S. Anfang pn. “Longbeard”

S. Anfang, pn. “Longbeard”

The Dwarvish tribe of northwestern Middle Earth, also known as Durin’s Folk (PM/321). The name translates as “Longbeard”, a compound of and “long” and fang “beard” (PM/321). The name also appears in its plural form Enfeng and its class-plural Anfangrim (PM/321, WJ/10).

Conceptual Development: In the Lost Tales and the earliest Silmarillion drafts this tribe was called the G. Indrafang (LT2/68, SM/104). In the Gnomish Lexicon from the 1910s, the variant form G. Surfang or Fangsur also appeared (GL/68). The name was later changed to N. Enfeng (plural) in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (LR/274), and the singular form N. An(d)fang appeared in The Etymologies (Ety/ÁNAD, SPÁNAG).

The name S. Enfeng appeared in Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s (WJ/10, 75), but did not appear in the published version of The Silmarillion. The name was referenced in some notes to Tolkien’s essay “Of Dwarves and Men”, composed around 1969, along with Khuzdul and Quenya translations (PM/321).

References ✧ PM/321; PMI/Anfangrim; WJ/10; WJI/Anfangrim, Enfeng

Inflections

Anfangrim class-plural “Longbeards” ✧ PM/321; WJI/Anfangrim
Anfangrim class-plural   ✧ PMI/Anfangrim
Enfeng plural “Longbeards” ✧ WJ/10; WJI/Enfeng
Ennfeng plural   ✧ WJI/Enfeng

Elements

and “long”
fang “beard”

Cognates


N. An(d)fang pn. “Longbeard”

See S. Anfang for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/ÁNAD, SPÁNAG; LR/274; LRI/Enfeng

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

Enfeng plural   ✧ Ety/ÁNAD; Ety/SPÁNAG
Enfeng plural “Longbeards” ✧ LR/274; LRI/Enfeng

Elements

ann “long” ✧ Ety/ÁNAD
fang “beard” ✧ Ety/SPÁNAG
ᴹ√SPANAG “*beard” ✧ Ety/ÁNAD (SPÁNAG)
ᴹ√ANAD “*long” ✧ Ety/SPÁNAG (ÁNAD)

G. Indrafang pn. “longbeard”

References ✧ GL/51, 68; LRI; LT2/68, 234; LT2A/Indrafang; LT2I/Indrafang, Indrafangs; SM/104; SMI

Glosses

Variations

Related

Changes

Inflections

Indrafangin plural ✧ LT2/234; LT2I/Indrafang

Elements

in(d)ra “long (also used of time)” ✧ GL/51; LT2A/Indrafang (indra); LT2A/Indrafang
fang “(long) beard” ✧ LT2A/Indrafang (bang)

G. Surfang pn. “Long-beard”

References ✧ GL/34, 51, 68; LT2A/Indrafang

Glosses

Variations

Related

Changes

Elements

sûr “long, trailing” ✧ GL/68; GL/68; LT2A/Indrafang; LT2A/Indrafang
fang “(long) beard” ✧ GL/34; LT2A/Indrafang (bang); LT2A/Indrafang