Q. Valarauko pn. “Demon of Might”

Q. Valarauco, pn. “Demon of Might”

Quenya name for a Balrog, a combination of some derivative of the root √BAL “power” with rauco “demon” (SA/rauko, val; PE17/48). It also appeared as Valarauka (PE17/48).

Conceptual Development: In the Qenya Lexicon from the 1910s, their name was either ᴱQ. Valkarauke “*Cruel Demon” or ᴱQ. Malkarauke “*Torment Demon” (QL/58, 60, 101-2). In The Etymologies from the 1930s, the second form reappeared as ᴹQ. Malarauko of similar meaning (Ety/RUK). The forms Valarauka or Valarauko emerged in Tolkien’s later writing (PE17/48, WJ/415).

References ✧ MRI/Valaraukar; PE17/48; S/31; SA/rauko, val; SI/Balrog, Valaraukar; WJ/415; WJI

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

Valaraukar plural   ✧ MRI/Valaraukar; PE17/48; SA/rauko; SA/val
Valaraukar plural “Demons of Terror” ✧ S/31
Valaraukar plural “Demons of Might” ✧ SI/Valaraukar: [irregular plural]

Elements

BAL “power; powerful, mighty; have power” ✧ PE17/48; PE17/48
rauco “demon, powerful hostile and terrible creature” ✧ PE17/48 (rauka); PE17/48 (rauka); SA/rauko (rauko); WJ/415 (rauko)
Vala “(Angelic) Power, ‘God’, Authority” prefix ✧ SA/val (val-)

Cognates


ᴹQ. Malarauko pn. “Balrog”

See Q. Valarauko for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/RUK; LR/404; LRI/Balrog, Malaroko

Glosses

Variations

Related

Elements

rauko “demon” ✧ Ety/RUK

Cognates

Derivations


ᴱQ. Malkarauke pn.

See Q. Valarauko for discussion.

References ✧ GL/21; LT1A/Balrog; LT2A/Malkarauki; LT2I/Malkarauki; PE13/99, 102; PE14/9; QL/32, 58, 60

Variations

Related

Changes

Inflections

MALKARAUKI plural “fire-demons” ✧ PE13/99
Malkarauki plural   ✧ LT2A/Malkarauki
Malkarauki plural “Balrogs” ✧ LT2I/Malkarauki
malkarauki plural   ✧ PE13/102; QL/32; QL/58; QL/60
malkarauki plural “balrogs” ✧ PE14/9
melkaraukar plural   ✧ QL/60
melkaraukir plural “fire demon, Melko’s demons” ✧ QL/60

Elements

malkane “torture” ✧ LT1A/Balrog
(a)rauke “demon, fiend” ✧ LT1A/Balrog (araukë); QL/32 (ARAUKE); QL/60 (rauki)
malka “giving pain, hurtful” ✧ QL/58 (malka)
Melko ✧ QL/60

Cognates

Derivations


ᴱQ. Valkarauke pn.

See Q. Valarauko for discussion.

References ✧ LT1A/Balrog; QL/58, 101

Variations

Related

Changes

Inflections

valkarauki plural ✧ QL/58; QL/101

Elements

valka¹ “cruel, bitter” ✧ QL/101
(a)rauke “demon, fiend”

Cognates