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Q. ulca, adj. “dark, gloomy, sinister; evil”
This is one of two later words Tolkien consider for “evil”; the other is Q. olca < √OKO. Of the two, ulca has the longer conceptual history, dating back to early Quenya (QL/97). Both words have the same Sindarin cognate, S. ogol.
Ulca has two attested late derivations. One is from the root √UK (PE17/149), listed as a possible replacement of √OKO, but Tolkien marked this derivation as uncertain. Another derivation is ✶ū “not” + KAL “light” = ✶uk’la “gloom, gloomy” (PE18/88), an example of abnormal vocalization. If this second derivation is accepted, ulca could have later developed the senses “sinister, evil” either due to the “bad” connotations of Q. ú- or perhaps by influence of Q. olca. If so, it may have even supplanted olca as the general word for “evil” as it appears to have done in Tolkien’s later writings.
|ulcallo||ablative||“*from evil”||✧ VT43/23.4208|
ᴱQ. ulka adj. “evil; bad, wicked, wrong”
|ulda||augmentative||✧ PE14/081.1705; PE15/72.0204|
|ulqalda||augmentative||✧ PE14/048.2703; PE14/081.1703|
|ᴱ√ULU² > ulca||[ulkā] > [ulka]||✧ QL/097.5501|