The Common Speech of western Middle-earth, which Tolkien “translated into English equivalents” for The Lord of the Rings (LotR/1127). The language developed from a mixture of Adûnaic and the native languages of the people of that region (LotR/1129). There are also a few attested examples of the related language of the Rohirrim, which this lexicon treats as archaic Westron (marked with a †).