S. [g]

References ✧ LotR/1113.3001; PE17/041.1007; PE17/060.1313; PE17/169.1310; RGEO/62.0405; RGEO/63.3404

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

S. initial nasals vanished before stops g- < ŋg- ✧ PE17/060.1313 (ñg > g-); PE17/169.1310 (ŋ > ʒ > g)
S. initial [w] became [gw] gw- < w- ✧ PE17/041.1007 (w- > gw)

N. [g]

References ✧ PE19/018.2907; PE19/018.29075; PE19/018.3007; PE19/018.30075; PE19/019.0606; PE19/019.06065; PE19/019.0906; PE19/019.09065; PE19/020.0906; PE19/020.09065; PE19/020.1206; PE19/020.12065; PE19/021.2006; PE19/021.20065; PE19/021.27065; PE19/021.3006; PE19/021.30065; PE19/023.0506; PE19/023.0606

Inflections

gh, - soft-mutation g-mutation ✧ PE19/018.29075; PE19/018.30075
l- soft-mutation g-mutation ✧ PE19/021.30065
ng soft-mutation ng-mutation ✧ PE19/020.09065; PE19/020.12065
r- soft-mutation g-mutation ✧ PE19/021.20065
w soft-mutation gw-mutation ✧ PE19/019.06065; PE19/019.09065

Element In

Phonetic Development

N. [no change] g < g ✧ PE19/018.2907 (g- > g-); PE19/018.3007 (g- > g-); PE19/021.2006 (gr- > gr-); PE19/021.3006 (gl- > gl-)
N. initial nasals vanished before stops g- < ŋg- ✧ PE19/020.0906 ([ŋ]g- > g-); PE19/020.1206 (ŋg- > g-)
N. initial [w] became [gw] gw- < w- ✧ PE19/019.0606 (w- > gw-); PE19/019.0906 (w- > gw-)
N. medial [j] became [i] -i- < -j- ✧ PE19/023.0506 (-kj- > -gi-)
N. voiceless stops voiced after vowels Vg < Vk ✧ PE19/023.0606 (-k- > -g-)
N. [tl], [dl] became [kl], [gl] gl < dl ✧ PE19/021.27065 (dl- > gl-; dial)

ᴱN. [g]

References ✧ PE13/120.1901; PE13/120.1904; PE13/120.1905; PE13/120.1906; PE13/120.2002; PE13/120.2003; PE13/120.2004; PE13/120.2101; PE13/120.2104; PE13/120.2105; PE13/120.2106; PE13/120.2202; PE13/120.2203; PE13/120.2204

Variations

Inflections

ng nasal-mutation g-mutation ✧ PE13/120.1906
ng nasal-mutation ng-mutation ✧ PE13/120.2004
ngw nasal-mutation gw-mutation ✧ PE13/120.2106
ngw nasal-mutation ng-mutation ✧ PE13/120.2204
- soft-mutation g-mutation ✧ PE13/120.1904
ng soft-mutation ng-mutation ✧ PE13/120.2002
ngw soft-mutation ng-mutation ✧ PE13/120.2202
w soft-mutation gw-mutation ✧ PE13/120.2104
g stop-mutation g-mutation ✧ PE13/120.1905
g stop-mutation ng-mutation ✧ PE13/120.2003
gw stop-mutation gw-mutation ✧ PE13/120.2105
gw stop-mutation ng-mutation ✧ PE13/120.2203

G. [g]

References ✧ GG/07.2301; GG/07.2302; GG/07.2401; GG/07.2402; GG/07.2501; GG/07.2502; GG/07.2601; GG/07.2602; PE15/12.0602

Variations

Inflections

·w soft-mutation gw-mutation ✧ GG/07.2402
·’ soft-mutation g-mutation ✧ GG/07.2302
·’l soft-mutation g-mutation ✧ GG/07.2502
·’r soft-mutation g-mutation ✧ GG/07.2602

Element In