Q. [v] (tengwa #22)

References ✧ PE17/76, 92, 130, 153; PE19/69, 72, 76, 80, 93; PM/402

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

AQ. [w] initially and between vowels became [β] β-|VβV < w-|VwV ✧ PE17/076.1911 (w > v); PE17/130.0405 (w > v)
AQ. initial voiced stops became spirants β- < b- ✧ PE17/153.0503 (b > v; initial)
Q. [ɸ], [β] became [f], [v] v < β ✧ PE19/069.3412 (ƀ > v); PE19/072.2503 (ƀ > v; initially or between vowels); PE19/093.2415 (rƀ, lƀ > rv, lv); PM/402.0401 (b > v)
Q. [w] from [gw] initially and between vowels became [v] v-|VvV < w-|VwV ✧ PE19/076.0110 (w > v; from gw, in TQ)

ᴹQ. [v]

Reference ✧ PE22/65 ✧ v

Element In


ᴱQ. [v]

References ✧ PE12/16-17, 20, 24; PE14/41, 60

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

ᴱQ. [β] became [v] v < β ✧ PE12/016.2409 (ƀ > v (w); medial); PE12/024.1902 (ƀ > v)
ᴱQ. [f] became [v] except before stressed vowel VvV|VfV́ < VfV|VfV́ ✧ PE12/020.3109 (f > v); PE12/020.3216 (f > v)
ᴱQ. voiceless and voiced [w] became [f], [v] in Inwelin v < w ✧ PE14/060.0905 (w > v)
ᴱQ. intervocalic voiceless spirants became voiced VvV < VfV ✧ PE12/016.2309 (f > v (w); medial); PE12/017.2803 (f > v); PE12/020.1005 (ᵽ or f > f > v; between vowels)