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S. Maedhros, m. “*Shapely and Red-haired”
Eldest son of Fëanor (S/60). His name is an adaption of elements from both his mother-name Q. Maitimo “Well-shaped One” and his nickname Q. Russandol “Copper-top”: S. maed¹ “shapely” and S. ross² “red-haired” (PM/366). As such, his name was perhaps more properly spelled Maedros (PM/352).
Conceptual Development: When he first appeared in the earliest Lost Tales, this character’s name was G. Maidros (LT2/241), a name that earlier in the tales was used for the grandfather of Fëanor (LT1/146). This form continued to be used in the Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (SM/88, LR/223), but in the Etymologies, Tolkien said it was an anglicanization of proper Noldorin Maidhros “Pale-glitter” (Ety/MAD), which also appeared in the Etymologies as N. Maedhros (Ety/RUS).
The form Maidhros also appeared in Silmarillion revisions from the 1950s-60s (WJ/115), but for the most part earlier Maidros was revised to Maedhros (MR/177), the form Christopher Tolkien adopted for the published version of The Silmarillion: see N. [ai] revised to [ae]. Tolkien constructed the derivation given above in the “Shibboleth of Fëanor”, where he actually used the form Maedros (PM/352, 366). Later still he considered revising the name to Maedron (PM/372, note #2), but this change was not carried out in the texts.
References ✧ LR/301; LRI/Maidros; LT1I; MRI/Maidros; PM/352, 366, 372; PMI/Maedros; SI; SMI/Maidros; UTI; VT41/10; WJ/115; WJI/Maidros
|maed¹||“shapely”||✧ PM/366.3603; VT41/10.2006|
|ross²||“red-haired, copper-coloured”||✧ PM/366.3704; VT41/10.2105|
N. Maidhros m. “Pale-glitter”
See S. Maedhros for discussion.
References ✧ Ety/MAD, MAƷ|MAG, RUS; EtyAC/MAƷ; LR/301; LRI/Maidros; MRI/Maidros; PMI/Maedros; SMI/Maidros; WJ/115; WJI/Maidros
|maidh||“pale, fallow, fawn”||✧ Ety/MAD.008 (meið/maið); EtyAC/MAƷ.113 (maið); EtyAC/MAƷ.115 (meið)|
|†rhoss²||“polished metal”||soft-mutation||✧ Ety/RUS.018 (†rhoss)|
|ᴹ√RUS||“flash, glitter of metal”||✧ Ety/MAD.016|
|ON. Maenros > Maedhros||[maenros] > [maeðros]||✧ Ety/MAƷ|MAG.045|
G. Maidros m.
References ✧ LBI; LT1I; LT2I