Q. [s] (tengwa #29)

References ✧ Let/425; LotR/1114; PE17/71, 76, 92; PE18/91; PE19/70-71, 73, 79-80, 82, 87-88, 99, 102; PM/331; VT42/18

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

Q. [θ] became [s] s < θ ✧ Let/425.4217 (þ > s); LotR/1114.3314 (th > s); PE17/076.1907 (þ > s); PE19/071.1710 ([þ] > s); PE19/082.1102 (thy > sy); PE19/082.1103 (thw > sw)
Q. [rs] became [ss] ss < rs ✧ PE17/071.4516 (rs > ss); PE19/099.3509 (rs > ss)
st < t-t ✧ PE18/091.2116 (t-t > st; from suffixion)
Q. syllabic [s] developed a preceding [i] is- < ṣ- ✧ PE19/079.0207 ( > is)
[tt], [dd] from suffixion became [st], [zd] st < t+t ✧ VT42/18.3006 (t-t > st; in inflection)

Q. [-s-]

Reference ✧ PE19/71


Q. [-skw-]


Q. [s-reversed] (tengwa #30)


Q. [-ss-] (tengwa #31)


Q. [-ss-reversed] (tengwa #32)


Q. [-st-]

Reference ✧ PE17/52 ✧ st

Phonetic Development

AQ. combinations of voiced stops were unvoiced st < zd ✧ PE17/052.1009 (zd > st)

ᴹQ. [s]

References ✧ PE22/65

Variations

Element In


ᴱQ. [s]

References ✧ PE12/16, 19-20, 24, 26; PE14/41, 60

Variations

Changes

Element In

Phonetic Development

ᴱQ. [no change] s < s ✧ PE12/016.3104 (s > s)
ᴱQ. [sx] became [ss] ss < sx ✧ PE12/020.3012 (sx > sh > ss)
ᴱQ. [θ] became [s] s < θ ✧ PE12/016.2207 (þ > s); PE12/019.1503 (þ > s); PE12/024.1706 (þ > s)
ᴱQ. final [ss], [st], [ps], [ts], [ks] became [s] -s < -ss ✧ PE12/026.1109-1 (-ss > -s)
ᴱQ. final [ss], [st], [ps], [ts], [ks] became [s] -s < -ks ✧ PE12/026.1109-2 (ks > -s)
ᴱQ. final [ss], [st], [ps], [ts], [ks] became [s] -s < -ps ✧ PE12/026.1109-3 (ps > -s)
ᴱQ. final [ss], [st], [ps], [ts], [ks] became [s] -s < -ts ✧ PE12/026.1109-4 (ts > -s)
ᴱQ. final [ss], [st], [ps], [ts], [ks] became [s] -s < -st ✧ PE12/026.1109-5 (st > -s)
ᴱQ. initial [sw] and [sβ] became [f], [sj] became [j̊] sβ- > f- ✧ PE12/019.2006 (su̯, sw̑, sƀ > f)
ᴱQ. initial [sw] and [sβ] became [f], [sj] became [j̊] sj- > j̊- ✧ PE12/019.2014 (sı̯, sẏ > hy)
ᴱQ. final [s] became [r] -Vs > -Vr ✧ PE12/026.1113 (-s > -r)
ᴱQ. final [ss], [st], [ps], [ts], [ks] became [s] -ss > -s ✧ PE12/026.1109-1 (-ss > -s)