S. Nargothrond loc. “*Underground Fortress of Narog”
The hidden fortress city of the Noldor called the “Caverns of Narog” (S/114) and described as “the great underground burg and halls upon the river Narog” (WJ/414). This name is a combination of the river name Narog and othrond “underground stronghold” (WJ/414).
Conceptual Development: This name first appeared in Lays of Beleriand from the 1920s as ᴱN. Nargothrond (LB/36) and it remained the same thereafter. The name N. Nargothrond appeared in The Etymologies from the 1930s with the translation “fortress of Narog” and the derivation given above (Ety/NÁRAK, OS, ROD). In Notes on Names (NN) from 1957, Tolkien considered deriving the name from its Khuzdul equivalent N. Nar(u)kuthûn (PE17/47), but elsewhere he stated that the Dwarvish name for the caverns was Nulukkhizdîn (S/230, WJ/180).
References ✧ Let/282; LotR/1115; LotRI; LT1I; MRI; PE17/47; PMI; S/114; SA/os(t), rond; SI/Nargothrond, Nulukkizdîn; UTI; WJ/414; WJI/Nargothrond, Nulukkhizdīn
|Narog||✧ Let/282; PE17/47; S/114; SA/os(t); WJ/414|
|othrond||“underground stronghold”||✧ WJ/414|
|✶rondō||“vaulted roof or chamber; cave; †heavens”||✧ Let/282|
|ost||“fort, fortress, stronghold, citadel; fortified town; enclosure”||✧ SA/os(t)|
|rond||“(vaulted or arched) roof; vaulted chamber or cavern; heavens [as a roof of the world]”||✧ SA/os(t); SA/rond|
N. Nargothrond loc. “fortress of Narog”
References ✧ Ety/NÁRAK, OS, ROD; EtyAC/ROD; LR/254; LRI; PE22/41; SMI; TII; WRI
|Narog||✧ Ety/NÁRAK; LR/254|
|othrond||“underground city, fortress”||✧ Ety/OS; Ety/ROD|
|ᴹ√OS||“round, about”||✧ Ety/NÁRAK|