S. Fingon m. “Hair Shout”

S. Fingon, m. “Hair Shout”

Eldest son of Fingolfin and second high king of the Noldor in Beleriand until his father’s death (S/60). His name is an adaptation of his Quenya name Findecáno which roughly means “Hair Shout” (PM/345), a combination of fîn “hair” and the suffix -gon seen in the several names (SA/fin, káno).

Conceptual Development: The name of this character was Fin(n)weg in the earliest Silmarillion drafts (SM/14), though the name Fingon appeared in later revisions of the Lays of Beleriand from the 1920s (LB/80). In Silmarillion drafts from the early 1930s, the name Finweg was consistently revised to Fingon (SM/89), and remained thus thereafter.

In the Etymologies from the 1930s, N. Fingon was given as a derivative of ᴹ✶Phindekāno containing ON. phinde “skill” and the suffixal form -gon of caun¹ “valour” (Ety/PHIN, KAN). Later Tolkien briefly considered revising this name to S. Fingorn “Revered Finwe” using the same final element as Aragorn, but quickly rejected this idea (PE17/113). He then considered various etymologies for Fingon using the roots √KUN(DU), √KON and √KAN, the last of which is given above.

References ✧ LT1I; LT2I; MRI; PE17/113; PM/345, 352; PMI; SA/fin, káno; SI; UT/400; UTI; WJI

Glosses

Variations

Related

Elements

fîn “(single) hair, filament” ✧ SA/fin (fin-)
-gon “lord, prince” ✧ PM/345
fin “Finwë” ✧ PE17/113
gorn¹ “revered” ✧ PE17/113
kānō “leader, ruler; crier, herald” ✧ PM/352

Cognates

Derivations


N. Fingon m.

See S. Fingon for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/KAN, PHIN; LB/80, 219, 292; LBI; LRI; SM/89; SMI/Fingon, Finweg; WRI

Variations

Elements

ON. phinde “skill”
-gon “valour” ✧ Ety/KAN

Derivations

Phonetic Developments

ᴹ✶Findekāno > Fingon [pʰindekāno] > [pʰindekǭno] > [ɸindekǭno] > [ɸindekouno] > [findekouno] > [findekauno] > [findekaun] > [findegaun] > [findgaun] > [findgon] > [finŋgon] > [fiŋgon] ✧ Ety/PHIN

G. Finweg m.

References ✧ LB/80, 219, 292; LBI/Fingon, Finweg; SM/89; SMI/Fingon, Finweg

Variations

Changes

Cognates