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Quenya

The “High Elvish” language originally spoken by the Noldorin Elves such as Galadriel. By the Third Age, it was no longer a living language, but survived as a language of ritual and lore in much the same way that Latin did in Medieval Europe (LotR/1127-8). Tolkien distinguished two periods of Quenya: Parmaquesta or “Book-language”, the classical form of the language preserved in writing, and Tarquesta or “High Speech”, the form spoken by the Exiled Noldor, so called after it was no longer used in daily speech (PE19/68). This lexicon primarily describes Tarquesta, treating the examples of Parmaquesta as archaic or poetic Quenya (marked with a †).