S. Glingal pn. “Hanging Flame”

S. Glingal, pn. “Hanging Flame”

A Sindarin name for Q. Laurelin (S/126) translated “Hanging Flame” (LR/210). It is a combination of the verb (N.) gling- “to hang” and the root √KAL (Ety/LING, KAL).

Conceptual Development: In the earliest Lost Tales this name appeared as G. Glingol “Singing Gold”, a more direct equivalent of ᴱQ. Laurelin (LT2/216). The form N. Glingal appeared in late changes to the Lays of Beleriand from the 1920s (LB/80), and Tolkien revised its derivation and translation to the ones given above in The Etymologies from the 1930s (Ety/LING, KAL).

References ✧ MRI; SI; WJI

Glosses

Elements

N. gling- “to hang, dangle”
KAL “light; shine, be bright”

N. Glingal pn. “Hanging Flame”

See S. Glingal for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/GLING, KAL, LING; EtyAC/GLING, KAL, LING; LB/80, 195; LBI; LR/210-211; LRI; LT2I/Glingol; SMI/Glingol

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Elements

gling- “to hang, dangle” ✧ Ety/GLING (gling-); Ety/LING
ᴹ√KAL “shine” ✧ Ety/KAL

Cognates

Derivations


G. Glingol pn. “Singing Gold”

References ✧ LB/80, 195; LBI/Glingal; LR/211; LRI/Glingal; LT1/22; LT1A/Lindelos; LT1I/Glingol, Laurelin; LT2/216; LT2A/Glingol; LT2I; PE13/103; PE15/8, 22, 25; SM/81; SMI

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Elements

glin “sound, voice, utterance” ✧ LT1A/Lindelos; PE15/25
culu “gold” suffix ✧ LT2A/Glingol (-gol); PE15/22 (-gol)

Cognates