Q. [v]

Q. [v]

References ✧ PE17/76, 92, 118, 130, 153; PE18/105; PE19/69, 72, 76, 80, 93; PM/402

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

AQ. [w] initially and between vowels became [β] β-|VβV < w-|VwV ✧ PE17/76 (w > v); PE17/92 (b > v); PE17/130 (w > v)
Q. [w] from [gw] initially and between vowels became [v] v-|VvV < w-|VwV ✧ PE17/118 (áwa > ava); PE19/76 (w > v; from gw, in TQ)
AQ. initial voiced stops became spirants β- < b- ✧ PE17/153 (b > v; initial); PE18/105 (b > v)
Q. [ɸ], [β] became [f], [v] v < β ✧ PE19/69 (ƀ > v); PE19/72 (ƀ > v; initially or between vowels); PE19/93 (rƀ, lƀ > rv, lv); PM/402 (b > v)

ᴹQ. [v]

Reference ✧ PE22/65 ✧ v

Element In


ᴱQ. [v]

References ✧ PE12/16-17, 20, 24; PE14/41, 60

Variations

Element In

Phonetic Development

ᴱQ. [β] became [v] v < β ✧ PE12/16 (ƀ > v (w); medial); PE12/24 (ƀ > v)
ᴱQ. [f] became [v] except before stressed vowel VvV|VfV́ < VfV|VfV́ ✧ PE12/20 (f > v); PE12/20 (f > v)
ᴱQ. voiceless and voiced [w] became [f], [v] in Inwelin v < w ✧ PE14/60 (w > v)
ᴱQ. intervocalic voiceless spirants became voiced VvV < VfV ✧ PE12/16 (f > v (w); medial); PE12/17 (f > v); PE12/20 (ᵽ or f > f > v; between vowels)