S. Osgiliath, loc. “Citadel of the Stars”

The old capital of Gondor, translated “Citadel of the Stars” (LotR/244) or “Fortress of the Stars” (RGEO/65, Let/426). This name is a combination of ost “fortress, city” and the class-plural of gil “star” (RC/232; SA/os(t), gil).

Conceptual Development: When this name first appeared in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, it was already N. Osgiliath “Fortress of the Stars” (TI/119).

References ✧ Let/426.2709; LotR/0244.2914; LotR/1113.3015; LotRI/Citadel of the Stars.006; LotRI; PE17/023.3006; PE17/030.1102; PMI; RC/232.3203; RGEO/65.1801; SA/gil.007; SA/os(t).014; SI; UTI

Glosses

Variations

Elements

ost “fort(ress), stronghold, enclosure; city, town (with wall round)” ✧ RC/232.3204; SA/os(t).001-1
gil “star; (bright) spark, silver glint” class-plural ✧ PE17/023.2902; PE17/030.1103 (giliath); RC/232.3207 (giliath); RGEO/65.1604; SA/gil.008 (giliath)

N. Osgiliath loc. “Fortress of the Stars”

See S. Osgiliath for discussion.

References ✧ SDI1; TI/119.3006; TI/144.2303; TI/423.2801; TI/424.2501; TII; WRI

Glosses

Changes

Elements

ost “city, town (with wall round)”
geil “star” class-plural