Q. Mardil m. “Devoted to the House”

Q. Mardil, m. “Devoted to the House”

Name of the first ruling steward of Gondor (LotR/670, 1039). Tolkien translated the name as “devoted to the house” (Let/386). It is a combination of mar(da) “house” and the suffix -(n)dil meaning “devoted to, -friend” (SA/bar, (n)dil).

Possible Etymology: In notes from the mid-1950s (PE17/106-7), Tolkien distinguished the word mar(da) (mard-) “house” and the word már “home” often used of the names of lands. The name Mardil might contain either, but I think marda “house” is more likely. Some authors have suggested that the “House” in this name may refer to the House (family) of the Kings of Gondor (QQ/már), but in Tolkien’s notes he said that this word was not used in this way (PE17/107).

Conceptual Development: This name first appeared in Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s as ᴹQ. Máraher the “Good Steward” but was quickly changed to ᴹQ. Mardil (WR/153).

References ✧ Let/386; LotRI; PMI; SA/bar, (n)dil; SI; UTI

Glosses

Elements

mar(da) “house, dwelling, residence, mansion, a thing or place dwelt in, home”
-(n)dil “-friend, -lover; devotion, disinterested love” ✧ Let/386 (ndil); SA/(n)dil
már “home, dwelling, habitation” ✧ SA/bar

ᴹQ. Mardil m.

See Q. Mardil for discussion.

References ✧ WR/153; WRI

Elements

mar “home, dwelling, house, habitation; earth”
-(n)dil “-friend”

ᴹQ. Máraher m. “Good Steward”

The earliest name of Mardil, translated “Good Steward” (WR/153), most likely a compound of mára “good” and heru “lord”, as suggested by Roman Rausch (EE/3.15).

References ✧ WR/153; WRI/Mardil

Glosses

Changes

Elements

mára “good (of things), useful, fit”
heru “lord, master”