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S. Moria, loc. “Black Chasm, Black Pit”
Sindarin name for Khazad-dûm after the Dwarves were driven out by the Balrog, translated “Black Pit” (LotR/283, PE17/35) or “Black Chasm” (Let/382, PE17/40). It is a combination of morn “black” and iâ “chasm, pit” (PE17/35; SA/mor, iâ).
Conceptual Development: In Lord of the Rings drafts from the 1940s, this name first appeared as N. Moria “Black Gulf” (RS/429). Its translation was later revised to “Black Pit” (TI/166). It also appeared in the Etymologies with essentially the same derivation as given above (Ety/YAG).
References ✧ LBI; Let/178.1601; Let/382.3701; Let/384.1008; LotR/0283.1709; LotR/0305.0501; LotRI; LRI; LT2I; PE17/035.1708; PE17/035.3304; PE17/040.2202; PM/045.0105; PMI/Dwarrowdelf.002; PMI; SA/iâ.005; SA/mor.006; SI; UTI; WJI
|morn||“black, dark”||✧ PE17/035.3307 (mor(n)-)|
|iâ||“chasm, pit, void, abyss; gulf”||✧ Let/383.0107; PE17/035.3309; SA/iâ.001|
|√MOR||“black”||✧ Let/382.4108; Let/384.1703; SA/mor.001|
N. Moria loc. “Black Gulf”
See S. Moria for discussion.
|ia||“gulf”||✧ Ety/YAG.007; RS/437.0807|