Q. Laurelin (Laurelind-) pn. “Song of Gold, Singing Gold”

Q. Laurelin (Laurelind-), pn. “Song of Gold, Singing Gold”

Name of the Golden Tree of Valinor, the one of the Two Trees which shone with golden light (S/38). It is a compound of laurë “gold” and lin(dë) “singing, song” (SA/laurë, lin²), variously translated as “Song of Gold” (MR/155) or “Singing Gold (PE17/80)”.

Conceptual Development: In the earliest Lost Tales, the tree was first named ᴱQ. Lindelokte “Singing Cluster” with numerous variations (LT1/22, LTA/Lindelos). Towards the end of Tolkien’s work on the Lost Tales, he introduced the name ᴱQ. {Lindelaure >>} Laurelin “Singing-gold” (LT2/216), and used this as the name thereafter.

The name ᴹQ. Laurelin was translated “Song of Gold” in Silmarillion drafts from the 1930s (LR/210). This translation also appeared in The Etymologies (Laurelind-, Ety/LIN²), but there Tolkien considered a variant, co-existing translation “Hanging Flame” (Laureling-, EtyAC/LING). This variant was retained in the later Sindarin name of the tree: S. Glingal.

References ✧ LotRI/Laurelin, Trees, Two; MR/155; MRI; PE17/61, 80; PMI; S/38; SA/laurë, lin²; SI; UTI; WJI

Glosses

Variations

Related

Elements

laurë “gold (light or colour)” ✧ PE17/61; PE17/80; SA/laurë
#lindë “singing, song, musical sound”
LIN² “sing, make a musical sound” ✧ SA/lin²

Element In

Cognates


ᴹQ. Laurelin pn. “Song of Gold”

See Q. Laurelin for discussion.

References ✧ Ety/GLAW(-R), GLIN, LÁWAR, LIN²; EtyAC/LING; LR/210; LRI; RSI; SMI

Glosses

Variations

Inflections

Laurelinden genitive   ✧ Ety/LIN²
Laurelingen genitive “hanging-gold” ✧ Ety/LIN²
Laurelingen genitive   ✧ EtyAC/LING

Elements

laure “gold” ✧ Ety/GLAW(-R) (laure); Ety/LÁWAR
linde¹ “air, tune”
ᴹ√LIN² “sing” ✧ Ety/GLIN (GLIN); Ety/LIN²
ᴹ√(G)LINGI “hang” ✧ Ety/LIN² (LING)
linga-¹ “to hang, dangle” ✧ EtyAC/LING

Cognates


ᴱQ. Laurelin pn. “Singing-gold”

See Q. Laurelin for discussion.

References ✧ LBI/Glingal, Laurelin; LT1A/Laurelin; LT1I; LT2/216; LT2I/Laurelin, Lindelaurë; PE13/102, 104; PE15/8, 25; SM/80

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Elements

laure “(mystic name of) gold” ✧ LT1A/Laurelin; PE15/25
lin¹ “melody, air, tune, musical voice” ✧ PE15/25 (linde)

Cognates


ᴱQ. Lindelokte pn. “Singing Cluster”

See Q. Laurelin for discussion.

References ✧ LT1/22, 79, 131; LT1A/Lindeloksë, Lindelos; LT1I/Lindeloksë; LT2/216; LT2A/Lindeloktë; LT2I/Lindelaurë; PE13/102, 104; PE15/8, 25

Glosses

Variations

Changes

Elements

lin¹ “melody, air, tune, musical voice” ✧ LT1A/Lindelos (Linde-); LT1A/Lindelos (Linde-); PE15/25 (linde)
lokte “blossom, (flower) cluster, bunch” ✧ LT1A/Lindelos

Cognates


ᴱQ. Lindelóte pn.

See Q. Laurelin for discussion.

References ✧ LT1/79, 131; LT1A/Lindeloksë, Lindelos; LT1I/Lindeloksë

Changes

Elements

lin¹ “melody, air, tune, musical voice”
lóte “flower, bloom, blossom” ✧ LT1A/Lindelos