17/162.1214
maɣra > maira aɣ{lrmn} > ai{lrmn} MAG > S. maer ✧ PE17/172.2306
taɣra > taira aɣ{lrmn} > ai{lrmn} tagra > S. taer ✧ PE17/186.4108
keɣle > keile eɣ{lrmn} > ei{lrmn} keglē > S. cail ✧ UT/282.0405
loɣna > loina oɣ{lrmn} > oi{lrmn} logna > S. loen ✧ VT42/10.0602
oɣma > oima oɣ{lrmn} > oi{lrmn} okma > S. oew ✧ PE17/170.0506

N. [ɣ], [ŋ] vocalized before [l], [r], [m], [n]; [{iea}{ɣŋ}{lrmn}|{ou}{ɣŋ}{lrmn}] > [{iea}i{lrmn}|{ou}u{lrmn}]

GS/§4.87 GS/§4.90 WG/164:§104ii @@@ or earlier change from g

References ✧ PE22/39-40

Variations

Order (01100)

After 01000 voiced stops became spirants after vowels ᴹ√DOƷ/DÔ > dogme > dongme > ON. doume
ON. magna > N. maen
ᴹ✶lugni > N. lhûn
Ety/DOƷ
Ety/MAƷ|MAG
Ety/LUG²
Before 01500 [ou] became [au] ᴹ√DOƷ/DÔ > dogme > dongme > ON. doume
ON. doume > N. daw
Ety/DOƷ
Ety/DOƷ
Before 01600 [ai] became [oe] or [ae] ON. magna > N. maen Ety/MAƷ|MAG
Before 02700 later [ai] coallesced with [ei] ᴹ√REG > rhein > N. rhain Ety/REG

Related

Phonetic Rule Elements

[aɣ{lr}] > [ai{lr}]
[eɣ{lr}] > [ei{lr}]
[iɣ{lr}] > [ī{lr}]
[oɣ{lr}] > [ou{lr}]
[uɣ{lr}] > [ū{lr}]
[aŋ{mn}] > [ai{mn}]
[eŋ{mn}] > [ei{mn}]
[iŋ{mn}] > [ī{mn}]
[oŋ{mn}] > [ou{mn}]
[uŋ{mn}] > [ū{mn}]

Phonetic Rule Examples

daŋno > daino aŋ{mn} > ai{mn} ON. ndagno > N. daen ✧ Ety/NDAK.021
maŋna > maina aŋ{mn} > ai{mn} ON. magna > N. maen ✧ Ety/MAƷ|MAG.022
naŋma > naima aŋ{mn} > ai{mn} ᴹ✶nakma > N. naew ✧ Ety/NAK.023
raŋme > raime aŋ{mn} > ai{mn} ON. ragme > N. rhaew ✧ Ety/RAK.030
raŋna > raina aŋ{mn} > ai{mn} ON. ragna > N. rhaen ✧ Ety/RAG.007
raŋna > raina aŋ{mn} > ai{mn} ᴹ√RAG > N. rhaen ✧ EtyAC/REG.020
saŋma > saima aŋ{mn} > ai{mn} ᴹ✶sagmā > N. saew ✧ Ety/SAG.013
saŋma > saima aŋ{mn} > ai{mn} ON. sagma > saʒmh > sae̯mh > N. saęw ✧ PE22/032.2716
taŋma > taima aŋ{mn} > ai{mn} ᴹ✶takmā > N. taew ✧ Ety/TAK.073
taŋna > taina aŋ{mn} > ai{mn} ᴹ✶taʒna > N. taen ✧ Ety/TĀ.235
maɣla > maila aɣ{lr} > ai{lr} ᴹ✶magla > N. mael ✧ Ety/SMAG.009
m̥aɣla > m̥aila aɣ{lr} > ai{lr} ᴹ√SMAG > N. hmael ✧ Ety/SMAG.023
maɣla > maila aɣ{lr} > ai{lr} ᴹ✶maglā/ē > N. mael ✧ EtyAC/MAG².009
maɣra > maira aɣ{lr} > ai{lr} ᴹ✶magrā > N. maer ✧ Ety/MAƷ|MAG.016
saɣra > saira aɣ{lr} > ai{lr} ᴹ✶sagrā > N. saer ✧ Ety/SAG.007
leŋna > leina eŋ{mn} > ei{mn} ᴹ√LEK > lhein > N. lhain ✧ Ety/LEK.008
reŋna > reina eŋ{mn} > ei{mn} ᴹ√REG > rhein > N. rhain ✧ Ety/REG.008
teŋma > teima eŋ{mn} > ei{mn} ON. tegma > teiw > N. tew ✧ PE22/031.2410
riŋna > rīna iŋ{mn} > ī{mn} ᴹ√RIG > N. rhîn ✧ Ety/RIG.026
tiŋme > tīme iŋ{mn} > ī{mn} ᴹ✶tekmē > N. tîw ✧ Ety/TEK.050
doŋme > doume oŋ{mn} > ou{mn} ᴹ√DOƷ/DÔ > dogme > dongme > ON. doume ✧ Ety/DOƷ.016
kuŋna > kūna uŋ{mn} > ū{mn} ᴹ✶kuʒnā > N. cûn ✧ Ety/KUƷ.020
luŋne > lūne uŋ{mn} > ū{mn} ᴹ✶lugni > N. lhûn ✧ Ety/LUG².007
suɣlo > sūlo uɣ{lr} > ū{lr} ᴹ✶suglu > N. sûl ✧ Ety/SUK.039