S. [ð] ‹dh›

References ✧ LotR/1113; PE17/36; PE19/101; RGEO/63; VT42/26; WJ/363

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

S. [zb], [zg] became [ðβ], [ðɣ] ðɣ < zg ✧ PE19/101.1508 (zg > đʒ)
S. [zb], [zg] became [ðβ], [ðɣ] ðβ < zb ✧ PE19/101.1509 (đƀ > đƀ)
S. voiced stops became spirants after vowels < Vd ✧ LotR/1113.2514 (d > [dh]); PE19/101.1504 (´d > đ)
S. voiced stops became spirants after vowels Vðm < Vdm ✧ VT42/26.0606 (dm > ðm)
S. [nr] became [ðr] ðr < nr ✧ LotR/1113.2614 (n+r > [dhr]); PE17/036.0201 (nr > ðr); WJ/363.0901 (n-r > dhr)
S. final [ɣ], [β] became [a], [u] after a consonant -Ca < -Cɣ ✧ PE19/101.1510 (đʒ > đa)
S. final [ɣ], [β] became [a], [u] after a consonant -Cu < -Cβ ✧ PE19/101.1511 (đƀ > đu)
S. non-initial [m] usually became [v] ðv < ðm ✧ VT42/26.0608 (ðm > ðv)
S. final [v] sometimes became [u] ? -u? < -v? ✧ VT42/26.0609 (ðv > ðw)
S. [zb], [zg] became [ðβ], [ðɣ] zb > ðβ ✧ PE19/101.1509 (đƀ > đƀ)
S. final [ɣ], [β] became [a], [u] after a consonant -Cɣ > -Ca ✧ PE19/101.1510 (đʒ > đa)
S. final [ɣ], [β] became [a], [u] after a consonant -Cβ > -Cu ✧ PE19/101.1511 (đƀ > đu)
S. non-initial [m] usually became [v] ðm > ðv ✧ VT42/26.0608 (ðm > ðv)
S. final [v] sometimes became [u] ? -v? > -u? ✧ VT42/26.0609 (ðv > ðw)

N. [ð] ‹dh›

Reference ✧ PE19/23 ✧ -ð-

Element In

Phonetic Development

N. voiced stops became spirants after vowels < Vd ✧ PE19/023.1606 (-d- > -ð-)

G. [ð] ‹dh›

Reference ✧ PE15/12 ✧ dh

Element In